The act of persuading someone to do something is called inducement. If you're training a dog, you might use food as an inducement to make the dog do what you want. This works with some humans too.

The original meaning of the noun inducement came from the Latin verb inducere, meaning "to lead or persuade." Roman philosopher Seneca said, “There is no evil that does not promise inducements. Avarice promises money; luxury, a varied assortment of pleasures; ambition, a purple robe and applause. Vices tempt you by the rewards they offer.” So you can be seduced to bad behavior by some inducements or encouraged to good behavior by others. Would you like a treat?

Definitions of inducement

n a positive motivational influence

incentive, motivator
deterrence, disincentive
a negative motivational influence
dynamic, moral force
an efficient incentive
Type of:
rational motive
a motive that can be defended by reasoning or logical argument

n act of bringing about a desired result

inducement of sleep”
inducement (as of a public official) by improper means (as bribery) to violate duty (as by commiting a felony)
Type of:
causation, causing
the act of causing something to happen

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