250 words from the domain of diplomacy

The vocabulary of diplomacy
definitions & notes only words
  1. abrogate
    revoke formally
    His government has abrogated constitutional amendments curbing presidential powers, which were introduced after the Orange Revolution.
    New York Times (Aug 5, 2011)
  2. accession
    the right to enter
    Accession negotiations are expected to take about 10 years.
    BBC (May 8, 2012)
  3. accord
    concurrence of opinion
    After weeks of negotiation, agreement was reached and the accords were signed, later leading directly to the Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty of 1979.
  4. accreditation
    the act of granting official approval or recognition
    Their alleged status is said to have been disclosed in an accreditation check by G4S.
    The Guardian (Jul 18, 2012)
  5. acknowledge
    declare to be true or admit the existence or reality of
    Napoleon also refused to acknowledge diplomatic immunity, imprisoning several British diplomats accused of scheming against France.
  6. adhere
    stick to firmly
    Lee also urged North Korea to adhere to UN resolutions aimed at deterring Pyongyang's nuclear ambitions.
    Reuters (Aug 15, 2012)
  7. adversary
    someone who offers opposition
    Diplomatic distance in public between our nations emboldens Israel’s adversaries.”
    New York Times (Jul 30, 2012)
  8. adviser
    an expert who gives advice
    The oldest treatise on statecraft and diplomacy, Arthashastra, is attributed to Kautilya (also known as Chanakya)[citation needed], who was the principal adviser to Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the Maurya dynasty who ruled in the 3rd century BC, (whose capital was Patliputra, today's Patna, the chief city of Bihar state).
  9. agency
    the state of being in action or exerting power
    If discovered, these diplomats can be expelled from an embassy, but for the most part counter-intelligence agencies prefer to keep these agents in situ and under close monitoring.
  10. agent
    a representative who acts on behalf of others
    If discovered, these diplomats can be expelled from an embassy, but for the most part counter-intelligence agencies prefer to keep these agents in situ and under close monitoring.
  11. alliance
    the state of being confederated
    From the Battle of Baideng (200 BC) to the Battle of Mayi (133 BC), the Han Dynasty was forced to uphold a marriage alliance and pay an exorbitant amount of tribute (in silk, cloth, grain, and other foodstuffs) to the powerful northern nomadic Xiongnu that had been consolidated by Modu Shanyu.
  12. ally
    a friendly nation
    However, a great deal of diplomacy in establishing allies, bartering land, and signing peace treaties was necessary for each warring state, and the idealized role of the "persuader/diplomat" developed.[2]
  13. ambassador
    a diplomat of the highest rank
    Portraits of Periodical Offering, a 6th-century Chinese painting portraying various emissaries; ambassadors depicted in the painting ranging from those of Hephthalites, Persia to Langkasuka, Baekje(part of the modern Korea), Qiuci, and Wo (Japan).
  14. annex
    attach to
  15. announce
    make known
  16. appeasement
    the act of acceding to demands
  17. arbitration
    giving authoritative judgment
    Nations sometimes resort to international arbitration when faced with a specific question or point of contention in need of resolution.
  18. attache
    a specialist assigned to the staff of a diplomatic mission
    For instance, the job of military attachés includes learning as much as possible about the military of the nation to which they are assigned.
  19. autonomous
    existing as an independent entity
    A state's ability to practice diplomacy has been one of the underlying defining characteristics of an autonomous state.
  20. barter
    exchange goods without involving money
    However, a great deal of diplomacy in establishing allies, bartering land, and signing peace treaties was necessary for each warring state, and the idealized role of the "persuader/diplomat" developed.[2]
  21. bestow
    give as a gift
    A high rank was bestowed upon them in order to present a sense of legitimacy with regards to their presence.
  22. betray
    deliver to an enemy by treachery
  23. bilateral
    having two sides or parts
  24. border
    the boundary of a surface
    Diplomatic communications are also viewed as sacrosanct, and diplomats have long been allowed to carry documents across borders without being searched.
  25. boycott
    refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization
  26. breach
    an opening, especially a gap in a dike or fortification
    While there have been a number of cases where diplomats have been killed, this is normally viewed as a great breach of honour.
  27. broker
    a businessman who buys or sells for another
    DOJ is involved in brokering a deal between two online poker giants.
