metaphysics

Metaphysics is the philosophical study of being and knowing. If you have ever contemplated your own existence in the universe, you were dabbling in metaphysics.

Metaphysics comes from the Greek meta ta physika ("the works after the Physics"), which refers those of Aristotle's writings that followed the natural sciences. This field of inquiry was later understood as "the science of things transcending what is physical and natural," like the existence of god or the origin of human knowledge. Metaphysics must therefore rely on philosophical logic, rather than scientific experiments, in exploring these questions.

Definitions of metaphysics
  1. noun
    the philosophical study of being and knowing
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    types:
    ontology
    the metaphysical study of the nature of being and existence
    cosmology
    the metaphysical study of the origin and nature of the universe
    type of:
    philosophy
    the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
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