Study With It - SAT 500

John Healy's SAT prep vocab list - starter edition.
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definitions & notes only words
  1. species
    taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
  2. population
    the people who inhabit a territory or state
  3. evidence
    knowledge on which to base belief
  4. essential
    basic and fundamental
  5. development
    a process in which something passes to a different stage
  6. indicate
    designate a place, direction, person, or thing
  7. provide
    give something useful or necessary to
  8. temperature
    the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment
  9. climate
    the weather in some location averaged over a period of time
  10. steam
    water at boiling temperature diffused in the atmosphere
  11. complete
    having all necessary qualities
  12. roman
    a typeface used in ancient Roman inscriptions
  13. possible
    capable of happening or existing
  14. production
    the act or process of making something
  15. ancient
    belonging to times long past
  16. explain
    make plain and comprehensible
  17. several
    of an indefinite number more than 2 or 3 but not many
  18. social
    living together or enjoying life in communities
  19. pacific
    disposed to peace or of a peaceful nature
  20. environment
    the totality of surrounding conditions
  21. activity
    any specific behavior
  22. worth
    the quality that renders something desirable or valuable
  23. occur
    come to pass
  24. process
    a particular course of action intended to achieve a result
  25. greater
    greater in size or importance or degree
  26. brief
    of short duration or distance
  27. forest
    a large, densely wooded area filled with trees and plants
  28. correct
    free from error; especially conforming to fact or truth
  29. material
    the substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object
  30. impact
    the striking of one body against another
  31. order
    logical or comprehensible arrangement of separate elements
  32. difficult
    requiring great physical or mental effort to accomplish
  33. fossil
    the remains of a plant or animal from a past geological age
  34. particular
    unique or specific to a person or thing or category
  35. certain
    established beyond doubt or question; definitely known
  36. community
    a group of people living in a particular local area
  37. modern
    ahead of the times
  38. extinction
    the state of being no longer in existence
  39. control
    power to direct or determine
  40. similar
    having the same or nearly the same characteristics
  41. common
    having no special distinction or quality
  42. higher
    advanced in complexity or elaboration
  43. theory
    a belief that can guide behavior
  44. physical
    involving the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit
  45. present
    temporal sense
  46. agriculture
    the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock
  47. carbon
    an abundant nonmetallic element in all organic compounds
  48. elements
    violent or severe weather
  49. oxygen
    a colorless, odorless gas that is essential for respiration
  50. effect
    a phenomenon that is caused by some previous phenomenon
  51. therefore
    from that fact or reason or as a result
  52. economic
    of or relating to production and management of wealth
  53. source
    the place where something begins
  54. desert
    leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch
  55. formation
    the act of establishing or creating something
  56. significant
    rich in implication
  57. ability
    the quality of having the means or skills to do something
  58. site
    the piece of land on which something is located
  59. almost
    slightly short of or not quite accomplished; all but
  60. living
    pertaining to living persons
  61. northern
    situated in or oriented toward the north
  62. together
    in contact with each other or in proximity
  63. breathing
    the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation
  64. competition
    the act of contending with others for rewards or resources
  65. history
    a record or narrative description of past events
  66. longer
    for more time
  67. sometimes
    on certain occasions or in certain cases but not always
  68. yawning
    an involuntary intake of breath through a wide open mouth
  69. complex
    complicated in structure
  70. earlier
    more early than; most early
  71. single
    existing alone or consisting of one entity or part or aspect or individual
  72. percent
    a proportion in relation to a whole
  73. volcanic
    relating to eruptions of gas and lava from the earth's crust
  74. across
    to the opposite side
  75. develop
    progress or evolve through a process of natural growth
  76. economy
    the system of production and distribution and consumption
  77. structure
    a complex entity made of many parts
  78. suggest
    make a proposal; declare a plan for something
  79. behavior
    the way a person acts toward other people
  80. dioxide
    an oxide containing two atoms of oxygen in the molecule
  81. primary
    of first rank or importance or value
  82. atmosphere
    the envelope of gases surrounding any celestial body
  83. available
    obtainable or accessible and ready for use or service
  84. vegetation
    the process of growth in plants
  85. western
    lying toward or situated in the west
  86. perhaps
    by chance
  87. southern
    situated in or oriented toward the south
  88. island
    a land mass that is surrounded by water
  89. middle
    an area that is approximately central within some larger region
  90. solar
    relating to the sun or utilizing the energies of the sun
  91. square
    a polygon with four equal sides and four right angles
  92. urban
    relating to a city or densely populated area
  93. variety
    a category of things distinguished by a common quality
  94. layer
    a single thickness of some substance or material
  95. always
    at all times; all the time and on every occasion
  96. government
    the system or form by which a community is ruled
  97. hypothesis
    a tentative insight that is not yet verified or tested
  98. matter
    that which has mass and occupies space
  99. sediment
    matter that has been deposited by some natural process
  100. society
    an extended group having a distinctive cultural organization
  101. evolution
    sequence of events involved in the development of a species
  102. growing
    relating to or suitable for growth
  103. industry
    the action of making of goods and services for sale
  104. various
    having great diversity or variety
  105. research
    a seeking for knowledge
  106. explanation
    making something plain or intelligible
  107. individual
    being or characteristic of a single thing or person
  108. movement
    change of position that does not entail a change of location
  109. moving
    in motion
  110. pottery
    objects made from clay and baked in a kiln
  111. religious
    having or showing belief in and reverence for a deity
  112. global
    involving the entire earth
  113. marine
    of or relating to the sea
  114. specific
    stated explicitly or in detail
  115. believe
    accept as true; take to be true
  116. general
    applying to all or most members of a category or group
  117. market
    a marketplace where groceries are sold
  118. second
    coming next after the first in position in space or time
  119. survive
    continue in existence after
  120. aggressive
    characteristic of an enemy or one eager to fight
  121. commercial
    connected with or engaged in the exchange of goods
  122. eastern
    lying toward or situated in the east
  123. pollen
    the fine spores that contain male gametes and that are borne by an anther in a flowering plant
  124. potential
    existing in possibility
  125. recent
    of the immediate past or just previous to the present time
  126. terrestrial
    of or relating to or characteristic of the planet Earth
  127. thought
    the content of cognition
  128. problem
    a question raised for consideration or solution
  129. spread
    distribute or disperse widely
  130. biological
    pertaining to life and living things
  131. function
    what something is used for
  132. particularly
    to a distinctly greater extent or degree than is common
  133. chemical
    produced by reactions involving atomic or molecular changes
  134. eventually
    after an unspecified period of time or a long delay
  135. nature
    the physical world including plants and animals
  136. phrase
    an expression consisting of one or more words
  137. primarily
    for the most part
  138. include
    have as a part; be made up out of
  139. cretaceous
    abounding in chalk
  140. diversity
    noticeable variety
  141. earliest
    more early than; most early
  142. effects
    property of a personal character that is portable
  143. rainfall
    water falling in drops from vapor condensed in the atmosphere
  144. agricultural
    relating to or used in or promoting farming
  145. central
    in or near an inner area
  146. climatic
    of or relating to weather in some location over time
  147. contain
    hold or have within
  148. quality
    an essential and distinguishing attribute of something
  149. throughout
    from first to last
  150. contrast
    the opposition or dissimilarity of things that are compared
  151. environmental
    of or relating to the external conditions or surroundings
  152. rapid
    characterized by speed
  153. simple
    having few parts; not complex or complicated or involved
  154. smaller
    small or little relative to something else
  155. stability
    the quality or attribute of being firm and steadfast
  156. strong
    having strength or power greater than average or expected
  157. cattle
    domesticated cows as a group
  158. ecosystem
    organisms interacting with their physical environment
  159. involved
    connected by participation or association or use
  160. presence
    current existence
  161. range
    a variety of different things or activities
  162. relationship
    a mutual connection between people
  163. landscape
    an expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view
  164. ecological
    characterized by the interdependence of living organisms
  165. organic
    having properties characteristic of living beings
  166. purpose
    what something is used for
  167. appear
    come into sight or view
  168. cycle
    a periodically repeated sequence of events
