basidiomycete

Definitions of basidiomycete
  1. noun
    any of various fungi of the subdivision Basidiomycota
    synonyms: basidiomycetous fungi
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    mushroom
    any of various fleshy fungi of the subdivision Basidiomycota consisting of a cap at the end of a stem arising from an underground mycelium
    agaric
    a saprophytic fungus of the order Agaricales having an umbrellalike cap with gills on the underside
    gill fungus
    a basidiomycete with gills
    polypore, pore fungus, pore mushroom
    woody pore fungi; any fungus of the family Polyporaceae or family Boletaceae having the spore-bearing surface within tubes or pores; the fruiting bodies are usually woody at maturity and persistent
    mushroom
    mushrooms and related fleshy fungi (including toadstools, puffballs, morels, coral fungi, etc.)
    mushroom
    common name for an edible agaric (contrasting with the inedible toadstool)
    toadstool
    common name for an inedible or poisonous agaric (contrasting with the edible mushroom)
    Agaricus arvensis, horse mushroom
    coarse edible mushroom with a hollow stem and a broad white cap
    Agaricus campestris, field mushroom, meadow mushroom
    common edible mushroom found naturally in moist open soil; the cultivated mushroom of commerce
    Amanita caesarea, Caesar's agaric, royal agaric
    widely distributed edible mushroom resembling the fly agaric
    Amanita mappa, false deathcap
    agaric often confused with the death cup
    Amanita muscaria, fly agaric
    poisonous (but rarely fatal) woodland fungus having a scarlet cap with white warts and white gills
    Amanita phalloides, death angel, death cap, death cup, destroying angel
    extremely poisonous usually white fungus with a prominent cup-shaped base; differs from edible Agaricus only in its white gills
    Amanita rubescens, blusher, blushing mushroom
    yellowish edible agaric that usually turns red when touched
    Amanita verna, destroying angel
    fungus similar to Amanita phalloides
    Cantharellus cibarius, chantarelle, chanterelle
    widely distributed edible mushroom rich yellow in color with a smooth cap and a pleasant apricot aroma
    Cantharellus floccosus, floccose chanterelle
    a mildly poisonous fungus with a fruiting body shaped like a hollow trumpet
    Cantharellus clavatus, pig's ears
    an edible agaric with a brown fruiting body that is often compound
    Cantharellus cinnabarinus, cinnabar chanterelle
    mushroom with a distinctive pink to vermillion fruiting body
    Omphalotus illudens, jack-a-lantern, jack-o-lantern, jack-o-lantern fungus
    a large poisonous agaric with orange caps and narrow clustered stalks; the gills are luminescent
    Coprinus atramentarius, inky cap, inky-cap mushroom
    having a cap that melts into an inky fluid after spores have matured
    Coprinus comatus, shaggy cap, shaggymane, shaggymane mushroom
    common edible mushroom having an elongated shaggy white cap and black spores
    Lactarius delicioso, milkcap
    edible mushroom
    Marasmius oreades, fairy-ring mushroom
    mushroom that grows in a fairy ring
    Pleurotus ostreatus, oyster agaric, oyster fungus, oyster mushroom
    edible agaric with a soft greyish cap growing in shelving masses on dead wood
    Pleurotus phosphoreus, olive-tree agaric
    red luminescent mushroom of Europe
    Pholiota astragalina
    a fungus with a smooth orange cap and yellow gills and pale yellow stalk
    Pholiota aurea, golden pholiota
    a beautiful yellow gilled fungus found from Alaska south along the coast
    Pholiota destruens
    a large fungus with whitish scales on the cap and remnants of the veil hanging from the cap; the stalk is thick and hard
    Pholiota flammans
    a fungus with a yellow cap covered with fine scales as is the stalk
    Pholiota flavida
    a fungus that grows in clusters on the ground; cap is brownish orange with a surface that is smooth and slightly sticky; whitish gills and a cylindrical brown stalk
    Pholiota nameko, nameko, viscid mushroom
    one of the most important fungi cultivated in Japan
    Pholiota squarrosa-adiposa
    a gilled fungus having yellow slimy caps with conspicuous tawny scales on the caps and stalks
