axon

An axon is a thin fiber that conducts electrical impulses away from a neuron, or nerve cell. Axons are an important part of the nervous system.

Your nervous system is what your brain uses to send and receive information about what's going on in and around your body. Neurons, specialized cells that transmit and receive nerve impulses, are made up of dendrites, which bring in electrical signals, and axons, which send them out. Axon gained this meaning in 1899—earlier, it meant "skeletal axis of the body," from the Greek meaning of axon, "axis."

Definitions of axon
1

n long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron

Synonyms:
axone
Type of:
nerve fiber, nerve fibre
a threadlike extension of a nerve cell

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