flagellate

To flagellate is to hit or beat, especially with a whip. These days, in most parts of the world, people rarely flagellate others as a punishment.

While the verb flagellate can be used for any variety of whipping or beating, it often means a kind of religious self-punishment. This practice, while not common today, exists among some groups of Catholics who hit their own shoulders and backs as part of religious discipline. Flagellate comes from the noun flagellum, "a slender, thread-like structure," or in Latin, "whip."

Primary Meanings of flagellate

1.
vadj
whip
having or resembling a lash or whip (as does a flagellum)
2.
n
a usually nonphotosynthetic free-living protozoan with whiplike appendages; some are pathogens of humans and other animals
Full Definitions of flagellate
1

v whip

“The religious fanatics flagellated themselves”
Synonyms:
scourge
Type of:
flog, lash, lather, slash, strap, trounce, welt, whip
beat severely with a whip or rod

adj having or resembling a lash or whip (as does a flagellum)

2

n a usually nonphotosynthetic free-living protozoan with whiplike appendages; some are pathogens of humans and other animals

Synonyms:
flagellate protozoan, flagellated protozoan, mastigophoran, mastigophore
Types:
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dinoflagellate
chiefly marine protozoa having two flagella; a chief constituent of plankton
Leishmania, genus Leishmania
flagellate protozoan that causes leishmaniasis
zooflagellate, zoomastigote
flagellate protozoan lacking photosynthesis and other plant-like characteristics
hypermastigote
flagellate symbiotic in the intestines of e.g. termites
polymastigote
flagellates with several flagella
Costia necatrix, costia
a flagellate that is the cause of the frequently fatal fish disease costiasis
giardia
a suspected cause of diarrhea in humans
trichomonad
cause of trichomoniasis in women and cattle and birds
Noctiluca miliaris, noctiluca
large bioluminescent marine protozoan
peridinian
flagellate with a thick test composed of plates
Type of:
protozoan, protozoon
any of diverse minute acellular or unicellular organisms usually nonphotosynthetic

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