mitigation

Mitigation is the act of lessening or easing the harshness of a punishment, a fine, or someone's pain. In the legal world, a lawyer might ask a judge for mitigation of a particularly harsh sentence.

Mitigation is the noun form of the verb mitigate, which means "to lessen in severity." After a natural disaster, the government might offer mitigation, in the form of aid, to ease people’s suffering. If someone tries to make an offense seem less serious by offering an excuse, that's also mitigation. If you miss your curfew, you might state in mitigation that you came home late because you were helping an old lady cross the street.

Definitions of mitigation
  1. noun
    the action of lessening in severity or intensity
    synonyms: moderation
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    types:
    abatement
    the act of abating
    abatement of a nuisance, nuisance abatement
    (law) the removal or termination or destruction of something that has been found to be a nuisance
    type of:
    decrease, diminution, reduction, step-down
    the act of decreasing or reducing something
  2. noun
    acting in such a way as to cause an offense to seem less serious
    synonyms: extenuation, palliation
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    type of:
    decrease, diminution, reduction, step-down
    the act of decreasing or reducing something
  3. noun
    a partial excuse to mitigate censure; an attempt to represent an offense as less serious than it appears by showing mitigating circumstances
    synonyms: extenuation
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    type of:
    alibi, exculpation, excuse, self-justification
    a defense of some offensive behavior or some failure to keep a promise etc.
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