participle

A participle is a verb that acts like an adjective, like a running leap, scorned lover, or boiled egg.

This is a technical word that will come up when you're studying grammar or linguistics. From a Greek root meaning “partaker,” a participle wants to partake of both the verb and adjective worlds. If you said, "I need a running start!" before a race, running is a participle. If you notice a trapped bear, trapped is the participle. This is a word that is a little confusing to understand, even though you use participles all the time.

Definitions of participle
1

n a non-finite form of the verb; in English it is used adjectivally and to form compound tenses

Synonyms:
participial
Types:
present participle
a participle expressing present action; in English is formed by adding -ing
past participle, perfect participle
a participle that expresses completed action
Type of:
verb
the word class that serves as the predicate of a sentence