glaucoma

Glaucoma is a serious eye condition that can lead to blindness if it's not treated. It's much more common for elderly people to develop glaucoma than younger people.

Glaucoma is usually caused by fluid building up in the eye and increasing the pressure on the optic nerve. Although glaucoma causes a lot of the blindness in people older than 60, it's almost always treatable if it's diagnosed early enough. The word glaucoma comes from the Greek glaukoma, "opacity of the lens," from the root glaukommatos, "gray-eyed."

Definitions of glaucoma
1

n an eye disease that damages the optic nerve and impairs vision (sometimes progressing to blindness)

“contrary to popular belief, glaucoma is not always caused by elevated intraocular pressure”
Types:
acute glaucoma, angle-closure glaucoma, closed-angle glaucoma
glaucoma in which the iris blocks the outflow of aqueous humor
normal tension glaucoma
glaucoma that results from damage to the optic nerve although the intraocular pressure is normal
chronic glaucoma, open-angle glaucoma
glaucoma caused by blockage of the canal of Schlemm; produces gradual loss of peripheral vision
Type of:
eye disease
any disease of the eye

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