Brinkley Chapter 23/24 vocabulary

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definitions & notes only words
  1. ideological
    of an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group
    New Dealers, determined
    to fi nd a domestic solution to the crisis
    and ideologically inclined to place
    limits on corporate power, argued
    that the Depression was a crisis of
    “underconsumption,” that low wages
    and high prices had made it too diffi
    cult to buy the products of the
    industrial economy; and that a lack
    of demand had led to the economic
    collapse.
  2. stabilizing
    causing to become constant
    Industrial Recovery
    Ever since 1931, leaders of the United States Chamber of
    Commerce and many others had been urging the government
    to adopt an antidefl ation scheme that would permit
    trade associations to cooperate in stabilizing prices
    within their industries.
  3. soap opera
    a serialized program dealing with dramatic situations
    Soap operas, also later to become staples of television
    programming, were enormously popular as well in the
    1930s, especially with women who were alone in the
    house during the day.
  4. escapism
    tendency to use fantasy to retreat from unpleasant realities
    Although radio
    stations occasionally carried socially and politically provocative
    programs, the staple of broadcasting was escapism:
    comedies such as Amos ’n Andy (with its humorous,
    if demeaning, picture of urban
    blacks); adventures such as Superman,
    Dick Tracy, and The Lone Ranger; and other entertainment
    programs.
  5. euphemistic
    substituting a mild term for a harsher or distasteful one
    So great was the panic about
    Roosevelt’s Personality
    bank failures that the “bank holiday,” as the president
    euphemistically described it, created a general sense of
    relief.
  6. mural
    a painting that is applied to a wall surface
    (Bettmann/Corbis)
    WPA MURAL ART The Federal Arts Project
    of the Works Progress Administration
    commissioned an impressive series of public
    murals from the artists it employed.
  7. plummet
    drop sharply
    The American gross national product plummeted
    from more than $104 billion in
    1929 to $76.4 billion in 1932—a
    25 percent decline in three years.
  8. evict
    expel or eject without recourse to legal process
    He received 57.4 percent of the popular
    CLEARING OUT THE BONUS MARCHERS In July 1932,
    President Hoover ordered the Washington, D.C., police
    to evict the Bonus marchers from some of the public
    buildings and land they had been occupying.
  9. pension
    regular payment to allow a person to subsist without working
    The act proposed to balance the federal budget by cutting
    the salaries of government employees and reducing
    pensions to veterans by as much as 15 percent.
  10. mired
    entangled or hindered
    Within months, however, the New Deal
    was mired in serious new diffi culties—a result of continuing
    opposition, the president’s own political errors, and
    major economic setbacks.
  11. welfare
    governmental provision of assistance to persons in need
    Moreover, many public offi cials believed that an
    extensive welfare system would undermine the moral
    fi ber of its clients.
  12. relegate
    assign to a lower position
    It was more receptive to women and to
    blacks than the AFL had been, in part because women
    and blacks were more likely to be relegated to unskilled
    jobs and in part because CIO organizing drives targeted
    previously unorganized industries (textiles, laundries,
    tobacco factories, and others) where women and minorities
    constituted much of the work force.
  13. embroil
    force into some kind of situation or course of action
    At the 1935 AFL convention, Lewis became
    embroiled in a series of angry confrontations (and one
    celebrated fi stfi ght) with craft union leaders before
    fi nally walking out.
Created on February 20, 2018 (updated February 14, 2019)

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