brain disorder

Definitions of brain disorder
1

n any disorder or disease of the brain

Synonyms:
brain disease, encephalopathy
Types:
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epilepsy
a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions
apraxia
inability to make purposeful movements
Parkinson's, Parkinson's disease, Parkinson's syndrome, Parkinsonism, paralysis agitans, shaking palsy
a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination
cerebral palsy, spastic paralysis
a loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms caused by permanent brain damage present at birth
agraphia, anorthography, logagraphia
a loss of the ability to write or to express thoughts in writing because of a brain lesion
acataphasia
a disorder in which a lesion to the central nervous system leaves you unable to formulate a statement or to express yourself in an organized manner
aphasia
inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
agnosia
inability to recognize objects by use of the senses
CJD, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease
rare (usually fatal) brain disease (usually in middle age) caused by an unidentified slow virus; characterized by progressive dementia and gradual loss of muscle control
Reye's syndrome
acquired encephalopathy following acute viral infections (especially influenza or chicken pox) in young children; characterized by fever, vomiting, disorientation, coma, and fatty infiltration of the liver
Wernicke's encephalopathy
inflammatory degenerative disease of the brain caused by thiamine deficiency that is usually associated with alcoholism
astereognosis, tactile agnosia
a loss of the ability to recognize objects by handling them
akinetic epilepsy
epilepsy characterized by akinesia
cortical epilepsy, focal epilepsy
epilepsy in which the attacks begins with an isolated disturbance of cerebral function (as a twitching of a limb or an illusory sensation or a mental disturbance)
epilepsia major, generalized epilepsy, grand mal, grand mal epilepsy
epilepsy in which the attacks involve loss of consciousness and tonic spasms of the musculature followed by generalized jerking
Lafora's disease, myoclonus epilepsy
epilepsy characterized by clonus of muscle groups and progressive mental deterioration and genetic origin
epilepsia minor, petit mal, petit mal epilepsy
epilepsy characterized by paroxysmal attacks of brief clouding of consciousness (and possibly other abnormalities)
posttraumatic epilepsy, traumatic epilepsy
a convulsive epileptic state caused by a head injury
procursive epilepsy
epilepsy in which a seizure is induced by whirling or running
psychomotor epilepsy, temporal lobe epilepsy
epilepsy characterized clinically by impairment of consciousness and amnesia for the episode; often involves purposeful movements of the arms and legs and sometimes hallucinations
reflex epilepsy
a form of epilepsy in which attacks are induced by peripheral stimulation
status epilepticus
a condition in which there are continuing attacks of epilepsy without intervals of consciousness; can lead to brain damage and death
tonic epilepsy
epilepsy in which the body is rigid during the seizure
acoustic aphasia, auditory aphasia, word deafness
an impairment in understanding spoken language that is not attributable to hearing loss
associative aphasia, conduction aphasia
aphasia in which the lesion is assumed to be in the association tracts connecting the various language centers in the brain; patient's have difficulty repeating a sentence just heard
global aphasia, total aphasia
loss of all ability to communicate
Broca's aphasia, ataxic aphasia, expressive aphasia, motor aphasia, nonfluent aphasia
aphasia in which expression by speech or writing is severely impaired
amnesic aphasia, amnestic aphasia, anomia, anomic aphasia, nominal aphasia
inability to name objects or to recognize written or spoken names of objects
transcortical aphasia
a general term for aphasia that results from lesions outside of Broca's area or Wernicke's area of the cerebral cortex
alexia, visual aphasia, word blindness
inability to perceive written words
Wernicke's aphasia, fluent aphasia, impressive aphasia, receptive aphasia, sensory aphasia
aphasia characterized by fluent but meaningless speech and severe impairment of the ability understand spoken or written words
auditory agnosia
inability to recognize or understand the meaning of spoken words
visual agnosia
inability to recognize or interpret objects in the visual field
Type of:
nervous disorder, neurological disease, neurological disorder
a disorder of the nervous system

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