    Pholiota squarrosa, scaly pholiota
    a gilled fungus with a cap and stalk that are conspicuously scaly with upright scales; gills develop a greenish tinge with age
    Pholiota squarrosoides
    a pale buff fungus with tawny scales
    Stropharia ambigua
    a gilled fungus with a long stalk and a yellow slimy cap from which fragments of the broken veil hang; gills are initially white but become dark brown as spores are released
    Stropharia hornemannii
    a gilled fungus with a large slimy purple or olive cap; gills become purple with age; the stalk is long and richly decorated with pieces of the white sheath that extends up to a ring
    Stropharia rugoso-annulata
    a large gilled fungus with a broad cap and a long stalk; the cap is dark brown; the white gills turn dark purplish brown with age; edible and choice
    Entoloma lividum, Entoloma sinuatum
    a deadly poisonous agaric; a large cap that is first white (livid or lead-colored) and then turns yellowish or tan
    Entoloma aprile
    an agaric with a dark brown conical cap; fruits in early spring
    Chlorophyllum molybdites
    a poisonous agaric with a fibrillose cap and brown scales on a white ground color; cap can reach a diameter of 30 cm; often forms `fairy rings'
    lepiota
    any fungus of the genus Lepiota
    Lepiota procera, parasol mushroom
    edible long-stalked mushroom with white flesh and gills and spores; found in open woodlands in autumn
    Clitocybe nuda, blewits
    edible agaric that is pale lilac when young; has a smooth moist cap
    Tricholoma populinum, sandy mushroom
    an edible agaric that fruits in great clusters (especially in sandy soil under cottonwood trees)
    Tricholoma pessundatum
    a mildly poisonous agaric with a viscid reddish brown cap and white gills and stalk
    Tricholoma sejunctum
    an agaric with a cap that is coated with dark fibrils in the center and has yellowish margins
    Tricholoma flavovirens, man-on-a-horse
    an edible agaric with yellow gills and a viscid yellow cap that has a brownish center
    Tricholoma venenata
    a poisonous white agaric
    Tricholoma pardinum
    a poisonous agaric having a pale cap with fine grey fibrils
    Tricholoma vaccinum
    an agaric with a cap that is densely covered with reddish fibrils and pale gills and stalk
    Tricholoma aurantium
    an orange tan agaric whose gills become brown by maturity; has a strong odor and taste
    Pluteus aurantiorugosus
    an agaric with a brilliant scarlet cap and a slender stalk
    Pluteus magnus, sawdust mushroom
    an edible agaric found in piles of hardwood sawdust; the caps are black and coarsely wrinkled
    Pluteus cervinus, deer mushroom
    a small edible agaric with a slender stalk; usually found on rotting hardwoods
    Chinese mushroom, Volvariella volvacea, straw mushroom
    small tropical and subtropical edible mushroom having a white cap and long stem; an expensive delicacy in China and other Asian countries where it is grown commercially
    Volvariella bombycina
    a mushroom with a dry yellowish to white fibrillose cap
    Clitocybe clavipes
    an agaric with a flat cap that is greyish or yellowish brown with pallid gills and a stalk that bulges toward the base
    Clitocybe dealbata
    a small poisonous agaric; has a dry white cap with crowded gills and a short stalk
    Clitocybe inornata
    a fungus with a cap that is creamy grey when young and turns brown with age and a whitish stalk that stains yellow when handled
    Clitocybe robusta, Clytocybe alba
    a large white agaric; edible but not palatable
    Clitocybe irina, Lepista irina, Tricholoma irinum
    an edible agaric with large silky white caps and thick stalks
    Clitocybe subconnexa
    an edible white agaric that fruits in dense clusters; the gills are narrow and crowded and the stalk is fleshy and unpolished
    Flammulina velutipes, winter mushroom
    an edible agaric that is available in early spring or late fall when few other mushrooms are; has a viscid smooth orange to brown cap and a velvety stalk that turns black in maturity and pallid gills; often occur in clusters
    morel
