Decentralization is the process of shifting control from one main group to several smaller ones. The decentralization of government, for example, gives more power to the individual states, rather than concentrating it at the federal level.

In business, decentralization describes a structure that distributes control among many smaller groups or locations, rather than giving that power to a single, central organization. Franchises are one example of decentralization, giving individual owners of each store the ability to make decisions. In government, decentralization is often thought of as a way to move power into the hands of individual citizens.

Definitions of decentralization

n the spread of power away from the center to local branches or governments

centralisation, centralization
the act of consolidating power under a central control
Type of:
spread, spreading
act of extending over a wider scope or expanse of space or time

n the social process in which population and industry moves from urban centers to outlying districts

decentalisation, decentralisation
Type of:
social process
a process involved in the formation of groups of persons

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