E.M. Forster's "A Passage to India" Chapters 1-10

Vocabulary study list for E.M. Forster's "A Passage to India" (Chapters 1-10).
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definitions & notes only words
  1. double sharp
    a musical notation of two sharps in front of a note indicating that it is to be raised by two semitones
    "He has not a minute, he is due double sharp at Government College now," said Ram Chand.
  2. toddy palm
    fishtail palm of India to Malay Peninsula
    The toddy palms and neem trees and mangoes and pepul that were hidden behind the bazaars now become visible and in their turn hide the bazaars.
  3. neem tree
    large semi-evergreen tree of the East Indies
    The toddy palms and neem trees and mangoes and pepul that were hidden behind the bazaars now become visible and in their turn hide the bazaars.
  4. water chestnut
    Chinese sedge yielding edible bulb-shaped tubers
    One sat in public--on exhibition, as it were--in full view of the gardeners who were screaming at the birds and of the man who rented the tank for the cultivation of water chestnut.
  5. desiccate
    lacking vitality or spirit; lifeless
    Mrs. Moore continued to murmur "Red ten on a black knave," Miss Quested to assist her, and to intersperse among the intricacies of the play details about the hyena, the engagement, the Maharani of Mudkul, the Bhattacharyas, and the day generally, whose ro
  6. outcaste
    a person belonging to no caste
    He ceased to be either outcaste or poet, and became the medical student, very gay, and full of details of operations which he poured into the shrinking ears of his friends.
  7. redbrick
    of or relating to British universities founded in the late 19th century or the 20th century
    It is sensibly planned, with a redbrick club on its brow, and farther back a grocer's and a cemetery, and the bungalows are disposed along roads that intersect at right angles.
  8. bhang
    a preparation of the leaves and flowers of the hemp plant
    When they had not cheated, it was bhang, women, or worse, and even the desirables wanted to get something out of him.
  9. aggrieve
    cause to feel sorrow
    Old Mr. Graysford and young Mr. Sorley made converts during a famine, because they distributed food; but when times improved they were naturally left alone again, and though surprised and aggrieved each time this happened, they never learnt wisdom.
  10. haemorrhoid
    pain caused by venous swelling at or inside the anal sphincter
    After a cautious pause he said, " Haemorrhoids."
  11. burgle
    enter and rob a dwelling
    Now she wanted to take the Maharajah's motor-car as well; it had gone to a Chiefs' Conference at Delhi, and she had a great scheme for burgling it at the junction as it came back in the train.
  12. dhoti
    a long loincloth worn by Hindu men
    He wore a turban that looked like pale purple macaroni, coat, waistcoat, dhoti, socks with clocks.
  13. religious song
    religious music for singing
    It was a religious song.
  14. topi
    a lightweight hat worn in tropical countries for protection from the sun
    "What do you think of the Aryan Brother in a topi and spats?"
  15. Parvati
    wife of Siva and a benevolent aspect of Devi: Hindu goddess of plenty
    "Oh no, not at all; at Elephanta there are sculptures of Siva and Parvati.
  16. crammer
    a student who crams
    A Public School, London University, a year at a crammer's, a particular sequence of posts in a particular province, a fall from a horse and a touch of fever were presented to her as the only training by which Indians and all who reside in their cou
  17. reabsorb
    undergo resorption
    The young people did not take it up, being occupied with their own outlooks, and deprived of support it perished, or was reabsorbed into the part of the mind that seldom speaks.
  18. black fly
    small blackish stout-bodied biting fly having aquatic larvae
    There was practically only
    one room in it, and that infested with small black flies.
  19. pinko
    a person with mildly leftist political views
    The remark that did him most harm at the club was a silly aside to the effect that the socalled white races are really pinko-grey.
  20. plaice
    flesh of large European flatfish
    And sure enough they did drive away from the club in a few minutes, and they did dress, and to dinner came Miss Derek and the McBrydes, and the menu was: Julienne soup full of bullety bottled peas, pseudo-cottage bread, fish full of branching bones, prete
  21. purdah
    a screen used in India to separate women from men or strangers
    "Come and see my wife a little then," said Hamidullah, and they spent twenty minutes behind the purdah.
  22. polo pony
    a small agile horse specially bred and trained for playing polo
    The Bhil who was holding an
    officer's polo pony, the Eurasian who drove the Nawab Bahadur's car, the Nawab Bahadur himself, the Nawab Bahadur's debauched grandson--none would have examined a difficulty so frankly and coolly.
  23. enteric
    of or relating to the enteron
    But the boredom of régime and hygiene repelled him, and after inoculating a man for enteric, he would go away and drink unfiltered water himself.
  24. nautch
    an intricate traditional dance in India performed by professional dancing girls
    "We punish no one, no one," he repeated, "and in the evening we will give a great banquet with a nautch and lovely girls shall shine on every side of the tank with fireworks in their hands, and all shall be feasting and happiness until the next day
  25. Impressionism
    a school of late 19th century French painters who pictured appearances by strokes of unmixed colors to give the impression of reflected light
    "Post Impressionism, indeed!
  26. illogically
    in an illogical manner
    His words without his voice might have impressed her, but when she heard the self-satisfied lilt of them, when she saw the mouth
    moving so complacently and competently beneath the little red nose, she felt, quite illogically, that this was not the
  27. occidental
    denoting or characteristic of countries of Europe and the western hemisphere
    Beautiful certainly, and the Englishman had not spoilt it, whereas Aziz in an occidental moment would have hung Maude Goodmans on the walls.
  28. bubonic plague
    the most common form of the plague in humans
    "I hear cholera, I hear bubonic plague, I hear every species of lie.
  29. ageing
    the organic process of growing older and showing the effects of increasing age
    He thought, "She is certainly ageing, and I ought not to be vexed with anything she says."
  30. perforate
    make a hole into or between, as for ease of separation
    "Come along and let's tell the mater all this "--opening the perforated zinc door that protected the bungalow from the swarms of winged creatures.
  31. mango tree
    large evergreen tropical tree cultivated for its large oval fruit
    Fielding let the mango trees too--there was no knowing who might not come in-and his servants sat on his steps night and day to discourage thieves.
  32. coppersmith
    someone who makes articles from copper
    More noises came from a dusty tree, where brown birds creaked and floundered about looking for insects; another bird, the invisible coppersmith, had started his "ponk ponk."
  33. slough off
    separate from surrounding living tissue, as in an abortion
    The traces of young-man humanitarianism had sloughed off, and he talked like an intelligent and embittered boy.
  34. bubonic
    of or evidencing buboes
    "I hear cholera, I hear bubonic plague, I hear every species of lie.
  35. Punjabi
    a member of the majority people of Punjab in northwestern India
    His outburst took some time, and in his excitement he fell into Punjabi (he came from that side) and was unintelligible.
  36. scratchy
    lacking consistency
    Scratchy and dictatorial, he began to question her.
  37. viceregal
    of or relating to a viceroy
    A community that bows the knee to a Viceroy and believes that the divinity that hedges a king can be transplanted, must feel some reverence for any viceregal substitute.
  38. overcharge
    rip off; ask an unreasonable price
    That morning he had convicted a railway clerk of overcharging pilgrims for their tickets, and a Pathan of attempted rape.
  39. fox terrier
    small lively black-and-white terriers formerly used to dig out foxes
    That's her fox terrier, poor little devil.
  40. inoculate
    inject or treat with the germ of a disease to render immune
    But the boredom of régime and hygiene repelled him, and after inoculating a man for enteric, he would go away and drink unfiltered water himself.
  41. paralyse
    cause to be paralyzed and immobile
    Unless a sentence paid a few compliments to Justice and Morality in passing, its grammar wounded their ears and paralysed their minds.
  42. schooldays
    the time of life when you are going to school
    He reminded her of his public- schooldays.
  43. Urdu
    the official literary language of Pakistan, closely related to Hindi; widely used in India (mostly by Moslems); written in Arabic script
    Presently Aziz chaffed him, also the servants, and then began quoting poetry, Persian, Urdu, a little Arabic.
  44. impinge
    infringe upon
    Certainly some external force had impinged, but the road had been used by too many objects for any one track to be legible, and the torch created such high lights and black shadows that they could not interpret what it revealed.
  45. harmonium
    a free-reed instrument in which air is forced through the reeds by bellows
    "I've a harmonium and two dogs in here with me as it is.
  46. relegate
    assign to a lower position
    "I would scarcely call her wrong," broke out the Nawab Bahadur, from his isolation on the front seat, whither they had relegated him.
  47. connote
    express or state indirectly
    He only said this to be cheery, he did not realize that "white" has no more to do with a colour than "God save the King" with a god, and that it is the height of impropriety to consider what it does connote.
  48. fabricate
    put together out of artificial or natural components
    "Yet you promise me, and then fabricate this tale of a telegram.
  49. mutability
    the quality of being capable of mutation
    They would have revived in any case, for he possessed a soul that could suffer but not stifle, and led a steady life beneath his mutability.
  50. uniqueness
    the quality of being one of a kind
    She had gone, there was no one like her, and what is that uniqueness but love?
  51. communicable
    readily transmitted
    None of the English people knew of this, nor did the chauffeur; it was a racial secret communicable more by blood than speech.
  52. abase
    cause to feel shame
    So abased, so monotonous is everything that meets the eye, that when the Ganges comes down it might be expected to wash the excrescence back into the soil.
  53. ravel
    disentangle
    He told them that it was where the new sand-bank was forming, and that the dark ravelled bit at the top was the sand, and that the dead bodies floated down that way from Benares, or would if the crocodiles let them.
  54. seethe
    foam as if boiling
    The whole of India seethes with Maharanis
    and Ranis and Begums who clamour for such as me."
  55. low-grade
    of inferior quality
    "And he sends them the whole of his salary and lives like a low-grade clerk, and tells no one the reason.
  56. miasma
    an unwholesome atmosphere
    He thought no longer, "Can I get on with people?" but "Are they stronger than I?" breathing the prevalent miasma.
  57. identifiable
    capable of being recognized
    But nothing in India is identifiable, the mere asking of a question causes it to disappear or to merge in something else.
  58. Eurasian
    relating to, or coming from, Europe and Asia
    The Bhil who was holding an
    officer's polo pony, the Eurasian who drove the Nawab Bahadur's car, the Nawab Bahadur himself, the Nawab Bahadur's debauched grandson--none would have examined a difficulty so frankly and coolly.
  59. sugarcane
    tall tropical southeast Asian grass having stout fibrous jointed stalks; sap is a chief source of sugar
    The company con-
    tinued to sit on the bed and to chew sugarcane, which Hassan had run for into the bazaar, and Aziz drank a cup of spiced milk.
  60. immerse
    cause to be submerged
    Slightly immersed in the realms of matter, he laid his hand on the bicycle's saddle, while a servant did the actual wheeling.
  61. diarrhoea
    frequent and watery bowel movements
    "We hope his diarrhoea is ceasing."
