incapable of being repudiated or transferred to another
Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and
inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world...
able or disposed to inflict pain or suffering
Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in
barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people...
act of turning to for assistance
Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have
recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law...
exert much effort or energy
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY proclaims THIS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall
strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance...
the quality of being worthy of esteem or respect
All human beings are born free and equal in
dignity and rights.
a discrimination between things as different
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without
distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
state of subjection to an owner or master
No one shall be held in slavery or
servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
characterized by dishonor
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or
degrading treatment or punishment.
an act of urging on or spurring on or rousing to action or instigating
All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any
incitement to such discrimination.
works well as a means or remedy
Everyone has the right to an
effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.
based on or subject to individual discretion or preference
No one shall be subjected to
arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
free from undue bias or preconceived opinions
Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and
impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.
a mistake resulting from neglect
No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or
omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed.
the act of hindering or obstructing or impeding
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary
interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation.
a shelter from danger or hardship
Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries
asylum from persecution.
No one shall be arbitrarily
deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.
the termination or disintegration of a relationship
Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its
serving as an essential component
The family is the natural and
fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.
motivation deriving from ethical or moral principles
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought,
conscience and religion
transmit, as knowledge or a skill
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and
impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.
force somebody to do something
No one may be
compelled to belong to an association.
a legal right to vote
The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal
suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.
Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights
indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.
paying for goods or services or to recompense for losses
Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable
remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.
sufficient for the purpose
Everyone has the right to a standard of living
adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
required by rule
Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be
activity involved in keeping something in good working order
It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the
maintenance of peace.
a contented state of being happy and healthy and prosperous
In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general
welfare in a democratic society.
in an opposing direction
These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised
contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
suggest as a logically necessary consequence
Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as
implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.