bonito

A bonito is a medium-sized fish that's a close relation of the tuna. When smoked and fermented, bonito is used to flavor many Japanese soups.

Bonitos are in the same family as tuna and mackerel, and they're sometimes used as a less expensive substitute for skipjack tuna. In Japanese cuisine, the fish is commonly used in the form of "bonito flakes," or katsuobushi. These intensely flavorful dried flakes are added to dashi broth, which is the base of most miso soup. Bonito is a Spanish word that means "the good one."

Definitions of bonito
  1. noun
    fish whose flesh is dried and flaked for Japanese cookery; may be same species as skipjack tuna
    synonyms: Katsuwonus pelamis, oceanic bonito
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    type of:
    scombroid, scombroid fish
    important marine food and game fishes found in all tropical and temperate seas; some are at least partially endothermic and can thrive in colder waters
  2. noun
    any of various scombroid fishes intermediate in size and characteristics between mackerels and tunas
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    types:
    Atlantic bonito, Sarda sarda, skipjack
    medium-sized tuna-like food fish of warm Atlantic and Pacific waters; less valued than tuna
    Chile bonito, Chilean bonito, Pacific bonito, Sarda chiliensis
    common bonito of Pacific coast of the Americas; its dark oily flesh cans well
    type of:
    scombroid, scombroid fish
    important marine food and game fishes found in all tropical and temperate seas; some are at least partially endothermic and can thrive in colder waters
  3. noun
    flesh of mostly Pacific food fishes of the genus Sarda of the family Scombridae; related to but smaller than tuna
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    type of:
    tuna, tuna fish, tunny
    important warm-water fatty fish of the genus Thunnus of the family Scombridae; usually served as steaks
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