  169. numbers
    an illegal daily lottery
  170. rural
    living in or characteristic of farming or country life
  171. engine
    motor that converts energy into work or motion
  172. further
    to or at a greater extent or degree or a more advanced stage
  173. exchange
    the act of changing one thing for another thing
  174. industrial
    of or relating to commercial enterprise
  175. necessary
    absolutely essential
  176. nineteenth
    position 19 in a countable series of things
  177. pressure
    the exertion of force to a surface
  178. record
    anything providing permanent evidence about past events
  179. coast
    the shore of a sea or ocean
  180. extinct
    no longer in existence
  181. internal
    located inward
  182. aggression
    a disposition to behave forcefully and energetically
  183. beginning
    the act of starting something
  184. building
    the act of constructing something
  185. established
    brought about or set up or accepted
  186. importance
    the quality of being worthy of note
  187. political
    involving or characteristic of governing or social power
  188. factor
    anything that contributes causally to a result
  189. farming
    the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock
  190. facial
    of or concerning the front of the head
  191. pattern
    a perceptual structure
  192. distribution
    the act of spreading or apportioning
  193. field
    extensive tract of level open land
  194. glacial
    relating to or derived from a slowly moving mass of ice
  195. visual
    relating to or using sight
  196. affected
    influenced
  197. composition
    the way in which someone or something is put together
  198. drought
    a shortage of rainfall
  199. erosion
    the process of wearing or grinding something down
  200. meteorite
    a stony or metallic object from space that hits the earth
  201. outside
    the region that is outside of something
  202. technology
    the practical application of science to commerce or industry
  203. irrigation
    the act of supplying dry land with water by artificial means
  204. begging
    a solicitation for money or food
  205. climax
    the highest point of anything
  206. cultural
    relating to the shared knowledge and values of a society
  207. hunting
    the activity of looking thoroughly in order to find something or someone
  208. original
    preceding all others in time
  209. reason
    a logical motive for a belief or action
  210. create
    bring into existence
  211. influence
    a power to affect persons or events
  212. memory
    the cognitive process whereby past experience is remembered
  213. petroleum
    a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons
  214. understanding
    the condition of someone who knows and comprehends
  215. relative
    not absolute or complete
  216. successful
    having succeeded or being marked by a favorable outcome
  217. underground
    beneath the surface of the earth
  218. understand
    know and comprehend the nature or meaning of
  219. evolutionary
    relating to the development of a species
  220. expansion
    the act of increasing in size or volume or quantity or scope
  221. suitable
    meant or adapted for an occasion or use
  222. theater
    a building where performances can be presented
  223. addition
    the arithmetic operation of summing
  224. current
    occurring in or belonging to the present time
  225. extensive
    large in spatial extent or range or scope or quantity
  226. extreme
    of the greatest possible degree, extent, or intensity
  227. feeding
    the act of consuming food
  228. instead
    in place of, or as an alternative to
  229. migration
    the movement of persons from one locality to another
  230. practice
    a customary way of operation or behavior
  231. construction
    the act of building something
  232. direction
    a line leading to a place or point
  233. isolated
    remote and separate physically or socially
  234. mention
    make reference to
  235. native
    belonging to one by birth
  236. scientific
    conforming with the principles or methods used in science
  237. writing
    symbols imprinted on a surface to represent sounds or words
  238. difference
    the quality of being unlike or dissimilar
  239. electricity
    a physical phenomenon that can produce light, heat and power
  240. location
    the act of putting something in a certain place
  241. mountain
    a land mass that projects well above its surroundings
  242. periodic
    happening or recurring at regular intervals
  243. regular
    conforming to a standard or pattern
  244. success
    an event that accomplishes its intended purpose
  245. active
    characterized by energetic movement
  246. architecture
    the discipline dealing with the design of fine buildings
  247. changing
    marked by continuous modification or effective action
  248. determine
    find out or learn with certainty, as by making an inquiry
  249. survival
    the state of remaining alive
  250. abundant
    present in great quantity
  251. demand
    request urgently and forcefully
  252. knowledge
    the result of perception, learning, and reasoning
  253. military
    the armed forces of a nation
  254. remain
    continue in a place, position, or situation
  255. stream