  62. quatrain
    a stanza of four lines
    He had seen the quatrain on the tomb of a Deccan king, and regarded it as profound philosophy--he always held pathos to be profound.
  63. nullah
    a ravine or gully in southern Asia
    It was just after the exit from a bridge; the animal had probably come up out of the nullah.
  64. red-brick
    of or relating to British universities founded in the late 19th century or the 20th century
    He passed with his friendly word through red-brick pillars into the darkness.
  65. gravitate
    move toward
    He was wrong about the water, which no Emperor, however skilful, can cause to gravitate uphill; a depression of some depth together with the whole of Chandrapore lay between the mosque and Fielding's house.
  66. mangy
    having many worn or threadbare spots in the nap
    Opposite Aziz' bungalow stood a large unfinished house belonging to two brothers, astrologers, and a squirrel hung head-downwards on it, pressing its belly against burning scaffolding and twitching a mangy tail.
  67. litigant
    (law) a party to a lawsuit; someone involved in litigation
    I found afterwards that he had sent touts all over the bazaar to announce the fact--told all the litigants, 'Oh, you'd better come to my Vakil Mahmoud Ali--he's in with the City Magistrate.'
  68. stalactite
    a cylinder of calcium carbonate hanging from a cave roof
    Handled subtly, he might regain control and announce that the Marabar Caves were--full of stalactites, perhaps; Aziz led up to this, but they weren't.
  69. comic opera
    opera with a happy ending and in which some of the text is spoken
    She was also very funny about the Bridge Party--indeed she regarded the entire peninsula as a comic opera.
  70. Tonga
    a monarchy on a Polynesian archipelago in the South Pacific
    "Take the gifts the gods provide, anyhow," she screeched, and both jumped in. "0 Tonga wallah, club, club.
  71. viola
    a bowed stringed instrument slightly larger than a violin, tuned a fifth lower
    If Indians were shop, the Arts were bad form, and Ronny had repressed his mother when she enquired after his viola; a viola was almost a demerit, and certainly not the sort of instrument one mentioned in public.
  72. co-ordinate
    a number that identifies a position relative to an axis
    We can't co-ordinate, we can't co-ordinate, it only comes to that.
  73. collide
    crash together with violent impact
    He had neither light nor bell nor had he a brake, but what use are such adjuncts in a land where the cyclist's only hope is to coast from face to face, and just before he collides with each it vanishes?
  74. dualism
    the doctrine that reality consists of two basic opposing elements, often taken to be mind and matter (or mind and body), or good and evil
    The contest between this dualism and the contention of shadows within pleased Aziz, and he tried to symbolize the whole into some truth of religion or love.
  75. generalized
    not biologically differentiated or adapted to a specific function or environment
    He too generalized from his disappointments--it is difficult for members of a subject race to do otherwise.
  76. grading
    evaluation of performance by assigning a score
    And there were circles even beyond these-people who wore nothing but a loincloth, people who wore not even that, and spent their lives in knocking two sticks together before a scarlet doll-- humanity grading and drifting beyond the educated vision,
  77. remiss
    failing in what duty requires
    I'm awfully sorry you feel I've been remiss.
  78. factitious
    not produced by natural forces
    There had been a factitious element in it.
  79. hollyhock
    any of various plants of the genus Althaea
    We know why he's here, I think--over that contract, and he wants to get the right side
    of me for Mohurram, and he's the astrologer who wants to dodge the municipal building regulations, and he's that Parsi, and he's--Hullo! there he goes-- smash into our
  80. loggia
    a roofed arcade or gallery with open sides stretching along the front or side of a building; often at an upper level
    It was an audience hall built in the eighteenth century for some high official, and though of wood had reminded Fielding of the Loggia de' Lanzi at Florence.
  81. cringe
    draw back, as with fear, pain, or embarrassment
    They used to cringe, but the younger generation believe in a show of manly independence.
  82. excrescence
    something that bulges out or is protuberant or projects from its surroundings
    So abased, so monotonous is everything that meets the eye, that when the Ganges comes down it might be expected to wash the excrescence back into the soil.
  83. improvise
    manage in a makeshift way; do with whatever is at hand
    They
    laughed, and encouraged by his success he began to improvise.
  84. nawab
    a governor in India during the Mogul empire
    "We have not all your sweet nature, Nawab Bahadur, nor your learning."
  85. callow
    young and inexperienced
    It was the qualified bray of the callow official, the "I am not perfect, but--" that got on her nerves.
  86. expatiate
    add details, as to an account or idea
    He did not expatiate on his wrongs now, being happy.
  87. quartette
    a musical composition for four performers
    A strange quartette--he fluttering to the ground, she puzzled by the sudden ugliness, Ronny fuming, the Brahman observing all three, but with downcast eyes and hands folded, as if nothing was noticeable.
  88. exude
    release in drops or small quantities
    It was as if irritation exuded from the very soil.
  89. circlet
    a small ring-shaped object
    The radiance was already altering, whether through shifting of the moon or of the sand; soon the bright sheaf would be gone, and a circlet, itself to alter, be burnished upon the streaming void.
  90. high explosive
    a powerful chemical explosive that produces gas at a very high rate
    It lay on his table like a high explosive, which at a touch might blow his flimsy bungalow to bits.
  91. ordinate
    the value of a coordinate on the vertical axis
    We can't co- ordinate, we can't co-ordinate, it only comes to that.
  92. heaves
    a chronic emphysema of the horse that causes difficult expiration and heaving of the flanks
    League after league the earth lies flat, heaves a little, is flat again.
  93. infringe
    advance beyond the usual limit
    No mountains infringe on the curve.
  94. expletive
    profane or obscene expression usually of surprise or anger
    Undeterred by the expletive, the old man swept on.
  95. cranky
    easily irritated or annoyed
    She had not taken to the new young lady, thinking her ungracious and cranky.
  96. lozenge
    a small aromatic or medicated candy
    "She offered me a lozenge when the dust irritated my throat."
  97. exasperate
    make furious
    When proved wrong, he was particularly exasperating; he always managed to suggest that she needn't have bothered to prove it.
  98. geyser
    a spring that discharges hot water and steam
    When this old geyser left them, Ronny made no comment, but talked lightly about polo; Turton had taught him that it is sounder not to discuss a man at once, and he reserved what he had to say on the Nawab's character until later in the evening.
  99. printing press
    a machine used for printing
    He has not the advantage of a relative in the Prosperity Printing Press."
  100. indubitable
    too obvious to be doubted
    God's unity was indubitable and indubitably announced, but on all other points he wavered like the average Christian; his belief in the life to come would pale to a hope, vanish, reappear, all in a single sentence or a dozen heart-beats, so that th
  101. culminate
    end, especially to reach a final or climactic stage
    Yes, he did want to spend an evening with some girls, singing and all that, the vague jollity that would culminate in voluptuousness.
  102. deprecate
    express strong disapproval of; deplore
    She felt humiliated again, for she deprecated labels, and she felt too that there should have been another scene between her lover and herself at this point, something dramatic and lengthy.
  103. shoddy
    of inferior workmanship and materials
    Here was Aziz all shoddy and odi-
    ous, Mrs. Moore and Miss Quested both silly, and he himself and Heaslop both decorous on the surface, but detestable really, and detesting each other.
  104. emancipate
    free from slavery or servitude
    She supposed him to be emancipated as well as reliable, and placed him on a pinnacle which he could not retain.
  105. omega
    the last (24th) letter of the Greek alphabet
    "There's nothing in India but the weather, my dear mother; it's the Alpha and Omega of the whole affair."
  106. inconclusive
    not putting an end to doubt or question
    CHAPTER X
    The heat had leapt forward in the last hour, the street was deserted as if a catastrophe had cleaned off humanity during the inconclusive talk.
  107. headlight
    a powerful light with reflector
    Hyenas prowl in nullahs and headlights dazzle them.
  108. omnipresent
    existing everywhere at once
    "God has put us on earth to love our neighbours and to show it, and He is omnipresent, even in India, to see how we are succeeding."
  109. national anthem
    a song formally adopted as the anthem for a nation
    Meanwhile the performance ended, and the amateur orchestra played the National Anthem.
  110. marigold
    any of various tropical American plants of the genus Tagetes widely cultivated for their showy yellow or orange flowers
    He spoke with disgust of the hot sun, the cowdung and marigold flowers, and the encampment of saddhus, some of whom strode stark naked through the streets.
  111. inhibition
    the action of forbidding
    He realized because he often suffered from similar inhibitions himself.
  112. percussion
    the act of exploding a detonator that explodes when struck
    There he clung, asleep, while jackals in the plain bayed their desires and mingled with the percussion of drums.
  113. Bengali
    of or relating to or characteristic of Bengal or its people
    He said something swiftly to his wife in Bengali.
  114. guffaw
    a burst of deep loud hearty laughter
    The police inspector, for instance, did not feel that Aziz had degraded himself by reciting, nor break into the cheery guffaw with which an Englishman averts the infection of beauty.
  115. peon
    a laborer who is obliged to do menial work
    Krishna was the peon who should have brought the files from his office.
  116. upbringing
    helping someone grow up to be a member of the community
    Thanks to their youth and upbringing, they were not upset by the accident.
  117. migratory
    used of animals that move seasonally
    "They pass Paris on the way, no doubt," said Mrs. Turton, as if she was describing the movements of migratory birds.
  118. putrid
    of or relating to the process of decay
    "But how putrid!"
  119. lilt
    a jaunty rhythm in music
    His words without his voice might have impressed her, but when she heard the self-satisfied lilt of them, when she saw the mouth
    moving so complacently and competently beneath the little red nose, she felt, quite illogically, that this was not the
  120. lingo
    a characteristic language of a particular group
    It wasn't that the young man was particularly good at the games or the lingo, or that he had much notion of the Law, but--apparently a large but--Ronny was dignified.
  121. humiliate
    cause to feel shame
    She felt humiliated again, for she deprecated labels, and she felt too that there should have been another scene between her lover and herself at this point, something dramatic and lengthy.
  122. jollity
    feeling jovial and full of good humor
    Yes, he did want to spend an evening with some girls, singing and all that, the vague jollity that would culminate in voluptuousness.
  123. analyse
    break down into components or essential features
    It never bored them to hear words, words; they breathed them with the cool night air, never stopping to analyse; the name of the poet, Hafiz, Hali, Iqbal, was sufficient guarantee.
  124. animal kingdom
    taxonomic kingdom comprising all living or extinct animals
    Her hand touched his, owing to a jolt, and one of the thrills so frequent in the animal kingdom passed between them, and announced that all their difficulties were only a lovers' quarrel.
  125. corollary
    an inference following from the proof of another proposition
    That was the corollary.
  126. venal
    capable of being corrupted
    Granted the exceptions, he agreed that all Englishwomen are haughty and venal.
