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anthropologist

If you like to go people watching and enjoy studying the ways that humans behave, then you might be a future anthropologist.

Anthropologists are people that practice anthropology, which is the study of humanity. Basically they want to figure out what makes humans human. An anthropologist might be interested in everything from the traditions of a tribe on a remote island to the culture of an urban community and everything in between. Biological anthropologists spend their time with fossils and artifacts trying to figure out how early humans might have behaved and what makes us different from other primates.

Definitions of anthropologist
  1. noun
    a social scientist who specializes in anthropology
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    examples:
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    Ruth Benedict
    United States anthropologist (1887-1948)
    Daniel Garrison Brinton
    United States anthropologist who was the first to attempt a systematic classification of Native American languages (1837-1899)
    Pierre-Paul Broca
    French anthropologist who studied the craniums and brains of different races of people; remembered for his discovery that articulate speech depends on an area of the brain now known as Broca's area (1824-1880)
    Sir James George Frazer
    English social anthropologist noted for studies of primitive religion and magic (1854-1941)
    Thor Hyerdahl
    Norwegian anthropologist noted for his studies of cultural diffusion (1914-2002)
    Alfred Louis Kroeber
    United States anthropologist noted for his studies of culture (1876-1960)
    Louis Seymour Bazett Leakey
    English paleontologist whose account of fossil discoveries in Tanzania changed theories of human evolution (1903-1972)
    Mary Douglas Leakey
    English paleontologist (the wife of Louis Leakey) who discovered the Zinjanthropus skull that was 1,750,000 years old (1913-1996)
    Richard Erskine Leakey
    English paleontologist (son of Louis Leakey and Mary Leakey) who continued the work of his parents; he was appointed director of a wildlife preserve in Kenya but resigned under political pressure (born in 1944)
    Claude Levi-Strauss
    French cultural anthropologist who promoted structural analysis of social systems (born in 1908)
    Bronislaw Kasper Malinowski
    British anthropologist (born in Poland) who introduced the technique of the participant observer (1884-1942)
    Margaret Mead
    United States anthropologist noted for her claims about adolescence and sexual behavior in Polynesian cultures (1901-1978)
    Ashley Montagu
    United States anthropologist (born in England) who popularized anthropology (1905-)
    Lewis Henry Morgan
    United States anthropologist who studied the Seneca (1818-1881)
    Edward Sapir
    anthropologist and linguist; studied languages of North American Indians (1884-1939)
    Howard Carter
    Englishman and Egyptologist who in 1922 discovered and excavated the tomb of Tutankhamen (1873-1939)
    Jean Francois Champollion
    Frenchman and Egyptologist who studied the Rosetta Stone and in 1821 became the first person to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics (1790-1832)
    Sir Arthur John Evans
    British archaeologist who excavated the palace of Knossos in Crete to find what he called Minoan civilization (1851-1941)
    Kund Johan Victor Rasmussen
    Danish ethnologist and Arctic explorer; led expeditions into the Arctic to find support for his theory that Eskimos and North American Indians originally migrated from Asia (1879-1933)
    Heinrich Schliemann
    German archaeologist who discovered nine superimposed city sites of Troy; he also excavated Mycenae (1822-1890)
    Henry Rowe Schoolcraft
    United States geologist and ethnologist and explorer who discovered the source of the Mississippi River (1793-1864)
    Homer Armstrong Thompson
    United States classical archaeologist (born in Canada) noted for leading the excavation of the Athenian agora (1906-2000)
    Sir Robert Eric Mortimer Wheeler
    Scottish archaeologist (1890-1976)
    Johann Joachim Winckelmann
    German archaeologist and art historian said to be the father of archaeology (1717-1768)
    Sir Charles Leonard Woolley
    English archaeologist who supervised the excavations at Ur (1880-1960)
    Thomas Young
    British physicist and Egyptologist; he revived the wave theory of light and proposed a three-component theory of color vision; he also played an important role in deciphering the hieroglyphics on the Rosetta Stone (1773-1829)
    types:
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    archaeologist, archeologist
    an anthropologist who studies prehistoric people and their culture
    ethnographer
    an anthropologist who does ethnography
    ethnologist
    an anthropologist who studies ethnology
    cultural anthropologist, social anthropologist
    an anthropologist who studies such cultural phenomena as kinship systems
    Egyptologist
    an archeologist who specializes in Egyptology
    paleographer, paleographist
    an archeologist skilled in paleography
    pothunter
    a nonprofessional archeologist
    ritualist
    a social anthropologist who is expert on rites and ceremonies
    type of:
    social scientist
    someone expert in the study of human society and its personal relationships
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