    a natural body of water flowing on or under the earth
  256. succession
    the action or process of taking over an office or position
  257. working
    a mine or quarry that is being or has been worked
  258. advantage
    the quality of having a superior or more favorable position
  259. availability
    the quality of being at hand when needed
  260. efficient
    being effective without wasting time, effort, or expense
  261. geologic
    of or relating to or based on geology
  262. motion
    the act of changing location from one place to another
  263. origin
    the place where something begins
  264. sequence
    a following of one thing after another in time
  265. additional
    further or extra
  266. camera
    equipment for taking photographs
  267. clocks
    European weed naturalized in southwestern United States and Mexico having reddish decumbent stems with small fernlike leaves and small deep reddish-lavender flowers followed by slender fruits that stick straight up; often grown for forage
  268. element
    a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances
  269. algae
    primitive chlorophyll-containing aquatic organisms
  270. aquifer
    underground layer of rock or sand that yields groundwater
  271. special
    adapted to or reserved for a particular purpose
  272. stable
    resistant to change of position or condition
  273. tropical
    relating to part of the Earth's surface with hot climate
  274. volume
    the property of something that is great in magnitude
  275. winter
    the coldest season of the year
  276. already
    prior to a specified or implied time
  277. completely
    with everything necessary
  278. considered
    carefully weighed
  279. course
    a connected series of events or actions or developments
  280. density
    the amount per unit size
  281. distance
    the property created by the space between two objects
  282. frequently
    many times at short intervals
  283. international
    concerning or belonging to two or more countries
  284. direct
    proceeding without deviation; straight and short
  285. dominant
    most frequent or common
  286. geothermal
    of or relating to the heat in the interior of the earth
  287. grain
    a cereal grass
  288. maintain
    keep in a certain state, position, or activity
  289. mechanical
    using tools or devices
  290. route
    an established line of travel or access
  291. twentieth
    position 20 in a countable series of things
  292. decline
    grow worse
  293. predator
    any animal that lives by preying on other animals
  294. reflection
    the phenomenon of a propagating wave being thrown back
  295. revolution
    a single complete turn
  296. season
    one of the natural periods into which the year is divided by the equinoxes and solstices or atmospheric conditions
  297. valley
    a long depression in the surface of the land
  298. wealth
    property that has economic value
  299. discovery
    the act of finding something
  300. fuller
    a workman who fulls freshly woven cloth for a living
  301. illustrate
    depict with a visual representation
  302. organism
    a living thing that can act or function independently
  303. savanna
    a flat grassland in tropical or subtropical regions
  304. transportation
    the act of moving something from one location to another
  305. apparently
    seemingly; as far as one can tell
  306. determined
    having been learned or found especially by investigation
  307. future
    the time yet to come
  308. previously
    at an earlier time or formerly
  309. program
    a series of steps to be carried out
  310. shallow
    lacking physical depth
  311. civilization
    a society in an advanced state of social development
  312. culture
    all the knowledge and values shared by a society
  313. geological
    of or relating to or based on geology
  314. lightning
    flash of light from an electric discharge in the atmosphere
  315. planet
    a celestial body that revolves around the sun
  316. resource
    aid or support that may be drawn upon when needed
  317. stimulus
    any information or event that acts to arouse action
  318. waterpower
    the power to do work that is latent in a head of water
  319. continental
    of or relating to or characteristic of a continent
  320. country
    the territory occupied by a nation
  321. emphasize
    stress or single out as important
  322. entire
    constituting the full quantity or extent; complete
  323. experience
    the content of observation or participation in an event
  324. freshwater
    water that is not salty
  325. northwest
    the direction corresponding to the northwestward compass point
  326. reliable
    worthy of trust
  327. sophisticated
    having worldly knowledge and refinement
  328. technological
    of a practical subject organized by scientific principles
  329. becoming
    displaying or setting off to best advantage
  330. benefit
    something that aids or promotes well-being
  331. center
    an area that is in the middle of some larger region
  332. certainly
    definitely or positively
  333. coastal
    of or relating to the shoreline
  334. coral
    a very small ocean creature that often forms reefs
  335. cotton
    erect bushy mallow plant or small tree bearing bolls containing seeds with many long hairy fibers
  336. describe
    give a statement representing something
  337. emotional
    of or pertaining to feelings
  338. picture
    a visual representation produced on a surface
  339. warmer
    device that heats water or supplies warmth to a room
  340. atmospheric
    relating to or located in the mass of air surrounding Earth
  341. channel
    a deep and relatively narrow body of water
  342. increasingly
    advancing in amount or intensity
  343. represent
    be a delegate or spokesperson for
  344. require
    have need of
  345. seventeenth
    position 17 in a countable series of things
  346. speciation
    the evolution of a biological species
  347. things
    any movable possession (especially articles of clothing)
  348. weight
    the vertical force exerted by a mass as a result of gravity
  349. absence
    the state of being not present
  350. appearance
    outward or visible aspect of a person or thing
  351. average
    an intermediate scale value regarded as normal or usual
  352. boundary
    the line indicating the limit or extent of something
  353. colonization
    the act of settling a group of people in a new place
  354. degree
    a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series
  355. elite
    a group or class of persons enjoying superior status
  356. enormous
    extraordinarily large in size or extent or degree
  357. factual
    existing in reality
  358. organization
    a methodical and orderly manner or approach
  359. positively
    in a manner displaying affirmation or certainty
  360. productivity
    the quality of yielding positive results
  361. selection
    the act of choosing
  362. series
    similar things placed in order or one after another
  363. teaching
    the activities of educating or instructing
  364. annual
    occurring every year
  365. approach
    move towards
  366. atomic
    relating to the smallest component of an element
  367. dense
    having high compaction or concentration
  368. diverse
    distinctly dissimilar or unlike
  369. effective
    producing or capable of producing an intended result
  370. effort
    use of physical or mental energy; hard work
  371. eighteenth
    coming next after the seventeenth in position
  372. height
    distance from the base of something to its top
  373. paleolithic
    of or relating to the second period of the Stone Age
  374. response
    the speech act of continuing a conversational exchange
  375. separate
    standing apart; not attached to or supported by anything
  376. stage
    any distinct time period in a sequence of events
  377. chain
    a series of (usually metal) rings or links fitted into one another to make a flexible ligament
  378. continue
    keep or maintain in unaltered condition
  379. correctly
    in an accurate manner
  380. diameter
    the length of a straight line through the center of a circle
  381. difficulty
    an effort that is inconvenient
  382. empire
    the domain ruled by a single authoritative sovereign
  383. extremely
    to the greatest possible degree
  384. favorable
    encouraging or approving or pleasing
  385. frequent
    coming at short intervals or habitually
  386. numerous
    amounting to a large indefinite number
  387. painting
    creating a picture with paints
  388. person
    a human being
  389. settlement
    the act of colonizing; the establishment of colonies
  390. value
    the quality that renders something desirable
  391. analysis
    abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts
  392. attention
    the act of concentrating on something
  393. behind
    in or to or toward the rear
  394. considerable
    large in number, amount, extent, or degree
  395. content
    satisfied or showing satisfaction with things as they are
  396. design
    the act of working out the form of something
  397. dramatic
    characteristic of a stage performance
  398. extent
    the point or degree to which something extends
  399. force
    influence that results in motion, stress, etc. when applied
  400. identify
    recognize as being
  401. interested
    showing curiosity or fascination or concern
  402. nectar
    a sweet liquid secretion that is attractive to pollinators
  403. normal
    being approximately average or within certain limits
  404. phenomenon
    any state or process known through the senses
  405. physiological
    relating to the study of the functioning of organisms
  406. prevent
    keep from happening or arising; make impossible
  407. responsible
    worthy of or requiring trust; held accountable
  408. select
    pick out or choose from a number of alternatives
  409. abundance
    the property of a more than adequate quantity or supply
  410. artistic
    relating to the products of human creativity
  411. capable
    having ability
  412. crisis
    a crucial stage or turning point in the course of something
  413. dependent
    a person who relies on another person for support
  414. drift
    be in motion due to some air or water current
  415. escape
    run away from confinement
  416. explosion
    the act of bursting
  417. fantasy
    imagination unrestricted by reality
  418. infant
    a very young child who has not yet begun to walk or talk
  419. invention
    the act of making something new
  420. liquid
