mitigation

Mitigation is the act of lessening or easing the harshness of a punishment, a fine, or someone's pain. In the legal world, a lawyer might ask a judge for mitigation of a particularly harsh sentence.

Mitigation is the noun form of the verb mitigate, which means "to lessen in severity." After a natural disaster, the government might offer mitigation, in the form of aid, to ease people’s suffering. If someone tries to make an offense seem less serious by offering an excuse, that's also mitigation. If you miss your curfew, you might state in mitigation that you came home late because you were helping an old lady cross the street.

Definitions of mitigation
1

n the action of lessening in severity or intensity

Synonyms:
moderation
Types:
abatement
the act of abating
abatement of a nuisance, nuisance abatement
(law) the removal or termination or destruction of something that has been found to be a nuisance
Type of:
decrease, diminution, reduction, step-down
the act of decreasing or reducing something

n acting in such a way as to cause an offense to seem less serious

Synonyms:
extenuation, palliation
Type of:
decrease, diminution, reduction, step-down
the act of decreasing or reducing something

n a partial excuse to mitigate censure; an attempt to represent an offense as less serious than it appears by showing mitigating circumstances

Synonyms:
extenuation
Type of:
alibi, exculpation, excuse, self-justification
a defense of some offensive behavior or some failure to keep a promise etc.

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