chemical group

Definitions of chemical group
1

n (chemistry) two or more atoms bound together as a single unit and forming part of a molecule

Synonyms:
group, radical
Types:
show 33 types...
hide 33 types...
acyl, acyl group
any group or radical of the form RCO- where R is an organic group
alcohol group, alcohol radical
the chemical group -OH
aldehyde group, aldehyde radical
the chemical group -CHO
alkyl, alkyl group, alkyl radical
any of a series of univalent groups of the general formula CnH2n+1 derived from aliphatic hydrocarbons
allyl, allyl group, allyl radical
the univalent unsaturated organic radical C3H5; derived from propylene
amino, amino group
the radical -NH2
amyl
a hydrocarbon radical that occurs in many organic compounds
azido group, azido radical
the univalent group N3- derived from hydrazoic acid
azo group, azo radical
the bivalent group -N=N- united to two hydrocarbon groups
benzyl, benzyl group, benzyl radical
the univalent radical derived from toluene
benzoyl group, benzoyl radical
the univalent radical derived from benzoic acid
arsenic group, cacodyl, cacodyl group, cacodyl radical
the univalent group derived from arsine
carbonyl group
the bivalent radical CO
carboxyl, carboxyl group
the univalent radical -COOH; present in and characteristic of organic acids
chromophore
the chemical group that gives color to a molecule
cyanide group, cyanide radical, cyano group, cyano radical
the monovalent group -CN in a chemical compound
glyceryl
a trivalent radical derived from glycerol by removing the three hydroxyl radicals
hydrazo group, hydrazo radical
the bivalent group -HNNH- derived from hydrazine
hydroxyl, hydroxyl group, hydroxyl radical
the monovalent group -OH in such compounds as bases and some acids and alcohols
ketone group
a group having the characteristic properties of ketones
methylene, methylene group, methylene radical
the bivalent radical CH2 derived from methane
propyl, propyl group, propyl radical
the monovalent organic group C3H7- obtained from propane
butyl
a hydrocarbon radical (C4H9)
nitro group
the group -NO3
nitrite
the radical -NO2 or any compound containing it (such as a salt or ester of nitrous acid)
uranyl, uranyl group, uranyl radical
the bivalent radical UO2 which forms salts with acids
vinyl, vinyl group, vinyl radical
a univalent chemical radical derived from ethylene
acetyl, acetyl group, acetyl radical, ethanoyl group, ethanoyl radical
the organic group of acetic acid (CH3CO-)
ethyl, ethyl group, ethyl radical
the univalent hydrocarbon radical C2H5 derived from ethane by the removal of one hydrogen atom
glucosamine
an amino derivative of glucose that is a component of many polysaccharides
foryml
(chemistry) the negative univalent acyl radical CHO that occurs in aldehydes
methyl, methyl group, methyl radical
the univalent radical CH3- derived from methane
sodium nitrite
nitrite used to preserve and color food especially in meat and fish products; implicated in the formation of suspected carcinogens
Type of:
building block, unit
a single undivided natural thing occurring in the composition of something else

Sign up, it's free!

Whether you're a student, an educator, or a lifelong learner, Vocabulary.com can put you on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement.