An antelope is an animal that resembles a deer, with four legs, hooves, and antlers. Most antelopes live in Africa.

You might see an antelope if you visit a zoo or an exotic game ranch, though their native habitats are the African savannahs or the plains of Asia. Antelopes are fast, with long, slender legs and sleek bodies, and the species includes many different animals, including gazelles. The Greek root of antelope is antholops, a mythical horned creature possibly named for its long eyelashes, from anthos, "flower," and ops, "eye."

Definitions of antelope
  1. noun
    graceful Old World ruminant with long legs and horns directed upward and backward; includes gazelles; springboks; impalas; addax; gerenuks; blackbucks; dik-diks
    see moresee less
    show 33 types...
    hide 33 types...
    Antilope cervicapra, black buck, blackbuck
    common Indian antelope with a dark back and spiral horns
    Litocranius walleri, gerenuk
    slender East African antelope with slim neck and backward-curving horns
    Addax nasomaculatus, addax
    large antelope with lightly spiraled horns of desert regions of northern Africa
    gnu, wildebeest
    large African antelope having a head with horns like an ox and a long tufted tail
    any of several small antelopes of eastern Africa of the genus Madoqua; the size of a large rabbit
    a large African antelope with lyre-shaped horns that curve backward
    Damaliscus lunatus, sassaby, topi
    a large South African antelope; considered the swiftest hoofed mammal
    Aepyceros melampus, impala
    African antelope with ridged curved horns; moves with enormous leaps
    small swift graceful antelope of Africa and Asia having lustrous eyes
    Boocercus eurycerus, Tragelaphus eurycerus, bongo
    large forest antelope of central Africa having a reddish-brown coat with white stripes and spiral horns
    koodoo, koudou, kudu
    either of two spiral-horned antelopes of the African bush
    harnessed antelope
    any of several antelopes of the genus Tragelaphus having striped markings resembling a harness
    Tragelaphus buxtoni, mountain nyala
    shaggy antelope of mountains of Ethiopia
    Boselaphus tragocamelus, blue bull, nilgai, nylghai, nylghau
    large Indian antelope; male is blue-grey with white markings; female is brownish with no horns
    Hippotragus niger, sable antelope
    large black East African antelope with sharp backward-curving horns
    Saiga tatarica, saiga
    goat-like antelope of central Eurasia having a stubby nose like a proboscis
    Raphicerus campestris, steenbok, steinbok
    small plains antelope of southeastern Africa
    either of two large African antelopes of the genus Taurotragus having short spirally twisted horns in both sexes
    any of several large African antelopes of the genus Kobus having curved ridged horns and frequenting e.g. swamps and rivers
    Adenota vardoni, puku
    an African antelope closely related to the waterbuck
    oryx, pasang
    large African antelope with long straight nearly upright horns
    Gazella thomsoni, Thomson's gazelle
    East African gazelle; the smallest gazelle
    Gazella subgutturosa
    a kind of gazelle
    Antidorcas euchore, Antidorcas marsupialis, springbok, springbuck
    a South African gazelle noted for springing lightly into the air
    Tragelaphus strepsiceros, greater kudu
    a variety of kudu
    Tragelaphus imberbis, lesser kudu
    a smaller variety of kudu
    Tragelaphus angasi, nyala
    spiral-horned South African antelope with a fringe of white hairs along back and neck
    Tragelaphus scriptus, bushbuck, guib
    antelope with white markings like a harness and twisted horns
    Taurotragus oryx, common eland
    dark fawn-colored eland of southern and eastern Africa
    Taurotragus derbianus, giant eland
    large dark striped eland of western equatorial Africa
    Kobus kob, kob
    an orange-brown antelope of southeast Africa
    Kobus leche, lechwe
    tawny-colored African antelope inhabiting wet grassy plains; a threatened species
    Oryx gazella, gemsbok, gemsbuck
    large South African oryx with a broad black band along its flanks
    type of:
    hollow-horned ruminants
Word Family

Test prep from the experts

Boost your test score with programs developed by’s experts.

  • Proven methods: Learn faster, remember longer with our scientific approach.
  • Personalized plan: We customize your experience to maximize your learning.
  • Strategic studying: Focus on the words that are most crucial for success.


  • Number of words: 500+
  • Duration: 8 weeks or less
  • Time: 1 hour / week


  • Number of words: 500+
  • Duration: 10 weeks or less
  • Time: 1 hour / week