"The Declaration of Sentiments" (Women's suffrage)

"The Declaration of Sentiments" by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott, Seneca Falls Conference, 1848.

http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/senecafalls.asp
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definitions & notes only words
  1. aggrieve
    cause to feel sorrow
    Now, in view of this entire disfranchisement of one-half the people of this country, their social and religious degradation--in view of the unjust laws above mentioned, and because women do feel themselves aggrieved, oppressed, and fraudulently dep
  2. direct object
    the object that receives the direct action of the verb
    The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her.
  3. sufferable
    capable of being borne though unpleasant
    Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer. while evils are sufferable, than to right the
  4. usurpation
    wrongfully seizing and holding by force
    But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.
  5. disfranchisement
    the discontinuation of a franchise
    Now, in view of this entire disfranchisement of one-half the people of this country, their social and religious degradation--in view of the unjust laws above mentioned, and because women do feel themselves aggrieved, oppressed, and fraudulently dep
  6. inalienable
    incapable of being repudiated or transferred to another
    We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights
  7. fraudulently
    in a dishonest and fraudulent manner
    Now, in view of this entire disfranchisement of one-half the people of this country, their social and religious degradation--in view of the unjust laws above mentioned, and because women do feel themselves aggrieved, oppressed, and fraudulently dep
  8. entitle
    give the right to
    When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one portion of the family of man to assume among the people of the earth a position different from that which they have hitherto occupied, but one to which the laws of nature and of nature's Go
  9. monopolize
    have or exploit an exclusive control of something
    He has monopolized nearly all the profitable employments, and from those she is permitted to follow, she receives but a scanty remuneration.
  10. oppress
    come down on or keep down by unjust use of one's authority
    Having deprived her of this first right of a citizedn, the elective franchise, thereby leaving her without representation in the halls of legislation, he has oppressed her on all sides.
  11. elective
    not compulsory
    He has never permitted her to exercise her inalienable right to the elective franchise.
  12. impel
    urge or force to an action; constrain or motivate
    When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one portion of the family of man to assume among the people of the earth a position different from that which they have hitherto occupied, but one to which the laws of nature and of nature's Go
  13. constrain
    hold back
    Such has been the patient sufferance of the women under this government, and such is now the necessity which constrains them to demand the equal station to which they are entitled.
  14. deprive
    take away
    Having deprived her of this first right of a citizedn, the elective franchise, thereby leaving her without representation in the halls of legislation, he has oppressed her on all sides.
  15. to all intents and purposes
    in every practical sense
    In the covenant of marriage, she is compelled to promise obedience to her husband, he becoming, to all intents and purposes, her master--the law giving him power to deprive her of her liberty, and to administer chastisement.
  16. sufferance
    patient endurance especially of pain or distress
    Such has been the patient sufferance of the women under this government, and such is now the necessity which constrains them to demand the equal station to which they are entitled.
  17. delinquency
    nonpayment of a debt when due
    He has created a false public sentiment by giving to the world a different code of morals for men and women, by which moral delinquencies which exclude women from society, are not only tolerated, but deemed of little account in man.
  18. usurp
    seize and take control without authority
    He has usurped the prerogative of Jehovah himself, claiming it as his right to assign for her a sphere of action, when that belongs to her conscience and to her God.
  19. deriving
    an explanation of the historical origins of a word or phrase
    We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights govern
  20. accustom
    familiarize psychologically or physically
    Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer. while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves
  21. endow
    give qualities or abilities to
    We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights
  22. evince
    give expression to
    But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.
  23. law of nature
    a generalization that describes recurring facts or events in nature
    When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one portion of the family of man to assume among the people of the earth a position different from that which they have hitherto occupied, but one to which the laws of nature and of natu
  24. self-evident
    evident without proof or argument
    We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights
  25. civilly
    in a civil manner
    He has made her, if married, in the eye of the law, civilly dead.
  26. married woman
    a married woman; a man's partner in marriage
    After depriving her of all rights as a married woman, if single, and the owner of property, he has taxed her to support a government which recognizes her only when her property can be made profitable to it.
  27. degrade
    reduce in worth or character, usually verbally
    He has withheld from her rights which are given to the most ignorant and degraded men--both natives and foreigners.
  28. candid
    openly straightforward and direct without secretiveness
    To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world.