  127. footlights
    theater light at the front of a stage that illuminate the set and actors
    "People are so odd out here, and it's not like home-one's always facing the footlights, as the Burra Sahib said.
  128. fluster
    cause to be nervous or upset
    He turned to the old lady, who looked flustered and put out--he could not imagine why--and asked about her own plans.
  129. corpuscle
    an unattached cell such as a red or white blood cell
    God's unity was indubitable and indubitably announced, but on all other points he wavered like the average Christian; his belief in the life to come would pale to a hope, vanish, reappear, all in a single sentence or a dozen heart-beats, so that the co
  130. writhe
    to move in a twisting or contorted motion
    They traced back the writhing of the tyres to the source of their disturbance.
  131. medical student
    a student in medical school
    He ceased to be either outcaste or poet, and became the medical student, very gay, and full of details of operations which he poured into the shrinking ears of his friends.
  132. labelled
    bearing or marked with a label or tag
    Unlike the green bird or the hairy animal, she was labelled now.
  133. translucent
    allowing light to pass through diffusely
    Some kites hovered overhead, impartial, over the kites passed the mass of a vulture, and with an impartiality exceeding all, the sky, not deeply coloured but translucent, poured light from its whole circumference.
  134. dally
    behave carelessly or indifferently
    He dallied furthermore to clean his teeth.
  135. fascinate
    attract; cause to be enamored
    Shrines are fascinating, especially when rarely opened, and it amused him to note the ritual of the English club, and to caricature it afterwards to his friends.
  136. impressionist
    relating to or characteristic of Impressionism
    "Is she a Post Impressionist?"
  137. gridiron
    a cooking utensil of parallel metal bars
    They had made such a romantic voyage across the Mediterranean and through the sands of Egypt to the harbour of Bombay, to find only a gridiron of bungalows at the end of it.
  138. firefly
    tropical American click beetle having bright luminous spots
    Each was too proud to increase the pressure, but neither withdrew it, and a spurious unity descended on them, as local and temporary as the gleam that inhabits a firefly.
  139. sardine
    small fishes found in great schools along coasts of Europe
    And sure enough they did drive away from the club in a few minutes, and they did dress, and to dinner came Miss Derek and the McBrydes, and the menu was: Julienne soup full of bullety bottled peas, pseudo-cottage bread, fish full of branching bones, prete
  140. swerve
    turn sharply; change direction abruptly
    They gripped . . . bump, jump, a swerve, two wheels lifted in the air, brakes on, bump with tree at edge of embankment, standstill.
  141. squalor
    sordid dirtiness
    Squalor and ugly talk, the floor strewn with fragments of cane and nuts, and spotted with ink, the pictures crooked upon the dirty walls, no punkah!
  142. heavenly body
    natural objects visible in the sky
    A sudden sense of unity, of kinship with the heavenly bodies, passed into the old woman and out, like water through a tank, leaving a strange freshness behind.
  143. tirade
    a speech of violent denunciation
    When the engineer's noisy tirade was finished, he said, "That is exactly my own view."
  144. premonition
    an early warning about a future event
    The sun was already declining and each of the trees held a premonition of night.
  145. unreliable
    not worthy of trust
    The doctor had begun by bullying her, had said Mrs. Callendar was nice, and then-finding the ground safe--had changed; he had alternately whined over his grievances and patronized her, had run a dozen ways in a single sentence, had been unreliable,
  146. querulous
    habitually complaining
    The flame that not even beauty can nourish was springing up, and though his words were querulous his heart began to glow secretly.
  147. infuse
    fill, as with a certain quality
    Strength comes from the sun, infused in it daily; size from the prostrate earth.
  148. crackle
    make a crackling sound
    Their crackling bad humour left them, but the heaviness of their spirit remained; thunderstorms seldom clear the air.
  149. ablution
    the ritual washing of a priest's hands or of sacred vessels
    The courtyard--entered through a ruined gate--contained an ablution tank of fresh clear water, which was always in motion, being indeed part of a conduit that supplied the city.
  150. disproportionate
    out of proper balance
    A loud cry broke from the old man: his terror was disproportionate and ridiculous.
  151. intimidate
    to compel or deter by or as if by threats
    Some luxury in it, but no order--nothing to intimidate poor Indians.
  152. dour
    showing a brooding ill humor
    "What can you expect from the fellow?" said dour Major Callendar.
  153. inclining
    bending forward
    "When?" she replied, inclining charmingly.
  154. upshot
    a phenomenon that is caused by some previous phenomenon
    The upshot was that they were to come Thursday, but early in the morning, so as to wreck the Bhattacharya plans as little as possible, and Mr. Bhattacharya would send his carriage to fetch them, with servants to point out the way.
  155. leprosy
    communicable disease characterized by wasting of body parts
    European costume had lighted like a leprosy.
  156. mango
    large evergreen tropical tree cultivated for its large oval fruit
    The toddy palms and neem trees and mangoes and pepul that were hidden behind the bazaars now become visible and in their turn hide the bazaars.
  157. hyena
    doglike nocturnal mammal of Africa and southern Asia that feeds chiefly on carrion
    "Unless it was a hyena."
  158. holy place
    a sacred place of pilgrimage
    "Madam, this is a mosque, you have no right here at all; you should have taken off your shoes; this is a holy place for Moslems."
  159. agitate
    move or cause to move back and forth
    "Good-bye, Professor Godbole," she continued, suddenly agitated.
  160. perfunctory
    hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough
    He made pleasant remarks and a few jokes, which were applauded lustily, but he knew something to the discredit of nearly every one of his guests, and was consequently perfunctory.
  161. unattainable
    impossible to achieve
    He was not the unattainable friend, either of men or birds or other suns, he was not the eternal promise, the never-withdrawn suggestion that haunts our consciousness; he was merely a creature, like the rest, and so debarred from glory.
  162. enthrall
    hold spellbound
    If it worked, neither he nor Professor Godbole would be the least advantaged, but the attempt enthralled him and was akin to abstract thought.
  163. conduit
    a passage through which water or electric wires can pass
    The courtyard--entered through a ruined gate--contained an ablution tank of fresh clear water, which was always in motion, being indeed part of a conduit that supplied the city.
  164. frieze
    an ornament consisting of a horizontal sculptured band
    The front--in full moonlight--had the appearance of marble, and the ninetynine names of God on the frieze stood out black, as the frieze stood out white against the sky.
  165. formulate
    prepare according to instructions
    There seemed no point in being disagreeable to him and formulating her complaints against his character at this hour of the day, which was the evening.
  166. insecurity
    the anxiety experienced when feeling vulnerable
    The pinko-grey male whom he addressed was subtly scandalized; his sense of insecurity was awoken, and he communicated it to the rest of the herd.
  167. polygamy
    having more than one spouse at a time
    While the tale was in progress, it convinced the two men, the tragedy seemed a slur on the whole community; better polygamy almost, than that a woman should die without the joys God has intended her to receive.
  168. voluble
    marked by a ready flow of speech
    He grew more and more voluble.
  169. trotter
    a horse trained to trot
    His mother did not signify--she was just a globe- trotter, a temporary escort, who could retire to England with what impressions she chose.
  170. mogul
    a very wealthy or powerful businessperson
    That England conquered India from them--from them, mind, and not from the Moguls.
  171. equivocal
    open to two or more interpretations
    It was Sunday, always an equivocal day in the East, and an excuse for slacking.
  172. unconventional
    not conforming to standards
    It's very good of you," he called back; "I like unconventional behaviour so extremely."
  173. dissimilar
    not alike
    Experiences, not character, divided them; they were not dissimilar, as humans go; indeed, when compared with the people who stood nearest to them in point of space they became practically identical.
  174. detecting
    a police investigation to determine the perpetrator
    The phrases worked and were in current use at the club, but she was
    rather clever at detecting the first from the second hand, and might press him for definite examples.
  175. muddle
    make clouded as with sediment
    "I like mysteries but I rather dislike muddles," said Mrs. Moore.
  176. drumming
    the act of playing drums
    Elsewhere some Hindus were drumming--he knew they were Hindus, because the rhythm was uncongenial to him,--and others were bewailing a corpse--he knew whose, having certified it in the afternoon.
  177. escapade
    any carefree episode
    "This sounds very romantic," said Miss Quested, who was exceedingly fond of Mrs. Moore, and was glad she should have had this little escapade.
  178. conceivably
    within the realm of possibility
    It was his duty to report suspicious characters and conceivably it was some disreputable hakirn who had prowled up from the bazaar.
  179. seditious
    arousing to action or rebellion
    Most of the people you see are seditious at heart, and the rest 'ld run squealing.
  180. itinerant
    traveling from place to place to work
    They think it will pay better with the itinerant M.P. But whether the native swaggers or cringes, there's always something behind every remark he makes, always something, and if nothing else he's trying to increase his izzat--in plain knglo-Saxon,
  181. Windows
    an operating system with a graphical user interface
    Windows were barred, lest the servants should see their mem-sahibs acting, and the heat was consequently immense.
  182. slur
    utter indistinctly
    While the tale was in progress, it convinced the two men, the tragedy seemed a slur on the whole community; better polygamy almost, than that a woman should die without the joys God has intended her to receive.
  183. canny
    showing self-interest and shrewdness in dealing with others
    One touch of regret--not the canny substitute but the true regret from the heart--would have made him a different man, and the British Empire a different institution.
  184. scorpion
    arachnid of warm dry regions having a long segmented tail ending in a venomous stinger
    Syed Mohammed and Haq--he couldn't even trust them, although they had come in his carriage, and the schoolboy was a scorpion.
  185. flout
    treat with contemptuous disregard
    They had numerous mental conventions and when these were flouted they found it very difficult to function.
  186. contrition
    sorrow for sin arising from fear of damnation
    She had experienced it twice herself, during her own engagements--this vague contrition and doubt.
  187. giggle
    laugh nervously
    Indeed all the ladies were uncertain, cowering, recovering, giggling, making tiny gestures of atonement or despair at all that was said, and alternately fondling the terrier or shrinking from him.
  188. adjunct
    something added to another thing but not essential to it
    He had neither light nor bell nor had he a brake, but what use are such adjuncts in a land where the cyclist's only hope is to coast from face to face, and just before he collides with each it vanishes?
  189. effeminate
    having unsuitable feminine qualities
    "You know, Nureddin," he whispered to the grandson--an effeminate youth whom he seldom met, always liked, and invariably forgot--" you know,
    my dear fellow, we Moslems simply must get rid of these superstitions, or India will never advance.
  190. gusto
    vigorous and enthusiastic enjoyment
    He spoke sincerely, but she could have wished with less gusto.
  191. foment
    try to stir up
    "I think not much," said Ram Chand, desirous of fomenting trouble.
  192. terminus
    a place where something ends or is complete
    He was over forty when he entered that oddest portal, the Victoria Terminus at Bombay, and--having bribed a European ticket inspector--took his luggage into the compartment of his first tropical train.
