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artery

An artery is a major blood vessel that carries blood away from your heart. For a healthy heart, keep your arteries clean!

The word artery comes from the Greek arteria, which means "windpipe." In ancient times, an artery was thought to be a kind of air duct, because after someone dies, their arteries are empty of blood. Today we know that arteries (and veins) perform a vital job, constantly moving blood around our bodies. Systems of rivers or roads with networks and branches that resemble the human circulatory system can also be called arteries.

Definitions of artery
  1. noun
    a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
    synonyms: arteria, arterial blood vessel
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    types:
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    alveolar artery, arteria alveolaris
    a branch of the maxillary artery that supplies the alveolar process
    angular artery, arteria angularis
    the terminal branch of the facial artery
    aorta
    the large trunk artery that carries blood from the left ventricle of the heart to branch arteries
    appendicular artery, arteria appendicularis
    the branch of the ileocolic artery that supplies the vermiform appendix
    arcuate artery, arteria arcuata
    curved artery in the foot
    arcuate artery of the kidney
    curved arteries of the kidney
    arteriola, arteriole, capillary artery
    one of the small thin-walled arteries that end in capillaries
    arteria bulbi penis, artery of the penis bulb
    a branch of the internal pudendal artery of males that supplies the bulb of the penis
    arteria bulbi vestibuli, artery of the vestibule bulb
    a branch of the internal pudendal artery in females that supplies the bulb of the vestibule
    arteria ascendens, ascending artery
    the branch of the ileocolic artery that supplies the ascending colon
    arteria auricularis, auricular artery
    artery that supplies blood to the ear
    arteria axillaris, axillary artery
    the part of the main artery of the arm that lies in the armpit and is continuous with the subclavian artery above and the brachial artery below
    arteria basilaris, basilar artery
    an unpaired artery; supplies the pons and cerebellum and the back part of the cerebrum and the inner ear
    arteria brachialis, brachial artery
    the main artery of the upper arm; a continuation of the axillary artery; bifurcates into the radial and ulnar arteries at the elbow
    arteria radialis, radial artery
    branch of the brachial artery beginning below the elbow and extending down the forearm around the wrist and into the palm
    bronchial artery
    arteries that accompany the bronchioles
    arteria buccalis, buccal artery
    a branch of the maxillary artery that supplies blood to the buccinator muscle and the cheek
    arteria carotis, carotid artery
    either of two major arteries of the neck and head; branches from the aorta
    arteria celiaca, celiac artery, celiac trunk, truncus celiacus
    an artery that originates from the abdominal aorta just below the diaphragm and branches into the left gastric artery and the common hepatic artery and the splenic artery
    arteria centralis retinae, central artery of the retina
    a branch of the ophthalmic artery; enters the eyeball with the optic nerve
    arteria cerebelli, cerebellar artery
    an artery that supplies the cerebellum
    arteria cerebri, cerebral artery
    any of the arteries supplying blood to the cerebral cortex
    areteria cervicalis, cervical artery
    an artery that supplies the muscles of the neck
    arteria choroidea, choroidal artery
    an artery that supplies the choroid plexus
    arteria ciliaris, ciliary artery
    one of several arteries supplying the choroid coat of the eye
    circle of Willis
    a ring of arteries at the base of the brain
    circumflex artery
    any of several paired curving arteries
    arteria colica, colic artery
    arteries that supply blood to the colon
    arteria communicans, communicating artery
    any of three arteries in the brain that make up the circle of Willis
    arteria coronaria, coronary artery
    the artery that branches from the aorta to supply blood to the heart
    arteria cystica, cystic artery
    a branch of the hepatic artery; supplies the gall bladder and the surface of the liver
    arteria digitalis, digital arteries
    arteries in the hand and foot that supply the fingers and toes
    arteria epigastrica, epigastric artery
    one of three arteries supplying the anterior walls of the abdomen
    arteria ethmoidalis, ethmoidal artery
    a branch of the ophthalmic artery supplying structures in and around the nasal capsule
    arteria femoralis, femoral artery
    the chief artery of the thigh; a continuation of the external iliac artery
    arteria poplitea, popliteal artery
    a continuation of the femoral artery that branches to supply the legs and feet
    arteria gastrica, gastric artery
    the arteries that supply the walls of the stomach
    arteria glutes, gluteal artery