    BusinessWeek (Jul 31, 2012)
  28. cartography
    the making of maps and charts
    Both diplomats secured the rightful borders of the Song Dynasty through knowledge of cartography and dredging up old court archives.
  29. channel
    a deep and relatively narrow body of water
    In some situations, such as between the United States and the People's Republic of China a large amount of diplomacy is done through semi-formal channels using interlocutors such as academic members of thinktanks.
  30. charisma
    personal attractiveness that enables you to influence others
  31. client
    someone who pays for goods or services
  32. collaboration
    act of working jointly
    But if you look at the institutions involved in this massive undertaking  it’s clearly an international collaboration.
    Scientific American (Aug 22, 2012)
  33. collective
    done by or characteristic of individuals acting together
    League of Nations
    collective
  34. compliance
    the act of submitting, usually surrendering power to another
    Arms-control treaties would be impossible without the power of reconnaissance satellites and agents to monitor compliance.
  35. conciliatory
    making or willing to make concessions
    In an apparent conciliatory gesture, Saudi state TV showed King Abdullah welcoming leaders with Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad at his side.
    BBC (Aug 15, 2012)
  36. condemnation
    an expression of strong disapproval
  37. conduct
    the way a person behaves toward other people
    But with limited resources at their disposal, conducting effective diplomacy poses unique challenges for small states.[8]
    [edit]Diplomatic training institutions
  38. conflict
    an open clash between two opposing groups
    Already, there are examples of how resource riches can spark conflict.
    New York Times (Sep 9, 2012)
  39. confront
    oppose, as in hostility or a competition
    Others said that Mr. Ban could surprise critics by confronting or embarrassing Ayatollah Khamenei and his subordinates over their anti-Semitic statements.
    New York Times (Aug 23, 2012)
  40. conquer
    take possession of by force, as after an invasion
    The revolution would see commoners take over the diplomacy of the French state, and of those conquered by revolutionary armies.
  41. conspiracy
    a plot to carry out some harmful or illegal act
    Other posts focus on conspiracy theories related to 9/11 and talk of an upcoming revolution.
    The Guardian (Aug 29, 2012)
  42. consular
    having to do with a consul or his office or duties
  43. consulate
    diplomatic building that serves as the residence or workplace of a consul
  44. convention
    the act of meeting formally
    Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations
  45. counterpart
    a person or thing having the same function as another
    "In the framework of diplomatic relations it was customary for Byzantine emperors and Muslim rulers, especially the 'Abbāsids and the Fātimids, as well as for Muslim rulers between themselves, to exchange precious gifts, with which they attempted to impress or surpass their counterparts," remarks David Jacoby, in the context of the economics of silk in cultural exchange among Byzantium, Islam and the Latin West:[4] merchants accompanied emissaries, who often traveled on commercial ships.
  46. courtesy
    a courteous manner
    Amenities were added to cater to military travelers, including weekly barbecues, courtesy shuttles, full-time concierges and free laundry facilities and DVD rentals.
    New York Times (Jun 13, 2012)
  47. covert
    secret or hidden
    On almost every front in a wide-ranging covert war with Israel and the United States, Iran appears to be suffering major setbacks.
    Newsweek (Aug 7, 2012)
  48. credential
    a document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts
    Local analysts say that playing up the "colonial" angle helps burnish Correa's anti-U.S. credentials and could lift his ratings.
    Reuters (Aug 22, 2012)
  49. crisis
    a crucial stage or turning point in the course of something
    Even so seemingly modern a crisis as Europe's financial woes is an expression of timeless geography.
    Wall Street Journal (Sep 8, 2012)
  50. cunning
    showing inventiveness and skill
    In the 11th century during the Song Dynasty (960–1279), there were cunning ambassadors such as Shen Kuo and Su Song who achieved diplomatic success with the Liao Dynasty, the often hostile Khitan neighbor to the north.
  51. customary
    commonly used or practiced
    By the late 16th century, permanent missions became customary.
  52. declaration
    a statement that is emphatic and explicit
  53. declare
    state emphatically and authoritatively
    If a diplomat does commit a serious crime while in a host country he may be declared as persona non grata (unwanted person).
  54. de facto
    existing, whether with lawful authority or not
    Currently, the United States and other nations maintain informal relations through de facto embassies, with names such as the American Institute in Taiwan.
