protoplasm

Protoplasm is the gooey stuff that living cells are made of. A cell's protoplasm is colorless and surrounded by a plasma membrane. Sometimes people use protoplasm to mean “formless blob of life.”

There are many elements that make up the protoplasm of a cell, including the nucleus, amino acids, lipids, and ions. Scientists generally use the word protoplasm to mean the cytoplasm plus the nucleus. It was coined in the 1840s by a German scientist, from the Greek roots proto, "first," and plasma, "something molded or formed."

Definitions of protoplasm
1

n the substance of a living cell (including cytoplasm and nucleus)

Synonyms:
living substance
Types:
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cytol, cytoplasm
the protoplasm of a cell excluding the nucleus; is full of proteins that control cell metabolism
karyoplasm, nucleoplasm
the protoplasm that constitutes the nucleus of a cell
germ plasm, plasm
the protoplasm of the germ cells that contains chromosomes and genes
blood platelet, platelet, thrombocyte
tiny bits of protoplasm found in vertebrate blood; essential for blood clotting
plasmodium
multinucleate sheet of cytoplasm characteristic of some stages of such organisms as slime molds
cytoplast
the intact cytoplasmic content of a cell
cytosol
the aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various particles and organelles are suspended
ectoplasm
the outer granule-free layer of cytoplasm
endoplasm
the inner portion of the cytoplasm of a cell
ground substance, hyaloplasm
the clear nongranular portion of the cytoplasm of a cell
central body, centrosome
small region of cytoplasm adjacent to the nucleus; contains the centrioles and serves to organize the microtubules
sarcoplasm
the cytoplasm of a striated muscle fiber
syncytium
a mass of cytoplasm containing several nuclei and enclosed in a membrane but no internal cell boundaries (as in muscle fibers)
Type of:
substance
the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists

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