Hitler Youth: Growing Up in Hitler's Shadow Ch. 6 - end

This vocabulary list is for chapters 6 through the end of Susan Bartoletti's Hitler Youth: Growing Up in Hitler's Shadow. This vocabulary list is meant for middle school students.

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definitions & notes only words
  1. homage
    respectful deference
    He wasn't paying homage to retired Georgetown coach John Thompson.Seattle Times (May 15, 2012)
  2. battalion
    an army unit consisting of a headquarters and companies
    The young Germans are not Aryan supermen but ordinary soldiers called up into their reserve infantry battalions for service in Poland.
  3. retaliation
    action taken in return for an injury or offense
    Camarena was kidnapped, tortured and murdered in retaliation for his involvement in successful drug busts.
  4. impotent
    lacking power or ability
    The Democrats do little more than impotent whimpering, which merely serves as bipartisan window dressing for Republican corporate puppets.Slate (Jun 27, 2012)
  5. ghetto
    the restricted quarter of European cities where Jews lived
    Changing tactics, the Germans began using flamethrowers to burn down the ghetto house by house and smoke out those in hiding.
  6. clerical
    appropriate for or engaged in office work
    Students sit at their desks all day writing, calculating or doing low-grade clerical work.
  7. Gestapo
    the secret state police in Nazi Germany
    The Gestapo searched the rooming house several times.New York Times (Mar 1, 2012)
  8. scourge
    something causing misery or death
    There’s a lot written about the scourge of bad bosses.
  9. blitzkrieg
    fight a quick and surprising war
    Hitler's armies had blitzkrieged through Holland, Belgium and France; the British Army had a forced evacuation from Dunkirk in an armada of small boats.Rohlfing, Sam
  10. submission
    the act of surrendering power to another
    Most explorers regard the polar regions as territory to be beaten into submission.Newsweek (Feb 12, 2013)
  11. backfire
    return with an undesired effect
    Pushing for happiness, in other words, can backfire by raising your expectations for your mood.
  12. salvage
    the act of saving goods or property in danger of damage
    Across the street, people picked through the remains of their homes, looking for any possessions they might salvage.
  13. residential area
    a district where people live
    Safety officials said they were investigating the cause of the leak, which sent stinging fumes into nearby residential areas.
  14. systematically
    in a consistent manner
    "In the years leading up to the genocide, Hutus were systematically incited to violence against Tutsis," Presiding Judge Rene Elkerbout said, reading the verdict.
  15. audacity
    fearless daring
    Lerner hired Gerard Houllier, who immediately turned off his players by having the audacity to ban mobile phones in the dressing room.New York Times (Jun 15, 2011)
  16. fatigue
    exhaust or get tired through overuse or great strain
    "I thought that we were a little fatigued, honestly, in the fourth quarter, looking around," Wade, who had 18 points, told reporters.
  17. indelible
    not able to be removed or erased
    Hurricane Sandy printed indelible images on the city’s collective memory.
  18. defect
    a failing or deficiency
    The number of children dying from these defects has fallen more than 80% in the last 30 years thanks to better understanding and treatment.
  19. sterilize
    make infertile
    “I really appreciated there were so many advances in cancer therapy, yet so many young survivors were ending up sterilized,” Woodruff said.
  20. euthanasia
    the act of killing someone painlessly
    Belgium adopted euthanasia in 2002, a year after neighboring Holland, with the goal of helping incurably ill patients escape "unbearable physical or mental suffering."Wall Street Journal (Jun 15, 2013)
  21. midwife
    a woman skilled in aiding the delivery of babies
    Actually, midwives in the Netherlands and other countries are not nurses.Slate (Jul 4, 2012)
  22. deformity
    an affliction in which some part of the body is misshapen
    Bodily deformities are noted at once after birth, and then the mother recalls some incident of the pregnancy to account for them.?Malley, Austin
  23. confidential
    given in secret
    The producers spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss confidential casting decisions.
  24. crematorium
    a furnace where a corpse can be burned and reduced to ashes
    Buddhist cremations are generally performed at temple crematoriums.New York Times (Nov 20, 2010)
  25. abhor
