the group following and attending to some important person
Beneath these funereal sheets the celestial retinue resembled nothing so much as a roomful of furniture awaiting movers, an impression that the candles, the incense, and the soft moans of the organ were powerless to counteract.
It was a long week of penitence and fasting, during which there were no card games and no music that might lead to lust or abandon; and within the limits of possibility, the strictest sadness and chastity were observed, even though it was precisely at this time that the forked tail of the devil pricked most insistently at Catholic flesh.
of or associated with a church (especially a Christian Church)
Carried away by vocational zeal, the priest had all he could do to avoid openly disobeying the instructions of his ecclesiastic superiors, who, shaken by the winds of modernism, were opposed to hair shirts and flagellation.
The faithful followed him from parish to parish, sweating as he described the torments of the damned in hell, the bodies ripped apart by various ingenious torture apparatuses, the eternal flames, the hooks that pierced the male member, the disgusting reptiles that crept up female orifices, and the myriad other sufferings that he wove into his sermons to strike the fear of God into the hearts of his parishioners.
precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable; leaving nothing to implication
As a female author who dedicated her novel to her mother, grandmother and all the other extraordinary women of the story, Allende is making fun of this male priest's declaration that God's law is explicitly against women being on equal footing with men. Additionally, she mocks him for being too explicit in his descriptions of torture, which arouses interest in physical images and can lead to more sins.
She was able to attribute her present discomfort to Father Restrepo when he pointed at her to illustrate a point about the Pharisees, who had tried to legalize bastards and civil marriage, thereby dismembering the family, the fatherland, private property, and the Church, and putting women on an equal footing with men—this in open defiance of the law of God, which was most explicit on the issue.
a state or condition markedly different from the norm
Clara was seated beside her mother, who squeezed her hand impatiently whenever the priest lingered too long on the sins of the flesh, for she knew that this would only lead the child to visualize with even greater accuracy aberrations that transcended reality.
From her very first bath, Nana had washed her hair with camomile, which softened its color, giving it the hue of old bronze, and put her out in the sun with nothing on, to strengthen her skin, which was translucent in the most delicate parts of her chest and armpits, where the veins and secret texture of the muscles could be seen. Nana’s gypsy tricks did not suffice, however, and rumors quickly spread that Nivea had borne an angel.
There was something of the fish to her (if she had had a scaly tail, she would have been a mermaid), but her two legs placed her squarely on the tenuous line between a human being and a creature of myth.
She was immune to vanity and that day she was more absent than usual, dreaming of new beasts to embroider on her tablecloth, creatures that were half bird and half mammal, covered with iridescent feathers and endowed with horns and hooves, and so fat and with such stubby wings that they defied the laws of biology and aerodynamics.
"Collective laughter" and "divine cataclysm" are extreme opposites--Allende puts them together to mock the priest (who would expect the second reaction) and his Catholic ideas of hell (which Allende uses ten-year-old Clara to question in order to produce the first reaction in her readers).
Severo understood that he must act before collective laughter broke out around them or some divine cataclysm occurred.
abnormally deficient in color as suggesting physical or emotional distress
His was the only perfectly clear image she retained from her whole childhood, and in order to describe him she did not need to consult the daguerreotype in the drawing room that showed him dressed as an explorer leaning on an old-fashioned double-barreled rifle with his right foot on the neck of a Malaysian tiger, the same triumphant position in which she had seen the Virgin standing between plaster clouds and pallid angels at the main altar, one foot on the vanquished devil.
The fetid alchemy experiments of Uncle Marcos might outwardly contrast with the iridescent creatures of Rosa's embroidered tablecloth, but together, they emphasize the unusual nature of Clara's family, whose members often go beyond the rules of religion, reality, and society.
He performed alchemy experiments in the kitchen, filling the house with fetid smoke and ruining pots and pans with solid substances that stuck to their bottoms and were impossible to remove.
lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of
At the end of autumn, when the family had calmed down about Father Restrepo, who was forced to mitigate his inquisitional behavior after the bishop had personally warned him to leave little Clara del Valle alone, and when they had all resigned themselves to the fact that Uncle Marcos was truly dead, Severo’s political designs began to take shape.
having a quality that thrusts itself into attention
His most salient trait was his moodiness and a tendency to grow violent and lose his head, a characteristic he had had since childhood, when he used to throw himself on the floor foaming at the mouth, so furious that he could scarcely breathe, and kicking like one possessed by the devil.
Esteban is used to being reproached by Ferula ("That’s what you get for spending Mama’s medicine money on your private little whims. God punished you."), which is why their rapprochement only lasted while Esteban needed Ferula to help him get Rosa.
But that rapprochement did not last long, and Ferula was quick to realize that she had been used.
sparing in consumption of especially food and drink
The peasants were still living exactly as they had in colonial times, and had not heard of unions, or Sundays off, or the minimum wage; but now delegates from the new-formed parties of the left, disguised as evangelicals, were beginning to infiltrate the haciendas, with a Bible tucked under one armpit and Marxist pamphlets under the other, simultaneously preaching the abstemious life and revolution or death.
so extremely old as seeming to belong to an earlier period
"Antediluvian" also means "of or relating to the period before the biblical flood"--although this definition would not fit the description of the Victrola (which was invented at the beginning of the 20th century), it could emphasize the two-faced nature of the landowners who go to church yet take pleasure in prostitutes, cockfights, and conspiracies.
Those conspiratorial lunches of the patrones would culminate in either Romanesque debauchery or cockfights, and by evening the men would take the Red Lantern by storm, where twelve-year-old prostitutes and Carmelo, the only homosexual in the brothel and the town, would dance to the strains of an antediluvian Victrola beneath the watchful eye of Sofia