  29. remuneration
    paying for goods or services or to recompense for losses
    He has monopolized nearly all the profitable employments, and from those she is permitted to follow, she receives but a scanty remuneration.
  30. guardianship
    the responsibility of a guardian or keeper
    He has so framed the laws of divorce, as to what shall be the proper causes, and in case of separation, to whom the guardianship of the children shall be given, as to be wholly regardles of the happiness of women--the law, in all cases, going upon
  31. throw off
    get rid of
    But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.
  32. chastisement
    a rebuke for making a mistake
    In the covenant of marriage, she is compelled to promise obedience to her husband, he becoming, to all intents and purposes, her master--the law giving him power to deprive her of her liberty, and to administer chastisement.
  33. franchise
    a statutory right or privilege granted by a government
    He has never permitted her to exercise her inalienable right to the elective franchise.
  34. compel
    force somebody to do something
    He has compelled her to submit to laws, in the formation of which she had no voice.
  35. form of government
    the members of a social organization who are in power
    Whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of those who suffer from it to refuse allegiance to it, and to insist upon the institution of a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organiz
  36. Creator
    terms referring to the Judeo-Christian God
    We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights
  37. withhold
    hold back; refuse to hand over or share
    He has withheld from her rights which are given to the most ignorant and degraded men--both natives and foreigners.
  38. prerogative
    a right reserved exclusively by a person or group
    He has usurped the prerogative of Jehovah himself, claiming it as his right to assign for her a sphere of action, when that belongs to her conscience and to her God.
  39. irresponsible
    showing lack of care for consequences
    He has made her, morally, an irresponsible being, as she can commit many crimes with impunity, provided they be done in the presence of her husband.
  40. transient
    lasting a very short time
    Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer. while evils are sufferable, than to right the
  41. impunity
    exemption from punishment or loss
    He has made her, morally, an irresponsible being, as she can commit many crimes with impunity, provided they be done in the presence of her husband.
  42. apostolic
    of or relating to or deriving from the Apostles or their teachings
    He allows her in church, as well as state, but a suborinate position, claiming apostolic authority for her exclusion from the ministry, and, with some exceptions, from any public participation in the affairs of the church.
  43. oppressed
    burdened psychologically or mentally
    Having deprived her of this first right of a citizedn, the elective franchise, thereby leaving her without representation in the halls of legislation, he has oppressed her on all sides.
  44. abolish
    do away with
    Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer. while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves
  45. assign
    select something or someone for a specific purpose
    He has usurped the prerogative of Jehovah himself, claiming it as his right to assign for her a sphere of action, when that belongs to her conscience and to her God.
  46. submit
    yield to the control of another
    To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world.
  47. dictate
    a guiding principle
    Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer. while evils are sufferable, than to right the
  48. lessen
    decrease in size, extent, or range
    He has endeavored, in every way that he could, to destroy her conficence in her own powers, to lessen her self-respect, and to make her willing to lead a dependent and abject life.
  49. tolerate
    put up with something or somebody unpleasant
    He has created a false public sentiment by giving to the world a different code of morals for men and women, by which moral delinquencies which exclude women from society, are not only tolerated, but deemed of little account in man.
  50. abject
    of the most contemptible kind
    He has endeavored, in every way that he could, to destroy her conficence in her own powers, to lessen her self-respect, and to make her willing to lead a dependent and abject life.
  51. self-respect
    the quality of being worthy of esteem or respect
    He has endeavored, in every way that he could, to destroy her conficence in her own powers, to lessen her self-respect, and to make her willing to lead a dependent and abject life.
  52. mankind
    all of the living human inhabitants of the earth
    When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one portion of the family of man to assume among the people of the earth a position different from that which they have hitherto occupied, but one to which the laws of nature and of nature's Go
  53. profitable
    yielding material gain
    After depriving her of all rights as a married woman, if single, and the owner of property, he has taxed her to support a government which recognizes her only when her property can be made profitable to it.
  54. administer
    supervise or be in charge of
    In the covenant of marriage, she is compelled to promise obedience to her husband, he becoming, to all intents and purposes, her master--the law giving him power to deprive her of her liberty, and to administer chastisement.
  55. despotism
    dominance through threat of punishment and violence
    But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.