    find repugnant
    He abhors conflict and dislikes house parties, village functions or any social obligations involving stiff collars, formality and top hats.
  26. petrify
    cause to become stunned or immobile, as with fear or awe
    He made the camel kneel, parted the hangings and was petrified at only finding an old man.Dinet, Etienne
  27. salvo
    rapid simultaneous discharge of firearms
    Israel is also braced for possible rocket salvoes from Hezbollah, Syria's Lebanese militia ally.
  28. atrocity
    an act of shocking cruelty
    As the conflict in the northeast intensifies, both sides are being accused of atrocities.
  29. suffocation
    the condition of being deprived of oxygen
    The crowd continued flowing in until the lodge was filled almost to suffocation.Bushnell, David Ives
  30. genocide
    systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
    "In the years leading up to the genocide, Hutus were systematically incited to violence against Tutsis," Presiding Judge Rene Elkerbout said, reading the verdict.
  31. infraction
    a violation of a law or rule
    Others are also sent there for such infractions as fighting, but for a more limited time.
  32. cadre
    a small unit serving as part of a larger political movement
    Chinese communist cadres are not fond of going gray gracefully.
  33. castrated
    deprived of sexual capacity or sexual attributes
    In England people were once disemboweled and castrated in front of a cheering crowd, with their heads put on spikes for viewing.”
  34. solitary confinement
    confinement of a prisoner in isolation from other prisoners
    Many are put in solitary confinement because prison officials believe they have gang affiliations.
  35. banter
    converse in a playful or teasing way
    Not all banter between men and women is automatically wrong.
  36. dissuade
    turn away from by persuasion
    But he said he was worried it was dissuading foreign students from coming here and hurting British universities.
  37. emaciated
    very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold
    The ambulances started with their freight of emaciated, suffering men.Edmonds, S. Emma E.
  38. guillotine
    instrument of execution used for beheading people
    "I'll send you to the guillotine," hissed Robespierre between his teeth, striking his clenched fist upon the desk in front of him.Sage, William
  39. mine
    explosive device that explodes on contact
    Elsewhere in the grounds, trainees crouched at a safe distance, tugging carefully on pull lines attached to what looked like a large anti-tank mine.
  40. calisthenics
    the practice of light exercises designed to promote fitness
    “So jumping into dinner without a proper cocktail here is like entering an athletic competition without doing the proper calisthenics.”BusinessWeek (Jan 17, 2012)
  41. idolize
    love unquestioningly and uncritically or to excess
    Men who idolized Mr. Spock and cried when Steve Jobs died.New York Times (Jun 3, 2012)
  42. en route
    on a route to some place
    We later learned that paramedics had restarted his heart three times en route to the hospital from the parking lot where he had collapsed.
  43. captor
    a person who entraps and holds someone else
    Major Day was hanged upside-down by his captors, but after his bonds were loosened, he escaped after five days in enemy hands.
  44. siege
    an action of an armed force that surrounds a fortified place
    The armed siege at the Westgate shopping mall in Nairobi has focused attention on the al-Qaeda affiliate, al-Shabab.
  45. demarcation
    the boundary of a specific area
    North Korean communist forces moved south, crossing the 38th parallel military demarcation line agreed in 1945.
  46. tribunal
    an assembly to conduct judicial business
    In 1991, a year after he was forced to step down as Chile's president, a military tribunal held a hearing about her case.
  47. munition
    military supplies
    Belgium was doing more than shipping huge quantities of munitions to Libya.
  48. clemency
    leniency and compassion shown toward offenders
    Alemu, refusing offers of clemency in exchange for providing information on other journalists, was punished with nearly two weeks in solitary confinement.
  49. inalienable
    not subject to forfeiture
    The Americans regard winning gold at the Olympics as an inalienable right.
  50. despot
    a cruel and oppressive dictator
    “Aldon was a benevolent dictator, then he became a despot,” Ms. Provost said.New York Times (Jan 22, 2012)
Created on October 23, 2013 (updated October 31, 2013)

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