If you're lacking the basic necessities of life — food, water, political freedom, and so on — you're suffering from privation.

Privation has become a rather old-fashioned word, and these days the word is often used with irony: present day privations are usually of the order of not having wireless Internet or video games. It's interesting to compare privation with the similar word deprivation, which is used more commonly now. Deprivation usually suggests that someone or something has actually caused the privation.

Definitions of privation

n act of depriving someone of food or money or rights

“nutritional privation
impoverishment, pauperisation, pauperization
the act of making someone poor
starvation, starving
the act of depriving of food or subjecting to famine
Type of:
social control
control exerted (actively or passively) by group action

n a state of extreme poverty

deprivation, neediness, want
Type of:
impoverishment, poorness, poverty
the state of having little or no money and few or no material possessions

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