turn

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: turn

1
vn
move around an axis or a center
a circular segment of a curve
2
vn
cause to move around a center so as to show another side of
the act of changing or reversing the direction of the course
3
vn
change orientation or direction, also in the abstract sense
an unforeseen development
4
v
get by buying and selling
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: turn
1

v move around an axis or a center

“The wheels are turning
Types:
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go around, revolve, rotate
turn on or around an axis or a center
drive in, screw
cause to penetrate, as with a circular motion
screw
turn like a screw
wheel, wheel around
change directions as if revolving on a pivot
gyrate, reel, spin, spin around, whirl
revolve quickly and repeatedly around one's own axis
swirl, twiddle, twirl, whirl
turn in a twisting or spinning motion
Type of:
move
move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion

v cause to move around or rotate

turn a key”
turn your palm this way”
Types:
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reorient
cause to turn
supinate
turn (the hand or forearm) so that the back is downward or backward, or turn out (the leg)
port
put or turn on the left side, of a ship
tip
cause to tilt
Type of:
displace, move
cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense

v cause to move along an axis or into a new direction

turn your face to the wall”
turn the car around”
turn your dance partner around”
Types:
bring about
cause to move into the opposite direction
Type of:
displace, move
cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense

v shape by rotating on a lathe or cutting device or a wheel

turn the legs of the table”
turn the clay on the wheel”
Type of:
form, shape
give shape or form to

v twist suddenly so as to sprain

“I turned my ankle and couldn't walk for several days”
Synonyms:
rick, sprain, twist, wrench, wrick
Type of:
injure, wound
cause injuries or bodily harm to

v accomplish by rotating

turn a somersault”
turn cartwheels”
Type of:
do, perform
get (something) done

n a circular segment of a curve

Synonyms:
bend, crook, twist
Types:
bight
a bend or curve (especially in a coastline)
Type of:
curve, curved shape
the trace of a point whose direction of motion changes

n turning or twisting around (in place)

Synonyms:
twist
Types:
twiddle
a series of small (usually idle) twists or turns
Type of:
rotary motion, rotation
the act of rotating as if on an axis
2

v cause to move around a center so as to show another side of

turn a page of a book”
Synonyms:
turn over
Types:
evert
turn inside out; turn the inner surface of outward
leaf
turn over pages
Type of:
displace, move
cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense

v to break and turn over earth especially with a plow

turn the earth in the Spring”
Synonyms:
plough, plow
Types:
ridge
plough alternate strips by throwing the furrow onto an unploughed strip
disk, harrow
draw a harrow over (land)
Type of:
till
work land as by ploughing, harrowing, and manuring, in order to make it ready for cultivation

v pass to the other side of

turn the corner”
Synonyms:
move around
Type of:
go, locomote, move, travel
change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically

v cause (a plastic object) to assume a crooked or angular form

“the strong man could turn an iron bar”
Synonyms:
bend, deform, flex, twist
Antonyms:
unbend
free from flexure
Types:
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dent, indent
make a depression into
incurvate
cause to curve inward
gnarl
twist into a state of deformity
crank
bend into the shape of a crank
convolute, convolve
curl, wind, or twist together
Type of:
change form, change shape, deform
assume a different shape or form

v to send or let go

“They turned away the crowd at the gate of the governor's mansion”
Type of:
direct, send
cause to go somewhere

v direct at someone

“She turned a smile on me”
“They turned their flashlights on the car”
Type of:
aim, direct, take, take aim, train
point or cause to go (blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment) towards

v let (something) fall or spill from a container

turn the flour onto a plate”
Synonyms:
release
Types:
deflate
release contained air or gas from
throw
throw (a die) out onto a flat surface
shoot
throw dice, as in a crap game
Type of:
channel, channelise, channelize, transfer, transmit, transport
send from one person or place to another

n the act of changing or reversing the direction of the course

“he took a turn to the right”
Synonyms:
turning
Types:
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deflection, deflexion, deviation, digression, divagation, diversion
a turning aside (of your course or attention or concern)
right
a turn toward the side of the body that is on the south when the person is facing east
left
a turn toward the side of the body that is on the north when the person is facing east
kick turn
a standing turn made in skiing; one ski is raised to the vertical and pivoted backward to become parallel with the other ski but headed in the opposite direction and then the other ski is aligned with the first
stem, stem turn
a turn made in skiing; the back of one ski is forced outward and the other ski is brought parallel to it
telemark
a turn made in skiing; the outside ski is placed ahead and turned gradually inwards
swerve, swerving, veering
the act of turning aside suddenly
three-point turn
the act of turning a vehicle around in a limited space by moving in a series of back and forward arcs
version
manual turning of a fetus in the uterus (usually to aid delivery)
red herring
any diversion intended to distract attention from the main issue
Type of:
change of course
a change in the direction that you are moving