    branches of the internal iliac artery that supply the hip joint and gluteal region
    arteria hepatica, hepatic artery
    arteries that supply the liver
    arteria ileum, ileal artery, intestinal artery
    branch of the superior mesenteric artery that supplies the ileum
    arteria ileocolica, ileocolic artery
    an artery that originates from the superior mesenteric artery and supplies the terminal part of the ileum and the cecum and the vermiform appendix and the ascending colon
    arteria iliaca, iliac artery
    one of the large arteries supplying blood to the pelvis and legs
    arteria iliolumbalis, iliolumbar artery
    an artery that originates in the internal iliac artery and supplies the pelvic muscles and bones
    arteria infraorbitalis, infraorbital artery
    an artery that originates from the maxillary artery and supplies structures below the orbit (from lower eyelid to upper lip)
    innominate artery
    a large artery arising from the arch of the aorta and divides into the right subclavian artery and the right common carotid artery; supplies the right side of the neck and head and the right shoulder and arm
    arteria intercostalis, intercostal artery
    several arteries and supplying the intercostal spaces of the rib cage
    intestinal artery, jejunal artery
    an artery that is a branch of the superior mesenteric artery that supplies the jejunum
    arteria labialis, labial artery
    an artery that is a branch of the facial artery that supplies the lips of the mouth
    artery of the labyrinth, internal auditory artery, labyrinthine artery
    an artery that is a branch of the basilar artery that supplies the labyrinth
    arteria lacrimalis, lacrimal artery
    an artery that originates from the ophthalmic artery and supplies the lacrimal gland and rectal eye muscles and the upper eyelid and the forehead
    arteria laryngea, laryngeal artery
    either of two arteries that supply blood to the larynx
    arteria lienalis, lienal artery, splenic artery
    an artery that originates from the celiac trunk and supplies blood to the spleen
    arteria lingualis, lingual artery
    an artery originating from the external carotid artery and supplying the under side of the tongue
    arteria lumbalis, lumbar artery
    one of four or five pairs of arteries that originate in the abdominal aorta and supply the lumbar vertebrae and the back muscles and abdominal wall
    arteria maxillaris, maxillary artery
    either of two arteries branching from the external carotid artery and supplying structure of the face
    arteria meningea, meningeal artery
    any of three arteries supplying the meninges of the brain and neighboring structures
    arteria mesenterica, mesenteric artery
    one of two branches of the aorta that pass between the two layers of the mesentery to the intestines
    arteria metacarpea, metacarpal artery
    dorsal and palmar arteries of the hand
    arteria metatarsea, metatarsal artery
    dorsal and plantar arteries to the metatarsal region of the foot
    arteria musculophrenica, musculophrenic artery
    an artery that supplies the abdomen and intercostal muscles
    arteria nutricia, nutrient artery
    an artery that supplies the medullary cavity of the long bone
    arteria ophthalmica, ophthalmic artery
    a branch of the internal carotid artery that supplies the eye and neighboring structures
    arteria ovarica, ovarian artery
    the artery that branches from the aorta and supplies blood to the ovaries
    arteria palatina, palatine artery
    one of several arteries supplying the face
    arteria pancreatica, pancreatic artery
    a branch of the splenic artery that supplies the pancreas
    arteria perinealis, perineal artery
    a branch of the internal pudendal artery that supplies superficial structures of the perineum
    arteria pudenda, pudendal artery
    arteries supplying the external genital organs of humans
    arteria pulmonalis, pulmonary artery
    one of two arteries (branches of the pulmonary trunk) that carry venous blood from the heart to the lungs
    arteria rectalis, rectal artery
    one of the arteries supplying the rectal area
    arteria renalis, renal artery
    an artery originating from the abdominal aorta and supplying the kidneys and adrenal glands and ureters
    arteria subclavia, subclavian artery
    either of two arteries that supply blood to the neck and arms
    arteria testicularis, internal spermatic artery, testicular artery
    a branch of the aorta supplying the testicles
    arteria ulnaris, ulnar artery
    large artery that branches from the brachial artery to supply the muscles of the forearm and wrist and hand
    arteria uterina, uterine artery
    a branch of the internal iliac artery that supplies the uterus and the upper part of the vagina
    arteria vaginalis, vaginal artery
    a branch of the internal iliac that provides blood for the vagina and the base of the bladder and the rectum
    arteria vertebralis, vertebral artery
    the first branch of the subclavian artery; divided into four parts
    arteria alveolaris inferior, inferior alveolar artery
    the alveolar artery that goes through the mandibular canal to supply the lower teeth
    arteria alveolaris superior, superior alveolar artery
    the alveolar artery that supplies the upper teeth
    ascending aorta
    the ascending part of the aorta as it emerges from the left ventricle
    aortic arch
    the part of the aorta that arches and turns downward
    descending aorta
    the descending part of the aorta that branches into the thoracic and abdominal aortae
    abdominal aorta
    a branch of the descending aorta
    thoracic aorta
    a branch of the descending aorta; divides into the iliac arteries
    common carotid, common carotid artery
    runs upward in the neck and divides into the external and internal carotid arteries
    external carotid, external carotid artery
    the branch of the carotid artery that supplies blood to the face and tongue and external parts of the head
    internal carotid artery
    the branch of the carotid artery that supplies blood to the brain and eyes and internal parts of the head
    inferior cerebellar artery
    the inferior branch of the cerebellar artery
    superior cerebellar artery
    the superior branch of the cerebellar artery
    anterior cerebral artery
    one of two branches of the internal carotid artery; divides into two branches that serve (1) the thalamus and (2) parts of the frontal and parietal cortex
    middle cerebral artery
    one of two branches of the internal carotid artery; divides into three branches
    posterior cerebral artery
    arises from the basilar artery; divides into three branches
    arteria circumflexa femoris, circumflex artery of the thigh
    an artery that supplies the hip joint and thigh muscles
    arteria circumflexa humeri, circumflex humeral artery
    an artery that supplies the shoulder joint and shoulder muscles
    arteria circumflexa ilium, circumflex iliac artery
    an artery that supplies the lower abdominal walls and skin and the sartorius muscle
    arteria circumflexa scapulae, circumflex scapular artery
    an artery that serves the muscles of the shoulder and scapular area
    atrial artery
    the branch of the coronary artery that supplies the muscles of the atria
    right coronary artery
    arises from the right aortic sinus; supplies the right side of the heart
    left coronary artery
    arises from the left aortic sinus; supplies the left side of the heart
    arteria facialis, external maxillary artery, facial artery
    an artery that originates in the external carotid and gives off branches that supply the neck and face
    ateria gastrica dextra, right gastric artery
    a branch of the hepatic artery that supplies the pyloric portion of the stomach on the lesser curvature
    arteria gastrica sinistra, left gastric artery
    a branch of the celiac artery that supplies the lesser curvature of the stomach and the abdominal part of the esophagus
    arteria gastrica breves, short gastric artery, vasa brevis
    several small arteries branching off of the splenic artery and going to the greater curvature of the stomach
    common iliac artery
    terminal branches of the abdominal aorta
    external iliac artery
    the outer branch of the common iliac artery on either side of the body; becomes the femoral artery
    hypogastric artery, internal iliac artery
    the inner branch of the common iliac artery on either side of the body; divides into several branches that supply blood to the pelvic and gluteal areas
    arteria labialis inferior, inferior labial artery
    an artery that is a branch of the facial artery that supplies the lower lip
    arteria labialis superior, superior labial artery
    an artery that is a branch of the facial artery that supplies the upper lip
    internal maxillary artery
    the maxillary artery that supplies deep structure of the face and some of the meninges
    anterior meningeal artery
    branch of the anterior ethmoidal artery that supplies meninges in the anterior cranial fossa
    middle meningeal artery
    branch of the maxillary artery; its branches supply meninges
    posterior meningeal artery
    branch of the ascending pharyngeal artery that supplies the dura mater of the posterior cranial fossa
    inferior mesenteric artery
    arises near the lower end of the aorta and supplies the large intestine
    superior mesenteric artery
    originates from the upper part of the aorta that supplies the small intestines and the cecum and the colon
    pulmonary trunk, truncus pulmonalis
    the artery that carries venous blood from the right ventricle of the heart and divides into the right and left pulmonary arteries
    temporal artery
    any of the three arteries on either side of the brain supplying the cortex of the temporal lobe
    type of:
    blood vessel
    a vessel in which blood circulates
  2. noun
    a major thoroughfare that bears important traffic
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    type of:
    thoroughfare
    a public road from one place to another
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