James Joyce's "Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man"

Vocabulary study list from James Joyce's "Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man."
Read more...

Activities for this list:

definitions & notes only words
  1. prefect
    a chief officer or chief magistrate
    All were shouting and the prefects urged them on with strong cries.
  2. soutane
    a long cassock with buttons down the front
    Then at the door of the castle the rector had shaken hands with his father and mother, his soutane fluttering in the breeze, and the car had driven off with his father and mother on it.
  3. rector
    a person authorized to conduct religious worship
    Then at the door of the castle the rector had shaken hands with his father and mother, his soutane fluttering in the breeze, and the car had driven off with his father and mother on it.
  4. refectory
    a communal dining-hall, usually in a monastery
    Rody Kickham had greaves in his number and a hamper in the refectory.
  5. study hall
    a period of time during the school day that is set aside for study
    After supper in the study hall he would change the number pasted up inside his desk from seventy-seven to seventy-six.
  6. sodality
    people engaged in a particular occupation
    On the wall of his bedroom hung an illuminated scroll, the certificate of his prefecture in the college of the sodality of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
  7. tusker
    any mammal with prominent tusks
    He paused for a moment and then said mysteriously: --They were caught with Simon Moonan and Tusker Boyle in the square one night.
  8. scut
    a short erect tail
    I know why they scut.
  9. collywobbles
    severe gastroenteritis of unknown etiology
    And while he was dressing himself as quickly as he could the prefect said: --We must pack off to Brother Michael because we have the collywobbles!
  10. infirmary
    a health facility where patients receive treatment
    The prefect was there again and it was his voice that was saying that he was to get up, that Father Minister had said he was to get up and dress and go to the infirmary.
  11. singlet
    a collarless men's undergarment for the upper part of the body
    Against the walls stood companies of barbells and Indian clubs; the dumbbells were piled in one corner: and in the midst of countless hillocks of gymnasium shoes and sweaters and singlets in untidy brown parcels there stood the stout leather-jacket
  12. catholic
    free from provincial prejudices or attachments
    --A nice answer, said Dante, for any man calling himself a catholic to give to his priest.
  13. judgement
    the act of judging or assessing a person or situation
    They are, as you know from your catechism, death, judgement, hell, and heaven.
  14. cross examine
    question closely, or question a witness that has already been questioned by the opposing side
    Mr Dedalus had ordered drisheens for breakfast and during the meal he cross-examined the waiter for local news.
  15. telegraph pole
    tall pole supporting telephone wires
    The telegraph poles were passing, passing.
  16. vestry
    a room in a church where sacred vessels and vestments are kept or meetings are held
    A score of the younger boys in white knickers and singlets came pattering down from the stage, through the vestry and to the chapel.
  17. pock
    mark with a scar
    They said: pick, pack, pock, puck: little drops of water in a fountain slowly falling in the brimming bowl.
  18. surd
    a consonant produced without sound from the vocal cords
    Do you mean to say that you are not able to tell me what a surd is?
  19. front bench
    any of the front seats in the House of Commons that are reserved for ministers or former ministers
    Stephen sat in the front bench of the chapel.
  20. feast day
    a day designated for feasting
    He clasped his hands on the desk and said: --The retreat will begin on Wednesday afternoon in honour of saint Francis Xavier whose feast day is Saturday.
  21. fox terrier
    small lively black-and-white terriers formerly used to dig out foxes
    A waiter was running up a trail of bunting on the flagstaff and a fox terrier was scampering to and fro on the sunny lawn.
  22. belvedere
    densely branched Eurasian plant
    I mean about Belvedere.
  23. holly
    any tree or shrub of the genus Ilex having red berries and shiny evergreen leaves with prickly edges
    There were holly and ivy round the pierglass and holly and ivy, green and red, twined round the chandeliers.
  24. baptize
    administer a sacrament signifying spiritual rebirth
    If a layman in giving baptism pour the water before saying the words is the child baptized?
  25. christian
    following the teachings or manifesting the qualities or spirit of Jesus Christ
    --I never liked the idea of sending him to the christian brothers myself, said Mrs Dedalus.
  26. scald
    burn with a hot liquid or steam
    A hot burning stinging tingling blow like the loud crack of a broken stick made his trembling hand crumple together like a leaf in the fire: and at the sound and the pain scalding tears were driven into his eyes.
  27. paper flower
    Brazilian vine that tends to flower continuously
    At night he built up on the parlour table an image of the wonderful island cave out of transfers and paper flowers and coloured tissue paper and strips of the silver and golden paper in which chocolate is wrapped.
  28. puck
    a vulcanized rubber disk used in ice hockey
    They said: pick, pack, pock, puck: little drops of water in a fountain slowly falling in the brimming bowl.
  29. muscatel
    wine from muscat grapes
    Both on the outward and on the homeward journey he measured distance by this landmark: and in his imagination he lived through a long train of adventures, marvellous as those in the book itself, towards the close of which there appeared an image of himsel
  30. crumple
    gather something into small wrinkles or folds
    A hot burning stinging tingling blow like the loud crack of a broken stick made his trembling hand crumple together like a leaf in the fire: and at the sound and the pain scalding tears were driven into his eyes.
  31. sacristy
    a room in a church where sacred vessels and vestments are kept or meetings are held
    Then he said secretly: --You know the altar wine they keep in the press in the sacristy?
  32. grammar
    the branch of linguistics that deals with sentence structure
    But Wells must know the right answer for he was in third of grammar.
  33. twister
    a localized and violently destructive windstorm occurring over land characterized by a funnel-shaped cloud extending toward the ground
    And all over the playgrounds they were playing rounders and bowling twisters and lobs.
  34. Ecclesiastes
    an Old Testament book consisting of reflections on the vanity of human life; is traditionally attributed to Solomon but probably was written about 250 BC
    * * * * * --REMEMBER ONLY THY LAST THINGS AND THOU SHALT NOT SIN FOR EVER--words taken, my dear little brothers in Christ, from the book of Ecclesiastes, seventh chapter, fortieth verse.
  35. brass instrument
    a wind instrument that consists of a brass tube (usually of variable length) that is blown by means of a cup-shaped or funnel-shaped mouthpiece
    In a quiet bystreet a German band of five players in faded uniforms and with battered brass instruments was playing to an audience of street arabs and leisurely messenger boys.
  36. humiliate
    cause to feel shame
    He felt no stage fright but the thought of the part he had to play humiliated him.
  37. fade out
    become weaker
    The images of the dead were all strangers to him save that of uncle Charles, an image which had lately been fading out of memory.
  38. sinner
    a person who sins (without repenting)
    He was a public sinner.
  39. racehorse
    a horse bred for racing
    He told Stephen that his name was Athy and that his father kept a lot of racehorses that were spiffing jumpers and that his father would give a good tip to Brother Michael any time he wanted it because Brother Michael was very decent and always tol
  40. symbolizing
    the act of representing something with a symbol
    The glories of Mary held his soul captive: spikenard and myrrh and frankincense, symbolizing her royal lineage, her emblems, the late-flowering plant and late-blossoming tree, symbolizing the age-long gradual growth of her cultus among men.
  41. communion
    sharing thoughts and feelings
    Because on the day when he had made his first holy communion in the chapel he had shut his eyes and opened his mouth and put out his tongue a little: and when the rector had stooped down to give him the holy communion he had smelt a faint winy smel
  42. dispossession
    the expulsion of someone (such as a tenant) from the possession of land by process of law
    He knew, however, that his father's property was going to be sold by auction, and in the manner of his own dispossession he felt the world give the lie rudely to his phantasy.
  43. rhymester
    a writer who composes rhymes; a maker of poor verses
    Why, he's only a rhymester!
  44. fascinate
    attract; cause to be enamored
    The child leaned her ringletted head against her mother's sleeve, gazing on the picture, and murmured as if fascinated: --The beautiful Mabel Hunter!
  45. squalor
    sordid dirtiness
    He was angry with himself for being young and the prey of restless foolish impulses, angry also with the change of fortune which was reshaping the world about him into a vision of squalor and insincerity.
  46. grace note
    an embellishing note usually written in smaller size
    He had little turns for it, grace notes that he used to put in that I haven't got.
  47. monstrance
    (Roman Catholic Church) a vessel (usually of gold or silver) in which the consecrated Host is exposed for adoration
    Perhaps they had stolen a monstrance to run away with and sell it somewhere.
  48. urge
    force or impel in an indicated direction
    All were shouting and the prefects urged them on with strong cries.
  49. gamecock
    a cock bred and trained for fighting
    Fed up, by God, like gamecocks.
  50. coughing
    a sudden noisy expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages; a common symptom of upper respiratory infection or bronchitis or pneumonia or tuberculosis
    He broke into a fit of laughter and coughing and added: --...manufacturing that champagne for those fellows.
  51. simoom
    a violent hot sand-laden wind on the deserts of Arabia and North Africa
    Stephen's heart had withered up like a flower of the desert that feels the simoom coming from afar.
  52. spikenard
    an aromatic ointment used in antiquity
    The glories of Mary held his soul captive: spikenard and myrrh and frankincense, symbolizing her royal lineage, her emblems, the late-flowering plant and late-blossoming tree, symbolizing the age-long gradual growth of her cultus among men.
  53. quadrangle
    a four-sided polygon
    They entered the grounds of the college and were led by the garrulous porter across the quadrangle.
  54. allure
    the power to entice or attract through personal charm
    He had emerged from a two years' spell of revery to find himself in the midst of a new scene, every event and figure of which affected him intimately, disheartened him or allured and, whether alluring or disheartening, filled him always with unrest
  55. catechism
    an elementary book summarizing the principles of a religion
    Then you can ask him questions on the catechism, Dedalus.
  56. quick march
    marching at quick time
    The prefect cried: -- Quick march!
  57. dewlap
    a hanging fold of loose skin on an elderly person's neck
    He's very moist and watery about the dewlaps, God bless him.
  58. college
    an institution of higher education
    His mother had told him not to speak with the rough boys in the college.
  59. theme
    the subject matter of a conversation or discussion
    The class must be doing the themes or perhaps Father Arnall was reading out of the book.
  60. playbill
    a theatrical program
    Yet as he prowled in quest of that call, his senses, stultified only by his desire, would note keenly all that wounded or shamed them; his eyes, a ring of porter froth on a clothless table or a photograph of two soldiers standing to attention or a gaudy <
  61. crooning
    singing in a soft low tone
    Mr Dedalus began to sway his head to and fro, crooning like a country singer.
  62. wax
    substance solid at normal temperature and insoluble in water
    Father Arnall's face looked very black, but he was not in a wax: he was laughing.
  63. hoodwink
    conceal one's true motives from
    Time was to sin and to enjoy, time was to scoff at God and at the warnings of His holy church, time was to defy His majesty, to disobey His commands, to hoodwink one's fellow men, to commit sin after sin and to hide one's corruption from the sight
  64. censer
    a container for burning incense
    The boy that held the censer had swung it lifted by the middle chain to keep the coals lighting.
  65. moodiness
    a sullen gloomy feeling
    The old restless moodiness had again filled his breast as it had done on the night of the party, but had not found an outlet in verse.
  66. breastbone
    the flat bone that articulates with the clavicles and the first seven pairs of ribs
    He knew that his father had paid a guinea for it in Dunn's of D'Olier Street and that the man had prodded it often at the breastbone to show how good it was: and he remembered the man's voice when he had said: --Take that one, sir.
  67. dusk
    the time of day immediately following sunset
    A dusk like that of the outer world obscured his mind as he heard the mare's hoofs clattering along the tramtrack on the Rock Road and the great can swaying and rattling behind him.
  68. stage fright
    fear that affects a person about to face an audience
    He felt no stage fright but the thought of the part he had to play humiliated him.
  69. rheum
    a watery discharge from the mucous membranes
    He wore about his shoulders a heavy cloak; his pale face was drawn and his voice broken with rheum.
  70. foreshore
    the part of the seashore between the highwater mark and the low-water mark
    The gang made forays into the gardens of old maids or went down to the castle and fought a battle on the shaggy weed-grown rocks, coming home after it weary stragglers with the stale odours of the foreshore in their nostrils and the rank oils of th
  71. house of God
    any building where congregations gather for prayer
    --I'LL PAY YOUR DUES, FATHER, WHEN YOU CEASE TURNING THE HOUSE OF GOD INTO A POLLING-BOOTH.