n the act of turning away or in the opposite direction

“he made an abrupt turn away from her”
Type of:
change of direction, reorientation
the act of changing the direction in which something is oriented

n taking a short walk out and back

“we took a turn in the park”
Type of:
walk
the act of walking somewhere

n a movement in a new direction

Synonyms:
turning
Types:
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reversal, turn around
turning in an opposite direction or position
swerve, yaw
an erratic deflection from an intended course
gyration, revolution, rotation
a single complete turn (axial or orbital)
coming back, return
the occurrence of a change in direction back in the opposite direction
volution
a rolling or revolving motion
clockwise rotation, dextrorotation
rotation to the right
counterclockwise rotation, levorotation
rotation to the left
axial motion, axial rotation, roll
rotary motion of an object around its own axis
orbital motion, orbital rotation
motion of an object in an orbit around a fixed point
spin
a swift whirling motion (usually of a missile)
Type of:
motion, movement
a natural event that involves a change in the position or location of something
3

v change orientation or direction, also in the abstract sense

Turn towards me”
“The mugger turned and fled before I could see his face”
“She turned from herself and learned to listen to others' needs”
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twist
turn in the opposite direction
flip, flip over, turn over
turn upside down, or throw so as to reverse
turn on a dime
have a small turning radius
roll, turn over
move by turning over or rotating
roll over
make a rolling motion or turn
swing about, swing around, turn around
turn abruptly and face the other way, either physically or metaphorically
flip, toss
lightly throw to see which side comes up
port
turn or go to the port or left side, of a ship
face
turn so as to face; turn the face in a certain direction
turn off
make a turn
turn away
move so as not face somebody or something
gee
turn to the right side
about-face
turn, usually 180 degrees
caracole
make a half turn on a horse, in dressage
corner
turn a corner
overturn, tip over, tump over, turn over
turn from an upright or normal position
bend
change direction
curve, cut, sheer, slew, slue, swerve, trend, veer
turn sharply; change direction abruptly
deflect
turn aside and away from an initial or intended course
bend, deflect, turn away
turn from a straight course, fixed direction, or line of interest
avert, turn away
turn away or aside
rotate, splay, spread out, turn out
turn outward
circumvolve, rotate
cause to turn on an axis or center
pivot, swivel
turn on a pivot
coil, gyrate, spiral
to wind or move in a spiral course
corkscrew, spiral
move in a spiral or zigzag course
deviate, divert
turn aside; turn away from
pronate
turn the forearm or the hand so that the palm is directed downwards
crick
twist (a body part) into a strained position
quirk
twist or curve abruptly
curl, wave
twist or roll into coils or ringlets
crank, crank up
rotate with a crank
rim
roll around the rim of
somersault
do a somersault
tumble
roll over and over, back and forth
capsize, turn turtle, turtle
overturn accidentally
upend
become turned or set on end
peel off
leave a formation
yaw
swerve off course momentarily
birl, spin, twirl, whirl
cause to spin
birl, birle
cause a floating log to rotate by treading
pirouette
do a pirouette, usually as part of a dance
yaw
deviate erratically from a set course
detour
travel via a detour
depart, digress, sidetrack, straggle
wander from a direct or straight course
welter
toss, roll, or rise and fall in an uncontrolled way
Type of:
move
move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion

v undergo a transformation or a change of position or action

“We turned from Socialism to Capitalism”
“The people turned against the President when he stole the election”
Synonyms:
change state
grow
pass into a condition gradually, take on a specific property or attribute; become
become
undergo a change or development
Types:
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arouse, awake, awaken, come alive, wake, wake up, waken
stop sleeping
black out, pass out, zonk out
lose consciousness due to a sudden trauma, for example
come to, resuscitate, revive
return to consciousness
tense, tense up
become tense, nervous, or uneasy
decompress, loosen up, relax, slow down, unbend, unwind
become less tense, rest, or take one's ease
lose weight, melt off, reduce, slenderize, slim, slim down, thin
take off weight
gain, put on
increase (one's body weight)
apparel, clothe, dress, enclothe, fit out, garb, garment, habilitate, raiment, tog
provide with clothes or put clothes on
cross-fertilise, cross-fertilize
undergo cross-fertilization; become fertile
conceive
become pregnant; undergo conception
secularise, secularize
make secular and draw away from a religious orientation
citrate
cause to form a salt or ester of citric acid
equilibrate
bring to a chemical stasis or equilibrium
fall
pass suddenly and passively into a state of body or mind
become, get, go
enter or assume a certain state or condition
decline, worsen
grow worse
ameliorate, better, improve, meliorate
get better
disengage
become free
overgrow
become overgrown
concentrate
make denser, stronger, or purer
break
crack; of the male voice in puberty
acetify, acidify
turn acidic
alkalify, alkalise, alkalize, basify
turn basic and less acidic
ionise, ionize
convert into ions
ossify
become bony
catalyse, catalyze
change by catalysis or cause to catalyze
get worse, relapse
deteriorate in health
fluctuate
be unstable
break loose, burst forth, explode
be unleashed; emerge with violence or noise
buy the farm, cash in one's chips, choke, conk, croak, decease, die, drop dead, exit, expire, give-up the ghost, go, kick the bucket, pass, pass away, perish, pop off, snuff it
pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life
be born
come into existence through birth
cloud over
become overcast
carbonise, carbonize
turn into carbon, as by burning
chill, cool, cool down
loose heat
heat, heat up, hot up
gain heat or get hot
carbonise, carbonize, carburise, carburize
unite with carbon
freeze
change to ice
boil
come to the boiling point and change from a liquid to vapor
burn, combust
undergo combustion
emaciate
grow weak and thin or waste away physically
Frenchify
become French in appearance or character
thin
lose thickness; become thin or thinner
inspissate, thicken
become thick or thicker
solvate
undergo solvation or convert into a solvate
react
undergo a chemical reaction; react with another substance under certain conditions
dissolve, fade away, fade out
become weaker
discharge, empty
become empty or void of its content
fill, fill up
become full
homogenise, homogenize
become homogeneous or similar, as by mixing
homogenise, homogenize
break up the fat globules of
clabber, clot, curdle
turn into curds
clot, coagulate
change from a liquid to a thickened or solid state
ferment, sour, work
go sour or spoil
integrate
become one; become integrated
precipitate
separate as a fine suspension of solid particles
calcify
turn into lime; become calcified
coke
become coke
carnify
become muscular or fleshy
chondrify
turn into cartilage
emulsify
form into or become an emulsion
denitrify
remove nitrogen from
esterify
change (a compound) into an ester
etherify
change into an ether
thrombose
become blocked by a thrombus
open, open up
become open
close, shut
become closed
sorb, take up
take up a liquid or a gas either by adsorption or by absorption
calm, calm down, chill out, cool it, cool off, settle down, simmer down
become quiet or calm, especially after a state of agitation
flourish, fly high, prosper, thrive
make steady progress; be at the high point in one's career or reach a high point in historical significance or importance
emancipate, liberate
give equal rights to; of women and minorities
get into, tangle with
get involved in or with
liquefy
become liquid
catch fire, combust, conflagrate, erupt, ignite, take fire
start to burn or burst into flames
conk, faint, pass out, swoon
pass out from weakness, physical or emotional distress due to a loss of blood supply to the brain
vege out, vegetate
engage in passive relaxation
sit back, take it easy
settle into a comfortable sitting position
prim, prim out, prim up
dress primly
sweat off
lose weight by sweating
fill out, flesh out, round
become round, plump, or shapely
cover, wrap up
clothe, as if for protection from the elements
jacket
put a jacket on
frock
put a frock on
shirt
put a shirt on
habit
put a habit on
vesture
provide or cover with a cloak
overclothe, overdress
dress too warmly
underdress
dress without sufficient warmth
corset
dress with a corset
shoe
furnish with shoes
coat
cover or provide with a coat
costume, dress up
dress in a costume
robe, vest
clothe formally; especially in ecclesiastical robes
abort
cease development, die, and be aborted
hatch
emerge from the eggs
inflame
become inflamed; get sore
superfetate
conceive when a fetus is already present in the uterus
come down, sicken
get sick
degenerate, deteriorate, devolve, drop
grow worse
convalesce, recover, recuperate
get over an illness or shock
heal
get healthy again
gown
dress in a gown
pack on
gain (weight)
drop
fall or sink into a state of exhaustion or death
fall in love
begin to experience feelings of love towards
sober, sober up
become sober after excessive alcohol consumption
sober, sober up
become more realistic
work
arrive at a certain condition through repeated motion
reform, see the light, straighten out
change for the better
surge
see one's performance improve
deprive, impoverish
take away
fail
get worse
tumble
suffer a sudden downfall, overthrow, or defeat
drop away, drop off, fall away, slip
get worse
suffer
get worse
lose, suffer
be set at a disadvantage
pick up, turn around
improve significantly; go from bad to good
unlock
become unlocked
regress, retrograde, retrogress
get worse or fall back to a previous condition
bounce back, get over, get well
improve in health
heal, mend
heal or recover
asphyxiate, stifle, suffocate
be asphyxiated; die from lack of oxygen
buy it, pip out
be killed or die;
drown
die from being submerged in water, getting water into the lungs, and asphyxiating
fall
be born, used chiefly of lambs
predecease
die before; die earlier than
come into being, come to life
be born or come into existence
merge, unify, unite
become one
overheat
get excessively and undesirably hot
glaciate
become frozen and covered with glaciers
boil over, overboil
overflow or cause to overflow while boiling
burn down, burn up, go up
burn completely; be consumed or destroyed by fire
smolder, smoulder
burn slowly and without a flame
curdle
turn from a liquid to a solid mass
flow away, flow off
flow off or away gradually
water
fill with tears
flood
become filled to overflowing
rack up
supply a rack with feed for (horses or other animals)
lysogenize
become integrated into the genome of (a bacterium)
fructify
become productive or fruitful
take effect
go into effect or become effective or operative
bromate, brominate
react with bromine
declutch
disengage the clutch of a car
run
change from one state to another
take
be seized or affected in a specified way
break
come into being
settle
become resolved, fixed, established, or quiet
turn down
take a downward direction
scorch, sear, singe
become superficially burned
upgrade
get better travel conditions
deflagrate
burn with great heat and intense light
famish, starve
die of food deprivation
unfasten
become undone or untied
fly open
come open suddenly
absorb
become imbued
adsorb
accumulate (liquids or gases) on the surface
chemisorb
take up a substance by chemisorption
fall
die, as in battle or in a hunt
succumb, yield
be fatally overwhelmed
reincarnate, transmigrate
be born anew in another body after death
fry
be excessively hot
flame
be in flames or aflame
blow out
erupt in an uncontrolled manner
catch
start burning
light up
start to burn with a bright flame
blaze up, burn up, flame up, flare
burn brightly
blaze
burn brightly and intensely
Type of:
change
undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature

v cause to change or turn into something different;assume new characteristics

“The princess turned the frog into a prince by kissing him”
“The alchemists tried to turn lead into gold”
Synonyms
become
undergo a change or development
Type of:
alter, change, modify
cause to change; make different; cause a transformation

v channel one's attention, interest, thought, or attention toward or away from something

“The pedophile turned to boys for satisfaction”
“people turn to mysticism at the turn of a millennium”
Types:
take up
turn one's interest to
Type of:
direct, send
cause to go somewhere

v have recourse to or make an appeal or request for help or information to

“She turned to her relatives for help”
Synonyms:
call on
Type of:
appeal, invoke
request earnestly (something from somebody); ask for aid or protection

v pass into a condition gradually, take on a specific property or attribute; become

“The weather turned nasty”
Synonyms:
grow
change state
undergo a transformation or a change of position or action
Types:
bald
grow bald; lose hair on one's head
Type of:
change
undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature

v undergo a change or development

“The water turned into ice”
“He turned traitor”
Synonyms:
become
change state
undergo a transformation or a change of position or action
Types:
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boil down, come down, reduce
be the essential element
choke, suffocate
become stultified, suppressed, or stifled
nucleate
form into a nucleus
add up, amount, come
develop into
aggregate
amount in the aggregate to
Type of:
metamorphose, transform, transmute
change in outward structure or looks