  193. symbolize
    express indirectly by an image, form, or model
    The contest between this dualism and the contention of shadows within pleased Aziz, and he tried to symbolize the whole into some truth of religion or love.
  194. ministration
    assistance in time of difficulty
    Hamidullah could remember more important examples of angelic ministration, but the other, who only knew Anglo-India, had to ransack his memory for scraps, and it was not surprising that he should return to "But of course all this is exceptional.
  195. optimist
    a person disposed to take a favorable view of things
    Fielding saw that something had gone wrong, and equally that it had come right, but he didn't fidget, being an optimist where personal relations were concerned, and their talk rattled on as before.
  196. consolidate
    form into a solid mass or whole
    Whatever Ghalib had felt, he had anyhow lived in India, and this consolidated it for them: he had gone with his own tulips and roses, but tulips and roses do not go.
  197. baffle
    be a mystery or bewildering to
    But the ear, baffled repeatedly, soon lost any clue, and wandered in a maze of noises, none harsh or unpleasant, none intelligible.
  198. flamboyant
    tending to attract attention; marked by ostentatious display
    Aziz flamboyant, was patronizing Mrs. Moore.
  199. serum
    an amber, watery fluid, rich in proteins, that separates out when blood coagulates
    The knife he loved and used skilfully, and he also liked pumping in the latest serums.
  200. valuation
    an appraisal of the value of something
    "Mr. Mahmoud Ali!" "Mr. Ram Chand, the Nawab Bahadur can decide what is cheap without our valuation, I think."
  201. dower
    money or property brought by a woman to her husband at marriage
    Mrs. Callendar, Mrs. Lesley--no, he couldn't stand them in his sorrow: they would guess it-- for he dowered the British matron with strange insight-- and would delight in torturing him, they would mock him to their husbands.
  202. thunderstorm
    a storm resulting from strong rising air currents
    Their crackling bad humour left them, but the heaviness of their spirit remained; thunderstorms seldom clear the air.
  203. illuminate
    make lighter or brighter
    Where he sat, he looked into three arcades whose darkness was illuminated by a small hanging lamp and by the moon.
  204. impede
    be a hindrance or obstacle to
    The Brahman, polite and enigmatic, did not impede his eloquence, and even applauded it.
  205. Post Office
    an independent agency of the federal government responsible for mail delivery (and sometimes telecommunications) between individuals and businesses in the United States
    When he should have been ready, he stood at the Post Office, writing a telegram to his children, and found on his return that Dr. Lal had called for him, and gone on.
  206. inaccurate
    not exact
    In her ignorance, she regarded him as "India," and never surmised that his outlook was limited and his method inaccurate, and that no one is India.
  207. negligent
    characterized by undue lack of attention or concern
    "What does our old gentleman of the car think?" she asked, and her negligent tone was exactly what he desired.
  208. scurry
    to move about or proceed hurriedly
    He forgot the whole damned business of living as he scurried over the brown platter of the Maidan, with the evening wind on his forehead, and the encircling trees soothing his eyes.
  209. mallet
    a tool resembling a hammer but with a large head
    Hamidullah had gone to the party, but his pony had not, so Aziz borrowed it, also his friend's riding breeches and polo mallet.
  210. revulsion
    intense aversion
    But when the time came, Aziz was seized with a revulsion, and determined not to go.
  211. arrears
    the state of being behind in payments
    Krishna the earth, Krishna the stars replied, until the Englishman was appeased by their echoes, fined the absent peon eight annas, and sat down to his arrears in the next room.
  212. skid
    a plank used to make a track for rolling or sliding objects
    We skidded."
  213. lecturing
    teaching by giving a discourse on some subject
    Tired and disappointed, he quite lost self-control, and added in a loud lecturing voice, "I won't have you messing about with Indians any more!
  214. physique
    constitution of the human body
    Round they ran, weedy and knock-kneed--the local physique was wretched-with an expression on their faces not so much of determination as of a deterinination to be determined.
  215. irritate
    cause annoyance in
    "She offered me a lozenge when the dust irritated my throat."
  216. abortive
    failing to accomplish an intended result
    They forgot their abortive personal relationship, and felt adventurous as they muddied about in the dust.
  217. interpose
    introduce
    Trying to look and feel like a European, the chauffeur interposed aggressively.
  218. posing
    the act of assuming a certain position
    "And Englishmen like posing as gods."
  219. licentious
    lacking moral discipline
    As he wove all these anxieties into a single rope, he suspected that his audience felt no interest, and that the City Magistrate fondled either maiden behind the cover of the harnionium, but good breeding compelled him to continue; it was nothing to him i
  220. freckle
    a small brownish spot on the skin
    Adela's angular body and the freckles on her face were terrible defects in his eyes, and he wondered how God could have been so unkind to any female form.
  221. rejoinder
    a quick reply to a question or remark
    "Oh, really," was the haughty rejoinder.
  222. bounce
    spring back; spring away from an impact
    Never tranquil, never perfectly dark, the night wore itself away, distinguished from other nights by two or three blasts of wind, which seemed to fall perpendicularly out of the sky and to bounce back into it, hard and compact, leaving no freshness
  223. endorse
    approve of
    Ronny approved of religion as long as it endorsed the National Anthem, but he objected when it attempted to influence his life.
  224. recede
    pull back or move away or backward
    He had known that she would pass from his hands and eyes, but had thought she could live in his mind, not realizing that the very fact that we have loved the dead increases their unreality, and that the more passionately we invoke them the further they
  225. impropriety
    the condition of being unsuitable
    He only said this to be cheery, he did not realize that "white" has no more to do with a colour than "God save the King" with a god, and that it is the height of impropriety to consider what it does connote.
  226. scholastic
    of or relating to educational institutions
    His career, though scholastic, was varied, and had included going to the bad and repenting thereafter.
  227. degrade
    reduce in worth or character, usually verbally
    The police inspector, for instance, did not feel that Aziz had degraded himself by reciting, nor break into the cheery guffaw with which an Englishman averts the infection of beauty.
  228. extraction
    taking out something
    But Dr. Lal, being of low extraction, was not sure whether an insult had not been intended, and he was further annoyed because Aziz had buffeted the Brahminy Bull.
  229. self-conscious
    aware of yourself as an individual or of your own being
    When English and Indians were both present, he grew self-conscious, because he did not know to whom he belonged.
  230. brevity
    the attribute of being short or fleeting
    His memory was good, and for so young a man he had read largely; the themes he preferred were the decay of Islam and the brevity of Love.
  231. flimsy
    a thin strong lightweight translucent paper
    It lay on his table like a high explosive, which at a touch might blow his flimsy bungalow to bits.
  232. spurious
    plausible but false
    Each was too proud to increase the pressure, but neither withdrew it, and a spurious unity descended on them, as local and temporary as the gleam that inhabits a firefly.
  233. relevant
    having a bearing on or connection with the subject at issue
    Sometimes, to the exasperation of Major
    Callendar, he would pass over the one relevant fact in a position, to dwell on the hundred irrelevant.
  234. clarity
    the quality of being coherent and easily understood
    Experience can do much, and all that he had learnt in England and Europe was an assistance to him, and helped him towards clarity, but clarity prevented him from experiencing something else.
  235. burnish
    polish and make shiny
    The radiance was already altering, whether through shifting of the moon or of the sand; soon the bright sheaf would be gone, and a circlet, itself to alter, be burnished upon the streaming void.
  236. slough
    a hollow filled with mud
    The traces of young-man humanitarianism had sloughed off, and he talked like an intelligent and embittered boy.
  237. fatigues
    military uniform worn by personnel when doing menial labor
    Nevertheless walking fatigued him, as it fatigues everyone in India except the new-corner.
  238. grapple
    come to terms with
    His own went
    out to it, and grappled beneath the shifting tides of emotion which can alone bear the voyager to an anchorage but may also carry him across it on to the rocks.
  239. debauch
    a wild gathering involving excessive drinking
    The Bhil who was holding an
    officer's polo pony, the Eurasian who drove the Nawab Bahadur's car, the Nawab Bahadur himself, the Nawab Bahadur's debauched grandson--none would have examined a difficulty so frankly and coolly.
  240. inarticulate
    without or deprived of the use of speech or words
    Nor are the lower animals of England concerned about England, but in the tropics the indifference is more prominent, the inarticulate world is closer at hand and readier to resume control as soon as men are. tired.
  241. initiate
    set in motion, start an event or prepare the way for
    All invitations must proceed from heaven perhaps; perhaps it is futile for men to initiate their own unity, they do but widen the gulfs between them by the attempt.
  242. collateral
    accompanying; following as a consequence
    Old Mr. Graysford said No, but young Mr. Sorley, who was advanced, said Yes; he saw no reason why monkeys should not have their collateral share of bliss, and he had sympathetic discussions about them with his Hindu friends.
  243. ruffle
    stir up (water) so as to form ripples
    But Ronny was ruffled.
  244. alpha
    the 1st letter of the Greek alphabet
    "There's nothing in India but the weather, my dear mother; it's the Alpha and Omega of the whole affair."
  245. voyager
    a traveler to a distant land
    His own went
    out to it, and grappled beneath the shifting tides of emotion which can alone bear the voyager to an anchorage but may also carry him across it on to the rocks.
  246. impurity
    the condition of having extraneous elements
    At Allahabad there was flowing water, which carried impurities away, but at Ujjain the little river Sipra was banked up, and thousands of bathers deposited their germs in the pool.
  247. delinquent
    a young offender
    The host was inclined to change the subject, but Aziz took it up warmly, and on learning fragments of the delinquents' name pronounced that they were Hindus.
  248. elude
    escape, either physically or mentally
    She had eluded him thus, ever since they had carried her to her tomb.
  249. stifle
    impair the respiration of or obstruct the air passage of
    They rise from the gardens where ancient tanks nourish them, they burst out of stifling purlieus and unconsidered temples.
  250. subaltern
    British commissioned army officer below the rank of captain
    The ball shot away towards a stray subaltern who was also practising; he hit it back to Aziz and called, "Send it along again."
  251. rectory
    an official residence provided by a church for its parson or vicar or rector
    In the vacations their Rectory became my home.
  252. languor
    inactivity; showing an unusual lack of energy
    The old lady accepted: she still thought the young doctor excessively nice; moreover, a new feeling, half languor, half excitement, bade her turn down any fresh path.
  253. allay
    lessen the intensity of or calm
    Then something in his manner puzzled people and failed to allay the distrust which his profession naturally inspired.
  254. complacent
    contented to a fault with oneself or one's actions
    His voice grew complacent again; he was here not to be pleasant but to keep the peace, and now that Adela had promised to be his wife, she was sure to understand.
  255. incoherent
    without logical or meaningful connection
    Every day he worked hard in the court trying to decide which of two untrue accounts was the less untrue, trying to dispense justice fearlessly, to protect the weak against the less weak, the incoherent against the plausible, surrounded by lies and
  256. incursion
    the act of entering some territory or domain
    Save for this annual incursion, they left literature alone.
