Antipodes are specific points on the Earth that are directly opposite each other. Hong Kong and La Quiaca, Argentina are examples of antipodes.
If you drew a line from one geographical location, straight through the center of the Earth, to another location, those two places would be antipodes. If someone refers to the Antipodes, with a capital A, they mean Australia and New Zealand (although only inhabitants of the Northern Hemisphere refer to them this way). You can also use this word figuratively, to describe opposites: "My brother and I are total antipodes — he's sporty, and I'm a bookworm."
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