treaty

When a war ends, often two countries will sign a treaty, which is a contract where both sides agree to behave a certain way. Treaties are used for many reasons, like creating alliances or preventing nuclear weapons from being built.

The Latin root of treaty is tractare, which means “handle.” When two nations sign a treaty, they decide to handle things according to rules defined in their agreement. However, treaties are not always permanent, and can be broken if one side changes their mind. When white Europeans were settling in the United States, they made many treaties with Native Americans, and every single treaty was eventually broken, some even less than a day later.

DEFINITIONS OF: treaty

1

n a written agreement between two states or sovereigns

Synonyms:
accord, pact
Examples:
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North Atlantic Treaty
the treaty signed in 1949 by 12 countries that established NATO
SALT I
the first treaty between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics resulting from the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
SALT II
the second treaty between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics resulting from the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
Peace of Westphalia
the peace treaty that ended the Thirty Years' War in 1648
Chemical Weapons Convention
a global treaty banning the production or acquisition or stockpiling or transfer or use of chemical weapons
Geneva Convention
an agreement first drawn up in Geneva in 1864 and later revised concerning the treatment of captured and wounded military personnel and civilians in wartime
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Types:
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alliance
a formal agreement establishing an association or alliance between nations or other groups to achieve a particular aim
commercial treaty
a treaty governing commerce between two or more nations
pacification, peace, peace treaty
a treaty to cease hostilities
convention
(diplomacy) an international agreement
Type of:
written agreement
a legal document summarizing the agreement between parties
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