  55. defiance
    a hostile challenge
    Sometimes the exchanges may have no connection at all with governments, or may even act in defiance of governments; such exchanges are called Track III.
  56. deflect
    turn from a straight course or fixed direction
  57. delegation
    a group of representatives
    The Palestinian National Authority has its own diplomatic service, however Palestinian representatives in most Western countries are not accorded diplomatic immunity, and their missions are referred to as Delegations General.
  58. deportment
    the way a person behaves toward other people
    The envoys sent at the time to the courts of other kingdoms tended to reside for extended periods of time, and Arthashastra contains advice on the deportment of the envoy, including the trenchant suggestion that 'he should sleep alone'.
  59. dialogue
    a conversation between two persons
    Track II diplomacy is a specific kind of informal diplomacy, in which non-officials (academic scholars, retired civil and military officials, public figures, social activists) engage in dialogue, with the aim of conflict resolution, or confidence-building.
  60. diplomacy
    negotiation between nations
    Diplomacy
  61. diplomat
    an official engaged in international negotiations
    International treaties are usually negotiated by diplomats prior to endorsement by national politicians.
  62. diplomatic
    relating to negotiation between nations
    " Diplomatic relations between Canada and Iran have been suspended," Baird said.
    New York Times (Sep 7, 2012)
  63. displaced person
    a person forced to flee from home or country
  64. dispute
    coming into conflict with
    Speaking to Russia's RT television channel, he said a second term for Mr. Obama could help solve disputes over missile defense.
    Wall Street Journal (Sep 6, 2012)
  65. dissident
    a person who dissents from some established policy
    In times of hostility, diplomats are often withdrawn for reasons of personal safety, as well as in some cases when the host country is friendly but there is a perceived threat from internal dissidents.
  66. doctrine
    a belief accepted as authoritative by some group or school
    Foreign policy doctrine
  67. embargo
    a government order imposing a trade barrier
    Cuban authorities continuously brag about keeping health care free and universal despite its lightweight economy and the 50-year-old U.S. embargo.
    Seattle Times (Aug 25, 2012)
  68. embassy
    a building where diplomats live or work
    After a few tense hours, it became clear the Soviets were not going to storm the embassy.
    BBC (Sep 6, 2012)
  69. embolden
    give encouragement to
  70. emissary
    someone sent on a mission to represent another's interests
    On the day the uprising broke out in Benghazi, Saadi was touring the city as an emissary from his father to its alienated citizens.
    New York Times (Sep 12, 2011)
  71. endorsement
    the act of approving
    International treaties are usually negotiated by diplomats prior to endorsement by national politicians.
  72. enforcement
    ensuring observance of or obedience to
    Diplomats were thus used as an enforcement mechanism on treaties and international law.
  73. enlargement
    the act of increasing in size or volume or quantity or scope
  74. entanglement
    an intricate trap that entangles or ensnares its victim
  75. entity
    that which is perceived to have its own distinct existence
    For many decades after its becoming independent, even many of the closest allies of the Dutch Republic refused to grant it full recognition.[citation needed] Today there are a number of independent entities without widespread diplomatic recognition, most notably the Republic of China (ROC)/Taiwan on Taiwan Island.
  76. envoy
    a diplomat having less authority than an ambassador
  77. envoy extraordinary
    a diplomat having less authority than an ambassador
  78. espionage
    the systematic use of spies to obtain secrets
    Embassy staff would include a wide range of employees, including some dedicated to espionage.
  79. external
    happening or arising outside some limits or surface
  80. extradition
    surrender of an accused by one state or country to another
  81. facilitation
    act of assisting the progress or improvement of something
  82. flagship
    the ship that carries the commander of a fleet and flies his flag
  83. flux
    a flow or discharge
  84. foe
    an armed adversary
  85. foresight
    seeing ahead; knowing in advance; foreseeing
    Lincoln was not lacking in foresight, nor in careful calculation.
    Beardslee, Clark S.
  86. forestall
    keep from happening or arising; make impossible
  87. gesture
    motion of hands or body to emphasize a thought or feeling
    In an apparent conciliatory gesture, Saudi state TV showed King Abdullah welcoming leaders with Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad at his side.
    BBC (Aug 15, 2012)
  88. goodwill
    the friendly hope that something will succeed
  89. grievance
    a complaint about a wrong that causes resentment
  90. grudging
    petty or reluctant in giving or spending
  91. helm
    steering mechanism for a vessel
  92. hindsight
    understanding the nature of an event after it has happened
    In fact, the two long-term refinancing operations by the European Central Bank in hindsight look increasingly like temporary sticking-plaster solutions.
    BBC (Jul 9, 2012)
  93. hinterland
    a remote and undeveloped area
    Erected with the stated aim of keeping out suicide bombers, the barrier has largely severed Jerusalem's Arab districts from their West Bank hinterland.
    Reuters (Jan 19, 2011)
  94. honor
    a tangible symbol signifying approval or distinction
    Our nation also holds the dubious honor of being responsible for half of the worst mass shootings in the last 30 years.”
    Scientific American (Aug 24, 2012)
  95. hostile
    characterized by enmity or ill will
    In some cases, governments welcome such activity, for example as a means of establishing an initial contact with a hostile state of group without being formally committed.
  96. illicit
    contrary to accepted morality or convention
  97. implement
    instrumentation used to effect an end
  98. impose
    charge and collect payment
  99. independence
    freedom from control or influence of another or others
    Other unrecognized regions which claim independence include Abkhazia, Transnistria, Somaliland, South Ossetia, Nagorno Karabakh, and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.
  100. initiative
    readiness to embark on bold new ventures
    “Russia is open to new joint initiatives in this sphere.”
    New York Times (Aug 25, 2012)
  101. instructions
    a manual explaining how to install or operate a device
  102. instrument
    the means whereby some act is accomplished
  103. insult
    a deliberately offensive act
    Some wars are sparked by a small insult.
    BBC (Jul 30, 2012)
  104. insurgence
    an organized rebellion aimed at overthrowing a constituted government through the use of subversion and armed conflict
  105. integrity
    an undivided or unbroken completeness with nothing wanting
    "Should Japan continue to make provocative moves, China will be justified in taking more aggressive measures to safeguard its territorial integrity," said the editorial.
    BBC (Jul 9, 2012)
  106. intelligence
    the ability to comprehend
    They also have links to Pakistan’s intelligence service.
    Salon (Sep 7, 2012)
  107. intercession
    the act of intervening, as to mediate a dispute
    It usually refers to international diplomacy, the conduct of international relations[1] through the intercession of professional diplomats with regard to issues of peace-making, trade, war, economics, culture, environment and human rights.
  108. interfere
    get involved, so as to alter or hinder an action
  109. interlocutor
    a person who takes part in a conversation
    In some situations, such as between the United States and the People's Republic of China a large amount of diplomacy is done through semi-formal channels using interlocutors such as academic members of thinktanks.
  110. intervene
    be placed or located between other things
  111. intervention
    the act of interposing one thing between or among others
    Roosevelt's personal intervention settled the conflict, and caused him to win the Nobel peace prize.
    [edit]Diplomatic recognition
  112. intimidation
    the act of scaring a weaker person to make them do something
    "We call on the authorities at all levels to ensure that journalists are protected from violence and intimidation."
    BBC (Aug 21, 2012)
  113. intrigue
    a crafty and involved plot to achieve your ends
    Ms. Hong portrayed the entire Moon family as dysfunctional, spoiled and divided by intrigue and hypocrisy.
    New York Times (Sep 2, 2012)
  114. isolated
    remote and separate physically or socially
    Lacking the economic and political importance of Taiwan, these nations tend to be much more diplomatically isolated.
  115. jeopardize
    pose a threat to; present a danger to
  116. lame duck
    an elected official still in office but not slated to continue
    " Lame duck" refers to the legislative session that takes place after the November election and before new members of Congress are seated in January.
    Reuters (Aug 1, 2012)
  117. landlocked
    surrounded entirely or almost entirely by land
    Rains have already contributed to cholera deaths in the landlocked nations of Mali and Niger as well, health officials said.
    New York Times (Aug 23, 2012)
  118. lip service
    an expression of agreement that is not supported by real conviction
  119. maritime
    relating to ships or navigation
    The maritime republics of Genoa and Venice depended less and less upon their nautical capabilities, and more and more upon the perpetuation of good relations with the Ottomans.[7]
  120. measure
    determine the dimensions of something or somebody
    Confidence-building measures
  121. meddlesome
    intrusive in an offensive manner
  122. mediation
    the act of intervening to bring about a settlement
    The situation could be resolved with a prisoner swap - possible attempts at mediation are already under way.
