If you enjoy reading tales set in the Middle Ages, you’ve probably encountered your fair share of knights, dragons, and peasants, or residents of the countryside.

During the Middle Ages in Europe, most members of the population were peasants who lived a meager existence, working farmland that was owned by wealthy noblemen. Peasant is still used sometimes today to describe a relatively poor person who works as a farm laborer. Peasant can also be used to mean “an unsophisticated and ill-mannered person,” so when using this word, be sure your intended meaning is clear.

Definitions of peasant

n one of a (chiefly European) class of agricultural laborers

an agricultural laborer in Arab countries
Type of:
agricultural laborer, agricultural labourer
a person who tills the soil for a living

n a country person

bucolic, provincial
cottar, cotter
a peasant farmer in the Scottish Highlands
moujik, mujik, muzhik, muzjik
a Russian peasant (especially prior to 1917)
Type of:
an unsophisticated country person

n a crude uncouth ill-bred person lacking culture or refinement

Goth, barbarian, boor, churl, tike, tyke
Type of:
disagreeable person, unpleasant person
a person who is not pleasant or agreeable

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