catalyst

A catalyst is an event or person causing a change. Getting kicked out of your parents' house might be a catalyst for becoming more independent.

The noun catalyst is something or someone that causes a change and is derived from a Greek word. It can be somewhat ordinary, like a hot day being a catalyst for getting your hair cut really short. Or it can be major, like how the assassination of the archduke Franz Ferdinand of the Austro-Hungarian Empire is said to be a catalyst of World War I.

Definitions of catalyst
1

n (chemistry) a substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected

Synonyms:
accelerator
Antonyms:
anticatalyst
(chemistry) a substance that retards a chemical reaction or diminishes the activity of a catalyst
Types:
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biocatalyst
a biochemical catalyst such as an enzyme
enzyme
any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions
platinum black
a fine black powder of platinum; used as a catalyst in chemical reactions
ADA, adenosine deaminase
an enzyme found in mammals that can catalyze the deamination of adenosine into inosine and ammonia
amylase
any of a group of proteins found in saliva and pancreatic juice and parts of plants; help convert starch to sugar
cholinesterase
an enzyme that hydrolyses acetylcholine (into choline and acetic acid)
coagulase
an enzyme that induces coagulation
collagenase
any enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of collagen and gelatin
complement
one of a series of enzymes in the blood serum that are part of the immune response
catalase
enzyme found in most plant and animal cells that functions as an oxidative catalyst; decomposes hydrogen peroxide into oxygen and water
Cox, cyclooxygenase
either of two related enzymes that control the production of prostaglandins and are blocked by aspirin
decarboxylase
any of the enzymes that hydrolize the carboxyl group
de-iodinase
an enzyme that removes the iodine radical
disaccharidase
an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of disaccharides into monosaccharides
elastase
a pancreatic enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of elastin
enterokinase
enzyme in the intestinal juice that converts inactive trypsinogen into active trypsin
histaminase
enzyme that acts as a catalyst in converting histidine to histamine
Hyazyme, hyaluronidase, spreading factor
an enzyme (trade name Hyazyme) that splits hyaluronic acid and so lowers its viscosity and increases the permeability of connective tissue and the absorption of fluids
isomerase
an enzyme that catalyzes its substrate to an isomeric form
kinase
an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of a proenzyme to an active enzyme
lipase
an enzyme secreted in the digestive tract that catalyzes the breakdown of fats into individual fatty acids that can be absorbed into the bloodstream
lysozyme, muramidase
an enzyme found in saliva and sweat and tears that destroys the cell walls of certain bacteria
MAO, monoamine oxidase
an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of many body compounds (e.g., epinephrine and norepinephrine and serotonin)
nitrogenase
an enzyme of nitrogen-fixing microorganisms that catalyzes the conversion of nitrogen to ammonia
nuclease
general term for enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of nucleic acid by cleaving chains of nucleotides into smaller units
oxidase
any of the enzymes that catalyze biological oxidation
oxidoreductase
an enzyme that catalyzes oxidation-reduction
papain
a proteolytic enzyme obtained from the unripe papaya; used as a meat tenderizer
beta-lactamase, penicillinase
enzyme produced by certain bacteria that inactivates penicillin and results in resistance to that antibiotic
pepsin
an enzyme produced in the stomach that splits proteins into peptones
pepsinogen
precursor of pepsin; stored in the stomach walls and converted to pepsin by hydrochloric acid in the stomach
phosphatase
any of a group of enzymes that act as a catalyst in the hydrolysis of organic phosphates
fibrinolysin, plasmin
an enzyme that dissolves the fibrin of blood clots
polymerase
an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of new DNA and RNA from an existing strand of DNA or RNA
peptidase, protease, proteinase, proteolytic enzyme
any enzyme that catalyzes the splitting of proteins into smaller peptide fractions and amino acids by a process known as proteolysis
reductase
an enzyme that catalyses the biochemical reduction of some specified substance
chymosin, rennin
an enzyme that occurs in gastric juice; causes milk to coagulate
secretase
a set of enzymes believed to snip pieces off a longer protein producing fragments of amyloid protein that bunch up and create amyloid protein plaques in brain tissue (the pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's)
streptodornase
an enzyme produced by some hemolytic strains of streptococcus that dissolves fibrinous secretions from infections; used medicinally (often in combination with streptokinase)
streptokinase
an enzyme produced by some strains of streptococcus that can liquefy blood clots by converting plasminogen to plasmin; used medicinally in some cases of myocardial infarction and pulmonary embolism
SOD, superoxide dismutase
an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of superoxide into hydrogen peroxide and oxygen
telomerase
an enzyme in eukaryotic cells that can add telomeres to the ends of chromosomes after they divide
transferase
any of various enzymes that move a chemical group from one compound to another compound
trypsin
an enzyme of pancreatic origin; catalyzes the hydrolysis of proteins to smaller polypeptide units
urease
an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of urea into carbon dioxide and ammonia; is present in intestinal bacteria
zymase
a complex of enzymes that cause glycolysis; originally found in yeast but also present in higher organisms
Type of:
activator
(biology) any agency bringing about activation; a molecule that increases the activity of an enzyme or a protein that increases the production of a gene product in DNA transcription

n something that causes an important event to happen

“the invasion acted as a catalyst to unite the country”
Type of:
causal agency, causal agent, cause
any entity that produces an effect or is responsible for events or results

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