  72. tryst
    a secret rendezvous, especially between lovers
    They would meet quietly as if they had known each other and had made their tryst, perhaps at one of the gates or in some more secret place.
  73. moment
    an indefinitely short time
    He felt his whole body hot and confused in a moment.
  74. theatre
    a building where performances can be presented
    He watched the visitors come down the steps from the house and pass into the theatre.
  75. rosebush
    any of many shrubs of the genus Rosa that bear roses
    Outside Blackrock, on the road that led to the mountains, stood a small whitewashed house in the garden of which grew many rosebushes: and in this house, he told himself, another Mercedes lived.
  76. elude
    escape, either physically or mentally
    A vague dissatisfaction grew up within him as he looked on the quays and on the river and on the lowering skies and yet he continued to wander up and down day after day as if he really sought someone that eluded him.
  77. vaulting
    (architecture) a vaulted structure
    Against the walls stood companies of barbells and Indian clubs; the dumbbells were piled in one corner: and in the midst of countless hillocks of gymnasium shoes and sweaters and singlets in untidy brown parcels there stood the stout leather-jacketed v
  78. sway
    move back and forth
    Mr Dedalus began to sway his head to and fro, crooning like a country singer.
  79. gymnasium
    athletic facility equipped for sports or physical training
    Against the walls stood companies of barbells and Indian clubs; the dumbbells were piled in one corner: and in the midst of countless hillocks of gymnasium shoes and sweaters and singlets in untidy brown parcels there stood the stout leather-jacket
  80. bend
    form a curve
    He was caught in the whirl of a scrimmage and, fearful of the flashing eyes and muddy boots, bent down to look through the legs.
  81. Good Shepherd
    a teacher and prophet born in Bethlehem and active in Nazareth; his life and sermons form the basis for Christianity (circa 4 BC - AD 29)
    No longer the lowly Lamb of God, no longer the meek Jesus of Nazareth, no longer the Man of Sorrows, no longer the Good Shepherd, He is seen now coming upon the clouds, in great power and majesty, attended by nine choirs of angels, angels and archa
  82. repeat
    say or state again
    He rolled his stockings off and put on his nightshirt quickly and knelt trembling at his bedside and repeated his prayers quickly, fearing that the gas would go down.
  83. evening
    the latter part of the day
    The evening air was pale and chilly and after every charge and thud of the footballers the greasy leather orb flew like a heavy bird through the grey light.
  84. canker
    an ulcerlike sore
    Canker is a disease of plants, Cancer one of animals.
  85. rowan
    Eurasian tree with orange-red berrylike fruits
    He wondered from which window Hamilton Rowan had thrown his hat on the ha-ha and had there been flowerbeds at that time under the windows.
  86. confuse
    mistake one thing for another
    Stephen tried his best, but the sum was too hard and he felt confused.
  87. desuetude
    a state of inactivity or disuse
    The commonwealth fell, the loan bank closed its coffers and its books on a sensible loss, the rules of life which he had drawn about himself fell into desuetude.
  88. Blessed
    worthy of worship
    And she did not like him to play with Eileen because Eileen was a protestant and when she was young she knew children that used to play with protestants and the protestants used to make fun of the litany of the Blessed Virgin.
  89. heartburn
    a painful burning sensation in the chest
    And when Dante made that noise after dinner and then put up her hand to her mouth: that was heartburn.
  90. brush
    an implement that has hairs or bristles set into a handle
    Dante had two brushes in her press.
  91. parley
    a negotiation between enemies
    History was all about those men and what they did and that was what Peter Parley's Tales about Greece and Rome were all about.
  92. appease
    make peace with
    It was a submission and Mr Tate, appeased, folded up the essay and passed it across to him, saying: --O...Ah! EVER REACHING.
  93. premonition
    an early warning about a future event
    He did not know where to seek it or how, but a premonition which led him on told him that this image would, without any overt act of his, encounter him.
  94. eyeglass
    lens for correcting defective vision in one eye
    Mr Dedalus put up his eyeglass and, staring down at him, said quietly and kindly: --What are you laughing at, you little puppy, you?
  95. beatitude
    a state of supreme happiness
    How comes it that while the first beatitude promises the kingdom of heaven to the poor of heart the second beatitude promises also to the meek that they shall possess the land?
  96. bent
    stooped (used of the back and knees)
    He was caught in the whirl of a scrimmage and, fearful of the flashing eyes and muddy boots, bent down to look through the legs.
  97. image
    a visual representation produced on a surface
    At night he built up on the parlour table an image of the wonderful island cave out of transfers and paper flowers and coloured tissue paper and strips of the silver and golden paper in which chocolate is wrapped.
  98. maim
    injure or wound seriously and leave permanent disfiguration
    Stephen drew back his maimed and quivering right arm and held out his left hand.
  99. essay
    an analytic or interpretive literary composition
    Stephen, though in deference to his reputation for essay writing he had been elected secretary to the gymnasium, had had no part in the first section of the programme but in the play which formed the second section he had the chief part, that of a
  100. patron saint
    a saint who is considered to be a defender of some group or nation
    --We are assembled here today, my dear little brothers in Christ, for one brief moment far away from the busy bustle of the outer world to celebrate and to honour one of the greatest of saints, the apostle of the Indies, the patron saint also of yo
  101. memory
    the cognitive process whereby past experience is remembered
    The prefect of the chapel prayed above his head and his memory knew the responses: O Lord open our lips And our mouths shall announce Thy praise.
  102. bustle
    move or cause to move energetically or busily
    And amid this new bustling life he might have fancied himself in another Marseille but that he missed the bright sky and the sum-warmed trellises of the wineshops.
  103. flap
    move in a wavy pattern or with a rising and falling motion
    He leaned his elbows on the table and shut and opened the flaps of his ears.
  104. sum
    a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers
    It was the hour for sums.
  105. dormitory
    a large sleeping room containing several beds
    His fingers trembled as he undressed himself in the dormitory.
  106. cultus
    a system of religious beliefs and rituals
    The glories of Mary held his soul captive: spikenard and myrrh and frankincense, symbolizing her royal lineage, her emblems, the late-flowering plant and late-blossoming tree, symbolizing the age-long gradual growth of her cultus among men.
  107. ooze
    pass gradually or leak or as if through small openings
    It broke from him like a wail of despair from a hell of sufferers and died in a wail of furious entreaty, a cry for an iniquitous abandonment, a cry which was but the echo of an obscene scrawl which he had read on the oozing wall of a urinal.
  108. corner
    the point where three areas or surfaces meet or intersect
    He sat in a corner of the playroom pretending to watch a game of dominoes and once or twice he was able to hear for an instant the little song of the gas.
  109. stare
    look at with fixed eyes
    Mr Dedalus put up his eyeglass and, staring down at him, said quietly and kindly: --What are you laughing at, you little puppy, you?
  110. holy place
    a sacred place of pilgrimage
    It was a holy place.
  111. provincial
    associated with an administrative district of a nation
    And if the minister did it he would go to the rector: and the rector to the provincial: and the provincial to the general of the jesuits.
  112. stultify
    deprive of strength or efficiency; make useless or worthless
    Yet as he prowled in quest of that call, his senses, stultified only by his desire, would note keenly all that wounded or shamed them; his eyes, a ring of porter froth on a clothless table or a photograph of two soldiers standing to attention or a
  113. repeated
    recurring again and again
    He rolled his stockings off and put on his nightshirt quickly and knelt trembling at his bedside and repeated his prayers quickly, fearing that the gas would go down.
  114. riddle
    pierce with many holes
    Then he asked: --Are you good at riddles?
  115. sergeant major
    a noncommissioned officer serving as chief administrative officer of a headquarters unit of the Army
    The plump bald sergeant major was testing with his foot the springboard of the vaulting horse.
  116. heavy metal
    a metal of relatively high density (specific gravity greater than about 5) or of high relative atomic weight (especially one that is poisonous like mercury or lead)
    They were waiting for the door to open and for the servants to come in, holding the big dishes covered with their heavy metal covers.
  117. stumble
    miss a step and fall or nearly fall
    Stephen stumbled into the middle of the class, blinded by fear and haste.
  118. foetus
    an unborn or unhatched vertebrate in the later stages of development showing the main recognizable features of the mature animal
    On the desk he read the word FOETUS cut several times in the dark stained wood.
  119. abase
    cause to feel shame
    He had soon given in to them and allowed them to sweep across and abase his intellect, wondering always where they came from, from what den of monstrous images, and always weak and humble towards others, restless and sickened of himself when they h
  120. consecrate
    give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause
    Does a tiny particle of the consecrated bread contain all the body and blood of Jesus Christ or a part only of the body and blood?
  121. idle
    not in action or at work
    You are one of the idlest boys I ever met.
  122. feign
    make believe with the intent to deceive
    He kept on the fringe of his line, out of sight of his prefect, out of the reach of the rude feet, feigning to run now and then.
  123. universe
    everything that exists anywhere
    They were all in different countries and the countries were in continents and the continents were in the world and the world was in the universe.
  124. hornpipe
    an ancient single-reed woodwind; usually made of bone
    She played on the piano the sailor's hornpipe for him to dance.
  125. importune
    beg persistently and urgently
    To the sellers in the market, to the barmen and barmaids, to the beggars who importuned him for a lob Mr Dedalus told the same tale--that he was an old Corkonian, that he had been trying for thirty years to get rid of his Cork accent up in Dublin a
  126. lank
    long and thin and often limp
    The lank brown horses knew it and shook their bells to the clear night in admonition.
  127. flowering plant
    plants having seeds in a closed ovary
    The glories of Mary held his soul captive: spikenard and myrrh and frankincense, symbolizing her royal lineage, her emblems, the late- flowering plant and late-blossoming tree, symbolizing the age-long gradual growth of her cultus among men.
  128. signboard
    structure displaying a board on which advertisements can be posted
    He could scarcely interpret the letters of the signboards of the shops.
  129. croon
    sing softly
    Mr Dedalus began to sway his head to and fro, crooning like a country singer.
  130. vapours
    a state of depression
    Pride and hope and desire like crushed herbs in his heart sent up vapours of maddening incense before the eyes of his mind.
  131. Blessed Virgin
    the mother of Jesus
    And she did not like him to play with Eileen because Eileen was a protestant and when she was young she knew children that used to play with protestants and the protestants used to make fun of the litany of the Blessed Virgin.
  132. fell
    cause to go down by or as if by delivering a blow
    Then Brother Michael went away and after a while the fellow out of third of grammar turned in towards the wall and fell asleep.
  133. symbolize
    express indirectly by an image, form, or model
    The glories of Mary held his soul captive: spikenard and myrrh and frankincense, symbolizing her royal lineage, her emblems, the late-flowering plant and late-blossoming tree, symbolizing the age-long gradual growth of her cultus among men.
  134. dais
    a platform raised above the surrounding level
    The Blessed Sacrament had been removed from the tabernacle and the first benches had been driven back so as to leave the dais of the altar and the space before it free.
  135. raise
    move upwards
    He tried to think of Wells's mother but he did not dare to raise his eyes to Wells's face.
  136. foul
    highly offensive; arousing aversion or disgust
    But when autumn came the cows were driven home from the grass: and the first sight of the filthy cowyard at Stradbrook with its foul green puddles and clots of liquid dung and steaming bran troughs, sickened Stephen's heart.
  137. Whitsuntide
    Christian holiday; the week beginning on Whitsunday
    He reassumed the provincial's voice and repeated: --I TOLD THEM ALL AT DINNER ABOUT IT AND FATHER DOLAN AND I AND ALL OF US WE HAD A HEARTY LAUGH TOGETHER OVER IT. HA! HA! HA! * * * * * The night of the Whitsuntide play had come and Stephen from th
  138. baffle
    be a mystery or bewildering to
    He strode down the hill amid the tumult of sudden-risen vapours of wounded pride and fallen hope and baffled desire.
  139. pious
    having or showing or expressing reverence for a deity
    From the evil seed of lust all other deadly sins had sprung forth: pride in himself and contempt of others, covetousness in using money for the purchase of unlawful pleasures, envy of those whose vices he could not reach to and calumnious murmuring agains
  140. tremor
    an involuntary vibration, as if from illness or fear
    A tremor passed over his body.
  141. immerse
    cause to be submerged
    Many of the boys who sat in those front benches a few years ago are perhaps now in distant lands, in the burning tropics, or immersed in professional duties or in seminaries, or voyaging over the vast expanse of the deep or, it may be, already call
  142. throaty
    sounding as if pronounced low in the throat
    --Here comes the noble Dedalus! cried a high throaty voice.
  143. sob
    weep convulsively
    Mr Casey, freeing his arms from his holders, suddenly bowed his head on his hands with a sob of pain.
  144. dull
    so lacking in interest as to cause mental weariness
    --There's a crack of the whip left in me yet, Stephen, old chap, said Mr Dedalus, poking at the dull fire with fierce energy.
  145. muddy
    soft and watery, of soil
    He was caught in the whirl of a scrimmage and, fearful of the flashing eyes and muddy boots, bent down to look through the legs.
  146. traverse
    travel across or pass over
    But the pressure of her fingers had been lighter and steadier: and suddenly the memory of their touch traversed his brain and body like an invisible wave.
  147. archangel
    a spiritual at the highest rank in the celestial hierarchy
    The archangel Michael, the prince of the heavenly host, appeared glorious and terrible against the sky.
  148. salubrious
    promoting health
    The outhouse will do me nicely: it will be more salubrious.
  149. quay
    wharf usually built parallel to the shoreline
    He passed unchallenged among the docks and along the quays wondering at the multitude of corks that lay bobbing on the surface of the water in a thick yellow scum, at the crowds of quay porters and the rumbling carts and the ill-dressed bearded pol
  150. chilly
    appreciably or disagreeably cold
    The evening air was pale and chilly and after every charge and thud of the footballers the greasy leather orb flew like a heavy bird through the grey light.
  151. boorish
    ill-mannered and coarse in behavior or appearance
    The letters of the name of Dublin lay heavily upon his mind, pushing one another surlily hither and thither with slow boorish insistence.
  152. badge
    an emblem that signifies your status
    The little silk badge with the white rose on it that was pinned on the breast of his jacket began to flutter.
  153. incense
    make furious
    And then when all were vested he had stood holding out the boat to the rector and the rector had put a spoonful of incense in it and it had hissed on the red coals.
  154. doomsday
    (New Testament) day at the end of time following Armageddon when God will decree the fates of all individual humans according to the good and evil of their earthly lives
    The doomsday was at hand.
  155. whalebone
    a horny material from the upper jaws of certain whales
    The fellows said it was made of whalebone and leather with lead inside: and he wondered what was the pain like.
  156. brass buttons
    South African herb with golden-yellow globose flower heads
    It seemed to him a solemn time: and he wondered if that was the time when the fellows in Clongowes wore blue coats with brass buttons and yellow waistcoats and caps of rabbitskin and drank beer like grown-up people and kept greyhounds of their own
  157. protrude
    extend out or project in space
    He threw his fist on the table and, frowning angrily, protruded one finger after another.
  158. Holy Ghost
    the third person in the Trinity
    That is the language of the Holy Ghost.
  159. cajole
    influence or urge by gentle urging, caressing, or flattering
    He stooped to the evil of hypocrisy with others, sceptical of their innocence which he could cajole so easily.
  160. rosin
    any of a class of solid or semisolid viscous substances obtained either as exudations from certain plants or prepared by polymerization of simple molecules
    Fleming knelt down, squeezing his hands under his armpits, his face contorted with pain; but Stephen knew how hard his hands were because Fleming was always rubbing rosin into them.
  161. moiety
    one of two approximately equal parts
    He saw himself sitting at his table in Bray the morning after the discussion at the Christmas dinner table, trying to write a poem about Parnell on the back of one of his father's second moiety notices.
  162. shed
    cause or allow to flow or run out or over
    The lamp on the table shed a weak light over the boarded floor, muddied by the feet of the van-men.
  163. whistle
    the sound made by something moving rapidly
    They were men in dark blue and silver; they had silvery whistles and their keys made a quick music: click, click: click, click.
  164. portal
    a grand and imposing entrance
    Death and judgement, brought into the world by the sin of our first parents, are the dark portals that close our earthly existence, the portals that open into the unknown and the unseen, portals through which every soul must pass, alone, unaided sa
  165. foray
    a sudden short attack
    The gang made forays into the gardens of old maids or went down to the castle and fought a battle on the shaggy weed-grown rocks, coming home after it weary stragglers with the stale odours of the foreshore in their nostrils and the rank oils of th
  166. bovine
    any of various wild or domestic cattle
    His soul was fattening and congealing into a gross grease, plunging ever deeper in its dull fear into a sombre threatening dusk while the body that was his stood, listless and dishonoured, gazing out of darkened eyes, helpless, perturbed, and human for a
  167. dabble
    bob under so as to feed off the bottom of a body of water
    In the vestry a plump fresh-faced jesuit and an elderly man, in shabby blue clothes, were dabbling in a case of paints and chalks.
  168. delve
    turn up, loosen, or remove earth
    Mr Tate withdrew his delving hand and spread out the essay.
  169. quench
    satisfy, as thirst
    The indices appearing and disappearing were eyes opening and closing; the eyes opening and closing were stars being born and being quenched.
  170. deadly sin
    an unpardonable sin entailing a total loss of grace
    From the evil seed of lust all other deadly sins had sprung forth: pride in himself and contempt of others, covetousness in using money for the purchase of unlawful pleasures, envy of those whose vices he could not reach to and calumnious murmuring
  171. wainscot
    wooden panels that can be used to line the walls of a room
    The pot of pink enamel paint gave out and the wainscot of his bedroom remained with its unfinished and ill-plastered coat.
  172. rounder
    a tool for rounding corners or edges
    And all over the playgrounds they were playing rounders and bowling twisters and lobs.
  173. infuriate
    make furious
    Nothing moved him or spoke to him from the real world unless he heard in it an echo of the infuriated cries within him.
  174. flutter
    flap the wings rapidly or fly with flapping movements
    Then at the door of the castle the rector had shaken hands with his father and mother, his soutane fluttering in the breeze, and the car had driven off with his father and mother on it.
  175. languor
    inactivity; showing an unusual lack of energy
    The sentiment of the opening bars, their languor and supple movement, evoked the incommunicable emotion which had been the cause of all his day's unrest and of his impatient movement of a moment before.
  176. nasal
    of or in or relating to the nose
    Mr Dedalus, still crooning and swaying his head, began to sing in a grunting nasal tone: O, come all you Roman catholics That never went to mass.
  177. purgatory
    a temporary state of the dead in Roman Catholic theology
    Perhaps he prayed for the souls in purgatory or for the grace of a happy death or perhaps he prayed that God might send him back a part of the big fortune he had squandered in Cork.
  178. fingertip
    the end (tip) of a finger
    The boys who had been painted walked about or stood still awkwardly, touching their faces in a gingerly fashion with their furtive fingertips.
  179. evoke
    call forth, as an emotion, feeling, or response
    The sentiment of the opening bars, their languor and supple movement, evoked the incommunicable emotion which had been the cause of all his day's unrest and of his impatient movement of a moment before.
  180. marshal
    a military officer of highest rank
    He wore the white cloak of a marshal; his face was pale and strange; he held his hand pressed to his side.
  181. schoolroom
    a room in a school where lessons take place
    Chapter 3 The swift December dusk had come tumbling clownishly after its dull day and, as he stared through the dull square of the window of the schoolroom, he felt his belly crave for its food.
  182. vision
    the ability to see
    But the same foreknowledge which had sickened his heart and made his legs sag suddenly as he raced round the park, the same intuition which had made him glance with mistrust at his trainer's flabby stubble-covered face as it bent heavily over his long sta
  183. dance
    taking a series of rhythmical steps in time to music
    She played on the piano the sailor's hornpipe for him to dance.
  184. mummery
    meaningless ceremonies and flattery
    He left the stage quickly and rid himself of his mummery and passed out through the chapel into the college garden.
  185. jostle
    make one's way by pushing or shoving
    From without as from within the waters had flowed over his barriers: their tides began once more to jostle fiercely above the crumbled mole.
  186. gaze
    a long fixed look
    Though he had heard his father say that Mike Flynn had put some of the best runners of modern times through his hands Stephen often glanced at his trainer's flabby stubble-covered face, as it bent over the long stained fingers through which he rolled his
  187. incline
    lower or bend, as in a nod or bow
    Incline unto our aid, O God! O Lord make haste to help us!
  188. listless
    lacking zest or vivacity
    His soul was fattening and congealing into a gross grease, plunging ever deeper in its dull fear into a sombre threatening dusk while the body that was his stood, listless and dishonoured, gazing out of darkened eyes, helpless, perturbed, and human
  189. mantelpiece
    a shelf that projects from a wall above a fireplace
    Mr Dedalus looked at himself in the pierglass above the mantelpiece, waxed out his moustache ends and then, parting his coat-tails, stood with his back to the glowing fire: and still from time to time he withdrew a hand from his coat-tail to wax ou
  190. greave
    armor plate that protects legs below the knee
    Rody Kickham had greaves in his number and a hamper in the refectory.
  191. jamb
    a vertical side member of a door or window frame
    While he smoked the brim of his tall hat and the bowl of his pipe were just visible beyond the jambs of the outhouse door.
  192. ha-ha
    a loud laugh that sounds like a horse neighing
    He wondered from which window Hamilton Rowan had thrown his hat on the ha-ha and had there been flowerbeds at that time under the windows.
  193. phantasy
    imagination unrestricted by reality
    He knew, however, that his father's property was going to be sold by auction, and in the manner of his own dispossession he felt the world give the lie rudely to his phantasy.
  194. equation
    a mathematical statement that two expressions are the same
    The equation on the page of his scribbler began to spread out a widening tail, eyed and starred like a peacock's; and, when the eyes and stars of its indices had been eliminated, began slowly to fold itself together again.
  195. filial
    designating the generation following the parental generation
    He had known neither the pleasure of companionship with others nor the vigour of rude male health nor filial piety.
  196. piety
    righteousness by virtue of being pious
    Stephen knelt at his side respecting, though he did not share, his piety.
  197. dismantle
    take off or remove
    * * * * * Two great yellow caravans had halted one morning before the door and men had come tramping into the house to dismantle it.
  198. renegade
    someone who rebels and becomes an outlaw
    I will defend my church and my religion when it is insulted and spit on by renegade catholics.
  199. creep
    move slowly
    He crept about from point to point on the fringe of his line, making little runs now and then.
  200. scamper
    run or move about quickly or lightly
    A waiter was running up a trail of bunting on the flagstaff and a fox terrier was scampering to and fro on the sunny lawn.
  201. graveyard
    a tract of land used for burials
    And they would carry the coffin out of the chapel slowly and he would be buried in the little graveyard of the community off the main avenue of limes.
  202. witless
    lacking sense or understanding or judgment
    Uncle Charles had grown so witless that he could no longer be sent out on errands and the disorder in settling in the new house left Stephen freer than he had been in Blackrock.
  203. livid
    furiously angry
    His whole body was shaking with fright, his arm was shaking and his crumpled burning livid hand shook like a loose leaf in the air.
  204. jagged
    having a sharply uneven surface or outline
    He sat listening to the words and following the ways of adventure that lay open in the coals, arches and vaults and winding galleries and jagged caverns.
  205. wander
    move or cause to move in a sinuous or circular course
    The vastness and strangeness of the life suggested to him by the bales of merchandise stocked along the walls or swung aloft out of the holds of steamers wakened again in him the unrest which had sent him wandering in the evening from garden to gar
  206. infringe
    advance beyond the usual limit
    The elder boys, of course, will see that this custom is not infringed and I look especially to the prefects and officers of the sodality of Our Blessed Lady and of the sodality of the holy angels to set a good example to their fellow-students.
  207. peer
    look searchingly
    He peered out for an instant over the coverlet and saw the yellow curtains round and before his bed that shut him off on all sides.
  208. fierce
    marked by extreme and violent energy
    He liked to sit near him at the fire, looking up at his dark fierce face.
  209. esplanade
    a stretch of pavement or grass for walking by the seashore
    He was for Ireland and Parnell and so was his father: and so was Dante too for one night at the band on the esplanade she had hit a gentleman on the head with her umbrella because he had taken off his hat when the band played GOD SAVE THE QUEEN at
  210. irreverence
    a mental attitude showing lack of due respect
    The episode ended well, for both Heron and Wallis laughed indulgently at the irreverence.
  211. seize
    take hold of; grab
    Mr Dedalus seized the sauceboat.