  257. tulip
    any of numerous perennial bulbous herbs having linear or broadly lanceolate leaves and usually a single showy flower
    Whatever Ghalib had felt, he had anyhow lived in India, and this consolidated it for them: he had gone with his own tulips and roses, but tulips and roses do not go.
  258. provocative
    serving or tending to excite or stimulate
    Aziz was provocative.
  259. bewail
    regret strongly
    Elsewhere some Hindus were drumming--he knew they were Hindus, because the rhythm was uncongenial to him,--and others were bewailing a corpse--he knew whose, having certified it in the afternoon.
  260. idiom
    expression whose meaning cannot be inferred from its words
    They altered the idiom, but they could say whatever they wanted to say quickly; there were none of the babuisms ascribed to them up at the club.
  261. cactus
    a succulent and often spiny plant native to arid regions
    And oranges, cactuses, crystals and mud? and the bacteria inside Mr. Sorley?
  262. unseemly
    not in keeping with accepted standards of what is proper
    The old man was silent, perhaps feeling that it was unseemly of her to criticize her race, perhaps fearing that if he agreed she would report him for disloyalty.
  263. angular
    having the shape of intersecting lines or planes
    Adela's angular body and the freckles on her face were terrible defects in his eyes, and he wondered how God could have been so unkind to any female form.
  264. insidious
    working or spreading in a hidden and usually injurious way
    "I should never get like that," she thought, for she was young herself; all the same she knew that she had come up against something that was both insidious and tough, and against which she needed allies.
  265. bureaucrat
    a nonelective government official
    Did he seem to tolerate us--the
    brutal conqueror, the sundried bureaucrat, that sort of thing?"
  266. brakes
    a device that works to slow a motor vehicle
    They gripped . . . bump, jump, a swerve, two wheels lifted in the air, brakes on, bump with tree at edge of embankment, standstill.
  267. arcade
    a structure composed of arches supported by columns
    Where he sat, he looked into three arcades whose darkness was illuminated by a small hanging lamp and by the moon.
  268. public works
    structures constructed at government expense for public use
    The College itself had been slapped down by the Public Works Department, but its grounds included an ancient garden and a garden-house, and here he lived for much of the year.
  269. diction
    the manner in which something is expressed in words
    He was preoccupied, his diction was appropriate to a religious subject.
  270. tropics
    the part of the Earth's surface between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn; characterized by a hot climate
    Nor are the lower animals of England concerned about England, but in the tropics the indifference is more prominent, the inarticulate world is closer at hand and readier to resume control as soon as men are. tired.
  271. matured
    fully ripe; at the height of bloom
    He had no racial feeling--not because he was superior to his brother civilians, but because he had matured in a different atmosphere, where the herdinstinct does not flourish.
  272. mammal
    a warm-blooded vertebrate having the skin covered with hair
    Jackals were indeed less to Mr. Sorley's mind, but he admitted that the mercy of God, being infinite, may well embrace all mammals.
  273. chaff
    material consisting of seed coverings and pieces of stem
    Presently Aziz chaffed him, also the servants, and then began quoting poetry, Persian, Urdu, a little Arabic.
  274. kinship
    relatedness or connection by blood or marriage or adoption
    A sudden sense of unity, of kinship with the heavenly bodies, passed into the old woman and out, like water through a tank, leaving a strange freshness behind.
  275. intrude
    enter uninvited
    "When the animal runs into us the Nawab loses his head, deserts his unfortunate chauffeur, intrudes upon Miss Derek . . . no great crimes, no great crimes, but no white man would have done it."
  276. invariable
    not liable to or capable of change
    Aziz took his leave saying "Perhaps . . but later . . ."--his invariable reply to such an appeal.
  277. exaggerate
    enlarge beyond bounds or the truth
    It was this that led him to repeat, exaggerate, contradict.
  278. sallow
    unhealthy looking
    There is an oval Maidan, and a long sallow hospital.
  279. grill
    a framework of metal bars used as a partition or a grate
    "Probably she's heard tales of the heat, but of course I should pack her off to the Hills every April--I'm not one to keep a wife grilling in the Plains."
  280. Queen Victoria
    queen of Great Britain and Ireland and empress of India from 1837 to 1901; the last Hanoverian ruler of England (1819-1901)
    They entrusted all their children to me--I often carried little Hugh about--I took him up to the Funeral of Queen Victoria, and held him in my arms above the crowd."
  281. responsive
    reacting to a stimulus
    Indeed, he was sensitive rather than responsive.
  282. altering
    the sterilization of an animal
    The radiance was already altering, whether through shifting of the moon or of the sand; soon the bright sheaf would be gone, and a circlet, itself to alter, be burnished upon the streaming void.
  283. accumulate
    get or gather together
    The space between them and their carriages, instead of being empty, was clogged with a medium that pressed against their flesh, the carriage cushions scalded their trousers, their eyes pricked, domes of hot water accumulated under their head-gear a
  284. cower
    crouch or curl up
    Indeed all the ladies were uncertain, cowering, recovering, giggling, making tiny gestures of atonement or despair at all that was said, and alternately fondling the terrier or shrinking from him.
  285. yeoman
    a free man who cultivates his own land
    Next year they would do _Quality Street_ or _The Yeomen of the Guard_.
  286. illegitimate
    contrary to or forbidden by law
    "Excuse the following question: have you any illegitimate children?"
  287. appease
    make peace with
    Krishna the earth, Krishna the stars replied, until the Englishman was appeased by their echoes, fined the absent peon eight annas, and sat down to his arrears in the next room.
  288. exemplify
    be characteristic of
    Mrs. Moore smiled, thinking of the modern method as exemplified in her son.
  289. revolve
    turn on or around an axis or a center
    One electric fan revolved like a wounded bird, another was out of order.
  290. invoke
    request earnestly; ask for aid or protection
    He had known that she would pass from his hands and eyes, but had thought she could live in his mind, not realizing that the very fact that we have loved the dead increases their unreality, and that the more passionately we invoke them the further
  291. barrister
    a British lawyer who speaks in the higher courts of law
    I know the Government people and the landowners, Heaslop here can get hold of the barrister crew, while if you want to specialize on education, we can come down on Fielding."
  292. stupefy
    make dull or muddle with drunkenness or infatuation
    Mrs. Moore, whom the club had stupefied, woke up outside.
  293. panorama
    the visual perception of a region
    There are no bathing-steps on the river front, as the Ganges happens not to be holy here; indeed there is no river front, and bazaars shut out the wide and shifting panorama of the stream.
  294. philanthropist
    someone who makes charitable donations
    The Nawab Bahadur was a big proprietor and a philanthropist, a man of benevolence and decision.
  295. halo
    a circle of light around the sun or moon
    Aziz upheld the proprieties, though he did not invest them with any moral halo, and it was here that he chiefly differed from an Englishman.
  296. imprudent
    not wise
    "Aziz, Aziz, imprudent boy.
  297. scald
    burn with a hot liquid or steam
    The space between them and their carriages, instead of being empty, was clogged with a medium that pressed against their flesh, the carriage cushions scalded their trousers, their eyes pricked, domes of hot water accumulated under their head-gear a
  298. anthem
    a song of devotion or loyalty
    Meanwhile the performance ended, and the amateur orchestra played the National Anthem.
  299. tolerant
    showing or characterized by broad-mindedness
    She noticed now how tolerant and conventional his judgments had become; when they had seen _Cousin Kate_
    in London together in the past, he had scorned it; now he pretended that it was a good play, in order to hurt nobody's feelings.
  300. ignoble
    completely lacking nobility in character or purpose
    But the other demolished it--an easy and ignoble task.
  301. simile
    a figure of speech expressing a resemblance between things
    A disobliging simile involving Mrs. Callendar occurred to his fancy.
  302. sheaf
    a package of several things tied together
    It belonged neither to water nor moonlight, but stood like a luminous sheaf upon the fields of darkness.
  303. disperse
    move away from each other
    Salaaming feebly, they dispersed for the interior of other bungalows, to recover their self-esteem and the qualities that distinguished them from each other.
  304. loyalist
    a person who is loyal to their allegiance
    "He may show you some aspect of the country I can't, and he's a real loyalist.
  305. downcast
    filled with melancholy and despondency
    A strange quartette--he fluttering to the ground, she puzzled by the sudden ugliness, Ronny fuming, the Brahman observing all three, but with downcast eyes and hands folded, as if nothing was noticeable.
  306. arid
    lacking sufficient water or rainfall
    As he entered their arid tidiness, depression suddenly seized him.
  307. veer
    turn sharply; change direction abruptly
    "So have I," said Mahmoud Ali, unexpectedly veering.
  308. bacteria
    single-celled organisms that can cause disease
    And oranges, cactuses, crystals and mud? and the bacteria inside Mr. Sorley?
  309. auspices
    kindly endorsement and guidance
    If you want to go to the Marabar Caves, you'll go under British auspices."
  310. cholera
    an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
    Could what was called diarrhcea really be an early case of cholera?
  311. unwonted
    out of the ordinary
    He began a walk, an unwonted exercise.
  312. irrelevant
    having no bearing on or connection with the subject at issue
    Sometimes, to the exasperation of Major
    Callendar, he would pass over the one relevant fact in a position, to dwell on the hundred irrelevant.
  313. complacency
    the feeling you have when you are satisfied with yourself
    His self- complacency, his censoriousness, his lack of subtlety, all grew vivid beneath a tropic sky; he seemed more indifferent than of old to what was passing in the minds of his fellows, more certain that he was right about them or that if he was
  314. bungalow
    a small house with a single story
    It is sensibly planned, with a redbrick club on its brow, and farther back a grocer's and a cemetery, and the bungalows are disposed along roads that intersect at right angles.
  315. atonement
    the act of making amends for sin or wrongdoing
    Indeed all the ladies were uncertain, cowering, recovering, giggling, making tiny gestures of atonement or despair at all that was said, and alternately fondling the terrier or shrinking from him.
  316. terrier
    any of several usually small short-bodied breeds originally trained to hunt animals living underground
    "They ought never to have been allowed to drive in; it's so bad for them," said Mrs. Turton, who had at last begun her progress to the summer-house, accompanied by Mrs. Moore, Miss Quested, and a terrier.
  317. spat
    a quarrel about petty points
    "What do you think of the Aryan Brother in a topi and spats?"
  318. jackal
    Old World nocturnal canine mammal closely related to the dog
    There he clung, asleep, while jackals in the plain bayed their desires and mingled with the percussion of drums.
  319. repressed
    characterized by the suppression of impulses or emotions
    If Indians were shop, the Arts were bad form, and Ronny had repressed his mother when she enquired after his viola; a viola was almost a demerit, and certainly not the sort of instrument one mentioned in public.
  320. nightingale
    European songbird noted for its melodious nocturnal song
    The poem had done no "good" to anyone, but it was a passing reminder, a breath from the divine lips of beauty, a nightingale between two worlds of dust.
