section

A section is a part or piece of something that fits together with the other pieces to make a whole. Like the arts section of a newspaper, or the rhythm section of the band that gets reviewed in it.

The root of section is the Latin word sect, which means "cut." Think dissect ("cut into pieces"), or bisect ("cut in two"). Insects are called insects because they're made up of sections — the head, the abdomen, and the thorax. It almost looks like they've been carved into three separate parts.

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: section

1
nv
one of several parts or pieces that fit with others to constitute a whole object
divide into segments
2
n
a specialized division of a large organization
3
n
(geometry) the area created by a plane cutting through a solid
4
n
a land unit equal to 1 square mile
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: section
1

n one of several parts or pieces that fit with others to constitute a whole object

“a section of a fishing rod”
“metal sections were used below ground”
Synonyms:
segment
Types:
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bend, curve
curved segment (of a road or river or railroad track etc.)
dado
the section of a pedestal between the base and the surbase
leaf
hinged or detachable flat section (as of a table or door)
length
a section of something that is long and narrow
straight, straightaway
a straight segment of a roadway or racecourse
subdivision, subsection
a section of a section; a part of a part; i.e., a part of something already divided
blind bend, blind curve
a curve or bend in the road that you cannot see around as you are driving
drop-leaf
a hinged leaf on a table that can be raised and supported by a bracket
elbow
a sharp bend in a road or river
hairpin bend
a U-shaped bend in a road
stretch
a straightaway section of a racetrack
Type of:
part, portion
something less than the whole of a human artifact

n one of the portions into which something is regarded as divided and which together constitute a whole

“the finance section of the company”
Synonyms:
division, part
Types:
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frame
one of the ten divisions into which bowling is divided
beginning
the first part or section of something
middle
an intermediate part or section
end
a final part or section
high point
the most enjoyable part of a given experience
component, constituent, element, factor, ingredient
an abstract part of something
chukka, chukker
(polo) one of six divisions into which a polo match is divided
frame, inning
(baseball) one of nine divisions of play during which each team has a turn at bat
game
(tennis) a division of play during which one player serves
bout, round, turn
(sports) a division during which one team is on the offensive
first period
the first division into which the play of a game is divided
second period
the second division into which the play of a game is divided
final period
the final division into which the play of a game is divided
half
one of two divisions into which some games or performances are divided: the two divisions are separated by an interval
period
(ice hockey) one of three divisions into which play is divided in hockey games
quarter
(football, professional basketball) one of four divisions into which some games are divided
over
(cricket) the division of play during which six balls are bowled at the batsman by one player from the other team from the same end of the pitch
be all and end all, be-all and end-all
the essential factor; the all-important element; the supreme aim
plot element
a component or element of the plot of a story
point
a geometric element that has position but no extension
top, top of the inning
the first half of an inning; while the visiting team is at bat
bottom, bottom of the inning
the second half of an inning; while the home team is at bat
first half
the first of two halves of play
last half, second half
the second of two halves of play
maiden, maiden over
(cricket) an over in which no runs are scored
Type of:
concept, conception, construct
an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances

n a distinct region or subdivision of a territorial or political area or community or group of people

“no section of the nation is more ardent than the South”
“there are three synagogues in the Jewish section
Examples:
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Forbidden City
a walled section of Beijing that encloses the palace that was formerly the residence of the emperor of China
Latin Quarter
the region of Paris on the southern bank of the Seine; a center of artistic and student life
Montmartre
the highest point in Paris; famous for its associations with many artists
Right Bank
the region of Paris on the north bank of the Seine
Charlestown
a former town and present-day neighborhood of Boston; settled in 1629
Types:
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outskirts
outlying areas (as of a city or town)
locality, neck of the woods, neighborhood, neighbourhood, vicinity
a surrounding or nearby region
gold coast
a rich neighborhood noted for expensive homes and luxurious living; usually along a coastal area
'hood
(slang) a neighborhood
place
a general vicinity
proximity
the region close around a person or thing
scenery
the appearance of a place
Type of:
area, country
a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography)

n a self-contained part of a larger composition (written or musical)

