Brinkley Chapter 30 Vocabulary

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definitions & notes only words
  1. multiculturalism
    the doctrine that different peoples can coexist peacefully
    Beginning in the 1980s, this impulse led to an even more assertive (and highly controversial) cultural movement that became known as “ multiculturalism,” which, among other things, challenged the “Eurocentric” basis of American education and culture and demanded that nonEuropean civilizations be accorded equal attention.
  2. iconoclastic
    characterized by attack on established beliefs
    The use of marijuana, the freer attitudes toward sex, the iconoclastic (and sometimes obscene) language—all spread far beyond the realm of the true devotees of the counterculture. them, its virtues were symbolized by the great rock festival at Woodstock, NY.
  3. environmentalist
    someone who works to protect nature from destruction
    It was a result, too, of the growth of the science of ecology, which provided environmentalists with new and powerful arguments.
  4. detente
    the easing of tensions or strained relations
    At the same time, the prospects for an extension of the U.S. trade detente with China continued to fade.Washington Post (Feb 7, 2019)
  5. deferment
    act of putting off to a future time
    The gradual abolition of many traditional deferments—for graduate students, teachers, husbands, fathers, and others—swelled the ranks of those faced with conscription (and thus of those likely to oppose it).
  6. activist
    advocating direct and militant action to achieve a goal
    Student activists tried to drive out training programs for military officers (ROTC) and bar military recruiters from college campuses.
  7. insecticide
    a chemical used to kill bugs
    In 1957, she received a letter from a friend reporting the deaths of songbirds in her yard after the area had been sprayed with the insecticide DDT—the chemical developed in the 1930s to kill mosquitos.
  8. dissemination
    the act of dispersing or diffusing something
    There continued to be some controversy over the dissemination of contraceptives and birth-control information; but that issue, at least, seemed to have lost much of the explosive character it had had in the 1920s.
  9. yuppie
    a young upwardly mobile professional individual
    Both 1988 movies are what happened when the rom-com golden age collided with the ambition and yuppie snobbery we see in “Wall Street.”Washington Post (Dec 28, 2018)
  10. fiscal
    involving financial matters
    Those protests won teachers a series of modest raises, but were less successful in pushing back against fiscal austerity more broadly.New York Times (Feb 18, 2019)
  11. stimulus
    any information or event that acts to arouse action
    To obtain those funds, California was obligated to match a previous grant of $2.6 billion in stimulus money.New York Times (Feb 19, 2019)
  12. genocide
    systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
    Kosovo is talking about building an army to protect from any future genocide.Washington Times (Feb 13, 2019)
Created on March 30, 2018 (updated February 20, 2019)

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