    fluid matter having no fixed shape but a fixed volume
  421. massive
    containing a great quantity of matter
  422. reduce
    make smaller
  423. status
    the condition or someone or something at a particular time
  424. attract
    exert a force on
  425. beneath
    in or to a place that is lower
  426. bottom
    the lower side of anything
  427. colors
    a distinguishing emblem
  428. compete
    engage in a contest or measure oneself against others
  429. crater
    a bowl-shaped geological formation at the top of a volcano
  430. emergence
    the act of coming out into view
  431. evaporation
    the process of becoming a suspension of particles in the air
  432. factory
    a plant with facilities for manufacturing
  433. improve
    to make better
  434. overall
    involving only main features
  435. popular
    regarded with great favor or approval by the general public
  436. powerful
    having great force or effect
  437. precise
    sharply exact or accurate or delimited
  438. radiation
    the act of spreading outward from a central source
  439. tissue
    part of an organism consisting of an aggregate of cells
  440. transition
    the act of passing from one state or place to the next
  441. account
    a record or narrative description of past events
  442. allow
    make it possible for something to happen
  443. barrier
    a structure or object that impedes free movement
  444. continuous
    moving in time or space without interruption
  445. desertification
    a gradual transformation into arid, uninhabitable land
  446. dinosaur
    an extinct terrestrial reptile of the Mesozoic era
  447. existence
    the state or fact of being
  448. familiar
    a friend who is frequently in the company of another
  449. isthmus
    a narrow strip of land connecting two larger land areas
  450. leatherback
    wide-ranging marine turtle with flexible leathery carapace
  451. position
    the particular part of space occupied by something
  452. practical
    guided by experience and observation rather than theory
  453. seawater
    water containing salts
  454. timberline
    line marking the upper limit of tree growth in mountains or northern latitudes
  455. traditional
    consisting of or derived from a practice of long standing
  456. virtually
    in essence or in effect but not in fact
  457. access
    the right to enter
  458. appropriate
    suitable for a particular person, place, or situation
  459. business
    the principal activity in one's life to earn money
  460. constant
    uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing
  461. electrical
    relating to or concerned with electricity
  462. external
    happening or arising outside some limits or surface
  463. furthermore
    in addition
  464. instance
    an item of information that is typical of a class or group
  465. interior
    inside and toward a center
  466. millennium
    a span of 1000 years
  467. permanent
    continuing or enduring without marked change in status
  468. resistance
    any mechanical force that tends to retard or oppose motion
  469. serious
    of great consequence
  470. swimming
    the act of swimming
  471. action
    something done (usually as opposed to something said)
  472. advertising
    the business of drawing attention to goods and services
  473. ceramics
    the art of making and decorating pottery
  474. characteristic
    typical or distinctive
  475. concentration
    the spatial property of being crowded together
  476. craft
    the skilled practice of a practical occupation
  477. credit
    an estimate of ability to fulfill financial commitments
  478. device
    an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose
  479. habitat
    the type of environment in which an organism normally lives
  480. iridium
    a heavy brittle metallic element of the platinum group
  481. obsidian
    glass formed by the cooling of lava without crystallization
  482. positive
    characterized by or displaying affirmation or acceptance
  483. reaching
    the act of physically reaching or thrusting out
  484. ritual
    the prescribed procedure for conducting religious ceremonies
  485. shipping
    the commercial enterprise of moving goods and materials
  486. temperate
    not extreme
  487. transformed
    given a completely different form or appearance
  488. whale
    any of the larger cetacean mammals having a streamlined body and breathing through a blowhole on the head
  489. archaeological
    related to or dealing with or devoted to archaeology
  490. autobiographical
    relating to or in the style of an autobiography
  491. capacity
    capability to perform or produce
  492. display
    something intended to communicate a particular impression
  493. domesticated
    converted or adapted to use in the home
  494. expected
    considered likely or probable to happen or arrive
  495. expression
    the communication of your beliefs or opinions
  496. geometric
    characterized by simple geometric forms in design and decoration
  497. intense
    possessing a distinctive feature to a heightened degree
  498. introduction
    the act of beginning something new
  499. nearby
    not far away in relative terms
  500. occasionally
    now and then or here and there

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