A dichotomy is an idea or classification split in two. When you point out a dichotomy, you draw a clear distinction between two things.

A dichotomy is a contrast between two things. When there are two ideas, especially two opposed ideas — like war and peace, or love and hate — you have a dichotomy. You often hear about a "false dichotomy," which occurs when a situation is unfairly represented as an "either/or" scenario. For example, the statement "All cars are either small and efficient or large and polluting" creates a false dichotomy because there are some cars that don't fit into either category.

Definitions of dichotomy
  1. noun
    being twofold; a classification into two opposed parts or subclasses
    “the dichotomy between eastern and western culture”
    synonyms: duality
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    type of:
    categorisation, categorization, classification
    a group of people or things arranged by class or category
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