    BBC (Aug 16, 2012)
  123. memorandum
    a written proposal or reminder
    Clausewitz
    convention
    open door
    sphinx
    ultimatum
    adept
    diplomacy
    diplomatize
    foreign
    memorandum
    memorial
    protocol
    sphere
    treaty
  124. mercurial
    liable to sudden unpredictable change
  125. mission
    an operation that is assigned by a higher headquarters
    Diplomats were sent only for specific negotiations, and would return immediately after their mission concluded.
  126. mollify
    cause to be more favorably inclined
  127. mounting
    an event that involves rising to a higher point
  128. multilateral
    having many parts or sides
  129. Muslim calendar
    the lunar calendar used by Muslims
  130. negotiation
    a discussion intended to produce an agreement
    Diplomats were sent only for specific negotiations, and would return immediately after their mission concluded.
  131. obsequious
    attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery
    Sir Gilbert cut his obsequious civilities short by heartily shaking hands with him, and then departed.
    Trollope, Mrs
  132. ominous
    threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments
  133. onslaught
    an offensive against an enemy
  134. override
    the act of nullifying
  135. overseas
    beyond or across the ocean
    Chinese maritime activity was increased dramatically during the commercialized period of the Song Dynasty, with new nautical technologies, many more private ship owners, and an increasing amount of economic investors in overseas ventures.
  136. pact
    a written agreement between two states or sovereigns
  137. partnership
    a cooperative relationship between people or groups
    Pampers government was added by gulyasrobi ✖
    paper tiger was added by gulyasrobi and appears on 15 other lists ✖
    peace process was added by gulyasrobi and appears on 6 other lists ✖
    plenipotentiary was added by gulyasrobi and appears on 56 other lists ✖
    positive abstention was added by gulyasrobi and appears on 7 other lists ✖
    power politics was added by gulyasrobi and appears on 2 other lists ✖
    puppet government was added by gulyasrobi and appears on 1 other list ✖
    put in quarantine was added b
  138. penchant
    a strong liking
  139. perfidious
    tending to betray
  140. permanent
    continuing or enduring without marked change in status
    By the late 16th century, permanent missions became customary.
  141. perseverance
    the act of persisting
    Failure, coupled with perseverance, can be the springboard to better things.
    The Guardian (Jul 22, 2012)
  142. persona
    a personal facade that one presents to the world
    Eventually the primary purpose of a diplomat, which was originally a negotiator, evolved into a persona that represented an autonomous state in all aspects of political affairs.
  143. persona non grata
    a person who for some reason is not wanted or welcome
  144. plenipotentiary
    a diplomat who is fully authorized to represent his or her government
    The seal of each plenipotentiary is placed after his signature.
    Garner, James Wilford
  145. polite
    showing regard for others in manners, speech, behavior, etc.
    In an informal or social sense, diplomacy is the employment of tact to gain strategic advantage or to find mutually acceptable solutions to a common challenge, one set of tools being the phrasing of statements in a non-confrontational, or polite manner.
  146. precedence
    status established in order of importance or urgency
    Disputes on precedence among nations (and therefore the appropriate diplomatic ranks used) persisted for over a century until after World War II, when the rank of ambassador became the norm.
  147. pressure
    the exertion of force to a surface
  148. privilege
    a special advantage or benefit not enjoyed by all
    Environmental campaigners say the papers reveal the privileged access afforded to Shell across Whitehall.
    The Guardian (Aug 17, 2012)
  149. proclaim
    declare formally
    180–157) that they controlled areas stretching from Manchuria to the Tarim Basin oasis city-states, a treaty was drafted in 162 BC proclaiming that everything north of the Great Wall belong to nomads' lands, while everything south of it would be reserved for Han Chinese.
  150. protocol
    forms of ceremony and etiquette observed by diplomats
    If China fails to abide by W.T.O. protocols, the platform says, "the United States government will end procurement of Chinese goods and services."
    New York Times (Aug 29, 2012)
  151. punitive
    inflicting punishment
  152. quarantine
    isolation to prevent the spread of infectious disease
  153. react
    show a response to something
  154. rebuff
    a deliberate discourteous act
  155. reception
    the act of taking in
  156. reciprocal
    concerning each of two or more persons or things
  157. reckless
    marked by defiant disregard for danger or consequences
  158. recognition
    identifying something or someone by remembering
    Diplomatic recognition is an important factor in determining whether a nation is an independent state.
  159. recognize
    perceive to be the same
  160. reconnaissance
    the act of scouting
    Arms-control treaties would be impossible without the power of reconnaissance satellites and agents to monitor compliance.
  161. regime
    the governing authority of a political unit
    “There are no legitimate regimes in the Arab Middle East,” he declared.
    New York Times (Sep 8, 2012)
  162. rein
    keep in check
  163. relentless
    never-ceasing
  164. remittance
    a payment of money sent to a person in another place
  165. representation
    standing in for someone and speaking on their behalf
  166. representative
    serving to typify
    Milan was the first to send a representative to the court of France in 1455.
  167. resolution
    a decision to do something or to behave in a certain manner
    Security Council resolutions aimed at pressuring Syrian President Bashar Assad’s regime, which is fighting an increasingly vigorous armed opposition.
    Salon (Sep 6, 2012)
  168. response
    the speech act of continuing a conversational exchange
  169. restoration
    returning something or someone to a satisfactory state
  170. restrain
    hold back
    The treaty was renewed no less than nine times, but did not restrain some Xiongnu tuqi from raiding Han borders.
  171. rival
    the contestant you hope to defeat
    He lived during a time in which rival states were starting to pay less attention to traditional respects of tutelage to the Zhou Dynasty (c.
  172. rogue state
    a state that does not respect other states in its international actions
    Barack Obama said he would restore civil liberties in the war on terror and sit down with rogue leaders.
    New York Times (Aug 30, 2012)
  173. ruthless
    without mercy or pity
  174. sanction
    official permission or approval
  175. sardonic
    disdainfully or ironically humorous
  176. screening
    testing objects or persons in order to identify those with particular characteristics
    Needle in a Plane Snack Does airplane food go through security screening?
    Slate (Aug 1, 2012)
    Special meaning in EU context: "aquis screening" = testing the legislature of an EU candidate for compliance with the acquis communautaires.
  177. secure
    free from danger or risk
    Both diplomats secured the rightful borders of the Song Dynasty through knowledge of cartography and dredging up old court archives.
  178. settlement
    something resolved; the outcome of decision making
  179. shackle
    bind the arms of
  180. smother
    conceal or hide
  181. sneer
    a contemptuous or scornful remark
  182. snub
    refuse to acknowledge
  183. solution
    a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
    In an informal or social sense, diplomacy is the employment of tact to gain strategic advantage or to find mutually acceptable solutions to a common challenge, one set of tools being the phrasing of statements in a non-confrontational, or polite manner.
  184. sovereignty
    the authority of a state to govern another state
    Though used as a factor in judging sovereignty, Article 3 of the Montevideo Convention states, "The political existence of the state is independent of recognition by other states."[citation needed]
    [edit]Informal diplomacy
  185. stalemate
    a situation in which no progress can be made
  186. status
    a state at a particular time
    Diplomatic relations within the Early Modern era of Asia were depicted as an environment of prestige and Status.
  187. strain
    to exert much effort or energy
  188. strategic
    relating to an elaborate and systematic plan of action
    Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
    same context
  189. strategist
    an expert in systematic plans of action
    One of the earliest realists in international relations theory was the 6th century BC military strategist Sun Tzu (d.
  190. surveillance
    close observation of a person or group
    A plane used for marine surveillance by Frontex, the European Union border security agency, was also searching the waters.
    New York Times (Sep 7, 2012)
  191. tact
    consideration in dealing with others
    In an informal or social sense, diplomacy is the employment of tact to gain strategic advantage or to find mutually acceptable solutions to a common challenge, one set of tools being the phrasing of statements in a non-confrontational, or polite manner.
  192. territory
    a region marked off for administrative or other purposes
    The Greek City States on some occasions sent envoys to each other in order to negotiate specific issues, such as war and peace or commercial relations, but did not have diplomatic representatives regularly posted in each other's territory.
  193. terrorist
    a radical who advocates violence against civilians
  194. thwart
    hinder or prevent, as an effort, plan, or desire
  195. tilt
    a slight but noticeable partiality
  196. track
    a line or route along which something travels or moves
  197. trade-off
    an exchange that occurs as a compromise
  198. transfer
    move from one place to another
    Compliance, he said, meant having transferred all Afghan citizens who were already in custody at the time the agreement was signed.
    New York Times (Sep 5, 2012)
  199. treaty
    a written agreement between two states or sovereigns
    The EurActiv Web site on Thursday expressed doubt that all 27 member states could even agree to start treaty negotiations within the next few years.
    New York Times (Sep 6, 2012)
  200. tribute
    something given or done as an expression of esteem
    From the Battle of Baideng (200 BC) to the Battle of Mayi (133 BC), the Han Dynasty was forced to uphold a marriage alliance and pay an exorbitant amount of tribute (in silk, cloth, grain, and other foodstuffs) to the powerful northern nomadic Xiongnu that had been consolidated by Modu Shanyu.
  201. trigger
    lever that activates the firing mechanism of a gun
  202. truce
    a state of peace agreed to between opponents
    After several conflicts with the Tibetan Empire spanning several different decades, the Tang finally made a truce and signed a peace treaty with them in 841.
  203. trustworthy
    worthy of trust or belief
    Better, more trustworthy, less politicized intelligence could have changed a great deal about the history of the last decade and a half.
    New York Times (Jun 5, 2012)
  204. turf war
    a bitter struggle for territory or power or control or rights
  205. unctuous
    unpleasantly and excessively suave or ingratiating
    College girls are never profoundly impressed by unctuous platitudes, or by theological combat.
    Smith, William Robert Lee
  206. unilateral
    involving only one part or side
  207. upheaval
    a violent disturbance
  208. urge
    force or impel in an indicated direction
  209. urgency
    an earnest and insistent necessity
  210. verity
    conformity to reality or actuality
  211. violate
    fail to agree with
    Some who have violated the truce have been killed themselves, according to gang leaders and a social worker involved in the talks.
    New York Times (Aug 28, 2012)
  212. vis-a-vis
    a person or thing having the same characteristics as another
  213. watchdog
    a dog trained to guard property
  214. watchful
    engaged in or accustomed to close observation
  215. withdrawn
    tending to reserve or introspection
    In times of hostility, diplomats are often withdrawn for reasons of personal safety, as well as in some cases when the host country is friendly but there is a perceived threat from internal dissidents.
  216. immunity
    an act exempting someone
  217. diplomatic immunity
    exemption from taxation or normal processes of law that is offered to diplomatic personnel in a foreign country
  218. struggle
    strenuous effort
  219. commerce
    transactions supplying goods and services
  220. morality
    concern with the distinction between right and wrong
  221. persuasion
    communication intended to induce belief or action
  222. leadership
    the status of being in charge
  223. tactic
    a plan for attaining a particular goal
  224. advocacy
    active support of an idea or cause
  225. cooperation
    the practice of working together on a common enterprise
  226. bargain
    an agreement between parties fixing obligations of each
  227. maneuver
    a military training exercise
  228. denounce
    speak out against
  229. ultimatum
    a final peremptory demand
  230. adept
    having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude
  231. sphere
    a round three-dimensional closed surface
  232. league
    an association of states or individuals for common action
  233. influence
    a power to affect persons or events
  234. geopolitics
    the study of the effects of economic geography on the powers of the state
  235. infringement
    an act that disregards an agreement or a right
  236. declaration
    a statement that is emphatic and explicit
  237. ultimatum
    a final peremptory demand
  238. shuttle
    travel back and forth between two points
  239. extraordinary
    serving an unusual or special function
  240. sphere of influence
    the geographical area in which one nation is very influential
  241. foreign policy
    a policy governing international relations
  242. foreign agent
    a spy for a foreign country
  243. spy
    (military) a secret agent hired by a state to obtain information about its enemies or by a business to obtain industrial secrets from competitors
  244. operation
    activity by a military or naval force
  245. invasion
    any entry into an area not previously occupied
  246. annexation
    incorporation by joining or uniting
  247. unification
    the act of making or becoming a single entity
  248. claim
    demand as being one's due or property
  249. prisoner of war
    a person who surrenders to the enemy in time of war
  250. allegiance
    the loyalty that citizens owe to their country