When you break school rules about gum chewing, you commit an infraction. An infraction is a petty crime or a minor breaking of rules.

When you think of the word infraction, think that your offence has just crossed the line into wrong. Something like a parking ticket is an infraction. When you commit an infraction, you're not knee deep in wrong, you've just dipped your toe into wrong to see what it feels like. A misdemeanor is a more serious crime such as theft, and murder is considered a felony, the most serious of crimes.

Definitions of infraction
  1. noun
    a crime less serious than a felony
    synonyms: infringement, misdemeanor, misdemeanour, violation
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    breach of the peace, disorderly behavior, disorderly conduct, disturbance of the peace
    any act of molesting, interrupting, hindering, agitating, or arousing from a state of repose or otherwise depriving inhabitants of the peace and quiet to which they are entitled
    false pretence, false pretense
    (law) an offense involving intent to defraud and false representation and obtaining property as a result of that misrepresentation
    indecent exposure, public nudity
    vulgar and offensive nakedness in a public place
    bearing false witness, lying under oath, perjury
    criminal offense of making false statements under oath
    an illegal action inciting resistance to lawful authority and tending to cause the disruption or overthrow of the government
    type of:
    crime, criminal offence, criminal offense, law-breaking, offence, offense
    (criminal law) an act punishable by law; usually considered an evil act
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