civil right

A civil right is a right to freedom and equality that's guaranteed to every citizen. Your civil rights protect you against discrimination.

In the United States, individuals have the right to free speech, privacy, religious freedom, and many others, no matter their race, gender, religion, or sexual orientation — these are civil rights. When an employer refuses to hire someone because she's a woman or a landlord won't rent an apartment to a family because of their religious beliefs, it's a violation of their civil rights. The mid-20th century Civil Rights Movement was an organized fight to ensure the civil rights of African Americans.

Definitions of civil right
1

n right or rights belonging to a person by reason of citizenship including especially the fundamental freedoms and privileges guaranteed by the 13th and 14th amendments and subsequent acts of Congress including the right to legal and social and economic equality

Types:
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civil liberty
fundamental individual right protected by law and expressed as immunity from unwarranted governmental interference
habeas corpus
the civil right to obtain a writ of habeas corpus as protection against illegal imprisonment
freedom of religion
a civil right guaranteed by the First Amendment to the US Constitution
freedom of speech
a civil right guaranteed by the First Amendment to the US Constitution
freedom of the press
a right guaranteed by the First Amendment to the US Constitution
freedom of assembly
the right to peaceably assemble and to petition the government for redress of grievances; guaranteed by the First Amendment to the US Constitution
freedom to bear arms
a right guaranteed by the 2nd amendment to the US Constitution
freedom from search and seizure
a right guaranteed by the 4th amendment to the US Constitution
right to due process
a right guaranteed by the Fifth Amendment to the US Constitution; reaffirmed by the Fourteenth Amendment
freedom from self-incrimination, privilege against self incrimination
the civil right (guaranteed by the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution) to refuse to answer questions or otherwise give testimony against yourself
freedom from double jeopardy
a civil right guaranteed by the Fifth Amendment to the US Constitution
right to speedy and public trial by jury
a civil right guaranteed by the 6th amendment to the US Constitution
right to an attorney
a civil right guaranteed by the 6th amendment to the US Constitution
right to confront accusors
a right guaranteed by the 6th amendment to the US Constitution
freedom from cruel and unusual punishment
a right guaranteed by the 8th amendment to the US Constitution
freedom from involuntary servitude
a civil right guaranteed by the 13th amendment to the US Constitution
equal protection of the laws
a right guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution and by the due-process clause of the Fifth Amendment
freedom from discrimination
immunity from discrimination on the basis of race or sex or nationality or religion or age; guaranteed by federal laws of the United States
equal opportunity
the right to equivalent opportunities for employment regardless of race or color or sex or national origin
Type of:
human right
(law) any basic right or freedom to which all human beings are entitled and in whose exercise a government may not interfere (including rights to life and liberty as well as freedom of thought and expression and equality before the law)

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