  56. organize
    arrange by systematic planning and united effort
    Whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of those who suffer from it to refuse allegiance to it, and to insist upon the institution of a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing<
  57. morally
    in a moral manner
    He has made her, morally, an irresponsible being, as she can commit many crimes with impunity, provided they be done in the presence of her husband.
  58. exclusion
    a deliberate act of omission
    He allows her in church, as well as state, but a suborinate position, claiming apostolic authority for her exclusion from the ministry, and, with some exceptions, from any public participation in the affairs of the church.
  59. deprived
    marked by a state of extreme poverty
    Having deprived her of this first right of a citizedn, the elective franchise, thereby leaving her without representation in the halls of legislation, he has oppressed her on all sides.
  60. exclude
    prevent from entering; shut out
    He has created a false public sentiment by giving to the world a different code of morals for men and women, by which moral delinquencies which exclude women from society, are not only tolerated, but deemed of little account in man.
  61. Jehovah
    terms referring to the Judeo-Christian God
    He has usurped the prerogative of Jehovah himself, claiming it as his right to assign for her a sphere of action, when that belongs to her conscience and to her God.
  62. degraded
    lowered in value
    He has withheld from her rights which are given to the most ignorant and degraded men--both natives and foreigners.
  63. insist
    be emphatic or resolute and refuse to budge
    Whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of those who suffer from it to refuse allegiance to it, and to insist upon the institution of a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organiz
  64. degradation
    changing to a lower, less respected state
    Now, in view of this entire disfranchisement of one-half the people of this country, their social and religious degradation--in view of the unjust laws above mentioned, and because women do feel themselves aggrieved, oppressed, and fraudulently dep
  65. foreigner
    a person who comes from another country
    He has withheld from her rights which are given to the most ignorant and degraded men--both natives and foreigners.
  66. derive
    come from
    We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights govern
  67. supposition
    the cognitive process of conjecturing
    He has so framed the laws of divorce, as to what shall be the proper causes, and in case of separation, to whom the guardianship of the children shall be given, as to be wholly regardles of the happiness of women--the law, in all cases, going upon a flase
  68. deem
    judge or regard in a particular way
    He has created a false public sentiment by giving to the world a different code of morals for men and women, by which moral delinquencies which exclude women from society, are not only tolerated, but deemed of little account in man.
  69. absolute
    perfect or complete or pure
    But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.
  70. dispose
    give, sell, or transfer to another
    Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer. while evils are sufferable, than to right the
  71. participation
    the act of sharing in the activities of a group
    He allows her in church, as well as state, but a suborinate position, claiming apostolic authority for her exclusion from the ministry, and, with some exceptions, from any public participation in the affairs of the church.
  72. supremacy
    power to dominate or defeat
    He has so framed the laws of divorce, as to what shall be the proper causes, and in case of separation, to whom the guardianship of the children shall be given, as to be wholly regardles of the happiness of women--the law, in all cases, going upon a flase
  73. scanty
    lacking in extent or quantity
    He has monopolized nearly all the profitable employments, and from those she is permitted to follow, she receives but a scanty remuneration.
  74. allegiance
    the act of binding yourself to a course of action
    Whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of those who suffer from it to refuse allegiance to it, and to insist upon the institution of a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organiz
  75. destructive
    causing damage
    Whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of those who suffer from it to refuse allegiance to it, and to insist upon the institution of a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organiz
  76. belong to
    be a part or adjunct
    He has usurped the prerogative of Jehovah himself, claiming it as his right to assign for her a sphere of action, when that belongs to her conscience and to her God.
  77. be given
    have a tendency or disposition to do or be something
    He has withheld from her rights which are given to the most ignorant and degraded men--both natives and foreigners.
  78. framed
    provided with a frame
    He has so framed the laws of divorce, as to what shall be the proper causes, and in case of separation, to whom the guardianship of the children shall be given, as to be wholly regardles of the happiness of women--the law, in all cases, going upon
  79. repeat
    say or state again
    The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her.
  80. endeavor
    attempt by employing effort
    He has endeavored, in every way that he could, to destroy her conficence in her own powers, to lessen her self-respect, and to make her willing to lead a dependent and abject life.
  81. govern
    exercise authority over, as of nations
    We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights govern
  82. establishment
    the act of forming something
    The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her.
