preceding

Something is preceding if it comes directly before. The preceding sentence is not so much a definition of the word preceding as a description of it.

To cede is to give way, so when you use preceding to describe, say, a person, you’re essentially describing him as the one that just gave way. Previous is a good synonyms. If you are in 11th grade now, you were in 10th grade in the preceding year. And a persistent person will keep asking for something even if "no" has been the answer the 10 preceding times he or she has asked.

Definitions of preceding
1

adj existing or coming before

Synonyms:
antecedent
preceding in time or order
above
appearing earlier in the same text
above-mentioned, above-named
mentioned or named earlier in the same text
foregoing
especially of writing or speech; going before
introductory, prefatorial, prefatory
serving as an introduction or preface
precedent
preceding in time, order, or significance
premedical
preceding and preparing for the study of medicine
preparative, preparatory, propaedeutic
preceding and preparing for something
old, previous
just preceding something else in time or order
Antonyms:
succeeding
coming after or following
subsequent
following in time or order
back-to-back, consecutive
one after the other
ensuing
following immediately and as a result of what went before
following, undermentioned
about to be mentioned or specified
following, next
immediately following in time or order
in line
being next in a line of succession
postmortem
after death or after an event
show more antonyms...

adj of a person who has held and relinquished a position or office

Synonyms:
past, retiring
outgoing
leaving a place or a position

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