9th Grade #1

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definitions & notes only words
  1. abase
    cause to feel shame
  2. abridge
    lessen, diminish, or curtail
  3. abscond
    run away, often taking something or somebody along
  4. access
    the right to enter
  5. accomplice
    a person who joins with another in carrying out some plan
  6. actuate
    put in motion
  7. ad infinitum
    without or seemingly without limit
  8. adept
    having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude
  9. adherent
    someone who believes and helps to spread a doctrine
  10. adieu
    a farewell remark
  11. adjourn
    close at the end of a session
  12. admonish
    scold or reprimand; take to task
  13. advent
    arrival that has been awaited
  14. alien
    from another place or part of the world
  15. altercation
    a noisy quarrel
  16. anarchy
    a state of lawlessness and disorder
  17. annex
    attach to
  18. annihilate
    kill in large numbers
  19. apex
    the highest point of something
  20. apportion
    distribute according to a plan or set apart for a special purpose
  21. appreciable
    enough to be estimated or measured
  22. arbitrary
    based on or subject to individual discretion or preference
  23. arduous
    characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion
  24. aspire
    have an ambitious plan or a lofty goal
  25. assimilate
    make alike
  26. assurance
    a binding commitment to do or give or refrain from something
  27. asylum
    a shelter from danger or hardship
  28. atone
    turn away from sin or do penitence
  29. auspicious
    indicating favorable circumstances and good luck
  30. autocratic
    characteristic of an absolute ruler or absolute rule
  31. auxiliary
    furnishing added support
  32. avert
    turn away or aside
  33. biased
    favoring one person or side over another
  34. blanch
    turn pale, as if in fear
  35. blasphemy
    profane language
  36. bleak
    unpleasantly cold and damp
  37. bogus
    fraudulent; having a misleading appearance
  38. bona fide
    not counterfeit or copied
  39. bondage
    the state of being under the control of another person
  40. boorish
    ill-mannered and coarse in behavior or appearance
  41. brawny
    possessing physical strength and weight; rugged and powerful
  42. brazen
    unrestrained by convention or propriety
  43. breach
    an opening, especially a gap in a dike or fortification
  44. brevity
    the attribute of being short or fleeting
  45. brigand
    an armed thief who is (usually) a member of a band
  46. brunt
    the main part, especially of a force or shock
  47. buoyant
    tending to float on a liquid or rise in air or gas
  48. candid
    openly straightforward and direct without secretiveness
  49. catalyst
    substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction
  50. cherubic
    having a sweet nature befitting an angel
  51. chide
    scold or reprimand severely or angrily
  52. circumspect
    careful to consider potential consequences and avoid risk
  53. cleave
    separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument
  54. clique
    an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose
  55. combatant
    someone who fights or is fighting
  56. comely
    according with custom or propriety
  57. commandeer
    take arbitrarily or by force
  58. compensate
    make amends for
  59. comport
    behave in a certain manner
  60. concede
    give over
  61. concerted
    involving the joint activity of two or more
  62. concise
    expressing much in few words
  63. condone
    excuse, overlook, or make allowances for
  64. congenial
    suitable to your needs
  65. console
    give moral or emotional strength to
  66. contend
    compete for something
  67. cordial
    politely warm and friendly
  68. cornerstone
    a stone at the outer corner of two intersecting masonry walls
  69. credible
    capable of being believed
  70. cubicle
    small area set off by walls for special use
  71. cumbersome
    difficult to handle or use because of size or weight
  72. daunt
    cause to lose courage
  73. deadlock
    a situation in which no progress can be made
  74. debacle
    a sudden and complete disaster
  75. debris
    the remains of something that has been destroyed
  76. defray
    bear the expenses of
  77. demure
    shy or modest, often in a playful or provocative way
  78. depreciation
    a decrease in price or value
  79. despicable
    morally reprehensible
  80. deteriorate
    become worse or disintegrate
  81. devitalize
    sap of life or energy
  82. diffuse
    spread out; not concentrated in one place
  83. dilate
    become wider
  84. dilemma
    state of uncertainty in a choice between unfavorable options
