infectious disease

Definitions of infectious disease
  1. noun
    a disease transmitted only by a specific kind of contact
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    AIDS, acquired immune deficiency syndrome
    a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
    Gibraltar fever, Malta fever, Mediterranean fever, Rock fever, brucellosis, undulant fever
    infectious bacterial disease of human beings transmitted by contact with infected animals or infected meat or milk products; characterized by fever and headache
    Asiatic cholera, Indian cholera, cholera, epidemic cholera
    an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
    breakbone fever, dandy fever, dengue, dengue fever
    an infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by rash and aching head and joints
    an infection of the intestines marked by severe diarrhea
    epidemic disease
    any infectious disease that develops and spreads rapidly to many people
    inflammation of the liver caused by a virus or a toxin
    viral diseases causing eruptions of the skin or mucous membrane
    glandular fever, infectious mononucleosis, kissing disease, mono, mononucleosis
    an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing
    Hansen's disease, leprosy
    chronic granulomatous communicable disease occurring in tropical and subtropical regions; characterized by inflamed nodules beneath the skin and wasting of body parts; caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae
    listeria meningitis, listeriosis
    an infectious disease of animals and humans (especially newborn or immunosuppressed persons) caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes; in sheep and cattle the infection frequently involves the central nervous system and causes various neurological symptoms
    infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord) usually caused by a bacterial infection; symptoms include headache and stiff neck and fever and nausea
    epidemic parotitis, mumps
    an acute contagious viral disease characterized by fever and by swelling of the parotid glands
    paratyphoid, paratyphoid fever
    any of a variety of infectious intestinal diseases resembling typhoid fever
    acute anterior poliomyelitis, infantile paralysis, polio, poliomyelitis
    an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord
    ratbite fever
    either of two infectious diseases transmitted to humans by the bite of a rat or mouse; characterized by fever and headache and nausea and skin eruptions
    rickettsial disease, rickettsiosis
    infectious disease caused by ticks or mites or body lice infected with rickettsial bacteria
    recurrent fever, relapsing fever
    marked by recurring high fever and transmitted by the bite of infected lice or ticks; characterized by episodes of high fever and chills and headache and muscle pain and nausea that recur every week or ten days for several months
    rheumatic fever
    a severe disease chiefly of children and characterized by painful inflammation of the joints and frequently damage to the heart valves
    miliary fever, sweating sickness
    epidemic in the 15th and 16th centuries and characterized by profuse sweating and high mortality
    T.B., TB, tuberculosis
    infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages)
    enteric fever, typhoid, typhoid fever
    serious infection marked by intestinal inflammation and ulceration; caused by Salmonella typhosa ingested with food or water
    pertussis, whooping cough
    a disease of the respiratory mucous membrane
    frambesia, framboesia, yaws
    an infectious tropical disease resembling syphilis in its early stages; marked by red skin eruptions and ulcerating lesions
    black vomit, yellow fever, yellow jack
    caused by a flavivirus transmitted by a mosquito
    pest, pestilence, plague
    any epidemic disease with a high death rate
    a cerebral meningitis with cellular infiltration of the meninges
    viral hepatitis
    hepatitis caused by a virus
    delta hepatitis, hepatitis delta
    a severe form of hepatitis
    herpes simplex
    an infection caused by the herpes simplex virus; affects the skin and nervous system; produces small temporary (but sometimes painful) blisters on the skin and mucous membranes
    herpes zoster, shingles, zoster
    eruptions along a nerve path often accompanied by severe neuralgia
    tuberculoid leprosy
    leprosy characterized by tumors in the skin and cutaneous nerves
    lepromatous leprosy
    a very serious form of leprosy characterized by lesions that spread over much of the body and affecting many systems of the body
    brain fever, cerebrospinal fever, cerebrospinal meningitis, epidemic meningitis
    meningitis caused by bacteria and often fatal
    pest, pestilence, pestis, plague
    a serious (sometimes fatal) infection of rodents caused by Yersinia pestis and accidentally transmitted to humans by the bite of a flea that has bitten an infected animal
    Pott's disease
    TB of the spine with destruction of vertebrae resulting in curvature of the spine
    typhus, typhus fever
    rickettsial disease transmitted by body lice and characterized by skin rash and high fever
    spotted fever
    any of several severe febrile diseases characterized by skin rashes or spots on the skin
    Q fever
    an acute disease resembling influenza
    mild infectious rickettsial disease caused by a bacterium of the genus Rickettsia transmitted to humans by the bite a mite that lives on rodents; characterized by chills and fever and headache and skin lesions that resemble chickenpox
    trench fever
    marked by pain in muscles and joints and transmitted by lice
    scrub typhus, tsutsugamushi disease
    transmitted by larval mites and widespread in Asia
    miliary tuberculosis
    acute tuberculosis characterized by the appearance of tiny tubercles on one or more organs of the body (presumably resulting from tubercle bacilli being spread in the bloodstream)
    consumption, phthisis, pulmonary tuberculosis, wasting disease, white plague
    involving the lungs with progressive wasting of the body
    king's evil, scrofula, struma
    a form of tuberculosis characterized by swellings of the lymphatic glands
    amebic dysentery, amoebic dysentery
    inflammation of the intestines caused by Endamoeba histolytica; usually acquired by ingesting food or water contaminated with feces; characterized by severe diarrhea
    bacillary dysentery, shigellosis
    an acute infection of the intestine by shigella bacteria; characterized by diarrhea and fever and abdominal pains
    Haverhill fever
    the form of ratbite fever occurring in the United States
    lupus vulgaris
    tuberculosis of the skin; appears first on the face and heals slowly leaving deep scars
    Bornholm disease, diaphragmatic pleurisy, epidemic myalgia, epidemic pleurodynia, myosis
    an acute infectious disease occurring in epidemic form and featuring paroxysms of pain (usually in the chest)
    cerebromeningitis, encephalomeningitis, meningoencephalitis
    inflammation of the brain and spinal cord and their meninges
    inflammation of the leptomeninges
    sodoku, spirillum fever
    the form of ratbite fever occurring in the Far East
    type of:
    communicable disease
    a disease that can be communicated from one person to another
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