capability

A capability is something a person or a thing is able to do. It's hard to find a cell phone that doesn't include other capabilities, like taking pictures or storing MP3s.

Inside the word capability is the word ability. Note the fine distinction between them. If you have an ability, it means you know how to do something. If you have a capability, it means you have the power to do something. Buying uranium gives a country the capability of making nuclear weapons, but first they need scientists with the ability to do the work.

Primary Meanings of capability

1.
n
the quality of being capable -- physically or intellectually or legally
2.
n
an aptitude that may be developed
3.
n
the susceptibility of something to a particular treatment
Full Definitions of capability
1

n the quality of being capable -- physically or intellectually or legally

“he worked to the limits of his capability
Synonyms:
capableness
Antonyms:
incapability, incapableness
the quality of not being capable -- physically or intellectually or legally
Types:
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associability, associableness
the capability of being easily associated or joined or connected in thought
defensibility
capability of being defended
executability
capability of being executed
capacity
capability to perform or produce
military capability, military posture, military strength, posture, strength
capability in terms of personnel and materiel that affect the capacity to fight a war
operating capability, performance capability
the capability of a technological system to perform as intended
overkill
the capability to obliterate a target with more weapons (especially nuclear weapons) than are required
sea power
naval strength
firepower
(military) the relative capacity for delivering fire on a target
envelope
the maximum operating capability of a system (especially an aircraft)
Type of:
ability
the quality of being able to perform; a quality that permits or facilitates achievement or accomplishment
2

n an aptitude that may be developed

Synonyms:
capableness, potentiality
Antonyms:
incapability, incapableness
lack of potential for development
Types:
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perfectibility
the capability of becoming perfect
compass, grasp, range, reach
the limit of capability
imperfectibility
the capability of becoming imperfect
ken, sight
the range of vision
Type of:
aptitude
inherent ability
3

n the susceptibility of something to a particular treatment

“the capability of a metal to be fused”
Synonyms:
capacity
Types:
resistance
the capacity of an organism to defend itself against harmful environmental agents
activity
(chemistry) the capacity of a substance to take part in a chemical reaction
Type of:
susceptibility, susceptibleness
the state of being susceptible; easily affected

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