relating to a verbal commitment by one person to another
When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the declaration of Independence, they were signing a
promissory note to which every American was to fall heir.
excessively hot and humid; marked by sweating and faintness
sweltering summer of the Negro's legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality.
counteracting or overriding the effect or force of something
I have a dream that one day the state of Alabama, whose governor's lips are presently dripping with the words of interposition and
nullification, will be transformed into a situation where little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls and walk together as sisters and brothers.
an untroubled state that is free from disturbances
There will be neither rest nor
tranquility in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights.
in a manner incapable of being disentangled or untied
The marvelous new militancy which has engulfed the Negro community must not lead us to distrust of all white people, for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here today, have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny and their freedom is
inextricably bound to our freedom.
shackle that can be locked around the wrist
One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the
manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination.
imparting strength and vitality
This sweltering summer of the Negro's legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an
invigorating autumn of freedom and equality.
put into a form intended for performance
So we have come here today to
dramatize an appalling condition.
Let us not
wallow in the valley of despair.
flow over or cover completely
The marvelous new militancy which has
engulfed the Negro community must not lead us to distrust of all white people, for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here today, have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny and their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom.
an annoying or frustrating or catastrophic event
I am not unmindful that some of you have come here out of great trials and
worthy of religious veneration
We have also come to this
hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of now.
a community of people smaller than a village
When we let freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every
hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual, "Free at last! free at last! thank God Almighty, we are free at last!"
causing shock, dismay, or horror
So we have come here today to dramatize an
great in size, force, extent, or degree
So let freedom ring from the
prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire.
a person whose behavior deviates from what is acceptable
We must not allow our creative protest to
degenerate into physical violence.
any system of principles or beliefs
I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its
make or shape as with an axe
With this faith we will be able to
hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope.