1. scalenus syndrome discomfort and vascular symptoms and loss of sensation in a shoulder and arm; caused by a scalene muscle compressing the subclavian artery and part of the brachial plexus
  2. Conn's syndrome disturbances in saltwater balance and symptoms of weakness and muscular cramps and twitching and convulsions and sometimes paralysis; usually caused by a benign tumor of the cortex of the adrenal gland that leads to excess secretion of aldosterone
  3. Horner's syndrome a pattern of symptoms occurring as a result of damage to nerves in the cervical region of the spine (drooping eyelids and constricted pupils and absence of facial sweating)
  4. Noonan's syndrome syndrome seen only in males
  5. Down's syndrome a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
  6. Tourette's syndrome neurological disorder characterized by facial grimaces and tics and movements of the upper body and grunts and shouts and coprolalia
  7. Asperger's syndrome a psychiatric disorder usually noted during early school years; characterized by impaired social relations and by repetitive patterns of behavior
  8. Reiter's syndrome an inflammatory syndrome predominantly in males
  9. Turner's syndrome a chromosomal disorder in females who have only one X chromosome; marked by dwarfism and heart abnormalities and underdeveloped sex organs
  10. Marfan's syndrome an autosomal dominant disease characterized by elongated bones (especially of limbs and digits) and abnormalities of the eyes and circulatory system
  11. Kallman's syndrome hypogonadism with anosmia
  12. Addison's syndrome a glandular disorder caused by failure of function of the cortex of the adrenal gland and marked by anemia and prostration with brownish skin
  13. Reye's syndrome acquired encephalopathy following acute viral infections (especially influenza or chicken pox) in young children; characterized by fever, vomiting, disorientation, coma, and fatty infiltration of the liver
  14. Munchausen's syndrome syndrome consisting of feigning acute and dramatic illness for which no clinical evidence is ever found
  15. Cushing's syndrome a glandular disorder caused by excessive cortisol
  16. Parkinson's syndrome a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination
  17. Tietze's syndrome syndrome characterized by swelling of rib cartilage
  18. Hurler's syndrome hereditary disease (autosomal recessive) consisting of an error is mucopolysaccharide metabolism; characterized by severe abnormalities in development of skeletal cartilage and bone and mental retardation
  19. XXY-syndrome syndrome in males that is characterized by small testes and long legs and enlarged breasts and reduced sperm production and mental retardation; a genetic defect in which an extra X chromosome (XXY) is present in the male
  20. Stokes-Adams syndrome recurrent sudden attacks of unconsciousness caused by impaired conduction of the impulse that regulates the heartbeat