principle

A principle is a kind of rule, belief, or idea that guides you. You can also say a good, ethical person has a lot of principles.

In general, a principle is some kind of basic truth that helps you with your life. "Be fair" is a principle that guides (or should guide) most people and businesses. A politician who tries to do the right thing rather than win votes is acting on principle. A person who has principles is a good, decent person. On the other hand, if you say someone has no principles, that means they're dishonest, corrupt, or evil.

DEFINITIONS OF: principle

1

n a basic generalization that is accepted as true and that can be used as a basis for reasoning or conduct

“their principles of composition characterized all their works”
Synonyms:
rule
Types:
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pillar
a fundamental principle or practice
yang
the bright positive masculine principle in Chinese dualistic cosmology
yin
the dark negative feminine principle in Chinese dualistic cosmology
feng shui
rules in Chinese philosophy that govern spatial arrangement and orientation in relation to patterns of yin and yang and the flow of energy (qi); the favorable or unfavorable effects are taken into consideration in designing and siting buildings and graves and furniture
pillar of Islam
(Islam) one of the five religious obligations accepted by all Muslims
Type of:
generalisation, generality, generalization
an idea or conclusion having general application

n a basic truth or law or assumption

“the principles of democracy”
Types:
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dictate
a guiding principle
basic principle, basics, bedrock, fundamental principle, fundamentals
principles from which other truths can be derived
logic
the principles that guide reasoning within a given field or situation
pleasure principle, pleasure-pain principle, pleasure-unpleasure principle
(psychoanalysis) the governing principle of the id; the principle that an infant seeks gratification and fails to distinguish fantasy from reality
reality principle
(psychoanalysis) the governing principle of the ego; the principle that as a child grows it becomes aware of the real environment and the need to accommodate to it
insurrectionism
the principle of revolt against constituted authority
conservation
(physics) the maintenance of a certain quantities unchanged during chemical reactions or physical transformations
Tao
the ultimate principle of the universe
ABC, ABC's, ABCs, alphabet, first principle, first rudiment, rudiment
the elementary stages of any subject (usually plural)
conservation of charge, conservation of electricity
the principle that the total electric charge of a system remains constant despite changes inside the system
conservation of energy, first law of thermodynamics, law of conservation of energy
the fundamental principle of physics that the total energy of an isolated system is constant despite internal changes
conservation of mass, conservation of matter, law of conservation of mass, law of conservation of matter
a fundamental principle of classical physics that matter cannot be created or destroyed in an isolated system
conservation of momentum
the principle that the total linear momentum in a closed system is constant and is not affected by processes occurring inside the system
conservation of parity, mirror symmetry, parity, space-reflection symmetry
(physics) parity is conserved in a universe in which the laws of physics are the same in a right-handed system of coordinates as in a left-handed system
Type of:
law, natural law
a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society

n a rule or standard especially of good behavior

“a man of principle
“he will not violate his principles
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accounting principle, accounting standard
a principle that governs current accounting practice and that is used as a reference to determine the appropriate treatment of complex transactions
chivalry, knightliness
the medieval principles governing knighthood and knightly conduct
ethic, moral principle, value orientation, value-system
the principles of right and wrong that are accepted by an individual or a social group
Hellenism
the principles and ideals associated with classical Greek civilization
judicial doctrine, judicial principle, legal principle
(law) a principle underlying the formulation of jurisprudence
scruple
an ethical or moral principle that inhibits action
Chartism
the principles of a body of 19th century English reformers who advocated better social and economic conditions for working people
jus sanguinis
the principle that a person's nationality at birth is the same as that of his natural parents
jus soli
the principle that a person's nationality at birth is determined by the place of birth
pre-emption, preemption
the judicial principle asserting the supremacy of federal over state legislation on the same subject
relation, relation back
(law) the principle that an act done at a later time is deemed by law to have occurred at an earlier time
Type of:
value
an ideal accepted by some individual or group

n rule of personal conduct

Synonyms:
precept
Types:
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higher law
a principle that takes precedent over the laws of society
moral principle
the principle that conduct should be moral
hypothetical imperative
a principle stating the action required to attain a desired goal
caveat emptor
a commercial principle that without a warranty the buyer takes upon himself the risk of quality
categorical imperative
the moral principle that behavior should be determined by duty
Type of:
prescript, rule
prescribed guide for conduct or action

n a rule or law concerning a natural phenomenon or the function of a complex system

“the principle of the conservation of mass”
“the principle of jet propulsion”
Synonyms:
rule
Types:
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Gestalt law of organization, Gestalt principle of organization
a principle of Gestalt psychology that identifies factors leading to particular forms of perceptual organization
Le Chatelier principle, Le Chatelier's law, Le Chatelier's principle, Le Chatelier-Braun principle
the principle that if any change is imposed on a system that is in equilibrium then the system tends to adjust to a new equilibrium counteracting the change
Gresham's Law
(economics) the principle that when two kinds of money having the same denominational value are in circulation the intrinsically more valuable money will be hoarded and the money of lower intrinsic value will circulate more freely until the intrinsically more valuable money is driven out of circulation; bad money drives out good; credited to Sir Thomas Gresham
mass-energy equivalence
(physics) the principle that a measured quantity of mass is equivalent (according to relativity theory) to a measured quantity of energy
Naegele's rule
rule for calculating an expected delivery date; subtract three months from the first day of the last menstrual period and add seven days to that date
Occam's Razor, Ockham's Razor, law of parsimony, principle of parsimony
the principle that entities should not be multiplied needlessly; the simplest of two competing theories is to be preferred
principle of equivalence
(physics) the principle that an observer has no way of distinguishing whether his laboratory is in a uniform gravitational field or is in an accelerated frame of reference
principle of liquid displacement
(hydrostatics) the volume of a body immersed in a fluid is equal to the volume of the displaced fluid
Huygens' principle of superposition, principle of superposition
the displacement of any point due to the superposition of wave systems is equal to the sum of the displacements of the individual waves at that point
principle of superposition, superposition, superposition principle
(geology) the principle that in a series of stratified sedimentary rocks the lowest stratum is the oldest
mass action, mass-action principle
(neurology) the principle that the cortex of the brain operates as a coordinated system with large masses of neural tissue involved in all complex functioning
localisation, localisation of function, localisation principle, localization, localization of function, localization principle
(physiology) the principle that specific functions have relatively circumscribed locations in some particular part or organ of the body
lateralisation, laterality, lateralization
localization of function on either the right or left sides of the brain
closure, law of closure
a Gestalt principle of organization holding that there is an innate tendency to perceive incomplete objects as complete and to close or fill gaps and to perceive asymmetric stimuli as symmetric
common fate, law of common fate
a Gestalt principle of organization holding that aspects of perceptual field that move or function in a similar manner will be perceived as a unit
continuation, good continuation, law of continuation
a Gestalt principle of organization holding that there is an innate tendency to perceive a line as continuing its established direction
law of proximity, proximity
a Gestalt principle of organization holding that (other things being equal) objects or events that are near to one another (in space or time) are perceived as belonging together as a unit
law of similarity, similarity
a Gestalt principle of organization holding that (other things being equal) parts of a stimulus field that are similar to each other tend to be perceived as belonging together as a unit
Type of:
law, law of nature
a generalization that describes recurring facts or events in nature

n (law) an explanation of the fundamental reasons (especially an explanation of the working of some device in terms of laws of nature)

“the principles of internal-combustion engines”
Synonyms:
rationale
Types:
dialectics
a rationale for dialectical materialism based on change through the conflict of opposing forces
Type of:
explanation
thought that makes something comprehensible
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