bureau

When you put your socks away, you'll most likely put them in a bureau, or a chest of drawers used for storing clothes. Hopefully you've washed them.

A dresser or a chest of drawers can also be called a bureau, a piece of furniture with drawers for storing things. Another meaning of bureau is "an office or government agency." These two definitions seem unrelated, but the original meaning of the French word bureau, "cloth covering for a desk" helps explain. Bureau gradually evolved to mean first just "desk" (and eventually "dresser"), and around 1720 it also started being used to mean a room full of desks, or an office.

Definitions of bureau
  1. noun
    an administrative unit of government
    “the Census Bureau
    synonyms: agency, authority, federal agency, government agency, office
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    examples:
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    Air Force Research Laboratory
    a United States Air Force defense laboratory responsible for discovering and developing and integrating fighting technologies for aerospace forces
    Army High Performance Computing Research Center
    a United States defense laboratory to conduct research in high-performance computing for defense technology applications; a partnership of government and university and industry
    Naval Research Laboratory
    the United States Navy's defense laboratory that conducts basic and applied research for the Navy in a variety of scientific and technical disciplines
    United States Army Criminal Investigation Laboratory
    a defense laboratory of the Criminal Investigation Command; the United States Army's primary forensic laboratory in support of criminal intelligence
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    executive agency
    an agency of the executive branch of government
    FDA, Food and Drug Administration
    a federal agency in the Department of Health and Human Services established to regulate the release of new foods and health-related products
    CDC, Center for Disease Control and Prevention
    a federal agency in the Department of Health and Human Services; located in Atlanta; investigates and diagnoses and tries to control or prevent diseases (especially new and unusual diseases)
    CTC, Counterterrorist Center
    an agency that helps the Director of Central Intelligence coordinate counterterrorist efforts in order to preempt and disrupt and defeat terrorist activities at the earliest possible stage
    NPC, Nonproliferation Center
    an agency that serves as the focal point for all Intelligence Community activities related to nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their missile delivery systems
    Bureau of the Census, Census Bureau
    the bureau of the Commerce Department responsible for taking the census; provides demographic information and analyses about the population of the United States
    NOAA, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
    an agency in the Department of Commerce that maps the oceans and conserves their living resources; predicts changes to the earth's environment; provides weather reports and forecasts floods and hurricanes and other natural disasters related to weather
    NCDC, National Climatic Data Center
    the part of NOAA that maintains the world's largest active archive of weather data
    National Weather Service
    the federal agency in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration that is responsible for weather forecast and preparation of weather maps
    Technology Administration
    an agency in the Department of Commerce that works with United States industries to promote competitiveness and maximize the impact of technology on economic growth
    NIST, National Institute of Standards and Technology
    an agency in the Technology Administration that makes measurements and sets standards as needed by industry or government programs
    NTIS, National Technical Information Service
    an agency in the Technology Administration that is a primary resource for government-funded scientific and technical and engineering and business related information
    DARPA, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
    the central research and development organization for the United States Department of Defense; responsible for developing new surveillance technologies since 9/11
    Department of Defense Laboratory System, LABLINK
    a defense laboratory that provides essential services in fundamental science for national security and environmental protection and provides technologies that contribute to industrial competitiveness
    DOEI, Department of Energy Intelligence
    an agency that collects political and economic and technical information about energy matters and makes the Department of Energy's technical and analytical expertise available to other members of the Intelligence Community
    PHS, United States Public Health Service
    an agency that serves as the office of Surgeon General; includes agencies whose mission is to improve the public health
    NIH, National Institutes of Health
    an agency in the Department of Health and Human Services whose mission is to employ science in the pursuit of knowledge to improve human health; is the principal biomedical research agency of the federal government
    BJA, Bureau of Justice Assistance