“he always turns first to the business section
“the history of this work is discussed in the next section
Synonyms:
subdivision
Examples:
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Book of Genesis
the first book of the Old Testament: tells of Creation; Adam and Eve; the Fall of Man; Cain and Abel; Noah and the flood; God's covenant with Abraham; Abraham and Isaac; Jacob and Esau; Joseph and his brothers
Book of Exodus
the second book of the Old Testament: tells of the departure of the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt led by Moses; God gave them the Ten Commandments and the rest of Mosaic law on Mount Sinai during the Exodus
Book of Leviticus
the third book of the Old Testament; contains Levitical law and ritual precedents
Book of Numbers
the fourth book of the Old Testament; contains a record of the number of Israelites who followed Moses out of Egypt
Book of Deuteronomy
the fifth book of the Old Testament; contains a second statement of Mosaic law
Book of Joshua
a book in the Old Testament describing how Joshua led the Israelites into Canaan (the Promised Land) after the death of Moses
Book of Judges
a book of the Old Testament that tells the history of Israel under the leaders known as judges
Book of Ruth
a book of the Old Testament that tells the story of Ruth who was not an Israelite but who married an Israelite and who stayed with her mother-in-law Naomi after her husband died
1 Samuel
the first of two books in the Old Testament that tell of Saul and David
II Samuel
the second of two books of the Old Testament that tell of Saul and David
1 Kings
the first of two Old Testament books telling the histories of the kings of Judah and Israel
II Kings
the second of two Old Testament books telling the histories of the kings of Judah and Israel
1 Chronicles
the first of two Old Testament books telling the history of Judah and Israel until the return from the Babylonian Captivity in 536 BC
II Chronicles
the second of two Old Testament books telling the history of Judah and Israel until the return from the Babylonian Captivity in 536 BC
Book of Ezra
an Old Testament book telling of a rabbi's efforts in the 5th century BC to reconstitute Jewish law and worship in Jerusalem after the Babylonian Captivity
Book of Nehemiah
an Old Testament book telling how a Jewish official at the court of Artaxerxes I in 444 BC became a leader in rebuilding Jerusalem after the Babylonian Captivity
Book of Esther
an Old Testament book telling of a beautiful Jewess who became queen of Persia and saved her people from massacre
Book of Job
a book in the Old Testament containing Job's pleas to God about his afflictions and God's reply
Book of Psalms
an Old Testament book consisting of a collection of 150 Psalms
Book of Proverbs
an Old Testament book consisting of proverbs from various Israeli sages (including Solomon)
Book of Ecclesiastes
an Old Testament book consisting of reflections on the vanity of human life; is traditionally attributed to Solomon but probably was written about 250 BC
Canticle of Canticles
an Old Testament book consisting of a collection of love poems traditionally attributed to Solomon but actually written much later
Book of Isaiah
an Old Testament book consisting of Isaiah's prophecies
Book of Jeremiah
a book in the Old Testament containing the oracles of the prophet Jeremiah
Book of Lamentations
an Old Testament book lamenting the desolation of Judah after the destruction of Jerusalem in 586 BC; traditionally attributed to the prophet Jeremiah
Book of Ezekiel
an Old Testament book containing Ezekiel's prophecies of the downfall of Jerusalem and Judah and their subsequent restoration
Book of the Prophet Daniel
an Old Testament book that tells of the apocalyptic visions and the experiences of Daniel in the court of Nebuchadnezzar
Book of Hosea
an Old Testament book telling Hosea's prophecies
Book of Joel
an Old Testament book telling Joel's prophecies
Book of Amos
an Old Testament book telling Amos's prophecies
Book of Obadiah
an Old Testament book telling Obadiah's prophecies; the shortest book in the Christian Bible
Book of Jonah
a book in the Old Testament that tells the story of Jonah and the whale
Book of Micah
an Old Testament book telling the prophecies of Micah foretelling the destruction of Jerusalem
Book of Nahum
an Old Testament book telling Nahum's prophecy of the fall of Nineveh
Book of Habakkuk
an Old Testament book telling Habakkuk's prophecies
Book of Zephaniah
an Old Testament book telling the prophecies of Zephaniah which are concerned mainly with the approaching judgment by God upon the sinners of Judah
Book of Haggai
an Old Testament book telling the prophecies of Haggai which are concerned mainly with rebuilding the temples after the Babylonian Captivity
Book of Zachariah
