anything that serves as an enticement
By the door he first noticed what had really
lured him there: it was the smell of something to eat.
a feeling of intense dislike
He turned away from the bowl almost with
aversion and crept back into the middle of the room.
a state of peace and quiet
But how would things go if now all
tranquility, all prosperity, all contentment should come to a horrible end?
show the validity of something, as by example or explanation
The light in the living room was turned off only late at night, and now it was easy to
establish that his parents and his sister had stayed awake all this time, for one could hear clearly as all three moved away on tiptoe.
a possibility from a favorable combination of circumstances
Already early in the morning (it was still almost night) Gregor had an
opportunity to test the power of the decisions he had just made, for his sister, almost fully dressed, opened the door from the hall into his room and looked eagerly inside.
a strong restless desire
If she did not do it on her own, he would sooner starve to death than call her attention to the fact, although he had a really powerful
urge to move beyond the couch, throw himself at his sister's feet, and beg her for something or other good to eat.
subtly skillful handling of a situation
And out of her
delicacy of feeling, since she knew that Gregor would not eat in front of her, she went away very quickly and even turned the key in the lock, so that Gregor could now observe that he could make himself as comfortable as he wished.
be appealing to
"Am I now going to be less sensitive," he thought, already sucking greedily on the cheese, which had strongly
attracted him right away, more than all the other foods.
the act of appealing for help
Since he was not comprehensible, no one, not even his sister, thought that he might be able to understand others, and thus, when his sister was in her room, he had to be content with listening now and then to her sighs and
invocations to the saints.
the possibility of future success
Already during the first day his father laid out all the financial circumstances and
prospects to his mother and to his sister as well.
relinquish possession or control over
They took the money with thanks, and he happily
surrendered it, but the special warmth was no longer present.
require as useful, just, or proper
Only the sister had remained still close to Gregor, and it was his secret plan to send her (in contrast to Gregor she loved music very much and knew how to play the violin charmingly) next year to the conservatory, regardless of the great expense which that must
necessitate and which would be made up in other ways.
producing no result or effect
In his present situation, such
futile ideas went through his head, while he pushed himself right up against the door and listened.
prudence in avoiding waste
Gregor, behind his door, nodded eagerly, rejoicing over this unanticipated foresight and
of a quantity that can fulfill a need or requirement
At the moment, however, this money was nowhere near
sufficient to permit the family to live on the interest payments.
marked by simplicity; having a humble opinion of yourself
Should his sister earn money, a girl who was still a seventeen-year-old child, whose earlier life style had been so very delightful that it had consisted of dressing herself nicely, sleeping in late, helping around the house, taking part in a few
modest enjoyments and, above all, playing the violin?
deprive of oxygen and prevent from breathing
As soon as she entered, she ran straight to the window, without taking the time to shut the door (in spite of the fact that she was otherwise very considerate in sparing anyone the sight of Gregor's room), and yanked the window open with eager hands, as if she was almost
suffocating, and remained for a while by the window breathing deeply, even when it was still so cold.
easily seen or detected
However, now both his father and his mother often waited in front of Gregor's door while his sister cleaned up inside, and as soon as she came out she had to explain in detail how things looked in the room, what Gregor had eaten, how he had behaved this time, and whether perhaps a slight improvement was
receive from a predecessor
Was he really eager to let the warm room, comfortably furnished with pieces he had
inherited, be turned into a cavern in which he would, of course, then be able to crawl about in all directions without disturbance, but at the same time with a quick and complete forgetting of his human past as well?
the limit beyond which something happens or changes
Was he then at this point already on the
verge of forgetting and was it only the voice of his mother, which he had not heard for a long time, that had aroused him?
turn away from by persuasion
And so she did not let herself be
dissuaded from her decision by her mother, who in this room seemed uncertain of herself in her sheer agitation and soon kept quiet, helping his sister with all her energy to get the chest of drawers out of the room.
be fond of
They were cleaning out his room, taking away from him everything he
cherished; they had already dragged out the chest of drawers in which the fret saw and other tools were kept, and they were now loosening the writing desk which was fixed tight to the floor, the desk on which he, as a business student, a school student, indeed even as an elementary school student, had written out his assignments.
extraordinarily large in size or extent or degree
She walked to the side, caught sight of the
enormous brown splotch on the flowered wallpaper, and, before she became truly aware that what she was looking at was Gregor, screamed out in a high pitched raw voice "Oh God, oh God" and fell with outstretched arms, as if she was surrendering everything, down onto the couch and lay there motionless.
a state in which all hope is lost or absent
Finally, in his
despair, as the entire room started to spin around him, he fell onto the middle of the large table.
perform an act, usually with a negative connotation
It was clear to Gregor that his father had badly misunderstood Grete's short message and was assuming that Gregor had
committed some violent crime or other.
make clear and comprehensible
Thus, Gregor now had to find his father to calm him down, for he had neither the time nor the opportunity to
clarify things for him.
suitable for a particular person or place or condition etc
For he knew from the first day of his new life that as far as he was concerned his father considered the greatest force the only
feeling a need to see others suffer
Gregor remained on the floor for the time being, especially as he was afraid that his father could take a flight up onto the wall or the ceiling as an act of real
cast, hurl, or throw repeatedly with some missile
Further flight was useless, for his father had decided to
beyond belief or understanding
Gregor wanted to drag himself off, as if the unexpected and
incredible pain would go away if he changed his position.