    the bureau in the Department of Justice that assists local criminal justice systems to reduce or prevent crime and violence and drug abuse
    BJS, Bureau of Justice Statistics
    the agency in the Department of Justice that is the primary source of criminal justice statistics for federal and local policy makers
    INS, Immigration and Naturalization Service
    an agency in the Department of Justice that enforces laws and regulations for the admission of foreign-born persons to the United States
    US Border Patrol, United States Border Patrol
    the mobile law enforcement arm of the Immigration and Naturalization Service that detects and prevents illegal entry of aliens into the United States
    Bureau of Diplomatic Security, DS
    the bureau in the State Department that is responsible for the security of diplomats and embassies overseas
    Foreign Service
    the part of the State Department that supplies diplomats for the United States embassies and consulates around the world
    Bureau of Intelligence and Research, INR
    an agency that is the primary source in the State Department for interpretive analyses of global developments and focal point for policy issues and activities of the Intelligence Community
    FWS, US Fish and Wildlife Service, United States Fish and Wildlife Service
    an agency in the Department of the Interior that conserves and protects fish and wildlife and their habitats; assesses the environmental impact of pesticides and nuclear power site and hydroelectric dams and thermal pollution
    National Park Service
    an agency of the Interior Department responsible for the national parks
    Financial Management Service
    the federal agency in the Treasury Department that manages the government's disbursement and collection systems and provides central accounting and financial reporting
    OIS, Office of Intelligence Support
    agency that oversees the intelligence relationships of the Treasury's offices and bureaus and provides a link between the Intelligence Community and officials responsible for international economic policy
    Comptroller of the Currency
    the agency of the Treasury Department responsible for controlling the currency
    Bureau of Customs, Customs Bureau, Customs Service, USCB
    the agency of the Treasury Department that enforces import tariffs
    Bureau of Engraving and Printing
    the agency of the Treasury Department that produces currency
    IRS, Internal Revenue Service
    the bureau of the Treasury Department responsible for tax collections
    FAA, Federal Aviation Agency
    an agency in the Department of Transportation that is responsible for the safety of civilian aviation
    TSA, Transportation Security Administration
    an agency established in 2001 to safeguard United States transportation systems and insure safe air travel
    GAO, Government Accounting Office, United States Government Accounting Office
    an independent nonpartisan federal agency that acts as the investigative arm of Congress making the executive branch accountable to Congress and the government accountable to citizens of the United States
    Navy, US Navy, USN, United States Navy
    the navy of the United States of America; the agency that maintains and trains and equips combat-ready naval forces
    U. S. Coast Guard, US Coast Guard, United States Coast Guard
    an agency of the Department of Transportation responsible for patrolling shores and facilitating nautical commerce
    NAWCWPNS, Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division
    the principal agency of the United States Navy for research and development for air warfare and missile weapon systems
    NSW, Naval Special Warfare
    the agency that provides units to conduct unconventional and counter-guerilla warfare
    NSWC, Naval Surface Warfare Center
    the agency that provides scientific and engineering and technical support for all aspects of surface warfare
    NUWC, Naval Underwater Warfare Center
    the agency that provides scientific and engineering and technical support for submarine and undersea warfare systems
    ONI, Office of Naval Intelligence
    the military intelligence agency that provides for the intelligence and counterintelligence and investigative and security requirements of the United States Navy
    MCIA, Marine Corps Intelligence Activity
    an agency of the United States Marine Corps that provides responsive and broad intelligence support for the worldwide Marine Corps organization
    Air Force, U. S. Air Force, US Air Force, USAF, United States Air Force
    the airforce of the United States of America; the agency that defends the United States through control and exploitation of air and space
    AFISR, Air Force ISR, Air Force Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance
    an agency focused on ensuring that the United States military attains information superiority; operates worldwide ground sites and an array of airborne reconnaissance and surveillance platforms
    independent agency
    an agency of the United States government that is created by an act of Congress and is independent of the executive departments
    ARDA, Advanced Research and Development Activity
    an agency of the Intelligence Community that conducts advanced research and development related to information technology
    Defense Logistics Agency
    a logistics combat support agency in the Department of Defense; provides worldwide support for military missions