v change to the contrary

“the tides turned against him”
“public opinion turned when it was revealed that the president had an affair with a White House intern”
Synonyms:
change by reversal, reverse
Types:
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alternate, flip, flip-flop, interchange, switch, tack
reverse (a direction, attitude, or course of action)
turn the tables, turn the tide
cause a complete reversal of the circumstances
commutate
reverse the direction of (an alternating electric current) each half cycle so as to produce a unidirectional current
exchange, switch, switch over
change over, change around, as to a new order or sequence
correct, rectify, right
make right or correct
falsify
falsify knowingly
commute, permute, transpose
change the order or arrangement of
metamorphose, transfigure, transmogrify
change completely the nature or appearance of
regress, retrovert, return, revert, turn back
go back to a previous state
desynchronise, desynchronize
cause to become desynchronized; cause to occur at unrelated times
deconsecrate, desecrate, unhallow
remove the consecration from a person or an object
undo
cancel, annul, or reverse an action or its effect
fall back, lapse, recidivate, regress, relapse, retrogress
go back to bad behavior
amend, rectify, remediate, remedy, repair
set straight or right
debug
locate and correct errors in a computer program code
map, represent
to establish a mapping (of mathematical elements or sets)
resile
return to the original position or state after being stretched or compressed
go back, recover, recuperate
regain a former condition after a financial loss
unbrace, unlace, untie
undo the ties of
unstrap
remove the strap or straps from
unhitch
unfasten or release from or as if from a hitch
unpick
undo (the stitches) of (a piece of sewing)
unfasten
cause to become undone
unbelt
undo the belt of
unstaple
take the staples off
unclip
remove the clip from
unbutton
undo the buttons of
unpin
remove the pins from; unfasten the pins of
disconnect, unplug
pull the plug of (electrical appliances) and render inoperable
unbraid
undo the braids of
unknot, unpick, unravel, unscramble, untangle
become or cause to become undone by separating the fibers or threads of
disentangle, unwind
separate the tangles of
unbuckle
undo the buckle of
open, spread, spread out, unfold
spread out or open from a closed or folded state
unwire
undo the wiring of
Type of:
change
undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature

v alter the functioning or setting of

turn the dial to 10”
turn the heat down”
Type of:
control, operate
handle and cause to function

v change color

“In Vermont, the leaves turn early”
Type of:
grow
pass into a condition gradually, take on a specific property or attribute; become
color, colour, discolor, discolour
change color, often in an undesired manner

v go sour or spoil

“The cream has turned--we have to throw it out”
Synonyms:
ferment, sour, work
ferment, work
cause to undergo fermentation
Type of:
change state
undergo a transformation or a change of position or action

v become officially one year older

“She is turning 50 this year”
Type of:
age, get on, maturate, mature, senesce
grow old or older

n an unforeseen development

“events suddenly took an awkward turn
Synonyms:
turn of events, twist
Type of:
development
a recent event that has some relevance for the present situation

n (game) the activity of doing something in an agreed succession

“it is my turn
Synonyms:
play
Types:
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move
(game) a player's turn to take some action permitted by the rules of the game
start, starting
a turn to be a starter (in a game at the beginning)
innings
the batting turn of a cricket player or team
attack
an offensive move in a sport or game
down
(American football) a complete play to advance the football
at-bat, bat
(baseball) a turn trying to get a hit
lead
the playing of a card to start a trick in bridge
ruff, trumping
(card games) the act of taking a trick with a trump when unable to follow suit
trick
(card games) in a single round, the sequence of cards played by all the players; the high card is the winner
chess move
the act of moving a chess piece
follow-on
an immediate second innings forced on a cricket team scoring a prescribed number of runs fewer than its opponents in the first innings
counterattack, counterplay
(chess) an attack that is intended to counter the opponent's advantage in another part of the board
Type of:
activity
any specific behavior

n a time for working (after which you will be relieved by someone else)

Synonyms:
go, spell, tour
Type of:
duty period, shift, work shift
the time period during which you are at work

n (sports) a division during which one team is on the offensive

Synonyms:
bout, round
Types:
top, top of the inning
the first half of an inning; while the visiting team is at bat
bottom, bottom of the inning
the second half of an inning; while the home team is at bat
Type of:
division, part, section
one of the portions into which something is regarded as divided and which together constitute a whole

n a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program

Synonyms:
act, bit, number, routine
Types:
show-stopper, showstopper, stopper
an act so striking or impressive that the show must be delayed until the audience quiets down
Type of:
performance, public presentation
a dramatic or musical entertainment

n a favor for someone

Synonyms:
good turn
Type of:
favor, favour
an act of gracious kindness
4

v get by buying and selling

“the company turned a good profit after a year”
Type of:
acquire, get
come into the possession of something concrete or abstract
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