"Macbeth" Vocabulary from Act I 29 words

While you are reading the Shakespearean tragedy "Macbeth," (etext found here), learn these word lists for each act: Act 1, Act 2, Act 3, Act 4, and Act 5.
  1. foul
    highly offensive; arousing aversion or disgust
    Fair is foul, and foul is fair:
    Hover through the fog and filthy air.
  2. report
    to give an account or representation of in words
    What bloody man is that? He can report,
    As seemeth by his plight, of the revolt
    The newest state.
  3. brave
    possessing or displaying courage; able to face and deal with danger or fear without flinching
    This is the sergeant
    Who like a good and hardy soldier fought
    'Gainst my captivity. Hail, brave friend!
  4. rebel
    a person who takes part in an armed rebellion against the constituted authority (especially in the hope of improving conditions)
    Worthy to be a rebel, for to that
    The multiplying villanies of nature
    Do swarm upon him.
  5. supply
    give something useful or necessary to
    The merciless Macdonwald...
    From the western isles
    Of kerns and gallowglasses is supplied;
  6. wound
    an injury to living tissue (especially an injury involving a cut or break in the skin)
    Except they meant to bathe in reeking wounds,
    Or memorise another Golgotha,
    I cannot tell.
  7. minion
    a servile or fawning dependant
    For brave Macbeth--well he deserves that name--
    Disdaining fortune, with his brandish'd steel,
    Which smoked with bloody execution,
    Like valour's minion carved out his passage
    Till he faced the slave.
  8. hail
    praise vociferously
    All hail, Macbeth! hail to thee, thane of Glamis!
  9. noble
    having or showing or indicative of high or elevated character
    My noble partner
    You greet with present grace and great prediction
    Of noble having and of royal hope,
    That he seems rapt withal: to me you speak not.
  10. partner
    an associate in an activity or endeavor or sphere of common interest
    My noble partner
    You greet with present grace and great prediction
    Of noble having and of royal hope,
    That he seems rapt withal: to me you speak not.
  11. prophetic
    foretelling events as if by supernatural intervention
    Say from whence
    You owe this strange intelligence? or why
    Upon this blasted heath you stop our way
    With such prophetic greeting?
  12. success
    an attainment that is successful
    The king hath happily received, Macbeth,
    The news of thy success.
  13. praise
    an expression of approval and commendation
    When he reads
    Thy personal venture in the rebels' fight,
    His wonders and his praises do contend
    Which should be thine or his
  14. earnest
    something of value given by one person to another to bind a contract
    And, for an earnest of a greater honour,
    He bade me, from him, call thee thane of Cawdor.
  15. vantage
    place or situation affording some advantage (especially a comprehensive view or commanding perspective)
    Whether he was combined
    With those of Norway, or did line the rebel
    With hidden help and vantage, or that with both
    He labour'd in his country's wreck, I know not
  16. treason
    disloyalty by virtue of subversive behavior
    But treasons capital, confess'd and proved,
    Have overthrown him.
  17. deserve
    be worthy or deserving
    Would thou hadst less deserved,
    That the proportion both of thanks and payment
    Might have been mine!
  18. unaccompanied
    without anybody else or anything else
    We will establish our estate upon
    Our eldest, Malcolm, whom we name hereafter
    The Prince of Cumberland; which honour must
    Not unaccompanied invest him only,
    But signs of nobleness, like stars, shall shine
    On all deservers
  19. harbinger
    something that precedes and indicates the approach of something or someone
    I'll be myself the harbinger and make joyful
    The hearing of my wife with your approach
  20. peerless
    eminent beyond or above comparison
    Let's after him,
    Whose care is gone before to bid us welcome:
    It is a peerless kinsman.
  21. weird
    suggesting the operation of supernatural influences
    That's not to say the three witches aren't also strange, but that's not how 'weird' is being used here.
    Whiles I stood rapt in
    the wonder of it, came missivesfrom the king, who
    all-hailed me 'Thane of Cawdor;' by which title,
    before, these weird sisters saluted me, and referred
    me to the coming on of time, with 'Hail, king that
    shalt be!'
  22. ignorant
    unaware because of a lack of relevant information or knowledge
    This have I thought good to deliver
    thee, my dearest partner of greatness, that thou
    mightst not lose the dues of rejoicing, by being
    ignorant of what greatness is promised thee.
  23. promise
    a verbal commitment by one person to another agreeing to do (or not to do) something in the future
    This have I thought good to deliver
    thee, my dearest partner of greatness, that thou
    mightst not lose the dues of rejoicing, by being
    ignorant of what greatness is promised thee.
  24. dire
    causing fear or dread or terror
    Come, you spirits
    That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here,
    And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full
    Of direst cruelty!
  25. purpose
    an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions
    Stop up the access and passage to remorse,
    That no compunctious visitings of nature
    Shake my fell purpose, nor keep peace between
    The effect and it!
  26. gall
    a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder; aids in the digestion of fats
    In a more general sense, gall here is being used to mean 'poisonous acid'.
    Come to my woman's breasts,
    And take my milk for gall, you murdering ministers,
    Wherever in your sightless substances
    You wait on nature's mischief!
  27. haunt
    be a regular or frequent visitor to a certain place
    The martlet (a kind of bird) isn't haunting like a ghost --that comes a little later!
    This guest of summer,
    The temple-haunting martlet, does approve,
    By his loved mansionry, that the heaven's breath
    Smells wooingly here.
  28. frieze
    an architectural ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band between the architrave and the cornice
    No jutty, frieze,
    Buttress, nor coign of vantage, but this bird
    Hath made his pendent bed and procreant cradle.
  29. deed
    something that people do or cause to happen
    First, as I am his kinsman and his subject,
    Strong both against the deed.