    DRMS, Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service
    the organization in the Defense Logistics Agency that inventories and evaluates and sells reusable United States government surplus
    DTIC, Defense Technical Information Center
    the agency in the Department of Defense that provides scientific and technical information to federal agencies and their contractors
    law enforcement agency
    an agency responsible for insuring obedience to the laws
    OSHA, Occupational Safety and Health Administration
    a government agency in the Department of Labor to maintain a safe and healthy work environment
    organ
    a government agency or instrument devoted to the performance of some specific function
    Patent Office, Patent and Trademark Office Database
    the government bureau in the Department of Commerce that keeps a record of patents and trademarks and grants new ones
    GPO, Government Printing Office, US Government Printing Office, United States Government Printing Office
    an agency of the legislative branch that provides printing and binding services for Congress and the departments and establishments of the federal government
    NGB, National Guard Bureau
    the agency that administers the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard; provides liaison between the Army and the Air Force and various National Guard units
    Army, U. S. Army, US Army, USA, United States Army
    the army of the United States of America; the agency that organizes and trains soldiers for land warfare
    AI, Army Intelligence
    an agency of the United States Army responsible for providing timely and relevant and accurate and synchronized intelligence to tactical and operational and strategic level commanders
    BMDO, Ballistic Missile Defense Organization
    an agency in the Department of Defense that is responsible for making ballistic missile defense a reality
    DISA, Defense Information Systems Agency
    a combat support agency in the Department of Defense responsible for developing and operating and supporting information systems to serve the needs of the President and the Secretary of Defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff
    NGA, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
    a combat support agency that provides geographic intelligence in support of national security
    CCRC, Casualty Care Research Center
    an agency in the Department of Defense that is a national center for research on all aspects of injury control and casualty care
    FHA, Federal Housing Administration
    the federal agency in the Department of Housing and Urban Development that insures residential mortgages
    local authority
    an administrative unit of local government
    customs
    the government agency that oversees and collects duties on imported goods
    AEC, Atomic Energy Commission
    a former executive agency (from 1946 to 1974) that was responsible for research into atomic energy and its peacetime uses in the United States
    NRC, Nuclear Regulatory Commission
    an independent federal agency created in 1974 to license and regulate nuclear power plants
    EPA, Environmental Protection Agency
    an independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment
    FEMA, Federal Emergency Management Agency
    an independent agency of the United States government that provides a single point of accountability for all federal emergency preparedness and mitigation and response activities
    Council of Economic Advisors
    an executive agency responsible for providing economic advice to the President
    CIA, Central Intelligence Agency
    an independent agency of the United States government responsible for collecting and coordinating intelligence and counterintelligence activities abroad in the national interest; headed by the Director of Central Intelligence under the supervision of the President and National Security Council
    ICC, Interstate Commerce Commission
    a former independent federal agency that supervised and set rates for carriers that transported goods and people between states; was terminated in 1995
    NASA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    an independent agency of the United States government responsible for aviation and spaceflight
    NARA, National Archives and Records Administration
    the independent agency that oversees management of federal government records including presidential libraries and historic collections
    NLRB, National Labor Relations Board
    an independent agency of the United States government charged with mediating disputes between management and labor unions
    NSF, National Science Foundation
    an independent agency of the federal government responsible for the promotion of progress in science and engineering by supporting programs in research and education
    Postal Rate Commission
    an independent federal agency that recommends changes in postal rates
    US Postal Service, USPS, United States Postal Service
    an independent federal agency that provides mail processing and delivery service for individuals and businesses in the United States
    US Postal Inspection Service, United States Postal Inspection Service
    the primary law enforcement arm of the United States Postal Service
    NSC, National Security Council
    a committee in the executive branch of government that advises the president on foreign and military and national security; supervises the Central Intelligence Agency
