fender

A fender is the part of a car that protects and frames its wheels and keeps mud from splashing it. Most modern vehicles have fenders on their front wheels.

When you get into a minor car accident, you can call it a "fender bender," and it's possible that your fenders did get slightly dented. Another kind of fender guards or protects a ship, train, or streetcar; in the case of a train, this is also called a "cowcatcher," and it can actually push debris off the track to keep the train from hitting it. This 13th century word is a shortened form of defender.

Definitions of fender
1

n a barrier that surrounds the wheels of a vehicle to block splashing water or mud

“in Britain they call a fender a wing”
Synonyms:
wing
Types:
mudguard, splash guard, splash-guard
a curved piece above the wheel of a bicycle or motorcycle to protect the rider from water or mud thrown up by the wheels
Type of:
barrier
a structure or object that impedes free movement

n a cushion-like device that reduces shock due to an impact

Synonyms:
buffer
Type of:
device
an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose

n an inclined metal frame at the front of a locomotive to clear the track

Synonyms:
buffer, cowcatcher, pilot
Type of:
framework
a structure supporting or containing something

n a low metal guard to confine falling coals to a hearth

Type of:
guard, safety, safety device
a device designed to prevent injury or accidents

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