An absolutist is someone who believes that the best form of government allows one person to hold all the power. North Korea is an example of a country that's been run by an absolutist leader for many years.
In politics, the word absolutist is very closely related to the terms totalitarian and autocratic. In all of these types of governments, with a bit of variation, there is one all-powerful ruler who is in charge. Citizens of a country with an absolutist leadership don't have a say in any decisions the government makes — there is no democratic process, and no checks on the ruler's power. As a political term, absolutist has been around since the 1830's, from the noun absolutism.
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