  85. diligent
    quietly and steadily persevering in detail or exactness
  86. diminutive
    very small
  87. disentangle
    separate a twisted mass
  88. dissent
    a difference of opinion
  89. dissolute
    unrestrained by convention or morality
  90. divulge
    make known to the public information previously kept secret
  91. doleful
    filled with or evoking sadness
  92. dormant
    inactive but capable of becoming active
  93. dross
    worthless or dangerous material that should be removed
  94. drudgery
    hard, monotonous, routine work
  95. dubious
    fraught with uncertainty or doubt
  96. dwindle
    become smaller or lose substance
  97. efface
    remove by or as if by rubbing or erasing
  98. emancipate
    free from slavery or servitude
  99. embroil
    force into some kind of situation or course of action
  100. eminent
    standing above others in quality or position
  101. enlightened
    having knowledge and spiritual insight
  102. envoy
    a diplomat having less authority than an ambassador
  103. erratic
    liable to sudden unpredictable change
  104. erroneous
    containing or characterized by mistakes
  105. escalate
    increase in extent or intensity
  106. exodus
    a journey by a group to escape from a hostile environment
  107. exonerate
    pronounce not guilty of criminal charges
  108. exorbitant
    greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation
  109. exorcise
    expel through adjuration or prayers
  110. expedient
    appropriate to a purpose
  111. exploit
    use or manipulate to one's advantage
  112. expulsion
    the act of forcing out someone or something
  113. extemporaneous
    with little or no preparation or forethought
  114. fabricate
    put together out of artificial or natural components
  115. facilitate
    make easier
  116. fate
    the ultimate agency predetermining the course of events
  117. feign
    make believe with the intent to deceive
  118. feint
    any distracting or deceptive maneuver
  119. flair
    a natural talent
  120. flippant
    showing an inappropriate lack of seriousness
  121. fodder
    coarse food composed of plants or leaves and stalks
  122. forestall
    keep from happening or arising; make impossible
  123. fortify
    make strong or stronger
  124. garble
    distort or make false by mutilation or addition
  125. ghastly
    shockingly repellent; inspiring horror
  126. glib
    artfully persuasive in speech
  127. grievous
    causing or marked by grief or anguish
  128. hamper
    prevent the progress or free movement of
  129. haphazard
    dependent upon or characterized by chance
  130. harangue
    a loud bombastic declamation expressed with strong emotion
  131. harry
    make a pillaging or destructive raid on, as in wartimes
  132. heterogeneous
    consisting of elements not of the same kind or nature
  133. hew
    make or shape as with an axe
  134. hoodwink
    conceal one's true motives from
  135. horde
    a vast multitude
  136. humane
    marked by concern with the alleviation of suffering
  137. illegible
    unable to be read
  138. illustrious
    widely known and esteemed
  139. immunity
    the condition in which an organism can resist disease
  140. impair
    make worse or less effective
  141. impel
    urge or force to an action; constrain or motivate
  142. impenitent
    not remorseful
  143. impoverished
    poor enough to need help from others
  144. improvise
    manage in a makeshift way; do with whatever is at hand
  145. inanimate
    not endowed with life
  146. incessant
    uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing
  147. incinerate
    become reduced to ashes
  148. incite
    provoke or stir up
  149. incorrigible
    impervious to correction by punishment
  150. incredulous
    not disposed or willing to believe; unbelieving
  151. influx
    the process of flowing in
  152. inscribe
    carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface
  153. institute
    set up or lay the groundwork for
  154. interim
    the time between one event, process, or period and another
  155. intolerable
    incapable of being put up with
  156. intrepid
    invulnerable to fear or intimidation
  157. intricate
    having many complexly arranged elements; elaborate
  158. inundate
    fill or cover completely, usually with water
  159. invincible
    incapable of being overcome or subdued
  160. irate
    feeling or showing extreme anger
  161. irreverent
    showing lack of due respect or veneration
  162. jeer
    laugh at with contempt and derision
  163. knave
    a deceitful and unreliable scoundrel
  164. laborious
    characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion
  165. languid
    lacking spirit or liveliness
  166. larceny
    the act of taking something from someone unlawfully
  167. latent
    potentially existing but not presently evident or realized
  168. legion
    a large military unit
  169. liability
    the state of being legally obliged and responsible
  170. liberal
    showing or characterized by broad-mindedness
  171. lithe
    moving and bending with ease
  172. lofty
    of imposing height; especially standing out above others
  173. lucid
    transparently clear; easily understandable
  174. lucrative
    producing a sizeable profit
  175. malign
    speak unfavorably about
  176. maltreat
    be cruel to someone
  177. marauder
    someone who attacks in search of booty
  178. meander
    move or cause to move in a winding or curving course
  179. mediocre
    moderate to inferior in quality
  180. metropolis
    a large and densely populated urban area
  181. migration
    the movement of persons from one locality to another
  182. militant
    engaged in war
  183. mire
    a soft wet area of low-lying land that sinks underfoot
  184. momentous
    of very great significance
  185. monologue
    a dramatic speech by a single actor
  186. morose
    showing a brooding ill humor
  187. muddle
    make clouded as with sediment
  188. obesity
    the condition of being excessively overweight
  189. obstreperous
    noisily and stubbornly defiant
  190. obtrusive
    sticking out; protruding
  191. opaque
    not transmitting or reflecting light or radiant energy
  192. opinionated
    obstinate in your opinions
  193. pallor
    unnatural lack of color in the skin
  194. paramount
    having superior power and influence
  195. pauper
    a person who is very poor
  196. pedigree
    the ancestry or lineage of an individual
  197. pensive
    deeply or seriously thoughtful
  198. perceive
    become aware of through the senses
  199. perennial
    lasting an indefinitely long time
  200. perilous
    fraught with danger
  201. perverse
    deviating from what is considered moral or right or proper
  202. pilfer
    make off with belongings of others
  203. plaintiff
    a person who brings an action in a court of law
  204. pliant
    capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out
  205. pompous
    puffed up with vanity
  206. ponder
    reflect deeply on a subject
  207. posthumous
    occurring or coming into existence after a person's death
  208. prattle
    speak about unimportant matters rapidly and incessantly
  209. preamble
    a preliminary introduction, as to a statute or constitution
  210. precipice
    a very steep cliff
  211. precipitous
    extremely steep
  212. predispose
    make susceptible
  213. prelude
    something that introduces what follows
  214. preposterous
    inviting ridicule
  215. prim
    affectedly dainty or refined
  216. probe
    an exploratory action or expedition
  217. profuse
    produced or growing in extreme abundance
  218. prognosis
    a prediction of the course of a disease
  219. proliferate
    grow rapidly
  220. proponent
    a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea
  221. protract
    lengthen in time; cause to be or last longer
  222. pugnacious
    ready and able to resort to force or violence
  223. quarry
    animal hunted or caught for food
  224. quaver
    give off unsteady sounds
  225. rabid
    marked by excessive enthusiasm for a cause or idea
  226. rancid
    having an offensive smell or taste
  227. rasping
    unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound
  228. realm
    a domain in which something is dominant
  229. rebut
    overthrow by argument, evidence, or proof
  230. recoil
    spring back; spring away from an impact
  231. reconcile
    come to terms
  232. recoup
    regain or make up for
  233. rectify
    make right or correct
  234. reek
    give off smoke, fumes, warm vapour, steam, etc.
  235. rejuvenate
    make younger or more youthful
  236. relentless
    never-ceasing
  237. relinquish
    turn away from; give up
  238. remunerate
    make payment to; compensate
  239. render
    give or supply
  240. reprieve
    postpone the punishment of a convicted criminal
  241. reprimand
    an act or expression of criticism and censure
  242. repugnant
    offensive to the mind
  243. revile
    spread negative information about
  244. rift
    a narrow fissure in rock
  245. rivulet
    a small stream
  246. rugged
    having long narrow shallow depressions in the surface
  247. rustic
    characteristic of rural life
  248. salvage
    rescuing a ship or its crew from a shipwreck or a fire
  249. sardonic
    disdainfully or ironically humorous
  250. scuttle
    an entrance equipped with a hatch

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