an Old Testament book telling the prophecies of Zechariah which are concerned mainly with the renewal of Israel after the Babylonian Captivity
Book of Malachi
an Old Testament book containing the prophecies of Malachi
Gospel According to Matthew
one of the Gospels in the New Testament; includes the Sermon on the Mount
Gospel According to Mark
the shortest of the four Gospels in the New Testament
Gospel According to Luke
one of the four Gospels in the New Testament; contains details of Jesus's birth and early life
Gospel According to John
the last of the four Gospels in the New Testament
Acts of the Apostles
a New Testament book describing the development of the early church from Christ's Ascension to Paul's sojourn at Rome
Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Romans
a New Testament book containing an exposition of the doctrines of Saint Paul; written in AD 58
First Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians
a New Testament book containing the first epistle from Saint Paul to the church at Corinth
Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians
a New Testament book containing the second epistle from Saint Paul to the church at Corinth
Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Galatians
a New Testament book containing the epistle from Saint Paul to the Galatians
Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Ephesians
a New Testament book containing the epistle from Saint Paul to the Ephesians which explains the divine plan for the world and the consummation of this in Christ
Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Philippians
a New Testament book containing an epistle from Saint Paul to the church at Philippi in Macedonia
Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Colossians
a New Testament book containing an epistle from Saint Paul to the Colossians in ancient Phrygia
First Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Thessalonians
a New Testament book containing Saint Paul's first epistle to the Thessalonians
Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Thessalonians
a New Testament book containing Saint Paul's second epistle to the Thessalonians
First Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Timothy
a New Testament book containing Saint Paul's first epistle to Timothy; contains advice on pastoral matters
Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Timothy
a New Testament book containing Saint Paul's second epistle to Timothy; contains advice on pastoral matters
Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Titus
a New Testament book containing Saint Paul's epistle to Titus; contains advice on pastoral matters
Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Philemon
a New Testament book containing an epistle from Saint Paul to Philemon asking Philemon to forgive the slave for escaping
Epistle to the Hebrews
a New Testament book traditionally included among the epistle of Saint Paul but now generally considered not to have been written by him
Epistle of James
a New Testament book attributed to Saint James the Apostle
First Epistle of Peter
the first New Testament book traditionally attributed to Saint Peter the Apostle
Second Epistle of Peter
the second New Testament book traditionally attributed to Saint Peter the Apostle
First Epistle of John
the first New Testament epistle traditionally attributed to Saint John the Apostle
Second Epistel of John
the second New Testament epistle traditionally attributed to Saint John the Apostle
Third Epistel of John
the third New Testament epistle traditionally attributed to Saint John the Apostle
Epistle of Jude
a New Testament book attributed to Saint Jude
Revelation of Saint John the Divine
the last book of the New Testament; contains visionary descriptions of heaven and of conflicts between good and evil and of the end of the world; attributed to Saint John the Apostle
Haphtarah
a short selection from the Prophets read on every Sabbath in a Jewish synagogue following a reading from the Torah
Additions to Esther
an Apocryphal book consisting of text added to the Book of Esther
Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Children
an Apocryphal book consisting of text added to the Book of Daniel
Book of Susanna
an Apocryphal book consisting of text added to the Book of Daniel
Bel and the Dragon
an Apocryphal book consisting of text added to the Book of Daniel
Book of Baruch
an Apocryphal book ascribed to Baruch
Epistle of Jeremiah
an Apocryphal book consisting of a letter ascribed to Jeremiah to the Jews in exile in Babylon warning them against idolatry
Book of Tobit
an Apocryphal book that was a popular novel for several centuries
Book of Judith
an Apocryphal book telling how Judith saved her people
1 Esdras
an Apocryphal book consisting of a compilation from I Chronicles and II Chronicles and Ezra and Nehemiah
II Esdras
an Apocryphal book of angelic revelations
Wisdom of Jesus the Son of Sirach
an Apocryphal book mainly of maxims (resembling Proverbs in that respect)
Wisdom of Solomon
an Apocryphal book consisting mainly of a meditation on wisdom; although ascribed to Solomon it was probably written in the first century BC
1 Maccabees
an Apocryphal book describing the life of Judas Maccabaeus
II Maccabees
an Apocryphal book describing the life of Judas Maccabaeus
Fatihah
the first or opening sura of the Quran which is the central prayer of Islam and is used on all special occasions as well as during the five daily prayers
Types:
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lead, lead-in, lede
the introductory section of a story
canto
a major division of a long poem
above
an earlier section of a written text
sports section
the section of a newspaper that reports on sports
article, clause
a separate section of a legal document (as a statute or contract or will)
book
a major division of a long written composition
chapter
a subdivision of a written work; usually numbered and titled
episode
a brief section of a literary or dramatic work that forms part of a connected series
spot
a section of an entertainment that is assigned to a specific performer or performance
spot
a short section or illustration (as between radio or tv programs or in a magazine) that is often used for advertising
insert
a folded section placed between the leaves of another publication
introduction
the first section of a communication
narration
(rhetoric) the second section of an oration in which the facts are set forth
close, closing, conclusion, end, ending
the last section of a communication
passage
a section of text; particularly a section of medium length
mezuza, mezuzah
religious texts from Deuteronomy inscribed on parchment and rolled up in a case that is attached to the doorframe of many Jewish households in accordance with Jewish law
sura
one of the sections (or chapters) in the Koran
exposition
(music) the section of a movement (especially in sonata form) where the major musical themes first occur
obbligato, obligato
a part of the score that must be performed without change or omission
recapitulation
(music) the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) in which musical themes that were introduced earlier are repeated
development
(music) the section of a composition or movement (especially in sonata form) where the major musical themes are developed and elaborated
anticlimax, bathos
a change from a serious subject to a disappointing one
arbitration clause
a clause in a contract providing for arbitration of disputes arising under the contract
deductible
a clause in an insurance policy that relieves the insurer of responsibility to pay the initial loss up to a stated amount
double indemnity
a clause in an insurance policy that provides for double the face value of the policy in the case of accidental death
escalator, escalator clause
a clause in a contract that provides for an increase or a decrease in wages or prices or benefits etc. depending on certain conditions (as a change in the cost of living index)
joker
an inconspicuous clause in a document or bill that affects its meaning in a way that is not immediately apparent
reserve clause
a clause that used to be part of the contract with a professional athlete extending the contract for a year beyond its expiration
rider
a clause that is appended to a legislative bill
exordium
(rhetoric) the introductory section of an oration or discourse
opening
the initial part of the introduction
foreword, preface, prolusion
a short introductory essay preceding the text of a book
preamble
a preliminary introduction to a statute or constitution (usually explaining its purpose)
prolegomenon
a preliminary discussion inserted at the beginning of a book or treatise
epilog, epilogue
a short passage added at the end of a literary work
epilog, epilogue
a short speech (often in verse) addressed directly to the audience by an actor at the end of a play
peroration
(rhetoric) the concluding section of an oration
excerpt, excerption, extract, selection
a passage selected from a larger work
locus classicus
an authoritative and often-quoted passage
place
the passage that is being read
purple passage
a passage full of ornate and flowery language
transition
a passage that connects a topic to one that follows
Epistle
a book of the New Testament written in the form of a letter from an Apostle
prologue
an introduction to a play
coda, finale
the closing section of a musical composition
text
a passage from the Bible that is used as the subject of a sermon
Type of:
piece of writing, writing, written material
the work of a writer; anything expressed in letters of the alphabet (especially when considered from the point of view of style and effect)
music
an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner

n a segment of a citrus fruit

“he ate a section of the orange”
Type of:
segment
one of the parts into which something naturally divides

v divide into segments

Synonyms:
segment
segment
divide or split up
Types:
syllabicate, syllabify, syllabise, syllabize
divide into syllables
quarter
divide into quarters
Type of:
divide, part, separate
come apart
2

n a specialized division of a large organization

“she got a job in the historical section of the Treasury”
Synonyms:
department
Types:
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academic department
a division of a school that is responsible for a given subject
business department
a division of a business firm
personnel, personnel department, personnel office, staff office
the department responsible for hiring and training and placing employees and for setting policies for personnel management
government department
a department of government
payroll, payroll department
the department that determines the amounts of wage or salary due to each employee
security, security department
a department responsible for the security of the institution's property and workers
ministry
a government department under the direction of a minister
anthropology department, department of anthropology
the academic department responsible for teaching and research in anthropology
art department
the academic department responsible for teaching art and art appreciation
biology department, department of biology
the academic department responsible for teaching and research in biology
chemistry department, department of chemistry
the academic department responsible for teaching and research in chemistry
department of computer science
the academic department responsible for teaching and research in computer science
department of economics, economics department
the academic department responsible for teaching and research in economics
English department, department of English
the academic department responsible for teaching English and American literature
department of history, history department
the academic department responsible for teaching history
department of linguistics, linguistics department
the academic department responsible for teaching and research in linguistics
department of mathematics, mathematics department
the academic department responsible for teaching and research in mathematics
department of philosophy, philosophy department
the academic department responsible for teaching philosophy
department of physics, physics department
the academic department responsible for teaching and research in physics
department of music, music department
the academic department responsible for teaching music and music appreciation
department of psychology, psychology department
the academic department responsible for teaching and research in psychology
department of sociology, sociology department
the academic department responsible for teaching and research in sociology
advertising department, advertising division
the division of a business that is responsible for advertising
editorial department
the department of a publishing business that edits material for publication
parts department
the division of a business (e.g. a service garage) that sells replacement parts
building department, plant department
the division of a business responsible for building and maintaining the physical plant
purchasing department
the division of a business that is responsible for purchases
sales department, sales division, sales force
the division of a business that is responsible for selling products or services
service department
the division of a business that provides customer services
treasury
the government department responsible for collecting and managing and spending public revenues
department of local government, local department
a permanent department created to perform the work of a local government
Special Branch
a government police department dealing with political security
State Department
a department of government in one of the 50 states
department of the federal government, federal department, federal office
a department of the federal government of the United States
admiralty
the department in charge of the navy (as in Great Britain)
Type of:
division
an administrative unit in government or business

n a division of an orchestra containing all instruments of the same class

Types:
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brass, brass section
the section of a band or orchestra that plays brass instruments
string section, strings
the section of an orchestra that plays stringed instruments
percussion, percussion section, rhythm section
the section of a band or orchestra that plays percussion instruments
reed section
the section of a band or orchestra that plays reed instruments
violin section
the section of an orchestra that plays violins
trumpet section
the section of a band or orchestra that plays trumpets or cornets
clarinet section
the section of a band or orchestra that plays clarinets
Type of:
musical group, musical organisation, musical organization
an organization of musicians who perform together

n a small team of policemen working as part of a police platoon

Type of:
squad, team
a cooperative unit (especially in sports)

n a small class of students who are part of a larger course but are taught separately

“a graduate student taught sections for the professor's lecture course”
Synonyms:
discussion section
Type of:
class, course, form, grade
a body of students who are taught together

n a small army unit usually having a special function

Type of:
army unit
a military unit that is part of an army
3

n (geometry) the area created by a plane cutting through a solid

Synonyms:
plane section
Types:
cross section
a section created by a plane cutting a solid perpendicular to its longest axis
profile
a vertical section of the Earth's crust showing the different horizons or layers
Type of:
area, expanse, surface area
the extent of a 2-dimensional surface enclosed within a boundary

n a very thin slice (of tissue or mineral or other substance) for examination under a microscope

sections from the left ventricle showed diseased tissue”
Type of:
slice
a thin flat piece cut off of some object

n the cutting of or into body tissues or organs (especially by a surgeon as part of an operation)

Synonyms:
incision, surgical incision
Types:
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gastromy
surgical incision into the stomach
perineotomy
surgical incision into the perineum
laparotomy
surgical incision into the abdominal wall; often done to examine abdominal organs
orchotomy
surgical incision into the testis to obtain material for analysis (as in cases of abnormally low sperm count)
sclerotomy
surgical incision of the sclerotic coat of the eye
nephrotomy
incision into a kidney (usually to remove a kidney stone)
thoracotomy
surgical incision into the chest walls opening up the pleural cavity
valvotomy, valvulotomy
incision into a stenosed cardiac valve to relieve the obstruction
phlebotomy, venesection
surgical incision into a vein; used to treat hemochromatosis
vasosection, vasotomy
surgical incision into or division of the vas deferens
episiotomy
surgical incision of the perineum to enlarge the vagina and so facilitate delivery during childbirth
laparoscopy
laparotomy performed with a laparoscope that makes a small incision to examine the abdominal cavity (especially the ovaries and Fallopian tubes)
Type of:
cut, cutting
the act of penetrating or opening open with a sharp edge
4

n a land unit equal to 1 square mile

Type of:
square mile
an area of 640 acres
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