  83. facility
    a building or place that provides a particular service
    He has denied her the facilities for obtaining a thorough education, all colleges being closed against her.
  84. endowed
    provided or supplied or equipped with
    We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights
  85. law
    the collection of rules imposed by authority
    When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one portion of the family of man to assume among the people of the earth a position different from that which they have hitherto occupied, but one to which the laws of nature and of natu
  86. one-half
    one of two equal parts of a divisible whole
    Now, in view of this entire disfranchisement of one-half the people of this country, their social and religious degradation--in view of the unjust laws above mentioned, and because women do feel themselves aggrieved, oppressed, and fraudulently dep
  87. wage
    something that remunerates
    He has taken from her all right in property, even to the wages she earns.
  88. permit
    allow the presence of or allow without opposing
    He has never permitted her to exercise her inalienable right to the elective franchise.
  89. injury
    physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident
    The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her.
  90. pursuing
    following in order to overtake or capture
    But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.
  91. only when
    never except when
    After depriving her of all rights as a married woman, if single, and the owner of property, he has taxed her to support a government which recognizes her only when her property can be made profitable to it.
  92. create
    bring into existence
    We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights
  93. covenant
    an agreement between God and his people
    In the covenant of marriage, she is compelled to promise obedience to her husband, he becoming, to all intents and purposes, her master--the law giving him power to deprive her of her liberty, and to administer chastisement.
  94. unite
    join or combine
    Now, in view of this entire disfranchisement of one-half the people of this country, their social and religious degradation--in view of the unjust laws above mentioned, and because women do feel themselves aggrieved, oppressed, and fraudulently deprived o
  95. morals
    motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
    He has created a false public sentiment by giving to the world a different code of morals for men and women, by which moral delinquencies which exclude women from society, are not only tolerated, but deemed of little account in man.
  96. belong
    be owned by; be in the possession of
    He has usurped the prerogative of Jehovah himself, claiming it as his right to assign for her a sphere of action, when that belongs to her conscience and to her God.
  97. tyranny
    government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator
    The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her.
  98. self
    your consciousness of your own identity
    We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights
  99. unjust
    not fair; marked by injustice or partiality or deception
    Now, in view of this entire disfranchisement of one-half the people of this country, their social and religious degradation--in view of the unjust laws above mentioned, and because women do feel themselves aggrieved, oppressed, and fraudulently dep
  100. governed
    the body of people who are citizens of a particular government
    We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights govern
  101. do in
    get rid of (someone who may be a threat) by killing
    He has made her, morally, an irresponsible being, as she can commit many crimes with impunity, provided they be done in the presence of her husband.
  102. divorce
    the legal dissolution of a marriage
    He has so framed the laws of divorce, as to what shall be the proper causes, and in case of separation, to whom the guardianship of the children shall be given, as to be wholly regardles of the happiness of women--the law, in all cases, going upon
  103. right
    free from error; especially conforming to fact or truth
    We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights
  104. thorough
    painstakingly careful and accurate
    He has denied her the facilities for obtaining a thorough education, all colleges being closed against her.
  105. prudence
    discretion in practical affairs
    Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer. while evils are sufferable, than to right the
  106. happiness
    state of well-being characterized by contentment and joy
    We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights
  107. woman
    an adult female person (as opposed to a man)
    We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights
  108. admission
    the act of letting someone enter
    Now, in view of this entire disfranchisement of one-half the people of this country, their social and religious degradation--in view of the unjust laws above mentioned, and because women do feel themselves aggrieved, oppressed, and fraudulently deprived o
  109. invariably
    without change, in every case
    But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.
  110. provide
    give something useful or necessary to
    But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.
  111. separation
    the act of dividing or disconnecting
    He has so framed the laws of divorce, as to what shall be the proper causes, and in case of separation, to whom the guardianship of the children shall be given, as to be wholly regardles of the happiness of women--the law, in all cases, going upon
  112. commit
    engage in or perform
    He has made her, morally, an irresponsible being, as she can commit many crimes with impunity, provided they be done in the presence of her husband.
  113. sphere
    a round three-dimensional closed surface
    He has usurped the prerogative of Jehovah himself, claiming it as his right to assign for her a sphere of action, when that belongs to her conscience and to her God.