  212. japan
    lacquer with a durable glossy black finish, originally from the orient
    A lamp with a reflector hung on the japanned wall of the fireplace and by its light his aunt was reading the evening paper that lay on her knees.
  213. train
    educate for a future role or function
    It made a roar like a train at night.
  214. music
    an artistic form of auditory communication
    They were men in dark blue and silver; they had silvery whistles and their keys made a quick music: click, click: click, click.
  215. jibe
    shift from one side of the ship to the other
    All the leisure which his school life left him was passed in the company of subversive writers whose jibes and violence of speech set up a ferment in his brain before they passed out of it into his crude writings.
  216. frown
    a facial expression of dislike or displeasure
    Dante frowned and said shortly: --No. Mr Dedalus dropped his coat-tails and went over to the sideboard.
  217. trudge
    walk heavily and firmly, as when weary, or through mud
    Trudging along the road or standing in some grimy wayside public house his elders spoke constantly of the subjects nearer their hearts, of Irish politics, of Munster and of the legends of their own family, to all of which Stephen lent an avid ear.
  218. classmate
    an acquaintance that you go to school with
    But his brain had then refused to grapple with the theme and, desisting, he had covered the page with the names and addresses of certain of his classmates: Roderick Kickham John Lawton Anthony MacSwiney Simon Moonan Now it seemed as if he would fai
  219. heresy
    a belief that rejects the orthodox tenets of a religion
    Mr Tate, the English master, pointed his finger at him and said bluntly: --This fellow has heresy in his essay.
  220. heretic
    a person whose religious beliefs conflict with church dogma
    This thrust put the two lieutenants to silence but Heron went on: --In any case Byron was a heretic and immoral too.
  221. wave
    (physics) a movement up and down or back and forth
    They had cried to him from the car, waving their hands: --Goodbye, Stephen, goodbye!
  222. squander
    spend thoughtlessly; throw away
    Perhaps he prayed for the souls in purgatory or for the grace of a happy death or perhaps he prayed that God might send him back a part of the big fortune he had squandered in Cork.
  223. glimmer
    a flash of light
    He saw the darkening lands slipping away past him, the silent telegraph-poles passing his window swiftly every four seconds, the little glimmering stations, manned by a few silent sentries, flung by the mail behind her and twinkling for a moment in
  224. skull
    the bony skeleton of the head of vertebrates
    There was a skull on the desk and a strange solemn smell in the room like the old leather of chairs.
  225. brain
    the center of the nervous system
    But his brain had then refused to grapple with the theme and, desisting, he had covered the page with the names and addresses of certain of his classmates: Roderick Kickham John Lawton Anthony MacSwiney Simon Moonan Now it seemed as if he would fai
  226. dishearten
    take away the enthusiasm of
    He had emerged from a two years' spell of revery to find himself in the midst of a new scene, every event and figure of which affected him intimately, disheartened him or allured and, whether alluring or disheartening, filled him always with unrest
  227. terrier
    any of several usually small short-bodied breeds originally trained to hunt animals living underground
    A waiter was running up a trail of bunting on the flagstaff and a fox terrier was scampering to and fro on the sunny lawn.
  228. myrrh
    aromatic resin that is burned as incense and used in perfume
    The glories of Mary held his soul captive: spikenard and myrrh and frankincense, symbolizing her royal lineage, her emblems, the late-flowering plant and late-blossoming tree, symbolizing the age-long gradual growth of her cultus among men.
  229. poke
    thrust abruptly
    He poked one of the boys in the side with his pandybat, saying: --You, boy!
  230. fringe
    an ornamental border of short lengths of hanging threads
    He kept on the fringe of his line, out of sight of his prefect, out of the reach of the rude feet, feigning to run now and then.
  231. lean
    incline or bend from a vertical position
    It would be nice to lie on the hearthrug before the fire, leaning his head upon his hands, and think on those sentences.
  232. divest
    take away possessions from someone
    Even that night as he stumbled homewards along Jones's Road he had felt that some power was divesting him of that sudden-woven anger as easily as a fruit is divested of its soft ripe peel.
  233. frail
    physically weak
    The light spread upwards from the glass roof making the theatre seem a festive ark, anchored among the hulks of houses, her frail cables of lanterns looping her to her moorings.
  234. awe
    an overwhelming feeling of wonder or admiration
    A faint sickness of awe made him feel weak.
  235. copious
    large in number or quantity
    In a dark corner of the chapel at the gospel side of the altar a stout old lady knelt amid her copious black skirts.
  236. armpit
    the hollow under the arm where it is joined to the shoulder
    Fleming knelt down, squeezing his hands under his armpits, his face contorted with pain; but Stephen knew how hard his hands were because Fleming was always rubbing rosin into them.
  237. reflector
    device that reflects radiation
    A lamp with a reflector hung on the japanned wall of the fireplace and by its light his aunt was reading the evening paper that lay on her knees.
  238. dangle
    hang freely
    Aubrey carried a whistle dangling from his buttonhole and a bicycle lamp attached to his belt while the others had short sticks thrust daggerwise through theirs.
  239. figure
    the form or shape of a person's body
    A figure came up the staircase from the hall.
  240. phrasing
    the manner in which something is expressed in words
    While he did so he sang softly to himself with quaint accent and phrasing: 'Tis youth and folly Makes young men marry, So here, my love, I'll No longer stay.
  241. impalpable
    not perceptible to the touch
    He would fade into something impalpable under her eyes and then in a moment he would be transfigured.
  242. pedagogue
    someone who educates young people
    Stephen, though in deference to his reputation for essay writing he had been elected secretary to the gymnasium, had had no part in the first section of the programme but in the play which formed the second section he had the chief part, that of a farcica
  243. fumble
    feel about uncertainly or blindly
    He turned the handle and opened the door and fumbled for the handle of the green baize door inside.
  244. magistrate
    a lay judge or civil authority who administers the law
    Then Nasty Roche had asked: --Is he a magistrate?
  245. scroll
    a document that can be rolled up (as for storage)
    On the wall of his bedroom hung an illuminated scroll, the certificate of his prefecture in the college of the sodality of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
  246. language
    a means of communicating by the use of sounds or symbols
    But, though there were different names for God in all the different languages in the world and God understood what all the people who prayed said in their different languages, still God remained always the same God and God's real name was God. It m
  247. laggard
    someone who takes more time than necessary
    The hollow rattle of the wooden dumbbells was heard as another team made ready to go up on the stage: and in another moment the excited prefect was hustling the boys through the vestry like a flock of geese, flapping the wings of his soutane nervously and
  248. surplice
    a loose-fitting ecclesiastical vestment with wide sleeves
    There were dark wooden presses there where the crimped surplices lay quietly folded.
  249. timidity
    fear of the unknown or fear of making decisions
    Weakness and timidity and inexperience would fall from him in that magic moment.
  250. red-eye
    travel on an overnight flight
    When all had been safely stowed the vans had set off noisily down the avenue: and from the window of the railway carriage, in which he had sat with his red-eyed mother, Stephen had seen them lumbering along the Merrion Road.
  251. garish
    tastelessly showy
    A few moments after he found himself on the stage amid the garish gas and the dim scenery, acting before the innumerable faces of the void.
  252. riot
    a state of disorder involving group violence
    He recalled his own equivocal position in Belvedere, a free boy, a leader afraid of his own authority, proud and sensitive and suspicious, battling against the squalor of his life and against the riot of his mind.
  253. anoint
    administer an oil or ointment to
    --They are the Lord's anointed, Dante said.
  254. mincing
    affectedly dainty or refined
    Mr Dedalus imitated the mincing nasal tone of the provincial.
  255. portrait
    any likeness of a person, in any medium
    A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man by James Joyce Chapter 1 Once upon a time and a very good time it was there was a moocow coming down along the road and this moocow that was coming down along the road met a nicens little boy named baby tucko
  256. guffaw
    a burst of deep loud hearty laughter
    Mr Dedalus uttered a guffaw of coarse scorn.
  257. grace
    elegance and beauty of movement or expression
    Stephen stood up in his place to say the grace before meals: Bless us, O Lord, and these Thy gifts which through Thy bounty we are about to receive through Christ our Lord.
  258. recite
    repeat aloud from memory
    Stephen felt the skin tingle and glow slightly and almost painlessly; and, bowing submissively, as if to meet his companion's jesting mood, began to recite the CONFITEOR.
  259. haste
    overly eager speed and possible carelessness
    Incline unto our aid, O God! O Lord make haste to help us!
  260. corrugated
    shaped into alternating parallel grooves and ridges
    But he did neither: and, when he was sitting alone in the deserted tram, he tore his ticket into shreds and stared gloomily at the corrugated footboard.
  261. ablative
    the case indicating the agent in passive sentences or the instrument or manner or place of the action described by the verb
    Then he asked Jack Lawton to decline the noun MARE and Jack Lawton stopped at the ablative singular and could not go on with the plural.
  262. gentle
    soft and mild; not harsh or stern or severe
    So long and cruel they were, though the white fattish hands were not cruel but gentle.
  263. congeal
    become gelatinous
    His soul was fattening and congealing into a gross grease, plunging ever deeper in its dull fear into a sombre threatening dusk while the body that was his stood, listless and dishonoured, gazing out of darkened eyes, helpless, perturbed, and human
  264. glance
    take a brief look at
    A silence filled the classroom and Stephen, glancing timidly at Father Arnall's dark face, saw that it was a little red from the wax he was in.
  265. tractable
    easily managed
    While the men were milking the boys would take turns in riding the tractable mare round the field.
  266. crayon
    writing implement consisting of a colored stick of composition wax used for writing and drawing
    Fleming had a box of crayons and one night during free study he had coloured the earth green and the clouds maroon.
  267. mirth
    great merriment
    The mirth, which in the beginning of the evening had seemed to him false and trivial, was like a soothing air to him, passing gaily by his senses, hiding from other eyes the feverish agitation of his blood while through the circling of the dancers
  268. crimp
    make ridges into by pinching together
    There were dark wooden presses there where the crimped surplices lay quietly folded.
  269. sacrament
    a formal religious ceremony conferring a specific grace
    The Blessed Sacrament had been removed from the tabernacle and the first benches had been driven back so as to leave the dais of the altar and the space before it free.
  270. seasoned
    aged or processed
    That was mean of Wells to shoulder him into the square ditch because he would not swop his little snuff box for Wells's seasoned hacking chestnut, the conqueror of forty.
  271. dim
    lacking in light; not bright or harsh
    He heard what her eyes said to him from beneath their cowl and knew that in some dim past, whether in life or revery, he had heard their tale before.
  272. prayer book
    a book containing prayers
    While he prayed he knelt on his red handkerchief and read above his breath from a thumb blackened prayer book wherein catchwords were printed at the foot of every page.
  273. rub
    move over something with pressure
    The fellows were struggling and groaning and their legs were rubbing and kicking and stamping.
  274. brazen
    unrestrained by convention or propriety
    From the theatre opposite came the muffled noise of the audience and sudden brazen clashes of the soldiers' band.
  275. iniquitous
    characterized by injustice or wickedness
    It broke from him like a wail of despair from a hell of sufferers and died in a wail of furious entreaty, a cry for an iniquitous abandonment, a cry which was but the echo of an obscene scrawl which he had read on the oozing wall of a urinal.
  276. cease
    put an end to a state or an activity
    Then their voices ceased; they had gone.
  277. mallow
    any of various plants of the family Malvaceae
    When he awoke the train had passed out of Mallow and his father was stretched asleep on the other seat.
  278. vapour
    a visible suspension in the air of particles of some substance
    Pride and hope and desire like crushed herbs in his heart sent up vapours of maddening incense before the eyes of his mind.
  279. plural
    grammatical number category referring to two or more items
    Then he asked Jack Lawton to decline the noun MARE and Jack Lawton stopped at the ablative singular and could not go on with the plural.
  280. morning star
    a planet seen just before sunrise in the eastern sky
    If ever his soul, re-entering her dwelling shyly after the frenzy of his body's lust had spent itself, was turned towards her whose emblem is the morning star, BRIGHT AND MUSICAL, TELLING OF HEAVEN AND INFUSING PEACE, it was when her names were mur
  281. litany
    any long and tedious address or recital
    And she did not like him to play with Eileen because Eileen was a protestant and when she was young she knew children that used to play with protestants and the protestants used to make fun of the litany of the Blessed Virgin.
  282. tepid
    moderately warm
    He crouched down between the sheets, glad of their tepid glow.
  283. lap
    the upper side of the thighs of a seated person
    He longed to be at home and lay his head on his mother's lap.
  284. fester
    ripen and generate pus
    The preacher's knife had probed deeply into his disclosed conscience and he felt now that his soul was festering in sin.
  285. plunge
    dash violently or with great speed or impetuosity
    As he passed the door he remembered with a vague fear the warm turf-coloured bogwater, the warm moist air, the noise of plunges, the smell of the towels, like medicine.
  286. quiver
    shake with fast, tremulous movements
    At the door Dante turned round violently and shouted down the room, her cheeks flushed and quivering with rage: --Devil out of hell!
  287. hireling
    a person who works only for money
    Carry it out of the house on the shoulders of hirelings.
  288. burst
    come open suddenly and violently
    The scalding water burst forth from his eyes and, burning with shame and agony and fear, he drew back his shaking arm in terror and burst out into a whine of pain.
  289. exult
    feel extreme happiness or elation
    He bore cynically with the shameful details of his secret riots in which he exulted to defile with patience whatever image had attracted his eyes.
  290. asunder
    into parts or pieces
    The gang fell asunder and there were no more nightly forays or battles on the rocks.
  291. avid
    marked by active interest and enthusiasm
    Trudging along the road or standing in some grimy wayside public house his elders spoke constantly of the subjects nearer their hearts, of Irish politics, of Munster and of the legends of their own family, to all of which Stephen lent an avid ear.
  292. proud
    feeling self-respect, self-esteem, or self-importance
    Dante broke in angrily: --If we are a priest-ridden race we ought to be proud of it!
  293. monstrous
    distorted and unnatural in shape or size
    His monstrous reveries came thronging into his memory.
  294. malignant
    dangerous to health
    Though nobody spoke to him of the affair after class he could feel about him a vague general malignant joy.
  295. schoolboy
    a boy attending school
    An old schoolboy trick!
  296. lewd
    suggestive of or tending to moral looseness
    If ever his soul, re-entering her dwelling shyly after the frenzy of his body's lust had spent itself, was turned towards her whose emblem is the morning star, BRIGHT AND MUSICAL, TELLING OF HEAVEN AND INFUSING PEACE, it was when her names were murmured s
  297. knotty
    tangled in snarls
    Struggling and kicking under the cuts of the cane and the blows of the knotty stump Stephen was borne back against a barbed wire fence.
  298. calf
    young of domestic cattle
    A soft peal of mirthless laughter escaped from his lips and, bending down as before, he struck Stephen lightly across the calf of the leg with his cane, as if in jesting reproof.
  299. protagonist
    the principal character in a work of fiction
    Some undefined sorrow was hidden in the hearts of the protagonists as they stood in silence beneath the leafless trees and when the moment of farewell had come the kiss, which had been withheld by one, was given by both.
  300. peasant
    one of a class of agricultural laborers
    It was not like the smell of the old peasants who knelt at the back of the chapel at Sunday mass.
  301. intercede
    act between parties with a view to reconciling differences
    A saint who has great power in heaven, remember: power to intercede for us in our grief; power to obtain whatever we pray for if it be for the good of our souls; power above all to obtain for us the grace to repent if we be in sin.
  302. gland
    any of various organs that synthesize substances needed by the body and release it through ducts or directly into the bloodstream
    Mr Casey leaned his head to one side and, smiling, tapped the gland of his neck with his fingers.
  303. verse
    a piece of poetry
    He read the verses backwards but then they were not poetry.
  304. grate
    reduce to shreds by rubbing against a perforated surface
    * * * * * A great fire, banked high and red, flamed in the grate and under the ivy-twined branches of the chandelier the Christmas table was spread.
  305. devotedly
    with devotion
    As if fascinated, her eyes rested long upon those demurely taunting eyes and she murmured devotedly: --Isn't she an exquisite creature?
  306. besiege
    surround so as to force to give up
    Its murmur besieged his ears like the murmur of some multitude in sleep; its subtle streams penetrated his being.
  307. disjointed
    taken apart at the points of connection
    It surprised him to see that the play which he had known at rehearsals for a disjointed lifeless thing had suddenly assumed a life of its own.
  308. garrulous
    full of trivial conversation
    They entered the grounds of the college and were led by the garrulous porter across the quadrangle.
  309. poet
    a writer of verse
    --O, many say that Newman has the best prose style, Heron said to the other two in explanation, of course he's not a poet.
  310. edge
    a line determining the limits of an area
    A tiny light twinkled at the pierhead where the ship was entering: and he saw a multitude of people gathered by the waters' edge to see the ship that was entering their harbour.
  311. wrangle
    quarrel noisily, angrily, or disruptively
    From the foul laneways he heard bursts of hoarse riot and wrangling and the drawling of drunken singers.
  312. accrue
    grow by addition
    If a man had stolen a pound in his youth and had used that pound to amass a huge fortune how much was he obliged to give back, the pound he had stolen only or the pound together with the compound interest accruing upon it or all his huge fortune?
  313. tiny
    very small
    His mother put her lips on his cheek; her lips were soft and they wetted his cheek; and they made a tiny little noise: kiss.
  314. agony
    intense feelings of suffering; acute mental or physical pain
    The scalding water burst forth from his eyes and, burning with shame and agony and fear, he drew back his shaking arm in terror and burst out into a whine of pain.
  315. infuse
    fill, as with a certain quality
    If ever his soul, re-entering her dwelling shyly after the frenzy of his body's lust had spent itself, was turned towards her whose emblem is the morning star, BRIGHT AND MUSICAL, TELLING OF HEAVEN AND INFUSING PEACE, it was when her names were mur
  316. sully
    make dirty or spotty
    I let her bawl away, to her heart's content, KITTY O'SHEA and the rest of it till at last she called that lady a name that I won't sully this Christmas board nor your ears, ma'am, nor my own lips by repeating.
  317. meek
    humble in spirit or manner
    How comes it that while the first beatitude promises the kingdom of heaven to the poor of heart the second beatitude promises also to the meek that they shall possess the land?
  318. worldly
    characteristic of secularity rather than spirituality
    In the profane world, as he foresaw, a worldly voice would bid him raise up his father's fallen state by his labours and, meanwhile, the voice of his school comrades urged him to be a decent fellow, to shield others from blame or to beg them off an
  319. pause
    cease an action temporarily
    He closed his eyes wearily and paused.
  320. maul
    injure badly
    He mauled the edges of the paper with his reddened and blackened hands, shouldering her aside and complaining that he could not see.
  321. recall
    bring to mind
    He tried to recall her appearance but could not.
  322. turbulence
    instability in the atmosphere
    He mistrusted the turbulence and doubted the sincerity of such comradeship which seemed to him a sorry anticipation of manhood.
  323. pedantic
    marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning
    Heron made a poor attempt to imitate for his friend Wallis the rector's pedantic bass and then, laughing at his failure, asked Stephen to do it.
  324. wail
    a cry of sorrow and grief
    A wail of sorrow went up from the people.
  325. heinous
    extremely wicked, deeply criminal
    Every sin would then come forth from its lurking place, the most rebellious against the divine will and the most degrading to our poor corrupt nature, the tiniest imperfection and the most heinous atrocity.
  326. course
    a connected series of events or actions or developments
    It seemed to him a solemn time: and he wondered if that was the time when the fellows in Clongowes wore blue coats with brass buttons and yellow waistcoats and caps of rabbitskin and drank beer like grown-up people and kept greyhounds of their own to c
  327. intuition
    instinctive knowing, without the use of rational processes
    But the same foreknowledge which had sickened his heart and made his legs sag suddenly as he raced round the park, the same intuition which had made him glance with mistrust at his trainer's flabby stubble-covered face as it bent heavily over his l
  328. tide
    the periodic rise and fall of the sea level
    His heart danced upon her movements like a cork upon a tide.
  329. filthy
    disgustingly dirty
    But when autumn came the cows were driven home from the grass: and the first sight of the filthy cowyard at Stradbrook with its foul green puddles and clots of liquid dung and steaming bran troughs, sickened Stephen's heart.
  330. narrow
    not wide
    He had nothing to do but that: to turn to the right and walk fast up the staircase and in half a minute he would be in the low dark narrow corridor that led through the castle to the rector's room.
  331. terror
    an overwhelming feeling of fear and anxiety
    Stephen, raising his terror-stricken face, saw that his father's eyes were full of tears.
  332. initial
    occurring at the beginning
    From force of habit he had written at the top of the first page the initial letters of the jesuit motto: A.M.D.G.
  333. sunder
    break apart or in two, using violence
    An abyss of fortune or of temperament sundered him from them.
  334. taunt
    harass with persistent criticism or carping
    As if fascinated, her eyes rested long upon those demurely taunting eyes and she murmured devotedly: --Isn't she an exquisite creature?
  335. abbey
    a church or building associated with a monastery or convent
    Perhaps Leicester Abbey was like that.
  336. declare
    state emphatically and authoritatively
    And there were some fellows out of second of grammar listening and one of them said: --The senate and the Roman people declared that Dedalus had been wrongly punished.
  337. spelling
    forming words with letters according to the principles underlying accepted usage
    And there were nice sentences in Doctor Cornwell's Spelling Book.
  338. pore
    any tiny hole admitting passage of a liquid
    His evenings were his own; and he pored over a ragged translation of THE COUNT OF MONTE CRISTO.
  339. wart
    any small rounded protuberance
    There's more cunning in one of those warts on his bald head than in a pack of jack foxes.
  340. undefined
    not precisely limited, determined, or distinguished
    Some undefined sorrow was hidden in the hearts of the protagonists as they stood in silence beneath the leafless trees and when the moment of farewell had come the kiss, which had been withheld by one, was given by both.
  341. fritter
    fried batter containing fruit or meat or vegetables
    He could not eat the blackish fish fritters they got on Wednesdays in lent and one of his potatoes had the mark of the spade in it.
  342. mouthpiece
    a part that goes over or into the mouth of a person
    The imitation was prevented by a mild expression of anger from Wallis in whose mouthpiece the cigarette had become too tightly wedged.
  343. story
    a record or narrative description of past events
    His father told him that story: his father looked at him through a glass: he had a hairy face.
  344. master
    a person who has authority over others
    They looked at him and saw their master's face and cloak and knew that he had received his death-wound.
  345. seraph
    an angel of the first order
    No longer the lowly Lamb of God, no longer the meek Jesus of Nazareth, no longer the Man of Sorrows, no longer the Good Shepherd, He is seen now coming upon the clouds, in great power and majesty, attended by nine choirs of angels, angels and archangels,
  346. intangible
    incapable of being perceived by the senses, especially touch
    While his mind had been pursuing its intangible phantoms and turning in irresolution from such pursuit he had heard about him the constant voices of his father and of his masters, urging him to be a gentleman above all things and urging him to be a
  347. touch
    make physical contact with, come in contact with
    TOUCH THEM NOT, says Christ, FOR THEY ARE THE APPLE OF MY EYE. --And can we not love our country then? asked Mr Casey.
  348. dissipate
    cause to separate and go in different directions
    But the same foreknowledge which had sickened his heart and made his legs sag suddenly as he raced round the park, the same intuition which had made him glance with mistrust at his trainer's flabby stubble-covered face as it bent heavily over his long sta
  349. senate
    assembly possessing high legislative powers
    And there were some fellows out of second of grammar listening and one of them said: --The senate and the Roman people declared that Dedalus had been wrongly punished.
  350. mollify
    cause to be more favorably inclined
    Very cool and mollifying.
  351. grievous
    causing or marked by grief or anguish
    His pride in his own sin, his loveless awe of God, told him that his offence was too grievous to be atoned for in whole or in part by a false homage to the All-seeing and All-knowing.
  352. overt
    open and observable; not secret or hidden
    He did not know where to seek it or how, but a premonition which led him on told him that this image would, without any overt act of his, encounter him.
  353. glower
    look angry or sullen as if to signal disapproval
    From the evil seed of lust all other deadly sins had sprung forth: pride in himself and contempt of others, covetousness in using money for the purchase of unlawful pleasures, envy of those whose vices he could not reach to and calumnious murmuring agains
  354. abyss
    a bottomless gulf or pit
    An abyss of fortune or of temperament sundered him from them.
  355. equivocal
    open to two or more interpretations
    He recalled his own equivocal position in Belvedere, a free boy, a leader afraid of his own authority, proud and sensitive and suspicious, battling against the squalor of his life and against the riot of his mind.
  356. subterfuge
    something intended to misrepresent the nature of an activity
    He cared little that he was in mortal sin, that his life had grown to be a tissue of subterfuge and falsehood.
  357. idolater
    a person who worships idols
    He is said to have baptized as many as ten thousand idolaters in one month.
  358. colonnade
    structure consisting of a row of evenly spaced columns
    * * * * * Stephen's mother and his brother and one of his cousins waited at the corner of quiet Foster Place while he and his father went up the steps and along the colonnade where the Highland sentry was parading.
  359. ozone
    a colorless gas that is a screen for ultraviolet radiation
    Yes... O, well now, we got a good breath of ozone round the Head today.
  360. incite
    provoke or stir up
    He stretched out his arms in the street to hold fast the frail swooning form that eluded him and incited him: and the cry that he had strangled for so long in his throat issued from his lips.
  361. timorous
    timid by nature or revealing timidity
    He waited in timorous silence to hear what Heron might say next.
  362. assemble
    create by putting components or members together
    --We are assembled here today, my dear little brothers in Christ, for one brief moment far away from the busy bustle of the outer world to celebrate and to honour one of the greatest of saints, the apostle of the Indies, the patron saint also of yo
  363. devious
    deviating from a straight course
    He would follow a devious course up and down the streets, circling always nearer and nearer in a tremor of fear and joy, until his feet led him suddenly round a dark corner.
  364. jumper
    a person who jumps
    He told Stephen that his name was Athy and that his father kept a lot of racehorses that were spiffing jumpers and that his father would give a good tip to Brother Michael any time he wanted it because Brother Michael was very decent and always tol
  365. thick
    not thin
    It was all thick slabs of slate and water trickled all day out of tiny pinholes and there was a queer smell of stale water there.
  366. awry
    turned or twisted to one side
    For one rare moment he seemed to be clothed in the real apparel of boyhood: and, as he stood in the wings among the other players, he shared the common mirth amid which the drop scene was hauled upwards by two able-bodied priests with violent jerks and al
  367. scuttle
    an entrance equipped with a hatch
    Thrust it out of men's sight into a long hole in the ground, into the grave, to rot, to feed the mass of its creeping worms and to be devoured by scuttling plump-bellied rats.
  368. futile
    producing no result or effect
    The letters cut in the stained wood of the desk stared upon him, mocking his bodily weakness and futile enthusiasms and making him loathe himself for his own mad and filthy orgies.
  369. spectral
    resembling or characteristic of a phantom
    The firelight flickered on the wall and beyond the window a spectral dusk was gathering upon the river.
  370. flout
    treat with contemptuous disregard
    Dante turned on her and said: --And am I to sit here and listen to the pastors of my church being flouted?
  371. sickness
    impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism
    A faint sickness of awe made him feel weak.
  372. gingerly
    in a manner marked by extreme care or delicacy
    The boys who had been painted walked about or stood still awkwardly, touching their faces in a gingerly fashion with their furtive fingertips.
  373. din
    a loud harsh or strident noise
    And it was the din of all these hollow-sounding voices that made him halt irresolutely in the pursuit of phantoms.
  374. instant
    a very short time
    He sat in a corner of the playroom pretending to watch a game of dominoes and once or twice he was able to hear for an instant the little song of the gas.
  375. poetry
    literature in metrical form
    They were like poetry but they were only sentences to learn the spelling from.
  376. adventure
    a wild and exciting undertaking
    Both on the outward and on the homeward journey he measured distance by this landmark: and in his imagination he lived through a long train of adventures, marvellous as those in the book itself, towards the close of which there appeared an image of
  377. zealous
    marked by active interest and enthusiasm
    But, above and beyond all, let this retreat be one to which you can look back in after years when maybe you are far from this college and among very different surroundings, to which you can look back with joy and thankfulness and give thanks to God for ha
  378. palsy
    loss of the ability to move a body part
    His body shook with a palsy of fright and in shame and rage he felt the scalding cry come from his throat and the scalding tears falling out of his eyes and down his flaming cheeks.
  379. liberator
    someone who releases people from captivity or bondage
    But his father had told him that he would be no stranger there because his granduncle had presented an address to the liberator there fifty years before.
  380. rump
    fleshy hindquarters; behind the loin and above the round
    He'd give you a toe in the rump for yourself.
  381. Virgin Mary
    the mother of Jesus
    On the wall of his bedroom hung an illuminated scroll, the certificate of his prefecture in the college of the sodality of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
  382. throng
    a large gathering of people
    He felt his body small and weak amid the throng of the players and his eyes were weak and watery.
  383. luminary
    a celebrity who is an inspiration to others
    The sun, the great luminary of the universe, had become as sackcloth of hair.
  384. strangle
    kill by squeezing the throat of so as to cut off the air
    He stretched out his arms in the street to hold fast the frail swooning form that eluded him and incited him: and the cry that he had strangled for so long in his throat issued from his lips.
  385. scoff
    laugh at with contempt and derision
    Time was to sin and to enjoy, time was to scoff at God and at the warnings of His holy church, time was to defy His majesty, to disobey His commands, to hoodwink one's fellow men, to commit sin after sin and to hide one's corruption from the sight
  386. demure
    affectedly shy especially in a playful or provocative way
    A figure that had seemed to him by day demure and innocent came towards him by night through the winding darkness of sleep, her face transfigured by a lecherous cunning, her eyes bright with brutish joy.
  387. exodus
    a journey by a group to escape from a hostile environment
    He mounted the steps from the garden in haste, eager that some prey should not elude him, and forced his way through the crowd in the hall and past the two jesuits who stood watching the exodus and bowing and shaking hands with the visitors.
  388. illuminate
    make lighter or brighter
    On the wall of his bedroom hung an illuminated scroll, the certificate of his prefecture in the college of the sodality of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
  389. aromatic
    having a strong pleasant odor
    At the far end of the shed near the street a speck of pink light showed in the darkness and as he walked towards it he became aware of a faint aromatic odour.
  390. sceptical
    marked by or given to doubt
    He stooped to the evil of hypocrisy with others, sceptical of their innocence which he could cajole so easily.
  391. number one
    the first or highest in an ordering or series
    As the fellows in number one were undistinguished dullards, Stephen and Heron had been during the year the virtual heads of the school.
  392. whet
    sharpen by rubbing
    --A thimbleful, John, he said, just to whet your appetite.
  393. outstrip
    go far ahead of
    The essay was for him the chief labour of his week and every Tuesday, as he marched from home to the school, he read his fate in the incidents of the way, pitting himself against some figure ahead of him and quickening his pace to outstrip it befor
  394. drawing
    a representation of forms or objects on a surface by means of lines
    And behind the door of one of the closets there was a drawing in red pencil of a bearded man in a Roman dress with a brick in each hand and underneath was the name of the drawing: Balbus was building a wall.
  395. jaded
    exhausted
    Stephen remained in the background, depressed more than ever by the darkness and silence of the theatre and by the air it wore of jaded and formal study.
  396. subversive
    in opposition to an established system or government
    All the leisure which his school life left him was passed in the company of subversive writers whose jibes and violence of speech set up a ferment in his brain before they passed out of it into his crude writings.
  397. jingle
    a metallic sound
    They drove in a jingle across Cork while it was still early morning and Stephen finished his sleep in a bedroom of the Victoria Hotel.
  398. loathe
    find repugnant
    The letters cut in the stained wood of the desk stared upon him, mocking his bodily weakness and futile enthusiasms and making him loathe himself for his own mad and filthy orgies.
  399. unaided
    carried out without assistance
    Death and judgement, brought into the world by the sin of our first parents, are the dark portals that close our earthly existence, the portals that open into the unknown and the unseen, portals through which every soul must pass, alone, unaided sa
  400. punctual
    acting or arriving exactly at the time appointed
    His prayer, addressed neither to God nor saint, began with a shiver, as the chilly morning breeze crept through the chink of the carriage door to his feet, and ended in a trail of foolish words which he made to fit the insistent rhythm of the train; and s
  401. tender
    easy to cut or chew
    Then he asked uncle Charles was it tender.
  402. sentry
    a person employed to keep watch for some anticipated event
    He saw the darkening lands slipping away past him, the silent telegraph-poles passing his window swiftly every four seconds, the little glimmering stations, manned by a few silent sentries, flung by the mail behind her and twinkling for a moment in
  403. sloth
    a disinclination to work or exert yourself
    From the evil seed of lust all other deadly sins had sprung forth: pride in himself and contempt of others, covetousness in using money for the purchase of unlawful pleasures, envy of those whose vices he could not reach to and calumnious murmuring agains
  404. monologue
    a dramatic speech by a single actor
    Stephen sat on a footstool beside his father listening to a long and incoherent monologue.
  405. cope
    come to terms with
    The rector would be there in a cope of black and gold and there would be tall yellow candles on the altar and round the catafalque.
  406. mock
    treat with contempt
    As he watched this swaying form and tried to read for himself the legend of the priest's mocking smile there came into Stephen's memory a saying which he had heard from his father before he had been sent to Clongowes, that you could always tell a j
  407. sentence
    a string of words satisfying grammatical rules of a language
    And there were nice sentences in Doctor Cornwell's Spelling Book.
  408. irritate
    cause annoyance in
    He wondered how his father, whom he knew for a shrewd suspicious man, could be duped by the servile manners of the porter; and the lively southern speech which had entertained him all the morning now irritated his ears.
  409. imitate
    reproduce someone's behavior or looks
    Mr Dedalus imitated the mincing nasal tone of the provincial.
  410. agile
    moving quickly and lightly
    A team of cricketers passed, agile young men in flannels and blazers, one of them carrying the long green wicket-bag.
  411. festoon
    a decorative representation of a string of flowers
    The consciousness of the warm sunny city outside his window and the tender tremors with which his father's voice festooned the strange sad happy air, drove off all the mists of the night's ill humour from Stephen's brain.
  412. balmy
    mild and pleasant
    The verses told only of the night and the balmy breeze and the maiden lustre of the moon.
  413. freckle
    a small brownish spot on the skin
    The grin broadened on Nash's freckled face as he turned to Stephen and said: --And do you like Cardinal Newman, Dedalus?
  414. chaos
    formless state of matter before the creation of the cosmos
    They were quenched: and the cold darkness filled chaos.
  415. bounce
    spring back; spring away from an impact
    I have two bouncing grandchildren out at Sunday's Well.
  416. perturb
    disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried
    His soul was fattening and congealing into a gross grease, plunging ever deeper in its dull fear into a sombre threatening dusk while the body that was his stood, listless and dishonoured, gazing out of darkened eyes, helpless, perturbed, and human
  417. recede
    pull back or move away or backward
    Instead the vital wave had carried him on its bosom out of himself and back again when it receded: and no part of body or soul had been maimed but a dark peace had been established between them.
  418. cobweb
    a dense elaborate spider web that is more efficient than the orb web
    Mr Casey struggled up from his chair and bent across the table towards her, scraping the air from before his eyes with one hand as though he were tearing aside a cobweb.
  419. Julius Caesar
    conqueror of Gaul and master of Italy (100-44 BC)
    And on the wall of another closet there was written in backhand in beautiful writing: Julius Caesar wrote The Calico Belly.
  420. degrade
    reduce in worth or character, usually verbally
    Every sin would then come forth from its lurking place, the most rebellious against the divine will and the most degrading to our poor corrupt nature, the tiniest imperfection and the most heinous atrocity.
  421. greyhound
    a tall slender dog of an ancient breed noted for swiftness and keen sight; used as a racing dog
    It seemed to him a solemn time: and he wondered if that was the time when the fellows in Clongowes wore blue coats with brass buttons and yellow waistcoats and caps of rabbitskin and drank beer like grown-up people and kept greyhounds of their own
  422. blossom
    a flower or cluster of flowers on a plant
    O, the wild rose blossoms On the little green place.
  423. abbot
    the superior of an abbey of monks
    Wolsey died in Leicester Abbey Where the abbots buried him.
  424. unearth
    recover through digging
    They had unearthed traces of a Cork accent in his speech and made him admit that the Lee was a much finer river than the Liffey.
  425. rout
    an overwhelming defeat
    Any allusion made to his father by a fellow or by a master put his calm to rout in a moment.
  426. baptism
    a sacrament signifying spiritual cleansing and rebirth
    If a layman in giving baptism pour the water before saying the words is the child baptized?
  427. flame
    combustion of materials producing heat and light and smoke
    * * * * * A great fire, banked high and red, flamed in the grate and under the ivy-twined branches of the chandelier the Christmas table was spread.
  428. straw
    plant fiber used e.g. for making baskets and hats or as fodder
    The furniture had been hustled out through the front garden which was strewn with wisps of straw and rope ends and into the huge vans at the gate.
  429. penetrate
    pass into or through, often by overcoming resistance
    Its murmur besieged his ears like the murmur of some multitude in sleep; its subtle streams penetrated his being.
  430. enormity
    the quality of extreme wickedness
    Beside the savage desire within him to realize the enormities which he brooded on nothing was sacred.
  431. rhythm
    an interval during which a recurring sequence occurs
    A sudden burst of music issued from the ark, the prelude of a waltz: and when the side door closed again the listener could hear the faint rhythm of the music.
  432. couplet
    a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse
    Boland, in fact, was said to have written on the slates in the yard a couplet about a classmate of his who often rode home from the college on a pony: As Tyson was riding into Jerusalem He fell and hurt his Alec Kafoozelum.
  433. pleasantry
    an agreeable or amusing remark
    The growth and knowledge of two years of boyhood stood between then and now, forbidding such an outlet: and all day the stream of gloomy tenderness within him had started forth and returned upon itself in dark courses and eddies, wearying him in the end u
  434. grapple
    work hard to come to terms with or deal with something
    But his brain had then refused to grapple with the theme and, desisting, he had covered the page with the names and addresses of certain of his classmates: Roderick Kickham John Lawton Anthony MacSwiney Simon Moonan Now it seemed as if he would fai
  435. tower
    a structure taller than its diameter
    TOWER OF IVORY, they used to say, HOUSE OF GOLD!
  436. inarticulate
    without or deprived of the use of speech or words
    The verses passed from his lips and the inarticulate cries and the unspoken brutal words rushed forth from his brain to force a passage.
  437. pinion
    wing of a bird
    Nash pinioned his arms behind while Boland seized a long cabbage stump which was lying in the gutter.
  438. ruffle
    stir up (water) so as to form ripples
    A shock of pale hair lay on the forehead like a ruffled crest: the forehead was narrow and bony and a thin hooked nose stood out between the close-set prominent eyes which were light and inexpressive.
  439. cycle
    a periodically repeated sequence of events
    Its alternation of sad human ineffectiveness with vast inhuman cycles of activity chilled him and he forgot his own human and ineffectual grieving.
  440. stout
    having rugged physical strength
    Against the walls stood companies of barbells and Indian clubs; the dumbbells were piled in one corner: and in the midst of countless hillocks of gymnasium shoes and sweaters and singlets in untidy brown parcels there stood the stout leather-jacket
  441. strew
    spread by scattering
    The furniture had been hustled out through the front garden which was strewn with wisps of straw and rope ends and into the huge vans at the gate.
  442. cherub
    an angel portrayed as a winged child
    No longer the lowly Lamb of God, no longer the meek Jesus of Nazareth, no longer the Man of Sorrows, no longer the Good Shepherd, He is seen now coming upon the clouds, in great power and majesty, attended by nine choirs of angels, angels and archangels,
  443. Cancer
    a small zodiacal constellation in the northern hemisphere
    Canker is a disease of plants, Cancer one of animals.
  444. allay
    lessen the intensity of or calm
    This furious music allayed his dread and, leaning against the windowledge, he let his eyelids close again.
  445. writer
    a person who is able to write and has written something
    All the leisure which his school life left him was passed in the company of subversive writers whose jibes and violence of speech set up a ferment in his brain before they passed out of it into his crude writings.
  446. stream
    a natural body of water flowing on or under the earth
    Her fair hair had streamed out behind her like gold in the sun.
  447. coffer
    a chest especially for storing valuables
    The commonwealth fell, the loan bank closed its coffers and its books on a sensible loss, the rules of life which he had drawn about himself fell into desuetude.
  448. choir
    a chorus that sings as part of a religious ceremony
    That must have been a terrible sin, to go in there quietly at night, to open the dark press and steal the flashing gold thing into which God was put on the altar in the middle of flowers and candles at benediction while the incense went up in clouds at bo
  449. pungent
    strong and sharp to the sense of taste
    At the same moment he thought he saw a likeness between his father's mind and that of this smiling well-dressed priest: and he was aware of some desecration of the priest's office or of the vestry itself whose silence was now routed by loud talk and jokin
  450. schoolhouse
    a building where young people receive education
    He passed out of the schoolhouse and halted under the shed that flanked the garden.
  451. font
    bowl for baptismal water
    On the way home uncle Charles would often pay a visit to the chapel and, as the font was above Stephen's reach, the old man would dip his hand and then sprinkle the water briskly about Stephen's clothes and on the floor of the porch.
  452. incoherent
    without logical or meaningful connection
    Stephen sat on a footstool beside his father listening to a long and incoherent monologue.
  453. omnipotent
    having unlimited power
    No longer the lowly Lamb of God, no longer the meek Jesus of Nazareth, no longer the Man of Sorrows, no longer the Good Shepherd, He is seen now coming upon the clouds, in great power and majesty, attended by nine choirs of angels, angels and archangels,
  454. sting
    deliver a sudden pain to
    A hot burning stinging tingling blow like the loud crack of a broken stick made his trembling hand crumple together like a leaf in the fire: and at the sound and the pain scalding tears were driven into his eyes.
  455. bliss
    a state of extreme happiness
    The particular judgement was over and the soul had passed to the abode of bliss or to the prison of purgatory or had been hurled howling into hell.
  456. rift
    a narrow fissure in rock
    When the curtain fell on the last scene he heard the void filled with applause and, through a rift in a side scene, saw the simple body before which he had acted magically deformed, the void of faces breaking at all points and falling asunder into
  457. struggle
    strenuous effort
    The fellows were struggling and groaning and their legs were rubbing and kicking and stamping.
  458. tabernacle
    (Judaism) the place of worship for a Jewish congregation
    The Blessed Sacrament had been removed from the tabernacle and the first benches had been driven back so as to leave the dais of the altar and the space before it free.
  459. hillock
    a small natural hill
    Against the walls stood companies of barbells and Indian clubs; the dumbbells were piled in one corner: and in the midst of countless hillocks of gymnasium shoes and sweaters and singlets in untidy brown parcels there stood the stout leather-jacket
  460. array
    an impressive display
    He went once or twice with his mother to visit their relatives: and though they passed a jovial array of shops lit up and adorned for Christmas his mood of embittered silence did not leave him.
  461. trinket
    cheap showy jewelry or ornament on clothing
    But he had heard his father say that she was a spoiled nun and that she had come out of the convent in the Alleghanies when her brother had got the money from the savages for the trinkets and the chainies.
  462. expel
    eliminate
    --Simon Moonan and Tusker are going to be flogged, Athy said, and the fellows in the higher line got their choice of flogging or being expelled.
  463. vindicate
    show to be right by providing justification or proof
    God's justice had still to be vindicated before men: after the particular there still remained the general judgement.
  464. celery
    widely cultivated herb with aromatic leaf stalks that are eaten raw or cooked
    But Clongowes was far away: and the warm heavy smell of turkey and ham and celery rose from the plates and dishes and the great fire was banked high and red in the grate and the green ivy and red holly made you feel so happy and when dinner was end
  465. upbraid
    express criticism towards
    His mother had no further occasion to upbraid him for squandering his money.
  466. unseemly
    not in keeping with accepted standards of what is proper
    I need hardly remind you that during the days of the retreat all boys are expected to preserve a quiet and pious demeanour and to shun all loud unseemly pleasure.
  467. repugnance
    intense aversion
    Stephen sometimes went round with the car which delivered the evening milk and these chilly drives blew away his memory of the filth of the cowyard and he felt no repugnance at seeing the cow hairs and hayseeds on the milkman's coat.
  468. tusk
    a long pointed tooth specialized for fighting or digging
    And one day Boyle had said that an elephant had two tuskers instead of two tusks and that was why he was called Tusker Boyle but some fellows called him Lady Boyle because he was always at his nails, paring them.
  469. festive
    offering fun and gaiety
    The light spread upwards from the glass roof making the theatre seem a festive ark, anchored among the hulks of houses, her frail cables of lanterns looping her to her moorings.
  470. pastor
    a person authorized to conduct religious worship
    Dante turned on her and said: --And am I to sit here and listen to the pastors of my church being flouted?
  471. examine
    observe, check out, and look over carefully or inspect
    His father was standing before the dressing-table, examining his hair and face and moustache with great care, craning his neck across the water-jug and drawing it back sideways to see the better.
  472. lineage
    the kinship relation between an individual and progenitors
    The glories of Mary held his soul captive: spikenard and myrrh and frankincense, symbolizing her royal lineage, her emblems, the late-flowering plant and late-blossoming tree, symbolizing the age-long gradual growth of her cultus among men.
  473. stupor
    marginal consciousness
    He waited in stupor of mind till it should lift and reveal what it had hidden.
  474. stump
    the base part that remains after a tree has been felled
    Nash pinioned his arms behind while Boland seized a long cabbage stump which was lying in the gutter.
  475. tumult
    a state of commotion and noise and confusion
    He strode down the hill amid the tumult of sudden-risen vapours of wounded pride and fallen hope and baffled desire.
  476. manufacturing
    the act of making something (a product) from raw materials
    Then he said: --Well, I can't help thinking of our friend Christopher manufacturing...
  477. clasp
    hold firmly and tightly
    He clasped his hands on the desk and said: --The retreat will begin on Wednesday afternoon in honour of saint Francis Xavier whose feast day is Saturday.
  478. tropics
    the part of the Earth's surface between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn; characterized by a hot climate
    Many of the boys who sat in those front benches a few years ago are perhaps now in distant lands, in the burning tropics, or immersed in professional duties or in seminaries, or voyaging over the vast expanse of the deep or, it may be, already call
  479. orgy
    a wild gathering involving excessive drinking
    The letters cut in the stained wood of the desk stared upon him, mocking his bodily weakness and futile enthusiasms and making him loathe himself for his own mad and filthy orgies.
  480. linger
    remain present although waning or gradually dying
    A small ring of wonderstruck children and nursemaids would gather to watch him and linger even when he and uncle Charles had sat down again and were talking athletics and politics.
  481. kinship
    relatedness or connection by blood or marriage or adoption
    He felt that he was hardly of the one blood with them but stood to them rather in the mystical kinship of fosterage, fosterchild and fosterbrother.
  482. withhold
    hold back; refuse to hand over or share
    Some undefined sorrow was hidden in the hearts of the protagonists as they stood in silence beneath the leafless trees and when the moment of farewell had come the kiss, which had been withheld by one, was given by both.
  483. desire
    the feeling that accompanies an unsatisfied state
    Pride and hope and desire like crushed herbs in his heart sent up vapours of maddening incense before the eyes of his mind.
  484. pantomime
    a performance using gestures and movements without words
    --In a pantomime, love.
  485. deceive
    cause someone to believe an untruth
    He smiled to think how the silvery noise which Mr Casey used to make had deceived him.
  486. jargon
    technical terminology characteristic of a particular subject
    Yet as he prowled in quest of that call, his senses, stultified only by his desire, would note keenly all that wounded or shamed them; his eyes, a ring of porter froth on a clothless table or a photograph of two soldiers standing to attention or a gaudy p
  487. extinguish
    put out, as of fires, flames, or lights
    The chaos in which his ardour extinguished itself was a cold indifferent knowledge of himself.
  488. legend
    a story about mythical or supernatural beings or events
    Trudging along the road or standing in some grimy wayside public house his elders spoke constantly of the subjects nearer their hearts, of Irish politics, of Munster and of the legends of their own family, to all of which Stephen lent an avid ear.
  489. Queen Victoria
    queen of Great Britain and Ireland and empress of India from 1837 to 1901; the last Hanoverian ruler of England (1819-1901)
    And when he had tried to open Mr Casey's hand to see if the purse of silver was hidden there he had seen that the fingers could not be straightened out: and Mr Casey had told him that he had got those three cramped fingers making a birthday present for
  490. furtive
    secret and sly or sordid
    The boys who had been painted walked about or stood still awkwardly, touching their faces in a gingerly fashion with their furtive fingertips.
  491. dejected
    affected or marked by low spirits
    He could respond to no earthly or human appeal, dumb and insensible to the call of summer and gladness and companionship, wearied and dejected by his father's voice.
  492. lucid
    transparently clear; easily understandable
    A cold lucid indifference reigned in his soul.
  493. transgression
    the violation of a law or a duty or moral principle
    Only the morning pained him with its dim memory of dark orgiastic riot, its keen and humiliating sense of transgression.
  494. beseech
    ask for or request earnestly
    VISIT, WE BESEECH THEE, O LORD, THIS HABITATION AND DRIVE AWAY FROM IT ALL THE SNARES OF THE ENEMY.
  495. multitude
    a large indefinite number
    A tiny light twinkled at the pierhead where the ship was entering: and he saw a multitude of people gathered by the waters' edge to see the ship that was entering their harbour.
  496. likeness
    similarity in appearance or nature between persons or things
    At the same moment he thought he saw a likeness between his father's mind and that of this smiling well-dressed priest: and he was aware of some desecration of the priest's office or of the vestry itself whose silence was now routed by loud talk an
  497. amass
    collect or gather
    If a man had stolen a pound in his youth and had used that pound to amass a huge fortune how much was he obliged to give back, the pound he had stolen only or the pound together with the compound interest accruing upon it or all his huge fortune?
  498. replace
    put something back where it belongs
    Then replacing the jar in the locker he poured a little of the whisky into two glasses, added a little water and came back with them to the fireplace.
  499. supple
    moving and bending with ease
    The sentiment of the opening bars, their languor and supple movement, evoked the incommunicable emotion which had been the cause of all his day's unrest and of his impatient movement of a moment before.
  500. grimace
    contort the face to indicate a certain mental state
    He twisted his features into a grimace of heavy bestiality and made a lapping noise with his lips.
  501. crash
    break violently or noisily
    Mr Casey raised his clenched fist and brought it down on the table with a crash.
  502. contempt
    lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike
    Mr Dedalus gave a snort of contempt.
  503. deem
    keep in mind or convey as a conviction or view
    For some time he had felt the slight change in his house; and those changes in what he had deemed unchangeable were so many slight shocks to his boyish conception of the world.
  504. index
    alphabetical listing of names and topics with page numbers
    The equation on the page of his scribbler began to spread out a widening tail, eyed and starred like a peacock's; and, when the eyes and stars of its indices had been eliminated, began slowly to fold itself together again.
  505. scenery
    the appearance of a place
    When he had broken up this scenery, weary of its tinsel, there would come to his mind the bright picture of Marseille, of sunny trellises, and of Mercedes.
  506. imagery
    the ability to form mental pictures of things or events
    The imagery of the psalms of prophecy soothed his barren pride.
  507. barren
    completely wanting or lacking
    His childhood was dead or lost and with it his soul capable of simple joys and he was drifting amid life like the barren shell of the moon.
  508. onset
    the beginning or early stages
    It was the signal for their onset.
  509. banter
    light teasing repartee
    He was neither flattered nor confused, but simply wished the banter to end.
  510. dint
    force or effort
    But his brain had then refused to grapple with the theme and, desisting, he had covered the page with the names and addresses of certain of his classmates: Roderick Kickham John Lawton Anthony MacSwiney Simon Moonan Now it seemed as if he would fail again
  511. filing
    the entering of a legal document into the public record
    And as he crossed the threshold of the door of the corridor he saw, without turning his head to look, that all the fellows were looking after him as they went filing by.
  512. wind
    air moving from high pressure to low pressure
    They looked at him and saw their master's face and cloak and knew that he had received his death- wound.
  513. dancing
    taking a series of rhythmical steps in time to music
    She kept dancing along beside me in the mud bawling and screaming into my face: PRIEST-HUNTER!
  514. surly
    unfriendly and inclined toward anger or irritation
    He ate his dinner with surly appetite and when the meal was over and the grease-strewn plates lay abandoned on the table, he rose and went to the window, clearing the thick scum from his mouth with his tongue and licking it from his lips.
  515. errand
    a short trip taken in the performance of a necessary task
    Stephen was glad to go with him on these errands for uncle Charles helped him very liberally to handfuls of whatever was exposed in open boxes and barrels outside the counter.
  516. arid
    lacking sufficient water or rainfall
    It was strange too that he found an arid pleasure in following up to the end the rigid lines of the doctrines of the church and penetrating into obscure silences only to hear and feel the more deeply his own condemnation.
  517. palate
    the surface of the mouth separating oral and nasal cavities
    But he did not relish the hash for the mention of Clongowes had coated his palate with a scum of disgust.
  518. betray
    deliver to an enemy by treachery
    When he was down they turned on him to betray him and rend him like rats in a sewer.
  519. aware
    having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization
    He understood little or nothing of it at first but he became slowly aware that his father had enemies and that some fight was going to take place.
  520. prod
    to push against gently
    He knew that his father had paid a guinea for it in Dunn's of D'Olier Street and that the man had prodded it often at the breastbone to show how good it was: and he remembered the man's voice when he had said: --Take that one, sir.
  521. hale
    exhibiting or restored to vigorous good health
    Uncle Charles was a hale old man with a well tanned skin, rugged features and white side whiskers.
  522. supreme
    greatest in status or authority or power
    They would be alone, surrounded by darkness and silence: and in that moment of supreme tenderness he would be transfigured.
  523. hollow
    not solid; having a space or gap or cavity
    The hollow rattle of the wooden dumbbells was heard as another team made ready to go up on the stage: and in another moment the excited prefect was hustling the boys through the vestry like a flock of geese, flapping the wings of his soutane nervou
  524. man of letters
    a man devoted to literary or scholarly activities
    This young and brilliant nobleman and man of letters entered heart and soul into the ideas of our glorious founder and you know that he, at his own desire, was sent by saint Ignatius to preach to the Indians.
  525. principality
    territory ruled by a prince
    No longer the lowly Lamb of God, no longer the meek Jesus of Nazareth, no longer the Man of Sorrows, no longer the Good Shepherd, He is seen now coming upon the clouds, in great power and majesty, attended by nine choirs of angels, angels and archangels,
  526. enamel
    any smooth glossy coating that resembles ceramic glaze
    The pot of pink enamel paint gave out and the wainscot of his bedroom remained with its unfinished and ill-plastered coat.
  527. commonwealth
    a political system in which power lies in a body of citizens
    He bought presents for everyone, overhauled his room, wrote out resolutions, marshalled his books up and down their shelves, pored upon all kinds of price lists, drew up a form of commonwealth for the household by which every member of it held some
  528. eagerly
    with eagerness; in an eager manner
    All turned towards him eagerly.
  529. sprinkle
    scatter with liquid; wet lightly
    On the way home uncle Charles would often pay a visit to the chapel and, as the font was above Stephen's reach, the old man would dip his hand and then sprinkle the water briskly about Stephen's clothes and on the floor of the porch.
  530. atonement
    the act of making amends for sin or wrongdoing
    His days and works and thoughts could make no atonement for him, the fountains of sanctifying grace having ceased to refresh his soul.
  531. eddy
    a miniature whirlpool or whirlwind
    The growth and knowledge of two years of boyhood stood between then and now, forbidding such an outlet: and all day the stream of gloomy tenderness within him had started forth and returned upon itself in dark courses and eddies, wearying him in th
  532. receive
    get something; come into possession of
    They looked at him and saw their master's face and cloak and knew that he had received his death-wound.
  533. penetration
    the act of entering into or through something
    His hands clenched convulsively and his teeth set together as he suffered the agony of its penetration.
  534. swamp
    low land that is seasonally flooded
    From the evil seed of lust all other deadly sins had sprung forth: pride in himself and contempt of others, covetousness in using money for the purchase of unlawful pleasures, envy of those whose vices he could not reach to and calumnious murmuring agains
  535. whit
    a tiny or scarcely detectable amount
    He had not forgotten a whit of their cowardice and cruelty but the memory of it called forth no anger from him.
  536. defile
    make dirty or spotty, as by exposure to air
    He bore cynically with the shameful details of his secret riots in which he exulted to defile with patience whatever image had attracted his eyes.
  537. shrewd
    marked by practical hardheaded intelligence
    He wondered how his father, whom he knew for a shrewd suspicious man, could be duped by the servile manners of the porter; and the lively southern speech which had entertained him all the morning now irritated his ears.
  538. wither
    lose freshness, vigor, or vitality
    Stephen's heart began slowly to fold and fade with fear like a withering flower.
  539. jovial
    full of or showing high-spirited merriment
    He went once or twice with his mother to visit their relatives: and though they passed a jovial array of shops lit up and adorned for Christmas his mood of embittered silence did not leave him.
  540. familiar
    a friend who is frequently in the company of another
    The confession came only from Stephen's lips and, while they spoke the words, a sudden memory had carried him to another scene called up, as if by magic, at the moment when he had noted the faint cruel dimples at the corners of Heron's smiling lips and ha
  541. arrange
    put into a proper or systematic order
    Mrs Dedalus followed and the places were arranged.
  542. benediction
    a ceremonial prayer invoking divine protection
    That must have been a terrible sin, to go in there quietly at night, to open the dark press and steal the flashing gold thing into which God was put on the altar in the middle of flowers and candles at benediction while the incense went up in cloud
  543. earth
    the third planet from the sun
    But the Christmas vacation was very far away: but one time it would come because the earth moved round always.
  544. reek
    give off smoke, fumes, warm vapour, steam, etc.
    His arbour, as he called the reeking outhouse which he shared with the cat and the garden tools, served him also as a sounding-box: and every morning he hummed contentedly one of his favourite songs: O, TWINE ME A BOWER or BLUE EYES AND GOLDEN HAIR
  545. salutary
    tending to promote physical well-being; beneficial to health
    --Now what is the meaning of this word RETREAT and why is it allowed on all hands to be a most salutary practice for all who desire to lead before God and in the eyes of men a truly christian life?
  546. servile
    submissive or fawning in attitude or behavior
    He wondered how his father, whom he knew for a shrewd suspicious man, could be duped by the servile manners of the porter; and the lively southern speech which had entertained him all the morning now irritated his ears.
  547. elements
    violent or severe weather
    Stephen felt his own face red too, thinking of all the bets about who would get first place in elements, Jack Lawton or he.
  548. apostle
    an ardent early supporter of a cause or reform
    He is called, as you know, the apostle of the Indies.
  549. loiter
    linger, remain, or wait around for no apparent reason
    Stewards in evening dress, old Belvedereans, loitered in groups about the entrance to the theatre and ushered in the visitors with ceremony.
  550. mortify
    cause to feel shame
    He chronicled with patience what he saw, detaching himself from it and tasting its mortifying flavour in secret.
  551. companion
    a friend who is frequently with another
    During the first part of the summer in Blackrock uncle Charles was Stephen's constant companion.
  552. liberally
    in a generous manner
    Stephen was glad to go with him on these errands for uncle Charles helped him very liberally to handfuls of whatever was exposed in open boxes and barrels outside the counter.
  553. meddle
    intrude in other people's affairs or business
    --Nobody is saying a word against them, said Mr Dedalus, so long as they don't meddle in politics.
  554. nimble
    moving quickly and lightly
    The old man was a nimble walker in spite of his corns and often ten or twelve miles of the road were covered.
  555. old master
    a great European painter prior to 19th century
    The figure of his old master, so strangely re-arisen, brought back to Stephen's mind his life at Clongowes: the wide playgrounds, swarming with boys; the square ditch; the little cemetery off the main avenue of limes where he had dreamed of being b
  556. kindle
    catch fire
    In the silence their dark fire kindled the dusk into a tawny glow.
  557. caper
    a playful leap or hop
    But the word and the vision capered before his eyes as he walked back across the quadrangle and towards the college gate.
  558. chide
    censure severely or angrily
    A few nights after this public chiding he was walking with a letter along the Drumcondra Road when he heard a voice cry: --Halt!
  559. hearty
    showing warm and sincere friendliness
    John, sit you down, my hearty.
  560. ineffectual
    not producing an intended consequence
    Its alternation of sad human ineffectiveness with vast inhuman cycles of activity chilled him and he forgot his own human and ineffectual grieving.
  561. applause
    a demonstration of approval by clapping the hands together
    He remained standing with his two companions at the end of the shed listening idly to their talk or to the bursts of applause in the theatre.

Sign up, it's free!

Whether you're a student, an educator, or a life-long learner, Vocabulary.com can put you on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement.