Francis Lewis HS Grade 9 Summer Assignment Vocabulary List

Activities for this list:

definitions & notes only words
  1. tone
    a quality that reveals the attitudes of the author
    ‘Our names and our business are our own, and this does not seem a good place to discuss them,’ said Frodo, not liking the look of the man or the tone of his voice.The Fellowship of the Ring
  2. setting
    the context and environment in which something is situated
    The director also wanted to bring the Dominican people into the movie and include the Dominican Republic as more than a setting.New York Times (May 27, 2018)
  3. conflict
    opposition in a work of fiction between characters or forces
    Subsequent "Planet of the Apes" films would deal even more explicitly with questions of racial conflict, social alienation, the Vietnam War, nuclear Armageddon, political fanaticism and how liberals and conservatives struggle with the "race question."Salon (May 31, 2018)
  4. intention
    a wish or design that you plan to carry out
    The intention is to segregate tourists from locals on the main routes into the city historic centre if incoming visitor numbers become uncontrollable.The Guardian (May 1, 2018)
  5. characterization
    the act of describing essential features
    The characterization of John was motivated by a similar desire, she said: “I really wanted to create a smart, funny, dynamic, liberal character that lives in Kentucky, because you don’t see that often.”New York Times (Mar 27, 2018)
  6. theme
    a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in literary work
    It’s a theme that runs through all her films, in which Argentines of European descent tend to treat indigenous people as second-class citizens.The Guardian (May 24, 2018)
  7. element
    one of the individual parts making up a composite entity
    Tone and mood are essential elements of fiction.
  8. evidence
    means by which an alleged matter is established or disproved
    Among the evidence presented were lyrics of his music about knives that the judge said foreshadowed the violent attack on Jermaine, who investigators said was not in a gang.New York Times (Jun 1, 2018)
  9. reflection
    a calm, lengthy, intent consideration
    Here we see a call for further reflection and an earnest plea to recognize the dignity of all persons, notwithstanding the depth of the underlying disagreement.The Guardian (Jun 6, 2018)
  10. identity
    the characteristics by which a thing or person is known
    The controversy surrounds doubts about the truth of the artist’s identity as Native American, to which much of the work refers.New York Times (Nov 30, 2017)
  11. civilization
    a society in an advanced state of social development
    Massimo Osanna, general director of the archaeological site, called it “an exceptional find” that contributed to a better “picture of the history and civilization of the age.”New York Times (May 30, 2018)
  12. society
    an extended group having a distinctive cultural organization
    Our original hunter-gatherer societies were followed by the agricultural revolution and new types of society beginning some 10,500 years ago.BBC (Jun 6, 2018)
  13. justice
    the quality of being just or fair
    He said Jealous largely focused his efforts at the state level, working with local chapters on a broad agenda that included civil rights, social justice and economic reform.Washington Post (Jun 6, 2018)
  14. relationship
    a mutual connection between people
    Central to the drama, which premieres Thursday on Freeform, is the relationship between Tyrone and Tandy, who mysteriously saved each others’ lives on that rainy night as children.Los Angeles Times (Jun 7, 2018)
  15. supernatural
    forces that cannot be explained by the physical world
    The network is also going back to the familiar with “Legacies,” about the next generation of supernatural beings in the “Vampire Diaries” and “Originals” universe.Washington Post (May 18, 2018)
  16. convert
    change the nature, purpose, or function of something
    Studio Gokumi converted filmed footage of Fosse Farmhouse into animated frames for the series.BBC (Jun 5, 2018)
  17. nomadic
    migratory
    Many of the Inuit in Rigolet are just a generation removed from the government relocation programs of the 1960s, when families were forced to abandon their nomadic ways and settle in larger communities.The Guardian (May 30, 2018)
  18. interdependence
    a relation between entities that rely on each other
    When changes occur like the development of an international economy, and our interdependence with the rest of the world, or the changes in our demographics, people need reassurance.Slate (Apr 24, 2018)
  19. hierarchy
    a series of ordered groupings within a system
    He was socially privileged at school, but was very much the object of Angela’s gaze, not to mention a step below her in the class hierarchy outside of the classroom.The Guardian (Aug 26, 2017)
  20. colonization
    the act of settling a group of people in a new place
    In Los Angeles they spoke with scientists and tech entrepreneurs about asteroid mining and the potential colonization of Mars.Los Angeles Times (May 10, 2018)
  21. abolish
    do away with
    Historically, Boston is often remembered for its role in seeking to abolish slavery.New York Times (Jun 6, 2018)
  22. secular
    not concerned with or devoted to religion
    Denmark is an increasingly secular country — its percentage of self-declared nonbelievers grew to 48 percent last year from 31 percent in 2011.Seattle Times (Jun 2, 2018)
  23. reformation
    improvement in the condition of institutions or practices
    But by hammering 95 indictments to the door of All Saints’ Church at Wittenberg on October 31, 1517, Martin Luther launched a reformation with a singular effect.National Geographic (Oct 27, 2017)
  24. specialization
    making something suitable for a particular purpose
    The college will develop the program from coursework they say is currently one of the most popular areas of specialization within a general biological engineering degree.Seattle Times (Apr 8, 2018)
  25. empire
    government in which one sovereign controls many territories
    The first modern German empire was announced by Otto von Bismarck at Versailles in 1871; it died on the Western Front in 1918.Seattle Times (May 17, 2018)
  26. alliance
    an organization of people involved in a pact or treaty
    Some kind of alliance with the U.S. would reassure Koreans about their future security and role in the world.Wall Street Journal (Jun 4, 2018)
  27. migration
    the movement of persons from one locality to another
    Until now, the daily migration of Africa’s 70,000 hippos between wading pools during the day and grasslands where they feed at night was thought to beneficial.Science Magazine (May 16, 2018)
  28. narrative
    consisting of or characterized by the telling of a story
    In stories of war, there is supposed to be an order to things, a standard narrative with stock characters.New York Times (May 7, 2018)
  29. narrator
    someone who tells a story
    The book ends with the narrator and her mother watching through a window as a flock of crows takes flight, “tiny ink blots on a sea of sky.”New York Times (Apr 6, 2018)
  30. point of view
    a mental position from which things are perceived
    One story is told from the point of view from a needle.New York Times (Jun 6, 2018)
  31. description
    a statement that represents something in words
    The caption establishes a place and time, as well as a plain description of an event.New York Times (May 24, 2018)

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