  114. dependent
    a person who relies on another person for support
    He has endeavored, in every way that he could, to destroy her conficence in her own powers, to lessen her self-respect, and to make her willing to lead a dependent and abject life.
  115. occupy
    live in (a certain place)
    When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one portion of the family of man to assume among the people of the earth a position different from that which they have hitherto occupied, but one to which the laws of nature and of natu
  116. earn
    acquire or deserve by one's efforts or actions
    He has taken from her all right in property, even to the wages she earns.
  117. suffer
    undergo or be subjected to
    Whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of those who suffer from it to refuse allegiance to it, and to insist upon the institution of a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organiz
  118. property
    something owned
    He has taken from her all right in property, even to the wages she earns.
  119. decent
    socially or conventionally correct; refined or virtuous
    When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one portion of the family of man to assume among the people of the earth a position different from that which they have hitherto occupied, but one to which the laws of nature and of nature's Go
  120. government
    the system or form by which a community is ruled
    We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights gov
  121. intent
    an anticipated outcome that guides your planned actions
    In the covenant of marriage, she is compelled to promise obedience to her husband, he becoming, to all intents and purposes, her master--the law giving him power to deprive her of her liberty, and to administer chastisement.
  122. pursue
    follow in an effort to capture
    But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.
  123. formation
    the act of establishing or creating something
    He has compelled her to submit to laws, in the formation of which she had no voice.
  124. representation
    standing in for someone and speaking on their behalf
    Having deprived her of this first right of a citizedn, the elective franchise, thereby leaving her without representation in the halls of legislation, he has oppressed her on all sides.
  125. abuse
    cruel or inhumane treatment
    But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.
  126. reduce
    make smaller
    But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.
  127. institute
    set up or lay the groundwork for
    We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights govern
  128. claim
    assert or affirm strongly
    He allows her in church, as well as state, but a suborinate position, claiming apostolic authority for her exclusion from the ministry, and, with some exceptions, from any public participation in the affairs of the church.
  129. object
    a tangible and visible entity
    But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.
  130. privilege
    a special advantage or benefit not enjoyed by all
    Now, in view of this entire disfranchisement of one-half the people of this country, their social and religious degradation--in view of the unjust laws above mentioned, and because women do feel themselves aggrieved, oppressed, and fraudulently deprived o
  131. giving
    the act of giving
    In the covenant of marriage, she is compelled to promise obedience to her husband, he becoming, to all intents and purposes, her master--the law giving him power to deprive her of her liberty, and to administer chastisement.
  132. obedience
    the trait of being willing to obey
    In the covenant of marriage, she is compelled to promise obedience to her husband, he becoming, to all intents and purposes, her master--the law giving him power to deprive her of her liberty, and to administer chastisement.
  133. marry
    become someone's spouse
    He has made her, if married, in the eye of the law, civilly dead.
  134. code
    a set of rules or principles or laws
    He has created a false public sentiment by giving to the world a different code of morals for men and women, by which moral delinquencies which exclude women from society, are not only tolerated, but deemed of little account in man.
  135. establish
    set up or found
    Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer. while evils are sufferable, than to right the
  136. direct
    proceeding without deviation; straight and short
    The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her.
  137. laying
    the production of eggs (especially in birds)
    Whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of those who suffer from it to refuse allegiance to it, and to insist upon the institution of a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organiz
  138. thereby
    by that means or because of that
    Having deprived her of this first right of a citizedn, the elective franchise, thereby leaving her without representation in the halls of legislation, he has oppressed her on all sides.
  139. assume
    take to be the case or to be true
    When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one portion of the family of man to assume among the people of the earth a position different from that which they have hitherto occupied, but one to which the laws of nature and of natu
  140. ministry
    the work of a person authorized to conduct religious worship
    He allows her in church, as well as state, but a suborinate position, claiming apostolic authority for her exclusion from the ministry, and, with some exceptions, from any public participation in the affairs of the church.
  141. legislation
    the act of making or enacting laws
    Having deprived her of this first right of a citizedn, the elective franchise, thereby leaving her without representation in the halls of legislation, he has oppressed her on all sides.
  142. in case
    if there happens to be need
    He has so framed the laws of divorce, as to what shall be the proper causes, and in case of separation, to whom the guardianship of the children shall be given, as to be wholly regardles of the happiness of women--the law, in all cases, going upon

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