    any of various edible mushrooms of the genus Morchella having a brownish spongelike cap
    bracket fungus, shelf fungus
    a woody fungus that forms shelflike sporophores on tree trunks and wood structures
    Albatrellus dispansus
    a rare fungus having a large (up to 14 inches wide) yellow fruiting body with multiple individual caps and a broad central stalk and a fragrant odor
    Albatrellus ovinus, sheep polypore
    a fungus with a whitish often circular cap and a white pore surface and small pores and a white central stalk; found under conifers; edible but not popular
    Neolentinus ponderosus
    a gilled polypore with a large cap (up to 15 inches in diameter) and a broad stalk; edible when young and tender
    Nigroporus vinosus
    a woody pore fungus with a dark brown to red brown cap and spore surface and small pores
    Oligoporus leucospongia
    a pore fungus with a whitish cottony soft cap found on conifer logs in forests at high elevation in the western United States and adjacent Canada
    Polyporus tenuiculus
    a fungus with a whitish kidney-shaped cap and elongated pores; causes white rot in dead hardwoods
    Polyporus squamosus, scaly polypore
    a fungus with a lateral stalk (when there is a stalk) and a scaly cap that becomes nearly black in maturity; widely distributed in the northern hemisphere
    Fistulina hepatica, beefsteak fungus
    a popular edible fungus with a cap the color of liver or raw meat; abundant in southeastern United States
    waxycap
    any fungus of the family Hygrophoraceae having gills that are more or less waxy in appearance
    Cortinarius armillatus
    a fungus with large tawny caps and pale cinnamon gills and a red band of veil around the stalk; usually found near birch trees
    Cortinarius atkinsonianus
    an edible fungus with a slimy viscid cap that is initially yellow but turns olive and then tawny; flesh is lavender
    Cortinarius corrugatus
    a fungus with a viscid wrinkled tawny cap; the stalk has a basal bulb that diminishes as the stalk elongates; the gills are dark violet at first but soon turn brown
    Cortinarius gentilis
    a poisonous fungus with a bright yellow brown cap and a long cinnamon colored stalk
    Cortinarius mutabilis, purple-staining Cortinarius
    a fungus with a reddish purple cap having a smooth slimy surface; close violet gills; all parts stain dark purple when bruised
    Cortinarius semisanguineus
    a fungus with a dry brown cap and rusty red gills and a yellowish stalk
    Cortinarius subfoetidus
    a fungus with a sticky lavender cap and stalk that whitish above and covered with a silky lavender sheath
    Cortinarius violaceus
    a fungus that is violet overall with a squamulose cap
    Gymnopilus spectabilis
    a fungus with a brownish orange fruiting body and a ring near the top of the stalk; the taste is bitter and the flesh contains psilocybin and psilocin
    Gymnopilus validipes
    a poisonous fungus with a dry cap and a cortina that does not leave much of a ring on the robust stalk
    Gymnopilus ventricosus
    a giant fungus of the Pacific Northwest; has a very thick stalk and the cortina leaves a ring high up on the stalk
    shoestring fungus
    any of several fungi of the genus Armillaria that form brown stringy rhizomorphs and cause destructive rot of the roots of some trees such as apples or maples
    Armillaria caligata, booted armillaria
    fungus with a brown cap and white gills and a membranous ring halfway up the stalk
    Armillaria ponderosa, white matsutake
    a large white mushroom that develops brown stains as it ages; gills are white; odor is spicy and aromatic; collected commercially for oriental cooking the Pacific Northwest
    Armillaria zelleri
    a large fungus with viscid cap that dries and turns brown with age; gills are off-white
    Armillariella mellea, honey fungus, honey mushroom
    a honey-colored edible mushroom commonly associated with the roots of trees in late summer and fall; do not eat raw
    type of:
    fungus
    an organism of the kingdom Fungi lacking chlorophyll and feeding on organic matter; ranging from unicellular or multicellular organisms to spore-bearing syncytia
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