  321. Koran
    the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina
    Quotations followed from the Koran.
  322. wasp
    social or solitary hymenopterans typically having a slender body with the abdomen attached by a narrow stalk and having a formidable sting
    Going to hang up her cloak, she found that the tip of the peg was occupied by a small wasp.
  323. indignity
    an affront to one's self-esteem
    Aziz was spared the indignity of a bicycle or the expense of hiring, while Dr. Panna Lal, who was timid and elderly, secured someone who could manage his horse.
  324. open fire
    start firing a weapon
    They had scarcely left the College grounds before she heard him say to his mother, who was with him on the front seat, "What was that about caves?" and she promptly opened fire.
  325. benediction
    a ceremonial prayer invoking divine protection
    But when the sky chooses, glory can rain into the Chandrapore bazaars or a benediction pass from horizon to horizon.
  326. sensuous
    taking delight in beauty
    He lay in a trance, sensuous but healthy, through which the talk of the two others did not seem particularly sad--they were discussing as to whether or no it is possible to be friends with an Englishman.
  327. individually
    apart from others
    Individually it knew better; as a club it declined to change.
  328. incompatible
    not in harmonious or agreeable combination
    In our Father's house are many mansions, they taught, and there alone will the incompatible multitudes of mankind be welcomed and soothed.
  329. zest
    a tart spicy quality
    The zest for decoration stopped in the eighteenth century, nor was it ever democratic.
  330. servile
    submissive or fawning in attitude or behavior
    When he turned into Major Callendar's compound he could with difficulty restrain himself from getting down from the tonga and approaching the bungalow on foot, and this not because his soul was servile but because his feelings--the sensitive edges
  331. cashier
    a person responsible for receiving payments for goods
    He was going to be cashiered because he had not turned up at the party.
  332. flounder
    walk with great difficulty
    For he was not like some eminent men, who give out that they will come, and then fail at the last moment, leaving the small fry floundering.
  333. pinnacle
    a slender upright spire at the top of a buttress of tower
    She supposed him to be emancipated as well as reliable, and placed him on a pinnacle which he could not retain.
  334. caper
    a playful leap or hop
    Aziz detested ill breeding, and made his pony caper.
  335. intervene
    be placed or located between other things
    But before she could do so, the Collector intervened.
  336. surmise
    infer from incomplete evidence
    "You're five feet nine inches high," said Fielding, surmising this much through the ground glass of the bedroom door.
  337. credits
    a list of acknowledgements of those who contributed to the creation of a film (usually run at the end of the film)
    Mrs. Moore was surprised to learn this, dignity not being a quality with which any mother credits her son.
  338. impotent
    (of a male) unable to copulate
    But others, such as Mahmoud Ali, were cynical; they were firmly convinced that Turton had been made to give the party by his official superiors and was all the time consumed with impotent rage, and they infected some who were inclined to a healthie
  339. ineffectual
    not producing an intended consequence
    Little ineffectual unquenchable flames!
  340. ascribe
    attribute or credit to
    They altered the idiom, but they could say whatever they wanted to say quickly; there were none of the babuisms ascribed to them up at the club.
  341. surgical
    of or relating to a medical operation
    Several surgical cases came in, and kept him busy.
  342. buffet
    piece of furniture that stands at the side of a dining room
    But Dr. Lal, being of low extraction, was not sure whether an insult had not been intended, and he was further annoyed because Aziz had buffeted the Brahminy Bull.
  343. ensue
    issue or terminate in a specified way
    He had not turned up, and a terrific row ensued.
  344. Mecca
    joint capital of Saudi Arabia
    A few of his co-religionists had come to the Maidan, and were praying with their faces towards Mecca.
  345. zinc
    a bluish-white lustrous metallic element
    "Come along and let's tell the mater all this "--opening the perforated zinc door that protected the bungalow from the swarms of winged creatures.
  346. staunch
    firm and dependable especially in loyalty
    He was a straightforward enemy and a staunch friend, and his hospitality was proverbial.
  347. theoretical
    concerned with hypotheses and not practical considerations
    Fielding resented it too, but did not say so to the girl, for he found something theoretical in her outburst.
  348. constructive
    tending to improve or promote development
    As long as someone abused the English, all went well, but nothing constructive had been achieved, and if the English were to leave India, the committee would vanish also.
  349. authoritative
    of recognized power or excellence
    "Humbug!" exclaimed Hamidullah, in authoritative tones, quenching them.
  350. caricature
    a representation of a person exaggerated for comic effect
    Shrines are fascinating, especially when rarely opened, and it amused him to note the ritual of the English club, and to caricature it afterwards to his friends.
  351. antecedent
    a preceding occurrence or cause or event
    He longed to know everything about the splendid fellow--his salary, preferences, antecedents, how best one might please him.
  352. equilibrium
    a stable situation in which forces cancel one another
    He'd been in love, engaged to be married, lady broke it off, memories of her and thoughts about her had kept him from other women for a time; then indulgence, followed by repentance and equilibrium.
  353. solace
    comfort in disappointment or misery
    It was of no importance, yet they would have liked to identify it, it would somehow have solaced their hearts.
  354. ceaseless
    uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing
    Nothing stayed, nothing passed that did not return; the circulation was ceaseless and kept him young, and he mourned his wife the more sincerely because he mourned her seldom.
  355. impudence
    the trait of being rude and impertinent
    Then it was impudence.
  356. subtlety
    the quality of being difficult to detect or analyze
    His self-complacency, his censoriousness, his lack of subtlety, all grew vivid beneath a tropic sky; he seemed more indifferent than of old to what was passing in the minds of his fellows, more certain that he was right about them or that if he was
  357. recite
    repeat aloud from memory
    Issuing still farther from his quilt, he recited a poem by Ghalib.
  358. impertinent
    improperly forward or bold
    Everything he said had an impertinent flavour or jarred.
  359. conveyance
    something that serves as a means of transportation
    They stood on the verandah while their conveyances were summoned out of various patches of shade.
  360. smelt
    extract by heating, as a metal
    The trees smelt sweet--green-blossomed champak--and scraps of Persian poetry came into his head.
  361. discourage
    try to prevent; show opposition to
    Fielding let the mango trees too--there was no knowing who might not come in-and his servants sat on his steps night and day to discourage thieves.
  362. straightforward
    pointed directly ahead
    He was a straightforward enemy and a staunch friend, and his hospitality was proverbial.
  363. conclusive
    forming an end or termination
    The point she made was never the relevant point, her arguments conclusive but barren, she was reminded that he had expert knowledge and she none, and that experience would not help her because she could not interpret it.
  364. reproduce
    make a copy or equivalent of
    They had tried to reproduce their own attitude to life upon the stage, and to dress up as the middle-class English people they actually were.
  365. midday
    when the morning ends and the afternoon begins
    Mr. Fielding never advised one about dogs or horses, or dined, or paid his midday calls, or decorated trees for one's children at Christmas, and though he came to the club, it was only to get his tennis or billiards, and to go.
  366. Jehovah
    terms referring to the Judeo-Christian God
    The meagre tune, the curt series of demands on Jehovah, fused into a prayer unknown in England, and though they perceived neither Royalty nor Deity they did perceive something, they were strengthened to resist another day.
  367. infest
    occupy in large numbers or live on a host
    There was practically only
    one room in it, and that infested with small black flies.
  368. beneficent
    doing or producing good
    "The whole world looks to be dying, still it doesn't die, so we must assume the existence of a beneficent Providence."
  369. hinge
    a joint that holds two parts together so that one can swing
    Just by the hinges of the door was a dent, and the door opened with difficulty.
  370. seasoned
    aged or processed
    Of his two carriage companions one was a youth, fresh to the East like himself, the other a seasoned Anglo-Indian of his own age.
  371. humans
    all of the living human inhabitants of the earth
    Experiences, not character, divided them; they were not dissimilar, as humans go; indeed, when compared with the people who stood nearest to them in point of space they became practically identical.
  372. nucleus
    a part of the cell responsible for growth and reproduction
    Here at all events was a nucleus; she should know much better where she stood in the course of the next two days.
  373. impenetrable
    not admitting of passage into or through
    When tennis began, the barrier grew impenetrable.
  374. provocation
    a means of arousing or stirring to action
    But he was a servant of the Government, it was his job to avoid "incidents," so he said nothing, and ignored the provocation that Aziz continued to offer.
  375. peacock
    male peafowl
    Mr. Fielding, must not India have been beautiful then, with the Mogul Empire at its height and Alamgir reigning at Delhi upon the Peacock Throne?"
  376. tropic
    either of two parallels of latitude about 23.5 degrees to the north and south of the equator representing the points farthest north and south at which the sun can shine directly overhead and constituting the boundaries of the Torrid Zone or tropics
    His self-complacency, his censoriousness, his lack of subtlety, all grew vivid beneath a tropic sky; he seemed more indifferent than of old to what was passing in the minds of his fellows, more certain that he was right about them or that if he was
  377. distribute
    give to several people
    Old Mr. Graysford and young Mr. Sorley made converts during a famine, because they distributed food; but when times improved they were naturally left alone again, and though surprised and aggrieved each time this happened, they never learnt wisdom.
  378. precede
    be earlier in time
    What did it matter if a few flabby Hindus had preceded him there, and a few chilly English succeeded?
  379. contradictory
    not able to be true at the same time
    The lady faced the world at her husband's wish and her own, but how bewildering she found it, the
    echoing contradictory world!
  380. culprit
    someone or something responsible for harm or wrongdoing
    Hamidullah pointed to the culprit.
  381. bankrupt
    financially ruined
    So long as some one of his relatives had a house he was sure of a home, and it was unlikely that so large a family would all go bankrupt.
  382. chilly
    appreciably or disagreeably cold
    What did it matter if a few flabby Hindus had preceded him there, and a few chilly English succeeded?
  383. doze
    a light fitful sleep
    He dozed again, and his thoughts wandered over the varied surface of life.
  384. incidentally
    by the way (used to introduce a new topic)
    Instead of weighing Ronny and herself, and coming to a reasoned conclusion about marriage, she had incidentally, in the course of a talk about mangoes, remarked to mixed company that she didn't mean to stop in India.
  385. sanctity
    the quality of being holy
    He might force his opinions down her throat, but did not press her to an "engagement," because he believed, like herself, in the sanctity of personal relationships: it was this that had drawn them together at their first meeting, which had occurred
  386. auditor
    a qualified accountant who inspects accounting records
    Feeling that he could not further decrease the social gulf between himself and his auditors, he sent his elegant grandson, who was in attendance on him, to fetch his car.
  387. slander
    words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another
    He turned away and continued to address Rafi, who was terrified at the arrival of his Principal, remembered that he had tried to spread slander about him, and yearned to get away.
  388. decrease
    a change downward
    Feeling that he could not further decrease the social gulf between himself and his auditors, he sent his elegant grandson, who was in attendance on him, to fetch his car.
  389. demolish
    destroy completely
    But the other demolished it--an easy and ignoble task.
  390. self-control
    the act of denying yourself
    Tired and disappointed, he quite lost self-control, and added in a loud lecturing voice, "I won't have you messing about with Indians any more!
  391. Krishna
    8th and most important avatar of Vishnu
    I say to Shri Krishna, 'Come! come to me only.'
  392. entail
    have as a logical consequence
    Beauty would have troubled him, for it entails rules of its own, but Mrs. Moore was so old and Miss Quested so plain that he was spared this anxiety.
  393. beetle
    insect having biting mouthparts
    "For example, a six-spot beetle," he continued.
  394. schoolboy
    a boy attending school
    He did not mind whom he taught; public schoolboys, mental defectives and policemen, had all come his way, and he had no objection to adding Indians.
  395. impartial
    free from undue bias or preconceived opinions
    Some kites hovered overhead, impartial, over the kites passed the mass of a vulture, and with an impartiality exceeding all, the sky, not deeply coloured but translucent, poured light from its whole circumference.
  396. thermometer
    measuring instrument for measuring temperature
    Aziz presented an expressionless face to the thermometer.
  397. sham
    something that is a counterfeit; not what it seems to be
    He loathed his young colleague since the disasters with Dapple, and he would have liked to do him a bad turn and report to Major Callendar that he was shamming.
  398. carving
    a sculpture created by removing material (as wood or ivory or stone) in order to create a desired shape
    There is no painting and scarcely any carving in the bazaars.
  399. knave
    a deceitful and unreliable scoundrel
    "I feared at Mr. Fielding's that it might be settled the other way . . . black knave on a red queen.
  400. mosque
    a Muslim place of worship that usually has a minaret
    At the edge of the civil station he turned into a mosque to rest.
  401. Arabic
    the Semitic language of the Arabs
    Presently Aziz chaffed him, also the servants, and then began quoting poetry, Persian, Urdu, a little Arabic.
  402. cynical
    believing the worst of human nature and motives
    But others, such as Mahmoud Ali, were cynical; they were firmly convinced that Turton had been made to give the party by his official superiors and was all the time consumed with impotent rage, and they infected some who were inclined to a healthie
  403. aloof
    remote in manner
    One's only hope was to hold sternly aloof."
  404. radiance
    an attractive combination of good health and happiness
    She watched the moon, whose radiance stained with primrose the purple of the surrounding sky.
  405. incline
    lower or bend, as in a nod or bow
    "When?" she replied, inclining charmingly.
  406. pathos
    a quality that arouses emotions, especially pity or sorrow
    He had seen the quatrain on the tomb of a Deccan king, and regarded it as profound philosophy--he always held pathos to be profound.
  407. Islam
    the monotheistic religious system of Muslims
    His memory was good, and for so young a man he had read largely; the themes he preferred were the decay of Islam and the brevity of Love.
  408. prostrate
    stretched out and lying at full length along the ground
    Strength comes from the sun, infused in it daily; size from the prostrate earth.
  409. isolation
    setting something apart from others
    "I would scarcely call her wrong," broke out the Nawab Bahadur, from his isolation on the front seat, whither they had relegated him.
  410. revive
    cause to regain consciousness
    His spirits revived with violence.
  411. soothing
    affording physical relief
    But seeing that his young relative looked worried, he added a few soothing words, and thus wiped out any impression that his wife might have made.
  412. superficial
    of, affecting, or being on or near the surface
    "It was wonderful when we landed, but that superficial glamour soon goes."
  413. orthodox
    adhering to what is commonly accepted
    Though orthodox, he did not know.
  414. Brahman
    any of several breeds of Indian cattle
    "Oho, the Deccani Brahman!"
  415. coincidence
    the property of two things happening at the same time
    Her hand touched Ronny's again in the darkness, and to the animal thrill there was now added a coincidence of opinion.
  416. detest
    dislike intensely
    Aziz detested ill breeding, and made his pony caper.
  417. public school
    a tuition free school in the United States supported by taxes and controlled by a school board
    Their ignorance of the Arts was notable, and they lost no opportunity of proclaiming it to one another; it was the Public School attitude; flourishing more vigorously than it can yet hope to do in England.
  418. attentive
    taking heed
    The more familiar half was going, but the more attentive remained.
  419. vegetation
    the process of growth in plants
    The sky too has its changes, but they are less marked than those of the vegetation and the river.
  420. rotten
    having decayed or disintegrated
    "My temper's rotten, I must apologize," was his reply.
  421. nourish
    provide with sustenance
    They rise from the gardens where ancient tanks nourish them, they burst out of stifling purlieus and unconsidered temples.
  422. tranquillity
    an untroubled state, free from disturbances
    There seemed no reserve of tranquillity to draw upon in India.
  423. repel
    force or drive back
    It charms not; neither does it repel.
  424. infection
    the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms
    Before long they began to condemn him as a source of infection.
  425. shifting
    changing position or direction
    There are no bathing-steps on the river front, as the Ganges happens not to be holy here; indeed there is no river front, and bazaars shut out the wide and shifting panorama of the stream.
  426. censure
    harsh criticism or disapproval
    Having censured the circumcision, she bethought her of kindred topics, and asked Aziz when he was going to be married.
  427. ignore
    refuse to acknowledge
    They ignored him.
  428. tropical
    relating to part of the Earth's surface with hot climate
    It is a tropical pleasaunce washed by a noble river.
  429. matter of fact
    a matter that is an actual fact or is demonstrable as a fact
    He had as a matter of fact said, "Damn Aziz"-- words
    that the servant understood, but was too polite to repeat.
  430. peninsula
    a large mass of land projecting into a body of water
    She was also very funny about the Bridge Party--indeed she regarded the entire peninsula as a comic opera.
  431. celebrate
    have a festivity
    Hamidullah Begum was a distant aunt of Aziz, and the only female relative he had in Chandrapore, and she had much to say to him on this occasion about a family circumcision that had been celebrated with imperfect pomp.
  432. rhythm
    an interval during which a recurring sequence occurs
    Elsewhere some Hindus were drumming--he knew they were Hindus, because the rhythm was uncongenial to him,--and others were bewailing a corpse--he knew whose, having certified it in the afternoon.
  433. restrained
    under control
    Ronny would
    have pulled him up, Turton would have wanted to pull him up, but restrained himself.
  434. catastrophe
    a sudden violent change in the earth's surface
    "Oh well, come along now, and take your ladies away; the catastrophe over."
  435. detached
    no longer connected or joined
    It swayed in the gloom and detached itself.
  436. sway
    move back and forth
    It swayed in the gloom and detached itself.
  437. haughty
    having or showing arrogant superiority to
    Granted the exceptions, he agreed that all Englishwomen are haughty and venal.
  438. avert
    turn away or aside
    Since it was certain, he strove to avert it, and looked at some notes he had made on a case at the hospital.
  439. Hindu
    of or relating to or supporting Hinduism
    The temple of another creed, Hindu, Christian, or Greek, would have bored him and failed to awaken his sense of beauty.
  440. applaud
    clap one's hands or shout to indicate approval
    He made pleasant remarks and a few jokes, which were applauded lustily, but he knew something to the discredit of nearly every one of his guests, and was consequently perfunctory.
  441. despise
    look down on with disdain
    He pointed to the dusky line beyond the court, and here and there it flashed a pince-nez or shuffled a shoe, as if aware that he was despising it.
  442. dome
    a concave shape whose concavity faces downward
    Clouds map it tip at times, but it is normally a dome of blending tints, and the main tint blue.
  443. sculpture
    a three-dimensional work of plastic art
    "Oh no, not at all; at Elephanta there are sculptures of Siva and Parvati.
  444. qualified
    meeting the proper standards and requirements for a task
    It was the qualified bray of the callow official, the "I am not perfect, but--" that got on her nerves.
  445. grammar
    the branch of linguistics that deals with sentence structure
    The schoolboy murmured that another boy had told him, also that the bad English grammar the Government obliged them to use often gave the wrong meaning for words, and so led scholars into mistakes.
  446. caste
    a hereditary social class among Hindus
    He felt disloyal to his caste, but he promised, adding, "In return please don't talk about Aziz to Adela."
  447. inspire
    serve as the inciting cause of
    Outwardly of the large shaggy type, with sprawling limbs and blue eyes, he appeared to inspire confidence until he spoke.
  448. ignored
    disregarded
    They ignored him.
  449. blunder
    an embarrassing mistake
    Everyone was laughing now, but with no suggestion that they had blundered.
  450. deceive
    cause someone to believe an untruth
    Her voice had deceived him.
  451. salute
    greet in a friendly way
    Nationality was returning, but before it could exert its poison they parted, saluting each other.
  452. tension
    the action of stretching something tight
    He could not play, but his pony could, and he set himself to learn, free from all human tension.
  453. subordinate
    an assistant subject to the authority or control of another
    He began: "Dear Sir,--At your express command I have hastened as a subordinate should--" and then stopped.
  454. cushion
    protect from impact
    "I've never heard of these caves, I don't know what or where they are," said Mrs. Moore, "but I really can't have "-she tapped the cushion beside her--" so much quarrelling and tiresomeness!"
  455. weave
    pattern or structure of a fabric
    He never realized that the educated Indians visited one another constantly, and were weaving, however painfully, a new social fabric.
  456. detach
    cause to become separated
    It swayed in the gloom and detached itself.
  457. cautious
    showing careful forethought
    This was Adela Quested, the queer, cautious girl whom Ronny had commissioned her to bring from England, and Ronny was her son, also cautious, whom Miss Quested would probably though not certainly marry, and she herself was an elderly lady.
  458. contribute
    provide
    On the right, over in the club, the English community contributed an amateur orchestra.
  459. depression
    a sunken or lowered geological formation
    As he entered their arid tidiness, depression suddenly seized him.
  460. quest
    the act of searching for something
    This was Adela Quested, the queer, cautious girl whom Ronny had commissioned her to bring from England, and Ronny was her son, also cautious, whom Miss Quested would probably though not certainly marry, and she herself was an elderly lady.
  461. achieve
    to gain with effort
    As long as someone abused the English, all went well, but nothing constructive had been achieved, and if the English were to leave India, the committee would vanish also.
  462. blend
    mix together different elements
    Clouds map it tip at times, but it is normally a dome of blending tints, and the main tint blue.
  463. announce
    make known
    A servant announced dinner.
  464. divert
    turn aside; turn away from
    Their attention was diverted.
  465. electricity
    a physical phenomenon that can produce light, heat and power
    The nucleus was a wire which had been inserted as a homage to electricity.
  466. crook
    a long staff with one end being hook shaped
    "How if he went to heaven? "asked Mrs. Moore, with a gentle but crooked smile.
  467. label
    a brief description given for purposes of identification
    Unlike the green bird or the hairy animal, she was labelled now.
  468. torch
    a light usually carried in the hand
    "Exactly; you wish to borrow this electric torch."
  469. vex
    disturb, especially by minor irritations
    He thought, "She is certainly ageing, and I ought not to be vexed with anything she says."
  470. convince
    make realize the truth or validity of something
    While the tale was in progress, it convinced the two men, the tragedy seemed a slur on the whole community; better polygamy almost, than that a woman should die without the joys God has intended her to receive.
  471. approve
    judge to be right or commendable; think well of
    Ronny approved of religion as long as it endorsed the National Anthem, but he objected when it attempted to influence his life.
  472. arrange
    put into a proper or systematic order
    Apparently the Turtons will arrange something for next Tuesday."
  473. substitute
    a person or thing that can take the place of another
    A community that bows the knee to a Viceroy and believes that the divinity that hedges a king can be transplanted, must feel some reverence for any viceregal substitute.
  474. inspector
    an investigator who observes carefully
    He was over forty when he entered that oddest portal, the Victoria Terminus at Bombay, and--having bribed a European ticket inspector--took his luggage into the compartment of his first tropical train.
  475. acquire
    come into the possession of something concrete or abstract
    Especially after the rains do they screen what passes below, but at all times, even when scorched or leafless, they glorify the city to the English people who inhabit the rise, so that newcorners cannot believe it to be as meagre as it is described, and h
  476. notable
    worthy of notice
    Their ignorance of the Arts was notable, and they lost no opportunity of proclaiming it to one another; it was the Public School attitude; flourishing more vigorously than it can yet hope to do in England.
  477. orchestra
    a musical organization consisting of instrumentalists
    On the right, over in the club, the English community contributed an amateur orchestra.
  478. picturesque
    suggesting or suitable for an artistic composition
    "I'm tired of seeing picturesque figures pass before me as a frieze," the girl explained.
  479. gratify
    make happy or satisfied
    "It's decent of the Burra Sahib," chattered Ronny, much gratified at the civility that had been shown to his guests.
  480. polite
    showing regard for others in manners, speech, behavior, etc.
    He had as a matter of fact said, "Damn Aziz"-- words
    that the servant understood, but was too polite to repeat.
  481. engage
    consume all of one's attention or time
    Would they, or would they not, succeed in becoming engaged to be married?
  482. qualify
    prove capable or fit; meet requirements
    It was the qualified bray of the callow official, the "I am not perfect, but--" that got on her nerves.
  483. regain
    get or find back; recover the use of
    India--a hundred Indias--whispered outside beneath the indifferent moon, but for the time India seemed one and their own, and they regained their departed greatness by hearing its departure lamented, they felt young again because reminded that yout
  484. flutter
    flap the wings rapidly or fly with flapping movements
    They left among a flutter of compliments and smiles, and three ladies, who had hitherto taken no part in the reception, suddenly shot out of the summer-house like exquisitely coloured swallows, and salaamed them.
  485. illusion
    an erroneous mental representation
    He believed that a "Bridge Party" did good rather than harm, or he would not have given one, but he was under no illusions, and at the proper moment he retired to the English side of the lawn.
  486. urge
    force or impel in an indicated direction
    The gentlemen whom he had lectured now urged one another to attend the party, although convinced at heart that his advice was unsound.
  487. pillar
    a vertical cylindrical structure supporting a structure
    He repeated the phrase with tears in his eyes, and as he did so one of the pillars of the mosque seemed to quiver.
  488. interpret
    make sense of; assign a meaning to
    The point she made was never the relevant point, her arguments conclusive but barren, she was reminded that he had expert knowledge and she none, and that experience would not help her because she could not interpret it.
  489. insect
    small air-breathing arthropod
    Bats, rats, birds, insects will as soon nest inside a house as out; it is to them a normal growth of the eternal jungle, which alternately produces houses trees, houses trees.
  490. altered
    changed in form or character without becoming something else
    His voice altered.
  491. gap
    an open or empty space in or between things
    She was stopping for a fortnight with the McBrydes, the police people, and she had been so good as to fill up a gap in the cast at the last moment.
  492. pan
    shallow container made of metal
    "Had you not better clean your teeth after pan?"
  493. divide
    a serious disagreement between two groups of people
    A gulf divided him from either; he had seen too many cities and men to be the first or to become the second.
  494. pledge
    a binding commitment to do or give or refrain from something
    "Are you too pledged to this expedition, mother?"
  495. appropriate
    suitable for a particular person, place, or situation
    Disinclined to return to tl1e audience, she went into the billiard room, where she was greeted by "I want to see the _real_ India," and her appropriate life came back with a rush.
  496. fatigue
    temporary loss of strength and energy from hard work
    Nevertheless walking fatigued him, as it fatigues everyone in India except the new-corner.
  497. inhabit
    live in; be a resident of
    Especially after the rains do they screen what passes below, but at all times, even when scorched or leafless, they glorify the city to the English people who inhabit the rise, so that newcorners cannot believe it to be as meagre as it is described
  498. elegant
    refined and tasteful in appearance, behavior, or style
    Feeling that he could not further decrease the social gulf between himself and his auditors, he sent his elegant grandson, who was in attendance on him, to fetch his car.
  499. signify
    denote or connote
    But the mosque--that alone signified, and he returned to it from the complex appeal of the night, and decked it with meanings the builder had never intended.
  500. invisible
    impossible or nearly impossible to see
    She did not dislike _Cousin Kate_ or the National Anthem, but their note had died into a new one, just as cocktails and cigars had died into invisible flowers.
  501. exert
    put to use
    He advised them not to exert themselves.
  502. admire
    feel high regard for
    I admire them."
  503. topic
    the subject matter of a conversation or discussion
    Having censured the circumcision, she bethought her of kindred topics, and asked Aziz when he was going to be married.
  504. varied
    characterized by diversity
    His career, though scholastic, was varied, and had included going to the bad and repenting thereafter.
  505. fundamental
    serving as an essential component
    But it was an amusement of the emotions and nerves, which an accident or the passage of time might destroy; it was apart from the fundamental gaiety that he reached when he was with those whom he trusted.
  506. realm
    a domain in which something is dominant
    Slightly immersed in the realms of matter, he laid his hand on the bicycle's saddle, while a servant did the actual wheeling.
  507. convenient
    suited to your comfort or purpose or needs
    "Whenever is convenient."
  508. creed
    any system of principles or beliefs
    The temple of another creed, Hindu, Christian, or Greek, would have bored him and failed to awaken his sense of beauty.
  509. obscure
    not clearly understood or expressed
    The remark suggested that he, an obscure Indian, had no right to have heard of Post Impressionism--a privilege reserved for the Ruling Race, that.
  510. globe
    an object with a spherical shape
    His mother did not signify--she was just a globe-trotter, a temporary escort, who could retire to England with what impressions she chose.
  511. compound
    a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts
    Aziz held his hands under the ewer, dried them, fitted on his green felt hat, and then with unexpected energy whizzed out of Hamidullah's compound.
  512. recover
    regain or make up for
    Indeed all the ladies were uncertain, cowering, recovering, giggling, making tiny gestures of atonement or despair at all that was said, and alternately fondling the terrier or shrinking from him.
  513. indifferent
    marked by a lack of interest
    India--a hundred Indias--whispered outside beneath the indifferent moon, but for the time India seemed one and their own, and they regained their departed greatness by hearing its departure lamented, they felt young again because reminded that yout
  514. persist
    refuse to stop
    Houses do fall, people are drowned and left rotting, but the general outline of the town persists, swelling here, shrinking there, like some low but indestructible form of life.
  515. retire
    withdraw from active participation
    At Chandrapore the Turtons were little gods; soon they would retire to some suburban villa, and die exiled from glory.
  516. costume
    the attire characteristic of a country, time or social class
    European costume had lighted like a leprosy.
  517. retort
    a quick reply to a question or remark
    "India isn't home," he retorted, rather rudely, but in order to silence her he had been using phrases and arguments that he had picked up from older officials, and he did not feel quite sure of himself.
  518. escort
    accompany
    She accepted his escort back to the club, and said at the gate that she wished she was a member, so that she could have asked him in.
  519. outline
    the line that appears to bound an object
    Houses do fall, people are drowned and left rotting, but the general outline of the town persists, swelling here, shrinking there, like some low but indestructible form of life.
  520. embrace
    squeeze tightly in your arms, usually with fondness
    And there were circles even beyond these-people who wore nothing but a loincloth, people who wore not even that, and spent their lives in knocking two sticks together before a scarlet doll-- humanity grading and drifting beyond the educated vision, until
  521. seize
    take hold of; grab
    As he entered their arid tidiness, depression suddenly seized him.
  522. sensitive
    responsive to physical stimuli
    When he turned into Major Callendar's compound he could with difficulty restrain himself from getting down from the tonga and approaching the bungalow on foot, and this not because his soul was servile but because his feelings--the sensitive edges
  523. diminish
    decrease in size, extent, or range
    The mere fact of examination caused it to diminish.
  524. point of view
    a mental position from which things are perceived
    "I dislike them not because I'm English, but from my own personal point of view," she corrected.
  525. blossom
    a flower or cluster of flowers on a plant
    The trees smelt sweet--green- blossomed champak--and scraps of Persian poetry came into his head.
  526. decline
    grow worse
    Individually it knew better; as a club it declined to change.
  527. temporary
    not permanent; not lasting
    His mother did not signify--she was just a globe-trotter, a temporary escort, who could retire to England with what impressions she chose.
  528. Persian
    of or relating to Iran or its people or language or culture
    The trees smelt sweet--green-blossomed champak--and scraps of Persian poetry came into his head.
  529. restrain
    hold back
    When he turned into Major Callendar's compound he could with difficulty restrain himself from getting down from the tonga and approaching the bungalow on foot, and this not because his soul was servile but because his feelings--the sensitive edges
  530. illness
    impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism
    "All illness proceeds from Hindus," Mr. Haq said.
  531. tank
    a large vessel for holding gases or liquids
    They rise from the gardens where ancient tanks nourish them, they burst out of stifling purlieus and unconsidered temples.
  532. surgeon
    a physician who specializes in surgery
    A servant in scarlet interrupted him; he was the chuprassi of the Civil Surgeon, and he handed Aziz a note.
  533. healthy
    free from infirmity or disease
    He lay in a trance, sensuous but healthy, through which the talk of the two others did not seem particularly sad--they were discussing as to whether or no it is possible to be friends with an Englishman.
  534. imply
    express or state indirectly
    He implied that he had once been as she, though not for long.
  535. definite
    precise; explicit and clearly defined
    The phrases worked and were in current use at the club, but she was
    rather clever at detecting the first from the second hand, and might press him for definite examples.
  536. apt
    being of striking pertinence
    They are apt to lie out in the evening."
  537. magistrate
    a lay judge or civil authority who administers the law
    He is the City Magistrate here."

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