    Council on Environmental Policy
    the executive agency that advises the President on protecting the environment
    Joint Chiefs, Joint Chiefs of Staff
    the executive agency that advises the President on military questions; composed of the chiefs of the United States Army and the United States Navy and the United States Air Force and the commandant of the United States Marine Corps
    OMB, Office of Management and Budget
    the executive agency that advises the President on the federal budget
    US Trade Representative, United States Trade Representative
    the executive agency that administers the President's policies on international trade
    FCC, Federal Communications Commission
    an independent government agency that regulates interstate and international communications by radio and television and wire and cable and satellite
    SSA, Social Security Administration
    an independent government agency responsible for the Social Security system
    FBI, Federal Bureau of Investigation
    a federal law enforcement agency that is the principal investigative arm of the Department of Justice
    FLETC, Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
    a center in the Department of that trains law enforcement professionals for more than seventy federal agencies
    FinCEN, Financial Crimes Enforcement Network
    a law enforcement agency of the Treasury Department responsible for establishing and implementing policies to detect money laundering
    ATF, Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms
    the law enforcement and tax collection agency of the Treasury Department that enforces federal laws concerning alcohol and tobacco products and firearms and explosives and arson
    CID, Criminal Investigation Command
    the United States Army's principal law enforcement agency responsible for the conduct of criminal investigations for all levels of the Army anywhere in the world
    DEA, Drug Enforcement Administration, Drug Enforcement Agency
    federal agency responsible for enforcing laws and regulations governing narcotics and controlled substances; goal is to immobilize drug trafficking organizations
    BoP, Federal Bureau of Prisons
    the law enforcement agency of the Justice Department that operates a nationwide system of prisons and detention facilities to incarcerate inmates sentenced to imprisonment for federal crimes
    Federal Judiciary
    the judiciary of the United States which is responsible for interpreting and enforcing federal laws
    NIJ, National Institute of Justice
    the law enforcement agency that is the research and development branch of the Department of Justice
    Marshals, US Marshals Service, United States Marshals Service
    the United States' oldest federal law enforcement agency is responsible today for protecting the Federal Judiciary and transporting federal prisoners and protecting federal witnesses and managing assets seized from criminals and generally ensuring the effective operation of the federal judicial system
    Bureau of Customs, Customs Bureau, Customs Service, USCB
    the agency of the Treasury Department that enforces import tariffs
    PO, Post Office, US Post Office, United States Post Office
    an independent agency of the federal government responsible for mail delivery (and sometimes telecommunications) between individuals and businesses in the United States
    constabulary, law, police, police force
    the force of police and officers
    FTC, Federal Trade Commission
    an independent agency of the United States federal government that maintains fair and free competition; enforces federal antitrust laws; educates the public about identity theft
    OIG, Office of Inspector General
    the investigative arm of the Federal Trade Commission
    GSA, General Services Administration
    a central management agency that sets Federal policy for Federal procurement and real property management and information resources management
    FPS, Federal Protective Service
    an agency in the General Services Administration that is a security organization to provide a safe environment where Federal agencies can conduct their business
    SBA, Small Business Administration
    an independent agency of the United States government that protects the interests of small businesses and ensures that they receive a fair share of government contracts
    SSS, Selective Service, Selective Service System
    an independent federal agency that administers compulsory military service
    SEC, Securities and Exchange Commission
    an independent federal agency that oversees the exchange of securities to protect investors
    type of:
    administrative body, administrative unit
    a unit with administrative responsibilities
  2. noun
    furniture with drawers for keeping clothes
    synonyms: chest, chest of drawers, dresser
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    types:
    chiffonier, commode
    a tall elegant chest of drawers
    highboy, tallboy
    a tall chest of drawers divided into two sections and supported on four legs
    lowboy
    a low chest or table with drawers and supported on four legs
    type of:
    article of furniture, furniture, piece of furniture
    furnishings that make a room or other area ready for occupancy
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