The word economist is close economics, which is the science of money. An economist is a person who practices that science.

If your economics course isn't being taught by an economist, the chances are you should switch sections. In the 16th century, the word was used to describe the person who managed the household, which certainly explains courses in "home economics." But the current meaning of economist — a person who studies the flow of cash and credit between people, institutions, banks, etc. — first developed during the 18th century. Perhaps that's no surprise either, as that's when the global economy truly became, well, global.

Definitions of economist

n an expert in the science of economics

economic expert
show 31 examples...
hide 31 examples...
William Henry Beveridge
British economist (born in India) whose report on social insurance provided the basis for most of the social legislation on which the welfare state in the United Kingdom is based (1879-1963)
Milton Friedman
United States economist noted as a proponent of monetarism and for his opposition to government intervention in the economy (born in 1912)
Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch
Norwegian economist noted for his work in econometrics (1895-1973)
John Kenneth Galbraith
United States economist (born in Canada) who served as ambassador to India (born in 1908)
Friedrich August von Hayek
English economist (born in Austria) noted for work on the optimum allocation of resources (1899-1992)
William Stanley Jevons
English economist and logician who contributed to the development of the theory of marginal utility (1835-1882)
John Maynard Keynes
English economist who advocated the use of government monetary and fiscal policy to maintain full employment without inflation (1883-1946)
Tjalling Charles Koopmans
United States economist (born in the Netherlands) (1910-1985)
Simon Kuznets
United States economist (born in Russia) who developed a method for using a country's gross national product to estimate its economic growth (1901-1985)
Arthur Laffer
United States economist who proposed the Laffer curve (born in 1940)
Stephen Butler Leacock
Canadian economist best remembered for his humorous writings (1869-1944)
Wassily Leontief
United States economist (born in Russia) who devised an input-output method of economic analysis (1906-1999)
Thomas Robert Malthus
an English economist who argued that increases in population would outgrow increases in the means of subsistence (1766-1834)
Karl Marx
founder of modern communism; wrote the Communist Manifesto with Engels in 1848; wrote Das Kapital in 1867 (1818-1883)
James Edward Meade
English economist noted for his studies of international trade and finance (1907-1995)
John Stuart Mill
English philosopher and economist remembered for his interpretations of empiricism and utilitarianism (1806-1873)
Jean Monnet
French economist who advocated a Common Market in Europe (1888-1979)
Karl Gunnar Myrdal
Swedish economist (1898-1987)
Vilfredo Pareto
Italian sociologist and economist whose theories influenced the development of fascism in Italy (1848-1923)
David Ricardo
English economist who argued that the laws of supply and demand should operate in a free market (1772-1823)
Joseph Alois Schumpeter
United States economist (born in Czechoslovakia) (1883-1950)
Herbert Alexander Simon
United States economist and psychologist who pioneered in the development of cognitive science (1916-2001)
Adam Smith
Scottish economist who advocated private enterprise and free trade (1723-1790)
Richard Henry Tawney
English economist remembered for his studies of the development of capitalism (1880-1962)
Jan Tinbergen
Dutch economist noted for his work in econometrics (1903-1994)
James Tobin
United States economist (1918-2002)
Anne Robert Jacques Turgot
French economist who in 1774 was put in control of finances by Louis XVI; his proposals for reforms that involved abolishing feudal privileges made him unpopular with the aristocracy and in 1776 he was dismissed (1727-1781)
Thorstein Bunde Veblen
United States economist who wrote about conspicuous consumption (1857-1929)
Baroness Jackson of Lodsworth
English economist and conservationist (1914-1981)
First Baron Passfield
English sociologist and economist and a central member of the Fabian Society (1859-1947)
Helen Laura Sumner Woodbury
United States social economist (1876-1933)
show 5 types...
hide 5 types...
econometrician, econometrist
an economist who uses statistical and mathematical methods
macroeconomic expert, macroeconomist
an economist who specializes in macroeconomics
microeconomic expert, microeconomist
an economist who specializes in microeconomics
an advocate of the theory that economic fluctuations are caused by increases or decreases in the supply of money
an advocate of bimetallism
Type of:
social scientist
someone expert in the study of human society and its personal relationships

Sign up, it's free!

Whether you're a student, an educator, or a lifelong learner, can put you on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement.